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194411 [2017/11/24 02:18]
tyreless
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tyreless
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 My discoveries that milk and cream have to be brought from the cows to the city and the factory and that what comes to town on wheels has usually to go back again sounds as silly as the over-simplified story of Newton and the apple. Gradually I realised that throughout the whole of South-Eastern Queensland, dairying was common and that therefore a system of trucks must be used to bring the products to town. One had only to sift the chaff from the grain. My discoveries that milk and cream have to be brought from the cows to the city and the factory and that what comes to town on wheels has usually to go back again sounds as silly as the over-simplified story of Newton and the apple. Gradually I realised that throughout the whole of South-Eastern Queensland, dairying was common and that therefore a system of trucks must be used to bring the products to town. One had only to sift the chaff from the grain.
  
-For the present, however, we were restricted to near-city areas and began to receive offers of lifts though we were safeguarded by other transport arrangements. I suppose I have never been in the position to know whether my Sydney cempatriots would be as hospitable and helpful in similar circumstances but the unsolicited offers of lifts were often hard to refuse. For example - as we were making for the station on an early trip in the Flinders Range we were invited to ride into Ipswich on the top of a load of bagged charcoal. After eyeing the charcoal and our comparatively clean clothes we replied that we would "catch the train, thank you, ever so much" despite the fact that a long wait and a crowded, slow train lay ahead of us. Several times we met the same vehicle and each time the driver begged us to ride with him with such emotion that we wondered whether he thought we were notables in disguise. Of course we might have been useful weights for holding the charcoal on the truck. Finally we had to accept out of consideration for the poor fellow's feelings.+For the present, however, we were restricted to near-city areas and began to receive offers of lifts though we were safeguarded by other transport arrangements. I suppose I have never been in the position to know whether my Sydney compatriots would be as hospitable and helpful in similar circumstances but the unsolicited offers of lifts were often hard to refuse. For example - as we were making for the station on an early trip in the Flinders Range we were invited to ride into Ipswich on the top of a load of bagged charcoal. After eyeing the charcoal and our comparatively clean clothes we replied that we would "catch the train, thank you, ever so much" despite the fact that a long wait and a crowded, slow train lay ahead of us. Several times we met the same vehicle and each time the driver begged us to ride with him with such emotion that we wondered whether he thought we were notables in disguise. Of course we might have been useful weights for holding the charcoal on the truck. Finally we had to accept out of consideration for the poor fellow's feelings.
  
-The first premeditated "hitch" occurred on an occasion when we had missed a bus and an extra nine mile road walk loomed in front of us. Along came an empty truck and, thank Heaven, one of the chaps had been in the Army and was not suffering from paralysis or shyness of the thumb. I cowered by the road as shudders of convential prejudice coursed up and down my spine and doubt whether I would have had the courage to so act even to avoid the long, unexpected walk. Considering that a good-natured driver was only too happy to put us in an empty truck I think that a logician could make out a clear case of idiocy. From right now, in order to help towards the progress of the word "hitch" into the drawing room, I intend to strip it of its semi-respectable inverted commas.+The first premeditated "hitch" occurred on an occasion when we had missed a bus and an extra nine mile road walk loomed in front of us. Along came an empty truck and, thank Heaven, one of the chaps had been in the Army and was not suffering from paralysis or shyness of the thumb. I cowered by the road as shudders of conventional prejudice coursed up and down my spine and doubt whether I would have had the courage to so act even to avoid the long, unexpected walk. Considering that a good-natured driver was only too happy to put us in an empty truck I think that a logician could make out a clear case of idiocy. From right now, in order to help towards the progress of the word "hitch" into the drawing room, I intend to strip it of its semi-respectable inverted commas.
  
 At this stage of my evolution a lift arranged beforehand by inter-change of letters or spoken sentences in a reasonable approximation to the King's English seemed quite legitimate but to express one's hopes and longings by a dumb show enacted with the thumb showed how the Great Public School finishing class that one ought to have attended would have failed to convert the savage underneath. A new world of experience was opening as a new, exciting, tangible world lay just outside our Tantalus grasp. "For all experience is an arch where through gleams that untravelled world that fades for ever and forever as I move" sighed Ulysses and beyond our reach rose peak after peak dimly seen, haunting names which could become haunting memories if only.... At this stage of my evolution a lift arranged beforehand by inter-change of letters or spoken sentences in a reasonable approximation to the King's English seemed quite legitimate but to express one's hopes and longings by a dumb show enacted with the thumb showed how the Great Public School finishing class that one ought to have attended would have failed to convert the savage underneath. A new world of experience was opening as a new, exciting, tangible world lay just outside our Tantalus grasp. "For all experience is an arch where through gleams that untravelled world that fades for ever and forever as I move" sighed Ulysses and beyond our reach rose peak after peak dimly seen, haunting names which could become haunting memories if only....
  
-At last frustration became unbearable so I decided upon a "reconnaissance" trip to a locality near lots of excellent, untouched walking country in order to try to perhaps organise some transport further afield at a later date. I had decided, in desperation, to hitch any trucks - these not being so abashing. However the first vehicle which approached when I was clear of the town was a large sedan so I modestly cast my eyes down. The car stopped, I was invited in and off we went. I happened to mention that Cunningham's Gap was my Nirvana out this way which admission was followed by an overwhelming offer to take me there and pick me up on Monday morning in time for work. I bought extra food at the only shop on the way where, also, my friend "shouted" me afternoon taa before I could do the same for him. Sunday being a perfect day I was able to climb Mt. Mitchell on one side of the Gap in the morning and Mt. Cordeaux in the afternoon though, expecting to be camping at a much lower altitude than 2,500 feet, I nearly froze at night in the Winter breeze and only a miserable fire could be coaxed in the jungle in the Gap. Some of our trips had been so cheap that a certain amount of rivalry, competition and boastfulness had crept in but I now held the record with 20 miles by train, 120 by car, afternoon tea and an unused, return railway ticket for 4/1d.+At last frustration became unbearable so I decided upon a "reconnaissance" trip to a locality near lots of excellent, untouched walking country in order to try to perhaps organise some transport further afield at a later date. I had decided, in desperation, to hitch any trucks - these not being so abashing. However the first vehicle which approached when I was clear of the town was a large sedan so I modestly cast my eyes down. The car stopped, I was invited in and off we went. I happened to mention that Cunningham's Gap was my Nirvana out this way which admission was followed by an overwhelming offer to take me there and pick me up on Monday morning in time for work. I bought extra food at the only shop on the way where, also, my friend "shouted" me afternoon tea before I could do the same for him. Sunday being a perfect day I was able to climb Mt. Mitchell on one side of the Gap in the morning and Mt. Cordeaux in the afternoon though, expecting to be camping at a much lower altitude than 2,500 feet, I nearly froze at night in the Winter breeze and only a miserable fire could be coaxed in the jungle in the Gap. Some of our trips had been so cheap that a certain amount of rivalry, competition and boastfulness had crept in but I now held the record with 20 miles by train, 120 by car, afternoon tea and an unused, return railway ticket for 4/1d.
  
 My notes record a very cheap trip on May Day week-end - a very appropriate time for the working and walking classes - to wit, 40 miles by truck, 60 by train and tram home for 2/2d. My notes record a very cheap trip on May Day week-end - a very appropriate time for the working and walking classes - to wit, 40 miles by truck, 60 by train and tram home for 2/2d.
  
-My having been to Cunningham's Gap quite maddened Frank so he induced me to attempt to hitch there and back a few weeks later. We detrained at Ipswich and almost immediately picked up an Air Force truck which was obviously just about to leave for Amberley to which place we had intended to proceed sedately by bus. After Amberley comes No Man's Land. Four different trucks took us for short stages, one driver had a sense of hunour and enjoyed our beaming smiles when he told us he was going to Warwick and thus through our destination. Had we been less eager we would have noticed that the car was scarcely fit to make the climb - the man whose car once stopped, may never start again, always seems to be the most willing to pull up. All the more to help push perhaps. At nightfall with 20 miles to go we were just about to leave the road to have tea in high dudgeon when two lights appeared over the hill so we decided to give the fellow a chance to prove himself a gentleman. The vehicle was an Army truck on the way to Warwick so we were accommodated.+My having been to Cunningham's Gap quite maddened Frank so he induced me to attempt to hitch there and back a few weeks later. We detrained at Ipswich and almost immediately picked up an Air Force truck which was obviously just about to leave for Amberley to which place we had intended to proceed sedately by bus. After Amberley comes No Man's Land. Four different trucks took us for short stages, one driver had a sense of honour and enjoyed our beaming smiles when he told us he was going to Warwick and thus through our destination. Had we been less eager we would have noticed that the car was scarcely fit to make the climb - the man whose car once stopped, may never start again, always seems to be the most willing to pull up. All the more to help push perhaps. At nightfall with 20 miles to go we were just about to leave the road to have tea in high dudgeon when two lights appeared over the hill so we decided to give the fellow a chance to prove himself a gentleman. The vehicle was an Army truck on the way to Warwick so we were accommodated.
  
 Just before lunch the next day we left the Gap remarking that a lift to Mt. Edwards by lunch time would suit perfectly. Along rolled a limousine in a few minutes the driver took up to Mt. Edwards although the only indication to him of our hopes had been telepathic. Upon resuming after lunch and a diversion up the mountain we had a very barren time until transport just froze and there is nothing more annoying to a hitcher than nothing to hitch! I was just mentally calculating how long it would take to walk 29 miles when, once again just at dusk, salvation came in the form of an American Jeep which took us comfortably back to the station. Very nice (and astonishing) we thought, considering the driver had his girl friend with him. He must have been a careful driver. Just before lunch the next day we left the Gap remarking that a lift to Mt. Edwards by lunch time would suit perfectly. Along rolled a limousine in a few minutes the driver took up to Mt. Edwards although the only indication to him of our hopes had been telepathic. Upon resuming after lunch and a diversion up the mountain we had a very barren time until transport just froze and there is nothing more annoying to a hitcher than nothing to hitch! I was just mentally calculating how long it would take to walk 29 miles when, once again just at dusk, salvation came in the form of an American Jeep which took us comfortably back to the station. Very nice (and astonishing) we thought, considering the driver had his girl friend with him. He must have been a careful driver.
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 It must not be assumed that hitching does not require technique. This weekend, for example, our limousine episode caused us furiously to think with the result that we put out a new method of attack for sedans which will give some idea of the psychological problems which have to be grappled with. Having gathered that a sedan is approaching from behind the best idea is not to look around until the driver is sufficiently close to be able to see you clearly. Then look back with quick expectancy giving the impression that you would have possibly hitched, had the vehicle been a broken-down truck but with a sedan it is different. This display of humility and sense of proportion has a good effect on the driver, puts him on his mettle and seems to afford him an opportunity to improve his reputation and show he can be decent to the lower economic orders. One should also watch the face of the driver out of the corner of the eye because most of them like some assurance, even the slightest, that you will not refuse a lift if they do stop. If the driver wears this look of "What about it?" you reply with a sharp forward movement of the head and a lift of the eyebrows which removes all doubt. It must not be assumed that hitching does not require technique. This weekend, for example, our limousine episode caused us furiously to think with the result that we put out a new method of attack for sedans which will give some idea of the psychological problems which have to be grappled with. Having gathered that a sedan is approaching from behind the best idea is not to look around until the driver is sufficiently close to be able to see you clearly. Then look back with quick expectancy giving the impression that you would have possibly hitched, had the vehicle been a broken-down truck but with a sedan it is different. This display of humility and sense of proportion has a good effect on the driver, puts him on his mettle and seems to afford him an opportunity to improve his reputation and show he can be decent to the lower economic orders. One should also watch the face of the driver out of the corner of the eye because most of them like some assurance, even the slightest, that you will not refuse a lift if they do stop. If the driver wears this look of "What about it?" you reply with a sharp forward movement of the head and a lift of the eyebrows which removes all doubt.
  
-Unfortunstely the milk lorry position was not so satisfactory as few times were convenient. However, I heard of the most useful truck which leaves Beaudesert at 3.30 a.m. on Saturday morning and terminates only a few miles, as the crow flies, from O'Rei11ys'. NeVerthelees while everyone knew of the truck nobody knew the driver nor where he was to be found so one weekend I set out to find him by hook or by crook. The trip began badly with a late goods train, resulting in the formulation of a plan which consisted of lying across the middle of the road to sleep as it was most unlikely that  another vehicle would happen along this road between the hours of 1 a.m. when I would be crawling to bed and 4.30 when I expected the truck. As thick, ground mists greeted me on the five miles from the station to the town I abandoned this idea. Instead I slept beside the road with both ears cocked hoping, at the sound of an engine, to rise out of the mists in my sleeping bag like a wraith - one to cause the use of the brake, not the accelerator. Nature, however, asserted herself and at 6 a.m. I woke to find myself in situ, with a heavy cold the only compensation for failing to embark on a hard trip.+Unfortunately the milk lorry position was not so satisfactory as few times were convenient. However, I heard of the most useful truck which leaves Beaudesert at 3.30 a.m. on Saturday morning and terminates only a few miles, as the crow flies, from O'Rei11ys'. NeVerthelees while everyone knew of the truck nobody knew the driver nor where he was to be found so one weekend I set out to find him by hook or by crook. The trip began badly with a late goods train, resulting in the formulation of a plan which consisted of lying across the middle of the road to sleep as it was most unlikely that  another vehicle would happen along this road between the hours of 1 a.m. when I would be crawling to bed and 4.30 when I expected the truck. As thick, ground mists greeted me on the five miles from the station to the town I abandoned this idea. Instead I slept beside the road with both ears cocked hoping, at the sound of an engine, to rise out of the mists in my sleeping bag like a wraith - one to cause the use of the brake, not the accelerator. Nature, however, asserted herself and at 6 a.m. I woke to find myself in situ, with a heavy cold the only compensation for failing to embark on a hard trip.
  
 A fortnight later Frank and I wanted to catch this truck and, being a holiday weekend, we knew that WE MUST NOT FAIL. We had gained the additional information that before leaving town the driver picked up meat at a certain shop and our precarious transport having landed us in the town at a late hour there seemed to be only one course - to sleep in front of the door of the shop in order that the driver could not go without us even if only because he broke his neck as he fell over us. The town was deserted, we would be leaving at 3.30 a.m. there couldn't be a misadventure. But one cannot think of everything. Scarcely were we in bed than a dance finished in some other part of the town and the dancers began to wander home. We pretended to be asleep as we were inspected and discussed from various distances having a glorious time listening to the comments. Several Americans - we could tell only by the speech - approached very closely but then with a "Agh. Aussies!" they hastily retreated! A fortnight later Frank and I wanted to catch this truck and, being a holiday weekend, we knew that WE MUST NOT FAIL. We had gained the additional information that before leaving town the driver picked up meat at a certain shop and our precarious transport having landed us in the town at a late hour there seemed to be only one course - to sleep in front of the door of the shop in order that the driver could not go without us even if only because he broke his neck as he fell over us. The town was deserted, we would be leaving at 3.30 a.m. there couldn't be a misadventure. But one cannot think of everything. Scarcely were we in bed than a dance finished in some other part of the town and the dancers began to wander home. We pretended to be asleep as we were inspected and discussed from various distances having a glorious time listening to the comments. Several Americans - we could tell only by the speech - approached very closely but then with a "Agh. Aussies!" they hastily retreated!
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 by Alex Colley. by Alex Colley.
  
-It sometimes hapnens that canoeists, beceuse of the lack of water "canike" long distances, and walkers have been known to push cars along with them for miles, but we claim to be the first to take our skis for a walk. A word is plainly necessary to describe this new pastime, but as no English term has yet been included in the dictionaries perhaps the well known Russian word "walkski" is the best to describe our holiday.+It sometimes happens that canoeists, because of the lack of water "canike" long distances, and walkers have been known to push cars along with them for miles, but we claim to be the first to take our skis for a walk. A word is plainly necessary to describe this new pastime, but as no English term has yet been included in the dictionaries perhaps the well known Russian word "walkski" is the best to describe our holiday.
  
 In April the mountains had been whitened by a foot of snow and again in May there was a good fall. Then something went wrong with the air currents. Week after week I waited and watched the mountains through my office window (not __all__ the time - of course) hoping a cold westerly would cover the mountains in cloud and lift to reveal deep snow. But it never happened. Sometimes clouds would settle for a day, and for a few weeks there was a thin cap on the top of Gingera - never a real fall. By August I had decided there wouldn't be any fall. Spring was in the air - the birds had no doubt about it. However our arrangements were made and we decided that a walk would be fine anyway. But we couldn't bring ourselves to leave our skis behind, so they went with us. In April the mountains had been whitened by a foot of snow and again in May there was a good fall. Then something went wrong with the air currents. Week after week I waited and watched the mountains through my office window (not __all__ the time - of course) hoping a cold westerly would cover the mountains in cloud and lift to reveal deep snow. But it never happened. Sometimes clouds would settle for a day, and for a few weeks there was a thin cap on the top of Gingera - never a real fall. By August I had decided there wouldn't be any fall. Spring was in the air - the birds had no doubt about it. However our arrangements were made and we decided that a walk would be fine anyway. But we couldn't bring ourselves to leave our skis behind, so they went with us.
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 In the morning we followed the creek till the going became rough then struck up a spur towards Coree. Again we were lucky to find an easy ridge. Half way up we had our first view of Coree, which looked exactly like pictures I have seen of the Tasmanian mountains. The top was an almost sheer wall of bare yellow granite towering several hundred feet above the surrounding mountains. From the top we had a magnificent view in every direction, while just below nestled a little clearing on Condor Creek, our campsite for that night. But it took us nearly three hours of pushing over loose granite covered with thin wattles, and through other types of undesirable flora before we made camp in the last of the fading daylight. In the morning we followed the creek till the going became rough then struck up a spur towards Coree. Again we were lucky to find an easy ridge. Half way up we had our first view of Coree, which looked exactly like pictures I have seen of the Tasmanian mountains. The top was an almost sheer wall of bare yellow granite towering several hundred feet above the surrounding mountains. From the top we had a magnificent view in every direction, while just below nestled a little clearing on Condor Creek, our campsite for that night. But it took us nearly three hours of pushing over loose granite covered with thin wattles, and through other types of undesirable flora before we made camp in the last of the fading daylight.
  
-This was the last of our never-to-be-forgotten campsites. Here we left the intrepid Jean and Joan to journey through the trackless pine forests to the Cotter Dam and thence to the Mount Stromlo turn-off where they were met by a car/+This was the last of our never-to-be-forgotten campsites. Here we left the intrepid Jean and Joan to journey through the trackless pine forests to the Cotter Dam and thence to the Mount Stromlo turn-off where they were met by a car.
  
 Now we are back in buildings and streets, working as we must, but just around the corners of memory are visions of mountain and valley, of streams and fire-lit campsites, and, most vivid of all, our little hanging valley on Gingera still and white in the moonlight. Now we are back in buildings and streets, working as we must, but just around the corners of memory are visions of mountain and valley, of streams and fire-lit campsites, and, most vivid of all, our little hanging valley on Gingera still and white in the moonlight.
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 ---- ----
  
-OCTOBER NEWS +=====October News.===== 
-Alust to offset the touch conditions imposed by the Railway Comissioners, the Clerk of the Weather looked kindly on all holiday makers for the 6 hour + 
-week end. This annual endurance test fixture, Holiday Handicap-Christmas +Just to offset the tough conditions imposed by the Railway Commissioners, the Clerk of the Weather looked kindly on all holiday makers for the 6 hour week end. This annual endurance test fixture, Holiday Handicap-Christmas Elimination Trials is we think, designed by the Railways, not as a staff entertainment as we had supposed, but to test the strength of their rolling stock and the fortitude of travellers generallyMost Bushwalkers passed the fortitude test brilliantly. We did hear of a couple who having passed the Barrier Trials, failed miserably in the Boarding testNo doubt the S.B.W. Committee will deal with the two members who proved so spineless and we expect to hear of their transference to the Non-Active list. Of course they weren'Old members. 
-Elimination Trials is ethink, designed by the.Railways, not as a staff entertainment as we had suloposed, but to test the strength of their rolling + 
-stock and the fortituAe of travellers generallyMost Bushwalkers passed +A large party debouched-on to Honeymoon Bay and enjoyed ideal conditions, they say. But there were no fishSilly to expect to fish we say. 
-the fortitude test brilliantly. We did hear of a couple who having passed + 
-the Barrier Trials, failed miserably in the Boarding testNo doubt the +Another party touring Lithgow and Newnes expressed surprise because there was no beer at NewnesPossibly as a result of this failure there was a certain want of co-operation in the partyOne member optimistically carrying a camera, called, early in the morning for someone as foreground, as one might call for water in the desert. The result was the same as the desert sceneNo one answered, and as one of the party explained, "when he (the optimist) caught up with us __that night__ he seemed a bit cool towards us." He then had dinner alone, no not quite alone, he communed, with a dead cow, for preference perhaps. We have heard of that party before. 
-S.B.W. Committee will deal withthe two members who proved so spineless and we expect to hear of their tratsference to the Non-Active list. Of oourse they werent Old members.. + 
-A large party debouched-on to Honeymoon Bay and enjoyed ideal con- +The Services Committee had a picture evening in the Club Friday 20th. Natures Symphony in Kodachrome, coloured slides. Some we had seen before but enjoyed as much as ever and quite a few new ones, were shown. An appreciative audience stayed on for the auction of unwanted goods. 
-ditions, they say. But there were no fishSilly to expect to fish we say. + 
-Another Tarty touring Lithgow and Newnes expressed surprise because.. there was no beer at NewnesPossibly as a result of this failure there was a certain want of co-operation in the ,partyOne member opttmistically. carrying a camera, called, early in the morning for someone as foreground,as one might call for water in the desert. The reSult was the same as the desert sceneNo one answered, and as one of the party explained, "when +Len and Dot Webb were in this night. They report the youngster as thriving. Both Len and Dot looked thriving also
-he (the optimist) caught up with us that night he seemed a bit cool towards + 
-us." He then had dinner alone, no not quite alone, he communed, with a dead cowl for preference perhaps. We have heard of that party before. +After some months strenuous training, Flo Allsworth together with Jean Harvey and Jean Moppet departed for a holiday per bicycle, taking in Canberra and Tumut and lots of other places. Flo still hasn't realised her ambition of riding her bike with her feet on the handlebars. We won't tell you any more of the trip because if you find yourself anywhere in the vicinity of any of the three you will be told about the trip whether you want to hear or not. 
-The Services Committee had a picture evening in the Club Friday 20th. Natures Symphony in Kodachrome, coloured slides. Some we had seen before + 
-but enjoyed as much as ever and quite a few new ones, were shown. An'. +Wal Roots party of holiday makers returned to Sydney after fortnight away. The five of them, Wal, Charlie Pryde, Tom Herbert, Dorothy Lawry and Phil White spent the first week on and about the Shoalhaven (nothing said about IN the Shoalhaven) and the second week they were near Canons dining there at night. They also were away while the hot spell was on. 
-appreciative audience stayed on for the auction of unwanted goods. + 
-Len and Dot Webb wore in thistight.They report the youngster as thriving. Both Len and Dot looked thriving also +---- 
-After some months strenuous training, Flo Allsworth together with + 
-Jean Harvey and Jean Mop-oet departed for a holiday l'er bicycle., taking in Canberra and Tumut and lots of other places. Flo still hasn' +=====The Timber Shortage In New South Wales And Protection Of Primitive Areas.===== 
-realised her ambition of riding her bike with her feet on the handlebars. We won't tell you any more of the trip becauae if you find yourSelf, anywhere in the vicinity of any of the three you'will be told abei4t the + 
-trip whether you want to hear or not. +by the Secretary of the Federation
-:. + 
-Wal Roots party of holiday makers returned to Sydney after.61 fortnight away.. The five of them, Wall Charlie Pryde, Tom Herbettl : Dorothy Lawry and Phil White spent the first week on and about the +Bushwalkers long to be able to say, "Hands off the trees except in the State Forests where re-planting is the rule." The Federation has asked the Forestry Commission whether it needed more money, more men or more land to enable it to supply the whole of the timber needs of the State from the State Forests, and, if it had all it wanted of these things, how long it would be before we could reasonably cry "Hands off the trees except in State Forests." 
-. , . +
-Shoalhaven (nothing said about IN the-ShoalhaVen) and theSec'ena'wee  -,:-. +
-they were near Canons dining there -at Iiigh. They also were away while : : :, +
-, .. ., +
-the hot spe,ll: was oxi, ' ' -: .. - 're +
-. .., , , . +
-,   +
-.,__. +
- .. . +
-.  +
-THo] TIMB,3R SHORTAGE IN NEW SOUTH WALES AND PROnCTION OF PRIMITIVE AREAS +
-by the Secretary of the Federation, +
-Bushwalkers long to be able to say, "Hands off the trees except in +
-the State Forests where re-planting is rule," The Federation has asked the Forestry Commission whether it needed more money, more men or more +
-land to enable it to supply the whole of the timber needs of the State from the State Forests, and, if it had all it wanted of these things, how long it would be before we could reasonably ,cry "Hands off the trees except in State Forests,"+
 The following is the reply; perhaps it will give you some idea of the shocking devastation of our forests that has been going on, and must continue to go on unless we give up wanting houses and furniture as well as other things. The following is the reply; perhaps it will give you some idea of the shocking devastation of our forests that has been going on, and must continue to go on unless we give up wanting houses and furniture as well as other things.
-"(1) Proper forest management would be impossible without the equiValent of the whole of the royalties from timber being handed over to the Commission. Actually in 1941-43 the forest revenue was ,E,3934201, and + 
- the expenditure 528,393,but this expenditure includes little reforestation, which has been suspended for the period of the war. The programmed expenditure, post-war, is on the scale of 2-3 million per annum against an anticipated revenue of 300,000. +"(1) Proper forest management would be impossible without the equivalent of the whole of the royalties from timber being handed over to the Commission. Actually in 1941-43 the forest revenue was £393,201, and the expenditure £528,393, but this expenditure includes little reforestation, which has been suspended for the period of the war. The programmed expenditure, post-war, is on the scale of £2-3 million per annumagainst an anticipated revenue of £300,000. 
-(2) Owing to excessive alienation in the past, the existing forest reser-vation is inadecuate to maintain the native timber industryIndeed, sawmills, post-war, will fall out in large numbers,+ 
 +(2) Owing to excessive alienation in the past, the existing forest reservation is inadequate to maintain the native timber industryIndeed, sawmills, post-war, will fall out in large numbers
 (3) If the Forestry CoMmission had the money, and the land, and the staff - it would take at least 50 years to recover the situation. (3) If the Forestry CoMmission had the money, and the land, and the staff - it would take at least 50 years to recover the situation.
-Taking the Clarence Region for example of 3,000,000 acres in the five shires, 500,000 actes are reserved for the timber industry - the chief industry of the region - and of the 2,000,000 acres alienated, only one eighth is under crop or grass - the rest is despoiled forest"+ 
-The Forestry Commission adds the following as its attitude to -primitive areas:- +Taking the Clarence Region for example of 3,000,000 acres in the five shires, 500,000 acres are reserved for the timber industry - the chief industry of the region - and of the 2,000,000 acres alienated, only one eighth is under crop or grass - the rest is despoiled forest". 
-"The Commission gathers that the Bush Walking Clubs are concerned to retain primitive areasThe Commission's solution of this need would be to define areas within broad National Forests, these areas to be retained in a primitive condition. + 
-It is futile to declare areas primitive unless they be protected from fireThe Blue Mountains and the Hawkesbury Sandstone areas are largely fire- Wrecked areas - but the nature lover generally has been uneoncerned to remedy this default of policy. +The Forestry Commission adds the following as its attitude to primitive areas:- 
-The Commission's policy is an over-all one, to cater for all community needs for the multilole service providd by forests - from timber supply to forevt recreationIn Queensland, for instance, both National Forests and National Parks are managed and protected by one authority, viz. the Queensland Forest Service each for its dedicated ipur-ose+ 
-Even managed forests contribute amenity, as for instance, although in Europe the primitive 'Oak and Beach forests no lenger exist, the man-made pine mods +"The Commission gathers that the Bush Walking Clubs are concerned to retain primitive areasThe Commission's solution of this need would be to define areas within broad National Forests, these areas to be retained in a primitive condition. 
-10. + 
-........111.11, +It is futile to declare areas primitive unless they be protected from fireThe Blue Mountains and the Hawkesbury Sandstone areas are largely fire-wrecked areas - but the nature lover generally has been unconcerned to remedy this default of policy. 
-still firicasiopl. poeey. The New South Walet policy, however, would to retain primitive areas within the pattern fif protected woodlands. + 
-The Bush Walking Clubs could help best by defining areas of scenic content worthy of retention in the primitive,+The Commission's policy is an over-all one, to cater for all community needs for the multiple service provided by forests - from timber supply to forest recreationIn Queensland, for instance, both National Forests and National Parks are managed and protected by one authority, viz. the Queensland Forest Serviceeach for its dedicated purpose. 
-EXTRACTS FROM LONDON LETTER IRA BUTLER + 
-LONDON. So this is London, a great big dirty place with narrow winding streets. Have not been very favourably impressed so far. The more I see of other places the more I think Au.7tralia's a very fine place. We got across the Atlantic all right, but didn't see it - have not seen it yet, +Even managed forests contribute amenity, as for instance, although in Europe the primitive Oak and Beach forests no longer exist, the man-made pine woods still occasion poeny. The New South Wales policy, however, would be to retain primitive areas within the pattern of protected woodlands. 
-Wandered round tonight with Noel Butlin, Got partly lost in the blackout. Wandered into a low pub down by the Thames, had_ two pints of "bitter" and a game of dartsSaw some real English life. Am at the Savoy at the moment - a most palati2aq,,,,hpptelry with a bathroom (in our suite) nearly as large as our Melbourne living_roor ail ,in chromium and marble and with telephoneletc. A garish Pilade deSigned for the exploitation of Indian princes, European diplomats and Andi.'4:ba*,i;,WWW0:14ove tomorrow. + 
-like'ObLI1L6V-Rb'kiday. We are being given the big hand in a big way. +The Bush Walking Clubs could help best by defining areas of scenic content worthy of retention in the primitive.
--r - + 
-We start' Work in real earnest after tomorrow. So far we have only been making the preliminary arrangementsand have had some time for seeing the place. +---- 
-Last night I went and saw Londoels best opera company (Sadlers) play The Bartered Bridp. It was bef,utifully done and I enjoyed every bit of itHad dinner at a cafe in Piccadilly afterwards and then had some fun getting home via tube. Capned the evening by forgetting to draw the blackout curtains and was visited by an A.R.P.man and a policeman. + 
-One certainly isn't encouraged to eat in London, but if one goes to the right places the food is quite good and in reasonable quantity if not variety. We found an interesting cafe in Soho the other day - the Comedy. The old chap who waited on us was like a waiter out of a comedy film and I could hardly refrain from open laughter every time h. us. We had a pint of beer served in huge glasses and a reasonable three course meal all very attractively prepared and in adequate quantityWe were eventually bowed out by our waiter, the head m6iter, and the doorkeeper. +=====Extracts From London Letter Ira Butler.===== 
-Today (Sunday) I went to Maidenhead with Noel Butlin. We had a meal and + 
-paida brief visit to a pub for a pint of bitter. There were some lasses +__London.__ 
-there wearing gold crosses, having repaired to the pub on their way home from church. Took a boat and rowed up the Thames - about as wide as the Yarra at Studly Park - plenty of boats, barges, swans - very beautiful reallyWe rowed no for a couple of hours through two locks, each lock raising us some + 
-five -or six feet higher upBeautiful white swans about the river everywhere, and dnd'had a family of five large dirty grey cygnets. Many large houses had frontages right 't'the water's edge - and there were plenty of notices, as around. 4elbourne''Private Property, KEEP OUT,'We had a short walk ashore to the top ,'of a, and got a good view of a typical English countryside with & Stretch of the Thames in front of us with yachts on it. Low hills with +So this is London, a great big dirty place with narrow winding streets. Have not been very favourably impressed so far. The more I see of other places the more I think Australia's a very fine place. We got across the Atlantic all right, but didn't see it - have not seen it yet
-p2clIghed fields, and green fields with cows, and then a village snugly and + 
-sm y nestling among trees by the river. A pleasant landscape, but a rather +Wandered round tonight with Noel Butlin, Got partly lost in the blackout. Wandered into a low pub down by the Thames, had two pints of "bitter" and a game of dartsSaw some real English life. Am at the Savoy at the moment - a most palatial hostelry with a bathroom (in our suite) nearly as large as our Melbourne living room - all in chromium and marble and with telephone, etc. A garish place designed for the exploitation of Indian princes, European diplomats and AmericansIntend to move tomorrow. 
-s67-2F.tisfied one, A grim note to the peaceful landscape was the hundreds + 
-of berobers passing overhead to and from the continent, and the vapour trails +Met all the notable today. We are being given the big hand in a big way. We start work in real earnest after tomorrow. So far we have only been making the preliminary arrangements and have had some time for seeing the place. 
-weaving across the eky, It was a beautiful sunny dayand we exposA our chests to the warm English sun. Some girls were in ,bathing costume and we saw one man actually swimming. + 
-II,  +Last night I went and saw London'best opera company (Sadlers) play The Bartered Bride. It was beautifully done and I enjoyed every bit of itHad dinner at a cafe in Piccadilly afterwards and then had some fun getting home via tube. Capped the evening by forgetting to draw the blackout curtains and was visited by an A.R.P. man and a policeman. 
-Ana getting to see more of London, bit by bit, uring a walk yesterday + 
-evening the number of churcheseeither built by Wren or in his style was most obvious. So far they are the most pleasing features of London architecture +One certainly isn't encouraged to eat in London, but if one goes to the right places the food is quite good and in reasonable quantity if not variety. We found an interesting cafe in Soho the other day - the Comedy. The old chap who waited on us was like a waiter out of a comedy film and I could hardly refrain from open laughter every time he addressed us. We had a pint of beer served in huge glasses and a reasonable three course meal all very attractively prepared and in adequate quantityWe were eventually bowed out by our waiter, the head waiter, and the doorkeeper. 
-I have seenSome of them are only shells now but their bell-towers are gE;irally intact and front view they look completeSt.Clem?ns is just in front + 
-of Australia House - you know, Oranges and Lemons the bells of St.ClemensThat's +Today (Sunday) I went to Maidenhead with Noel Butlin. We had a meal and paid a brief visit to a pub for a pint of bitter. There were some lasses there wearing gold crosses, having repaired to the pub on their way home from church. Took a boat and rowed up the Thames - about as wide as the Yarra at Studly Park - plenty of boats, barges, swans - very beautiful reallyWe rowed up for a couple of hours through two locks, each lock raising us some five or six feet higher upBeautiful white swans about the river everywhere, and one had a family of five large dirty grey cygnets. Many large houses had frontages right to the water's edge - and there were plenty of notices, as around Melbourne - Private Property, KEEP OUTWe had a short walk ashore to the top of a small hill, and got a good view of a typical English countryside with a stretch of the Thames in front of us with yachts on it. Low hills with ploughed fields, and green fields with cows, and then a village snugly and smugly nestling among trees by the river. A pleasant landscape, but a rather self-satisfied one. A grim note to the peaceful landscape was the hundreds of bombers passing overhead to and from the continent, and the vapour trails weaving across the sky. It was a beautiful sunny day and we exposed our chests to the warm English sun. Some girls were in bathing costume and we saw one man actually swimming. 
-whatfs wrong with London - most of its ch,erm derives from the history and literature of the place rather than from its nature. emember the eerly scenes in + 
-Pygmalion - some cilurch pillars in front of a market place. We passed by that yesterday - a di:Ay amellful place like Haymarket. +Am getting to see more of London, bit by bit. During a walk yesterday evening the number of churches either built by Wren or in his style was most obvious. So far they are the most pleasing features of London architecture I have seenSome of them are only shells now but their bell-towers are generally intact and front view they look completeSt. Clemens is just in front of Australia House - you know, Oranges and Lemons the bells of St. ClemensThat'what'wrong with London - most of its charm derives from the history and literature of the place rather than from its nature. Remember the early scenes in Pygmalion - some church pillars in front of a market place. We passed by that yesterday - a dirty smellful place like Haymarket. 
-Saw some fruit bnrro\-s yesterday. Peaches at Veach,- not such wonderful peaches eith4,:r. Grapes at 1/6 1),F,r ,(1-1;rter lb. I bought a couple of them and they were quite geed, Same small apnles were more reasonable at 8d a lb.+ 
 +Saw some fruit barrows yesterday. Peaches at 4__each__ - not such wonderful peaches either. Grapes at 1/6 per __quarter__ lb. I bought a couple of them and they were quite good. Some small apples were more reasonable at 8d a lb. 
 I still expect to be back in Australia by the end of the year. I still expect to be back in Australia by the end of the year.
-Cheerio IRA 
-LETTERS FROM THE LADS AND LASSES 
-Chas. Jones. New Guinea,11.8,44, I wish to express my thanks to you for the number of papers and r iagazines I consistently receive from your committee, The arrival of my own club meq3azine is always pe rticularly welcome as in it I am able to read of the doings of the club and its members among places I know. 
-Sometimes of an evening in thet'quiet half hour before darkness falls I leah against the tent pole and contemplate the surrounding scene so different from the 
-places featured in the "Bushwalker". Seldom I am afraid, does my walking instinct 
-drive me to climb the hills which lie around us. The native villages in the hills are the cause of several disturbances and walking in those parts is frowned upon. 
-At present I an camped i a huge valley flanked by incredible steep kunai 
-covered hills. I always thought the elopes of Mr,Mouin were steep but the slopes around here -Bxcer'd them. 
-The valley itself is of interest to geologists but in thep bsence of 
-Grace Edgecombe I am a lay=tn to such a huge subject. The river flow has reversed 
-many times I think and the valley has been tilted laterally I think making the river run over what was previously the side of the valley. It is this lateral tilting which is the cause of the terrifically steep hill sides. 
-Recently I had to survey a line for a road around one bluff which jutted 
-out into the river. Whilst on this job I learned the truth of some wise acre's 
-observation that there are only two types of hills in New Guinea, "perpendicular", 
-they go straight down and "slantindicula" they lean outwards! 
-Scrambling around the bluff itself was no mean feat as I soon discovered. Accompanied by'a'felenatives I began the journey but after a while I decided there was no future ,in that form of entertainment. No sir! When the natives too failed to gain -a grip I decided (having in the meantime mentally checked 
-the fact that I was :net wearing Bushwalker badge) to beat a strategic withdrawal. 
-Later by dint of ropes and toe holds we managed to get around the offending rock face but I am sure many walks programmes will come and go before I join 
-a "rock climbing" walk. 
-Earlier in my stay in New Guinea I was fortunate to spend a while in the area around Wau, Edie Creek and Bulolo. As you may know this area lies roughly 
-eighty miles south of Lae and shout thirty miles inland from Salamau on the coast. 
-- Pre-war this (,):::.oa was accessible only by plap e and was considered the "garden of New Gunea". Wau itself is about 4,000 feet above the sea and enjoys a delightful climate. In apnearence it is like some parts of the South Coast around Jamberoo, Robertson and Cambewarra. Massive ranger: flank the basin in 
-which Wau nests and it is on one such range to the west of Wau that Edie Creek 
-lies. 
-- 
-As one begins the ascent the famous trail is seen along which the 
-Japs made their near-victorious drive on V;1au in the beginning of last year, Further east can be seen the gaps in the tree line where Australian batteries "plastered" the Jan batteries brought up from Salamau. 
-Further up the road, before it Swings west into the die Creek valley, one can see the broad Diarkham valley around Nadzab and Lae, We were fortunate on most occasions in that we had clear days in which to appreciate the view, 
-At Edie Creek begins the now famous Bulldog road on which this company had the honour, dubious. Or otherwise, of working. A triumph of mants ingenuity and tenacity of purpose it gives no indication of the forces involved in its beginning at Edie Creek. Like an old rutted by-way in a country shire it winds its way westward to cross the Owen Stanleys at 9800 feet to penetrate the weird mossy forest and finally to wind its way along the sides of precipitous gorges till it finally reaches Bulldog on the Lakakamu River which eventually flows into the Gulf of Papua north of Moresby, 
-This narrow, dangerous road was to be the life line of Australia had the push on Lae and Nadzab failed last September. As the fortunes of war so decided the Bulldog Pod was never destined to play that part. 
-I am afraid I have let my head go as the lads would say, 'Still it, would have been a poor shbw had I baltily stated my thanks in one sentence so I hope my. literary rneanderings have not taken up too much of what must be valuable time to' you, 
-Up here with time on one 's hands at night the pen and letter feature large in our lives, Once upon a:time I used to write about one letter a month, since being in the army and up here in particular, I. have developed that form of activity to an annoying (to the addressee) degre e, 
-Jaok Adams - England. - 28.6.44, Gla d to hear from you and now I know that my mail to the B,5 ,C,, is up to date, Noted many interesting items about fellow bushwalkers but must admit that I have not had the pleasure of meeting many of them - shall no doubt make up for that on return to a "Sunburnt country". Though we have had a week of glorious weather about a month ago, in which I went swithrning three days running, it has been dull and wet quite often which has held up our flying. Managed to get a few more ops in to Duisberg and Dartmond, bombing marshalling yards in the Ruhr or "Happy Valley", Boulo gne gun batteries, 
-6" guns at Ouistreham at dawn on D-Day, bombing just before H-Hour. We could see the invasion fleet creeping in beneath the broken cloud and were proud 
-to give them ahand. Returning from a quiet leave to blast Le l_lavre docks and 
-R.yardb at Valen ceinnes and now that Jerry is sending ove-r (rocket  
-propelled bombs) we have Concentrated on their launching sites,: One daylight' raid' was quite a novelty. 4 more ops to do and tour com-r)lete d. Did you get 
-away to. Beecroft Peninsula? 
-LEcLagfinati. 3 -tiolust,. Writing once again to let you know that am most definitely in the land of the living and. will be for some. considerable timq. Here's the reason, tour completed 7th July with 3 mining, 15 German and 11 
-French targets. Post-tour leave of 14 d-Jys. Perthshire was really splendid. 
-Fine weather and good grull and I thougsht strawberries as big as two bob and real ice cream was almost too much for thy constitution so long deficient Of ouch luxuriet.3! Tried my hand at bit of climbing and really appreciated a scramble over Mt.Blair sca:.?ing.. a stag_ en route, probably owing to my scant shorts and finally a Magnificent panorama of loch's, valley of Glenisla and the wild and 
-woolly highlands of Glenslea.  
-12, 
-, 
  
 +Cheerio, Ira.
 +
 +----
 +
 +=====Letters From The Lads And Lasses.=====
 +
 +===Chas. Jones. New Guinea, 11.8,44.===
 +
 +I wish to express my thanks to you for the number of papers and magazines I consistently receive from your committee. The arrival of my own club magazine is always particularly welcome as in it I am able to read of the doings of the club and its members among places I know.
 +
 +Sometimes of an evening in that quiet half hour before darkness falls I lean against the tent pole and contemplate the surrounding scene so different from the places featured in the "Bushwalker". Seldom I am afraid, does my walking instinct drive me to climb the hills which lie around us. The native villages in the hills are the cause of several disturbances and walking in those parts is frowned upon.
 +
 +At present I am camped in a huge valley flanked by incredible steep kunai covered hills. I always thought the slopes of Mt. Mouin were steep but the slopes around here exceed them.
 +
 +The valley itself is of interest to geologists but in the absence of Grace Edgecombe I am a layman to such a huge subject. The river flow has reversed many times I think and the valley has been tilted laterally I think making the river run over what was previously the side of the valley. It is this lateral tilting which is the cause of the terrifically steep hill sides.
 +
 +Recently I had to survey a line for a road around one bluff which jutted out into the river. Whilst on this job I learned the truth of some wise acre's observation that there are only two types of hills in New Guinea, "perpendicular", they go straight down and "slantindicula" they lean outwards!
 +
 +Scrambling around the bluff itself was no mean feat as I soon discovered. Accompanied by a few natives I began the journey but after a while I decided there was no future in that form of entertainment. No sir! When the natives too failed to gain a grip I decided (having in the meantime mentally checked the fact that I was not wearing Bushwalker badge) to beat a strategic withdrawal.
 +
 +Later by dint of ropes and toe holds we managed to get around the offending rock face but I am sure many walks programmes will come and go before I join a "rock climbing" walk.
 +
 +Earlier in my stay in New Guinea I was fortunate to spend a while in the area around Wau, Edie Creek and Bulolo. As you may know this area lies roughly eighty miles south of Lae and about thirty miles inland from Salamau on the coast.
 +
 +Pre-war this area was accessible only by plane and was considered the "Garden of New Guinea". Wau itself is about 4,000 feet above the sea and enjoys a delightful climate. In appearance it is like some parts of the South Coast around Jamberoo, Robertson and Cambewarra. Massive ranges flank the basin in which Wau nests and it is on one such range to the west of Wau that Edie Creek lies.
 +
 +As one begins the ascent the famous trail is seen along which the Japs made their near-victorious drive on Wau in the beginning of last year. Further east can be seen the gaps in the tree line where Australian batteries "plastered" the Jap batteries brought up from Salamau.
 +
 +Further up the road, before it swings west into the Edie Creek valley, one can see the broad Markham valley around Nadzab and Lae. We were fortunate on most occasions in that we had clear days in which to appreciate the view.
 +
 +At Edie Creek begins the now famous Bulldog road on which this company had the honour, dubious or otherwise, of working. A triumph of man's ingenuity and tenacity of purpose it gives no indication of the forces involved in its beginning at Edie Creek. Like an old rutted by-way in a country shire it winds its way westward to cross the Owen Stanleys at 9800 feet to penetrate the weird mossy forest and finally to wind its way along the sides of precipitous gorges till it finally reaches Bulldog on the Lakakamu River which eventually flows into the Gulf of Papua north of Moresby.
 +
 +This narrow, dangerous road was to be the life line of Australia had the push on Lae and Nadzab failed last September. As the fortunes of war so decided the Bulldog Road was never destined to play that part.
 +
 +I am afraid I have let my head go as the lads would say. Still it would have been a poor show had I baldly stated my thanks in one sentence so I hope my literary meanderings have not taken up too much of what must be valuable time to you.
 +
 +Up here with time on one's hands at night the pen and letter feature large in our lives. Once upon a time I used to write about one letter a month, since being in the army and up here in particular, I have developed that form of activity to an annoying (to the addressee) degree.
 +
 +===Jack Adams - England - 28.6.44.===
 +
 +Glad to hear from you and now I know that my mail to the B.S.C. is up to date. Noted many interesting items about fellow bushwalkers but must admit that I have not had the pleasure of meeting many of them - shall no doubt make up for that on return to a "Sunburnt country". Though we have had a week of glorious weather about a month ago, in which I went swimming three days running, it has been dull and wet quite often which has held up our flying. Managed to get a few more ops in to Duisberg and Dartmond, bombing marshalling yards in the Ruhr or "Happy Valley", Boulogne gun batteries, 6" guns at Ouistreham at dawn on D-Day, bombing just before H-Hour. We could see the invasion fleet creeping in beneath the broken cloud and were proud to give them a hand. Returning from a quiet leave to blast Le Havre docks and R. yards at Valenceinnes and now that Jerry is sending over R.P.B. (rocket propelled bombs) we have concentrated on their launching sites. One daylight raid was quite a novelty. 4 more ops to do and tour completed. Did you get away to Beecroft Peninsula?
 +
 +__And again on 3rd August.__ Writing once again to let you know that am I most definitely in the land of the living and will be for some considerable time. Here's the reason, tour completed 7th July with 3 mining, 15 German and 11 French targets. Post-tour leave of 14 days. Perthshire was really splendid. Fine weather and good grub and I thought strawberries as big as two bob and real ice cream was almost too much for my constitution so long deficient of such luxuries! Tried my hand at a bit of climbing and really appreciated a scramble over Mt. Blair scaring a stag en route, probably owing to my scant shorts and finally a magnificent panorama of lochs, valley of Glenisla and the wild and woolly highlands of Glenslea.
 +
 +----
194411.txt · Last modified: 2017/11/28 01:44 by tyreless