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-THE SYDNEY BUSHWALKER is a monthly bulletin of matters of interest to members of The Sydney Bush Walkers Inc+=====THE SYDNEY BUSHWALKER===== 
 + 
 +The Sydney Bushwalker ​is a monthly bulletin of matters of interest to members of The Sydney Bush Walkers Inc
 PO Box 431 Milsons Point 1565. PO Box 431 Milsons Point 1565.
 +
 To advertise in this magazine, please contact the Business Manager. To advertise in this magazine, please contact the Business Manager.
-Editor: Ray Hookway 
-Telephone 9411 1873 
-Email rraymond@ozemail com au 
-Business Manager: Elizabeth Miller 1 The Babette, Castlecrag, 2068 Telephone 9958 7838 
  
-Production ManagerFrances Holland PrintersKenn Clacher, Barrie Murdoch, Margaret Niven, Les Powell, Tom Wenman,+|**Editor**|Ray Hookway Telephone 9411 1873 Email rraymond@ozemail com au| 
 +|**Business Manager**|Elizabeth Miller 1 The Babette, Castlecrag, 2068 Telephone 9958 7838| 
 +|**Production Manager**|Frances Holland
 +|**Printers**|Kenn Clacher, Barrie Murdoch, Margaret Niven, Les Powell, Tom Wenman
 + 
 +The Sydney Bushwalkers Incorporated was founded in 1927. Club meetings are held every Wednesday evening at 8 pm at Kirribilli Neighbourhood Centre16 Fitzroy Street, Kirribilli (near Milsons Point Railway Station). Visitors and prospective members are welcome any Wednesday. 
 + 
 +|**President**|Eddy Giacomel| 
 +|**Vice-President**|Tony Holgate| 
 +|**Public Officer**|Fran Holland| 
 +|**Treasurer**|Edith Baker| 
 +|**Secretary**|Rosemary MacDougal| 
 +|**Secretary**|Bill Capon| 
 +|**Social Secretary**|Elwyn Morris| 
 +|**Membership Secretary**|Barry Wallace| 
 +|**New Members Secretary**|Frank Grennan| 
 +|**Conservation Secretary**|Bill Holland| 
 +|**Magazine Editor**|Ray Hookway| 
 +|**Committee Members**|Anthony Crichton & Spiro Hajinakitas| 
 +|**Delegates to Confederation**|Jim Callaway & Wilf Hilder| 
 + 
 +=====November 1999===== 
 + 
 +====Issue No. 780====
  
-THE SYDNEY BUSH WALKERS +| | |Page| 
-INCORPORATED was founded in 1927. +|October General Meeting Report| | 2| 
-Club meetings are held every Wednesday evening at pm at Kirribilli Neighbourhood Centre, 16 Fitzroy Street, Kirribilli (near Milsons Point Railway Station). Visitors and prospective members are welcome any Wednesday. +|A Colo-Uraterer Venture|Max Gentle| 3| 
-President: ​Eddy Giacomel +|Frank Rigby'​s illness| | 8| 
-Vice-President:​ Tony Holgate +|Coolana Music Festival| | 8| 
-Public Officer: Fran Holland +|Note from John Hogan| | 8| 
-Treasurer: Edith Baker +|Bushwalkers Locked out Too|Garth Coulter & Peter Stitt|10| 
-SecretaryRosemary MacDougal +|Change to SBW Website|Eddy Giacomel|11| 
-Secretary: Bill Capon . +|SBW Younger Members Group|Eddy Giacomel|12| 
-Social Secretary : Elwyn Morris, Membership Secretary: Barry Wallace, New Members Secretary: Frank Grennan : Conservation Secretary: Bill Holland : Magazine Editor: ​Ray Hookway ​Committee Members: +|Mid-week Walking Group|Bill ​Holland|12| 
-Anthony Crichton & Spiro Hajinakitas,​ Delegates to Confederation:​ +|KNP Illegal Pig Shooters| |13| 
-Jim Callaway & Wilf Hilder+|Coolana News:Plant Survey received Donations called for| |13| 
 +|GPS Information|compiled by Ray Hookway|14| 
 +|SBW Photo.Comp. Advert| |16| 
 +|Wet in Wollangambe|Frank Davis|17|
  
-NOVEMBER 1999 +=====Advertisers=====
-Issue No. 780 +
-2. October General Meeting Report +
-3. A Colo-Uraterer Venture by Max Gentle +
-8. Frank Rigby'​s illness. +
-8. Coolana Music Festival.  +
-8. Note from John Hogan +
-10. Bushwalkers Locked out Too by Garth Coulter & Peter Stitt +
-11. Change to SBW Website by Eddy Giacomel +
-12. SBW Younger Members Group by Eddy Giacomel +
-12. Mid-week Walking Group by Bill Holland +
-13. ICNP Illegal Pig Shooters +
-13. Coolana News: Plant Survey received Donations called for +
-14. GPS Information compiled by Ray Hookway +
-16. SBW Photo.Comp. Advert +
-17. Wet in Wollangambe by Frank Davis+
  
-ADVERTISERS +|Alpsport|front cover| 
-Alpsport front cover +|Eastwood Camping Centre|9| 
-Eastwood Camping Centre 9 +|Ecotrek: Bogong Jack Adventures|7| 
-Ecotrek : +|Outland|16| 
-Bogong Jack Adventures 7 +|Paddy Pallin|back cover| 
-Outland 16 +|U Relax 4 We'll Drive|8| 
-Paddy Pallin back cover +|Willis'​s Walkabouts|5|
-U Relax 4 We'll Drive 8 +
-Willis'​s Walkabouts 5+
  
  
 +=====The October General Meeting=====
  
-The October General Meeting 
 Reported by Barry Wallace Reported by Barry Wallace
  
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 There was no general business, so after the announcements,​ the meeting closed at 21.14. There was no general business, so after the announcements,​ the meeting closed at 21.14.
  
-**Colo Uraterer Venture** by Maxwell Gentle+=====A ​Colo-Uraterer Venture===== 
 + 
 +by Maxwell Gentle 
 Reprinted from the December 1931 (Issue 4) Sydney Bushwalker Reprinted from the December 1931 (Issue 4) Sydney Bushwalker
  
-This early epic trip by two of the SBW Tigers traversed a spectacularly rugged area that still presents interesting possibilities for present day walkers.If members are interested in reading similar stories of early walks please let me know. Gordon Smith, Max Gentle 's partner on this walk, died at the infamous Sandakan POW camp five months before the Japanese capitulated. Max Gentle died of a heart attack at the age of 51 in July 1962. Ed+//This early epic trip by two of the SBW Tigers traversed a spectacularly rugged area that still presents interesting possibilities for present day walkers.If members are interested in reading similar stories of early walks please let me know. Gordon Smith, Max Gentle 's partner on this walk, died at the infamous Sandakan POW camp five months before the Japanese capitulated. Max Gentle died of a heart attack at the age of 51 in July 1962. Ed//
  
 Mr. Gordon Smith and I arrived at Capertee Railway Station at 4.30 am. Thursday, February 5th, 1931. Daybreak found us walking leisurely along the undulating roadway that runs from Capertee to Glen Alice, It zig-zagged around the head of Coco Creek and passed under the shadow of spectacular-sandstone walls, but after a while a more open country was reached, over which were scattered numerous sheep stations. After passing the Coco Creek ford we found ourselves in a broad valley. We had left the aptly-termed Tower Mountain (Crown Mt.) behind us and were now abreast of Mount Genowlan on our left and Canobla Gap on our right. Mr. Gordon Smith and I arrived at Capertee Railway Station at 4.30 am. Thursday, February 5th, 1931. Daybreak found us walking leisurely along the undulating roadway that runs from Capertee to Glen Alice, It zig-zagged around the head of Coco Creek and passed under the shadow of spectacular-sandstone walls, but after a while a more open country was reached, over which were scattered numerous sheep stations. After passing the Coco Creek ford we found ourselves in a broad valley. We had left the aptly-termed Tower Mountain (Crown Mt.) behind us and were now abreast of Mount Genowlan on our left and Canobla Gap on our right.
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 The bridle track continued on down the river and saved us much time. The sandstone bluffs that hemmed in the valley presented a very striking appearance and in my opinion the gorge scenery puts the Nattai and Burragorang Valleys in the shade. A few wallabies were seen and Wonga pigeons and wild duck were in great numbers. About 3 miles before the Wolgan River Junction the track died out and we plunged into the roughest river walking that I had up to this time experienced. The steep sided banks were strewn with boulders and overgrown with blackberry, lawyer vines, lantana and nettles. It came so suddenly that it took the stomach out of me, and after doing 1 mile in 4 hours I suggested giving up. However, my more determined mate knew only one word : "​forward"​. The bridle track continued on down the river and saved us much time. The sandstone bluffs that hemmed in the valley presented a very striking appearance and in my opinion the gorge scenery puts the Nattai and Burragorang Valleys in the shade. A few wallabies were seen and Wonga pigeons and wild duck were in great numbers. About 3 miles before the Wolgan River Junction the track died out and we plunged into the roughest river walking that I had up to this time experienced. The steep sided banks were strewn with boulders and overgrown with blackberry, lawyer vines, lantana and nettles. It came so suddenly that it took the stomach out of me, and after doing 1 mile in 4 hours I suggested giving up. However, my more determined mate knew only one word : "​forward"​.
  
-Next morning, after 11 miles of similar work, we reached the point where the inflow of the Wolgan joins the Capertee and so forms the Colo. We could look up the Wolgan a short way and it appeared hellish rough. 
  
- +Next morning, after 1.5 miles of similar workwe reached the point where the inflow of the Wolgan joins the Capertee and so forms the ColoWe could look up the Wolgan a short way and it appeared hellish rough.
-Would you like to feel this way? It's easy just join one of our tropical treks. +
-No phonesno cars, no hassleEvery day brings perfect weather. Every hour brings another beautiful pool. You relax because you are enjoying ​the moment too much to wont to move on. +
-Willis'​s Walkabouts +
-12 Carrington St Millner NT 0810 Email: walkabout@ais net au+
  
  
 From this point the Colo flowed between huge boulders for about a mile after which there was a long stretch of sandbank - a pleasant relief. Another mile, however, and rock-hopping was the order of things. Scrambling over boulders and bashing our way through lawyer vines and other creepers, alternated with short stretches of sandbank. Frequent waist-deep wadings were necessary, as was also the case down the whole length of the Colo, and treacherous quicksands had to be guarded against. The towering cliffs on each side of the valley presented a very broken appearance and occasionally we caught glimpses of gigantic sandstone caves at great heights above the river. Such was the order of things until the entrance of Wollemi Creek was reached. It had about as much water in it as Kanangra River. The Wollemi Gorge was hemmed in by towering precipices, and I doubt if its profound depths are ever disturbed by mankind. Three quarters of a mile beyond we chose a sandbank as our campsite for the night. Nearby was a seemingly bottomless pool and opposite a cliff face rose for about 1,500 feet sheer. From this point the Colo flowed between huge boulders for about a mile after which there was a long stretch of sandbank - a pleasant relief. Another mile, however, and rock-hopping was the order of things. Scrambling over boulders and bashing our way through lawyer vines and other creepers, alternated with short stretches of sandbank. Frequent waist-deep wadings were necessary, as was also the case down the whole length of the Colo, and treacherous quicksands had to be guarded against. The towering cliffs on each side of the valley presented a very broken appearance and occasionally we caught glimpses of gigantic sandstone caves at great heights above the river. Such was the order of things until the entrance of Wollemi Creek was reached. It had about as much water in it as Kanangra River. The Wollemi Gorge was hemmed in by towering precipices, and I doubt if its profound depths are ever disturbed by mankind. Three quarters of a mile beyond we chose a sandbank as our campsite for the night. Nearby was a seemingly bottomless pool and opposite a cliff face rose for about 1,500 feet sheer.
  
-Next morning we pushed onward again and much to our dismay the sand-banks disappeared. We found that clambering over boulders was good for all- round muscular development. The rocks were purely of +Next morning we pushed onward again and much to our dismay the sand-banks disappeared. We found that clambering over boulders was good for all- round muscular development. The rocks were purely of sandstone and in places had a topping of ironstone. The Colo River was in the form of long, smooth pools alternating with rapids,​where the water flowed between barriers of boulders. As a rule these barriers were the only practicable crossing places. By this time our packs weighed only 30-pounds each, but with the hellish rough walking we found them quite heavy enough. The monotony of rock hopping was broken here and thereby a rough passage through lawyer vines. Occasionally blackberry and wild raspberry bushes barred the way, and these had to be gone around, either through the water, or around the hillsides above. We were very disappointed that the blackberry was not in on the other hand a shotgun was sadly missed on the trip. There were wild duck in droves, and never being disturbed they would provide excellent shooting at close range. ​
-sandstone and in places had a topping of ironstone. The Colo River was in the form of long, smooth pools alternating with rapids,​where the water flowed between barriers of boulders. As a rule these barriers were the only practicable crossing places. By this time our packs weighed only 30-pounds each, but with the hellish rough walking we found them quite heavy enough. The monotony of rock hopping was broken here and thereby a rough passage through lawyer vines. Occasionally blackberry and wild raspberry bushes barred the way, and these had to be gone around, either through the water, or around the hillsides above. We were very disappointed that the blackberry was not in on the other hand a shotgun was sadly +
-missed on the trip. There were wild duck in droves, and never being disturbed they would provide excellent shooting at close range. ​+
  
-Towards sundown ​out spirits were brightened by the reappearance of sandbars and that night we camped on a fine stretch of sand, beside a deep pool. We had covered 8 miles for the day.+Towards sundown ​our spirits were brightened by the reappearance of sandbars and that night we camped on a fine stretch of sand, beside a deep pool. We had covered 8 miles for the day.
  
 On the following day we found that 4 miles was our limit. The going was frightfully rough and consisted of hauling one another over boulders and through crevasses. In places a rocky buttress would rise, sheer out of the water, and sometimes the water was shallow enough to permit a passage around. In other cases it was doubtful if the depth could be measured in hundreds of feet. The Colo in this section is a magnificent canoeing stream and should satisfy the most exacting. Towering walls of sandstone rise almost from the water'​s edge, and here and there are narrow shelves at varying heights where turpentine and gum grow wild. At intervals is seen a cliff face of more moderate height and from its foot descends steeply a forest- clad slope to the waters of the Colo. On the following day we found that 4 miles was our limit. The going was frightfully rough and consisted of hauling one another over boulders and through crevasses. In places a rocky buttress would rise, sheer out of the water, and sometimes the water was shallow enough to permit a passage around. In other cases it was doubtful if the depth could be measured in hundreds of feet. The Colo in this section is a magnificent canoeing stream and should satisfy the most exacting. Towering walls of sandstone rise almost from the water'​s edge, and here and there are narrow shelves at varying heights where turpentine and gum grow wild. At intervals is seen a cliff face of more moderate height and from its foot descends steeply a forest- clad slope to the waters of the Colo.
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 The Colo pools teem with perch and eels and will long by remembered by the writer as the best fishing place he has ever knoWn. At the close of the third day from the Wollemi Creek Junction we reached the Wollangambe. There was a large pool we afterwards named the Wollangambe Basin. On its north side a cliff face arose out of the water for 1,000 feet sheer. This added-greatly to the rugged beauty of the place, and take the writer'​s word for it, the Wollangambe Gorge is a wild hole and would provide great sport for adventurous bushwalkers. However, we afterwards learned we had left the most scenic part of the Colo Gorge behind us. It puts the Nattai, Burragorang and Cox Valleys in the shade, and in places rivals the scenery at the foot of Kanangra Walls. All along the river was an atmosphere of terrible wildness that lent it an atmosphere of additional charm. The Colo pools teem with perch and eels and will long by remembered by the writer as the best fishing place he has ever knoWn. At the close of the third day from the Wollemi Creek Junction we reached the Wollangambe. There was a large pool we afterwards named the Wollangambe Basin. On its north side a cliff face arose out of the water for 1,000 feet sheer. This added-greatly to the rugged beauty of the place, and take the writer'​s word for it, the Wollangambe Gorge is a wild hole and would provide great sport for adventurous bushwalkers. However, we afterwards learned we had left the most scenic part of the Colo Gorge behind us. It puts the Nattai, Burragorang and Cox Valleys in the shade, and in places rivals the scenery at the foot of Kanangra Walls. All along the river was an atmosphere of terrible wildness that lent it an atmosphere of additional charm.
  
-From information gathered previously we learned that many years ago a Government Surveyor constructed a track down the Colo River from the Wollangambe Junction to the Blacksmith'​s Creek. On the following morning 1 arose at daylight and after a search discovered the track on a steep hillside on the southern side of the river. When I returned to camp we had breakfast and shortly after commenced our journey along the winding track. It zig-zagged along the steep hillside and in many places was obliterated by landslides and covered by fallen timber but in spite of its roughness it permitted faster travelling than the boulder- strewn river in this section. Mid-day found us having lunch at Blacksmith'​s Creek. Then three miles of rough travelling from there brought us to a place on the river where the general aspect of things convinced us that the hills around the river were losing their height. The going along the river was so rough we decided upon a cross-country stint to the Tootie -Creek Junction. Much to our dismay we climbed ​4,700 feet before we could look into the Tootie Gorge.+From information gathered previously we learned that many years ago a Government Surveyor constructed a track down the Colo River from the Wollangambe Junction to the Blacksmith'​s Creek. On the following morning 1 arose at daylight and after a search discovered the track on a steep hillside on the southern side of the river. When I returned to camp we had breakfast and shortly after commenced our journey along the winding track. It zig-zagged along the steep hillside and in many places was obliterated by landslides and covered by fallen timber but in spite of its roughness it permitted faster travelling than the boulder- strewn river in this section. Mid-day found us having lunch at Blacksmith'​s Creek. Then three miles of rough travelling from there brought us to a place on the river where the general aspect of things convinced us that the hills around the river were losing their height. The going along the river was so rough we decided upon a cross-country stint to the Tootie -Creek Junction. Much to our dismay we climbed ​1,700 feet before we could look into the Tootie Gorge.
  
 The country was precipitous,​ but miraculously we found a way down and that night camped in a cave on Tootie Creek. Next day, we followed it down for 11 miles before we reached the Colo and realised we had not saved any distance worth mentioning. Our spirits were brightened by the appearance of grazing cattle. Shortly we found a trail and at once assumed it would lead to civilization,​ but it hugged the southern bank for some 8 miles. The surrounding hills were becoming lower and the riverbanks beginning to open out into narrow flats. Lawyer vines and blackberry bushes abounded and the timber began to increase in size Shortly we reached an orange orchard, and a mile farther on a homestead where we were told there was a motor road leading into Upper Colo. Four miles along this brought us to where the Richmond-Putty Road crossed the Colo. Before nightfall we walked a further 2 miles towards Kurrajong and camped in a cave by the wayside. The country was precipitous,​ but miraculously we found a way down and that night camped in a cave on Tootie Creek. Next day, we followed it down for 11 miles before we reached the Colo and realised we had not saved any distance worth mentioning. Our spirits were brightened by the appearance of grazing cattle. Shortly we found a trail and at once assumed it would lead to civilization,​ but it hugged the southern bank for some 8 miles. The surrounding hills were becoming lower and the riverbanks beginning to open out into narrow flats. Lawyer vines and blackberry bushes abounded and the timber began to increase in size Shortly we reached an orange orchard, and a mile farther on a homestead where we were told there was a motor road leading into Upper Colo. Four miles along this brought us to where the Richmond-Putty Road crossed the Colo. Before nightfall we walked a further 2 miles towards Kurrajong and camped in a cave by the wayside.
  
-Next morning we breakfasted at the Wheeny Creek crossing and reached Kurrajong by mid-day. We had completed our trip down the Colo River. We would say it was noteworthy for its two main features, viz: magnificent scenery and the roughness of the walking. It occupied 11 days.+Next morning we breakfasted at the Wheeny Creek crossing and reached Kurrajong by mid-day. We had completed our trip down the Colo River. We would say it was noteworthy for its two main features, viz: magnificent scenery and the roughness of the walking. It occupied 11.5 days.
  
-(The Smith-Gentle Colo River venture holds the distinction of being the fastest known traverse of the Colo, notwithstanding the fact that 2 days were occupied on the Gospers Mountain (Uraterer) side trip. Their'​s also is the smallest party. Two previous successful attempts are known and one, at least, partly so. Apparently the going is so discouragingly difficult that only the able-bodied and most sanguine could ever hope to win through, and the penalty for failure in this aloof canyon could well be the most extreme. - M.J.Dunphy)+//(The Smith-Gentle Colo River venture holds the distinction of being the fastest known traverse of the Colo, notwithstanding the fact that 2 days were occupied on the Gospers Mountain (Uraterer) side trip. Their'​s also is the smallest party. Two previous successful attempts are known and one, at least, partly so. Apparently the going is so discouragingly difficult that only the able-bodied and most sanguine could ever hope to win through, and the penalty for failure in this aloof canyon could well be the most extreme. - M.J.Dunphy)//
  
-Walk through Connemara, The Burren, Dingle Peninsula,​Ring of Kerry & The Aran-Islands. +=====Social Notes=====
-Walking tours in the French Alps, Loire Valley, Dordogne & The Pyrenees. +
-ECOTREK: BOGONG JACK ADVENTURES +
-PO BOX 4 KANGARILLA SA 5157 +
-Phone 08/8383 7198 Fax 08/8383 7377 +
-Email ecotrek@ozemail com au+
  
 +====News of Frank Rigby'​s illness.====
  
 +Whilst on a trip to North Queensland in September, long time member, and former club president Frank Rigby, experienced chest pains resulting in him having a heart by-pass operation.
  
 +Frank is now recuperating at home in Canberra and hopes to be back into his normal active mode soon.
  
-SOCIAL NOTES+Anyone seeking advice on North Queensland hospitals should speak to Frank. He spent time in Mosman and Cairns hospitals before finally having the operation in Townsville. Get well soon Frank.
  
-News of Frank Rigby'​s illness.+====Message from John Hogan====
  
-Whilst on a trip to North Queensland in September, long time member, and former club president Frank Rigby, experienced chest pains resulting in him having a heart by-pass operationFrank is now recuperating at home in Canberra ​and hopes to be back into his normal active mode soon. Anyone seeking advice on North Queensland hospitals should speak to Frank. He spent time in Mosman and Cairns hospitals before finally having ​the operation in Townsville. Get well soon Frank.+John Hogan will be visiting.Sydney for the 'wet season' ​and would be happy to "​babysit"​ the home of anyone going away in the early part of the year 2000.
  
-Message ​from John Hogan+He will have space in his van on the trip down from Cairns shortly before Christmas and anyone who would like to accompany him should contact him by phone.
  
-John Hogan will be visiting.Sydney for the 'wet season'​ and would be happy to "​babysit"​ the home of anyone going away in the early part of the year 2000. He will have space in his van on the trip down from Cairns shortly before Christmas and anyone who would like to accompany him should contact him by phone. +He intends to again conduct his popular bus trip to the Nimboyda River for white water rafting probably in February. Interested members should contact him early.
-He intends to again conduct his popular bus trip to the Nimboyda River for white water +
-rafting probably in February. Interested members should contact him early.+
  
 +=====Music Festival at Coolana=====
  
-MUSIC FESTIVAL AT COOLANA 
 Reported by Bill Holland Reported by Bill Holland
  
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 We all had a great time singing along with music provided by John and Chris Poleson. They proved to be excellent entertainers and kept us going until nearly midnight with bush ballads, folk songs, ditties and blue grass music. Margaret Niven demonstrated line dancing which, when attempted by the assembly, proved to be easier to watch than do. Thanks John, Chris and Margaret. The success of this event encourages us to make it an annual event. We all had a great time singing along with music provided by John and Chris Poleson. They proved to be excellent entertainers and kept us going until nearly midnight with bush ballads, folk songs, ditties and blue grass music. Margaret Niven demonstrated line dancing which, when attempted by the assembly, proved to be easier to watch than do. Thanks John, Chris and Margaret. The success of this event encourages us to make it an annual event.
  
 +=====Bushwalkers Locked out Too=====
  
-"U RELAX 4 WE'LL DRIVE"​ +by Garth Coulter and Peter Stitt
-John Hogan advises that he will be in Sydney for the northern wet season and his tour business will be closed until next year. +
-Suncrest 5112 Girralong St Woree Qld 4868 Phone 07 4054 2111 Fax 07 4054 1166 Email jhogan@ozemail.com.au +
- +
- +
- +
-Eastwood Camping Centre is a privately owned business, established in 1970 by Nancy and Jack Fox. +
-After 20 years experience we can confidently offer the best service in Sydney at the lowest prices. +
-We carry the most extensive of camping gear and accessories in Sydney, specialising in +
-tents, backpacks,​sleeping bags,rock climbing & abseiling gear,​walking boots,gas equipment (lights, stoves, spares.For further enquiries and expert advice give us a call and talk to our full time staff:Paul Lidgard, Brett Murphy,Toby Watson, Matt de Belin,​Margaret Fox, Nancy Fox +
- +
- +
-Bushwalkers Locked out Too by Garth Coulter and Peter Stitt+
  
 We are replying to Henry Gold's article in the September 1999 Sydney Bushwalker. ​ We are replying to Henry Gold's article in the September 1999 Sydney Bushwalker. ​
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 This would ensure among other things: This would ensure among other things:
-1. More reasoned debate. 
-2. Plans of management to be debated and agreed, prior to gazetting. 
-3. Interests of user groups such as bushwalkers to be better addressed 
  
-It is interesting ​to note that at theNPWS'​s 1998 "​Visions For The New Millennium"​ conferencea recurring theme amongst the keynote speakers at the plenary session was the need for the Service ​to get the public onside, with access seen as a tool in achieving general public supportThis of course is the very opposite of what has been happening in NSW, with the Service, egged on by the extreme greens, pushing for ever more restrictive access, and getting more and more community ​groups ​offside.+  - More reasoned debate. 
 +  - Plans of management ​to be debated and agreedprior to gazetting. 
 +  - Interests ​of user groups ​such as bushwalkers to be better addressed.
  
-Which brings us to the broader issue of the environment. Over the last 40 to 50 years the conservation movement has done a brilliant job of increasing the level of environmental awareness in the community. This is something which had to happen. however it seems to us that the movement has taken an increasingly extremist approach, which is also getting the community offside. Forty year ago, you could not persuade company managements that they needed to be more environmentally aware. Now you cannot persuade the more extreme members of the conservation movement- that they should tame down their level of rhetoric and the committing of untruths. Failure by the conservation movement to take a more reasoned approach will inevitably lead to a backlash and it will be, we believe, the environment ​the-suffers.+It is interesting to note that at the NPWS's 1998 "​Visions For The New Millennium"​ conference, a recurring theme amongst the keynote speakers at the plenary session was the need for the Service to get the public onside, with access seen as a tool in achieving general public support. This of course is the very opposite of what has been happening in NSW, with the Service, egged on by the extreme greens, pushing for ever more restrictive access, and getting more and more community groups offside. 
 + 
 +Which brings us to the broader issue of the environment. Over the last 40 to 50 years the conservation movement has done a brilliant job of increasing the level of environmental awareness in the community. This is something which had to happen. however it seems to us that the movement has taken an increasingly extremist approach, which is also getting the community offside. Forty year ago, you could not persuade company managements that they needed to be more environmentally aware. Now you cannot persuade the more extreme members of the conservation movement- that they should tame down their level of rhetoric and the committing of untruths. Failure by the conservation movement to take a more reasoned approach will inevitably lead to a backlash and it will be, we believe, the environment ​that suffers.
  
 In summary, we believe that there needs to be a more reasoned and prioritised approach to issues such as the environment and access to public lands. There also needs to be a greater willingness to compromise; something that the Fundis (the extreme greens) in particular, need to learn. And besides, the environment is too important to be left to the conservation movement. They simply do not understand the issues. In summary, we believe that there needs to be a more reasoned and prioritised approach to issues such as the environment and access to public lands. There also needs to be a greater willingness to compromise; something that the Fundis (the extreme greens) in particular, need to learn. And besides, the environment is too important to be left to the conservation movement. They simply do not understand the issues.
  
 +=====Change to SBW Website=====
  
- 
-CHANGE TO SBW WEBSITE. 
 by Eddy Giacomel by Eddy Giacomel
-www sbw.org.au 
  
-At the committee meeting on Wednesday 3 November it was resolved that SBW should have its own web site and its own domain name. It is my pleasure therefore to announce that the web site became operative on Guy Fawkes Day (Friday 5 November 1999) at 22:30 Eastern Standard Summer Time (9-1/2 hours before polling booths opened for the Republican Referendum). The club can be proud of the excellent design by Matthew Bruce,​nephew of member BarbaraBruce.+**www sbw.org.au** 
 + 
 +At the committee meeting on Wednesday 3 November it was resolved that SBW should have its own web site and its own domain name. It is my pleasure therefore to announce that the web site became operative on Guy Fawkes Day (Friday 5 November 1999) at 22:30 Eastern Standard Summer Time (9.5 hours before polling booths opened for the Republican Referendum). The club can be proud of the excellent design by Matthew Bruce,​nephew of member BarbaraBruce.
  
 The new SBW site will have a links to the Confederation and hence all clubs linked to that site. The new SBW site will have a links to the Confederation and hence all clubs linked to that site.
-The initial use of the web site will be for information to persons intending to join the club. However, I'm sure that many more uses will be found. Consideration has been given to a "​members only" section accessible by a password. Refer to "The Back Page" of the summer Walks Program. Perhaps we could also have a brief section on the history of the club so that (new) members who don't have access to a book such as "The Sydney Bush Walkers The First Sixty Years" can learn about the history of the club. Anyone interested in writing or coordinating a history of the club for the web, site please contact me (phone 9144 5095). Other ideas and comments are also welcome. 
  
 +The initial use of the web site will be for information to persons intending to join the club. However, I'm sure that many more uses will be found. Consideration has been given to a "​members only" section accessible by a password. Refer to "The Back Page" of the summer Walks Program. Perhaps we could also have a brief section on the history of the club so that (new) members who don't have access to a book such as "The Sydney Bush Walkers The First Sixty Years" can learn about the history of the club. Anyone interested in writing or coordinating a history of the club for the web, site please contact me (phone 9144 5095). Other ideas and comments are also welcome.
  
-FOR SALE +=====SBW Younger Members Group=====
-NEW OC VOLLEY INTERNATIONAL SANDSHOES. +
-WOMEN'​S SIZES +
-2 PAIR +
-Phone 9411 187+
  
-SBW YOUNGER MEMBERS GROUP 
 by Eddy Giacomel by Eddy Giacomel
  
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 The committee has resolved to form a younger members group with the aim of encouraging younger people to join and to continue in the club. It will be an informal association of the young and those that want to be young. While there is no strict cut off age limit, this group is aimed at those in their 30s and younger. It is not intended to be an exclusive group, merely a method of enabling younger members to meet other younger members. The initial response has been encouraging. However, for this group to succeed it will require younger members to make an effort to participate and the "not younger members"​ (such as me) to provide encouragement. The committee has resolved to form a younger members group with the aim of encouraging younger people to join and to continue in the club. It will be an informal association of the young and those that want to be young. While there is no strict cut off age limit, this group is aimed at those in their 30s and younger. It is not intended to be an exclusive group, merely a method of enabling younger members to meet other younger members. The initial response has been encouraging. However, for this group to succeed it will require younger members to make an effort to participate and the "not younger members"​ (such as me) to provide encouragement.
  
-This group is not the only special interest group in the club. We also have the "Mid Week Walkers"​ and there is no reason why other special interest groups should not be formed. +This group is not the only special interest group in the club. We also have the "Mid Week Walkers"​ and there is no reason why other special interest groups should not be formed. Further details about the Younger Members Group can be found on 'The Back Page' of the Summer Walks Program. 
-Further details about the Younger Members Group can be found on 'The Back Page' of the Summer Walks Program.+ 
 +=====The Mid-Week Walking Group=====
  
-THE MID-WEEK WALKING GROUP 
 by Bill Holland by Bill Holland
 +
 This group is mainly retired, semi-retired,​ non-working people or those personally organised to take time off work when more attractive ways of spending the mid-week days emerge. Some our past trips have included Wombeyan Caves, Lord Howe Island and Currawong Cottages. Our next activities are shown in the Summer Walks Program where there are Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday walks for each week. However, we also offer extended mid week activities such as: This group is mainly retired, semi-retired,​ non-working people or those personally organised to take time off work when more attractive ways of spending the mid-week days emerge. Some our past trips have included Wombeyan Caves, Lord Howe Island and Currawong Cottages. Our next activities are shown in the Summer Walks Program where there are Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday walks for each week. However, we also offer extended mid week activities such as:
  
-HOUSE BOAT ON MYALL LAKES+====House Boat on Myall Lakes==== 
 Monday March 6th - Friday March 11th Monday March 6th - Friday March 11th
 +
 Five days of cruising in large houseboat cruiser. A combination of cruising, walking, swimming, and rest. Boat hire cost is $180 per person for the five days. There is a limit of eight people. Please send in $60 share of deposit with your booking. Five days of cruising in large houseboat cruiser. A combination of cruising, walking, swimming, and rest. Boat hire cost is $180 per person for the five days. There is a limit of eight people. Please send in $60 share of deposit with your booking.
 +
 Note: We can make arrangements to share transport from Sydney Note: We can make arrangements to share transport from Sydney
-MOLE STATION HOLIDAY COTTAGE+ 
 +====Mole Station Holiday Cottage==== 
 Monday April 10th - Friday April 14th Monday April 10th - Friday April 14th
-WALKING IN NATIONAL PARKS+ 
 +__Walking in National Parks__ 
 We have booked a holiday cottage "Mole Station"​ near Tenterfield for mid-week. Close proximity to Boonoo Boonoo, Girraween, Bald Rock and Sundown National Parks. Walking is planned for each day followed by relaxed evenings. Transport arrangements can be made to reduce costs. We have booked a holiday cottage "Mole Station"​ near Tenterfield for mid-week. Close proximity to Boonoo Boonoo, Girraween, Bald Rock and Sundown National Parks. Walking is planned for each day followed by relaxed evenings. Transport arrangements can be made to reduce costs.
 +
 They have a cottage sleeping eight people and it costs about $35 per head for the five days. Please send in $25 share of deposit with your booking. Everything is supplied except food and we will organise a food group to assist with this. It is a fair way to drive but we will share cars and can break the trip with other activities. They have a cottage sleeping eight people and it costs about $35 per head for the five days. Please send in $25 share of deposit with your booking. Everything is supplied except food and we will organise a food group to assist with this. It is a fair way to drive but we will share cars and can break the trip with other activities.
  
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 Some future possible events are: Some future possible events are:
-Cabins near Jenolan Caves, Cabins near Durras Lakes South Coast, Walking along Bi-Centennial Trails etc Hinchinbrook Island. It need not always be easy walking and cabin camping. Some of us are still keen to do some strenuous walking and a four or five day mid-walk may be organised soon. 
  
 +  * Cabins near Jenolan Caves
 +  * Cabins near Durras Lakes South Coast
 +  * Walking along Bi-Centennial Trails etc
 +  * Hinchinbrook Island
  
-ILLEGAL PIG SHOOTERS IN THE ICNP +It need not always be easy walking and cabin camping. Some of us are still keen to do some strenuous walking and a four or five day mid-walk may be organised soon.
  
-A request for information of any sightings. ​Illegal ​pig shooters have been observed ​in the KNP. As well as presenting a hazard to walkers and campers, some shooters are reported to be using dogs obtained from animal pounds, which sometimes take up residence in the, park and create problems for Park wildlife and to the stock on adjacent grazing properties.+=====Illegal ​Pig Shooters ​in the KNP=====
  
-The NP&WLS have a program ​of pig trapping and also spotlighting pigs from helicopters,​ and they have even used radio tracking of released pigs fitted with miniature transmitters. +====A request for information ​of any sightings.====
-They do not license private pig shooters. Please report ​any sightings ​of shooters, including their vehicle registration numbers, to the NP&WLS at Jindabyne on: (02) 6450 5500+
  
-COOLANA NEWS+Illegal pig shooters have been observed in the KNP. As well as presenting a hazard to walkers and campers, some shooters are reported to be using dogs obtained from animal pounds, which sometimes take up residence in the, park and create problems for Park wildlife and to the stock on adjacent grazing properties.
  
-COOLANA -PLANT SURVEY RECE WED+The NP&WS have a program of pig trapping and also spotlighting pigs from helicopters,​ and they have even used radio tracking of released pigs fitted with miniature transmitters.
  
-A copy of a report entitled "​Survey And Description of Vascular Plant Species and Assemblages Brush Rock-Wallaby Sites, Kangaroo Valley West of Hampden Bridge",​ has been received. This report prepared for the NPWS byGary Leonard is as suggested by its title, specific to the Kangaroo Valley area. Appendix F covers "Crown Land and Sydney Bush Walkers Land" (Coolana). It lists over three hundred plants located on our property by their botanic and common names. These details may be of interest to those of botanical bent in the Club and a copy of the report will be kept in the Club Archives. Appendix F will be displayed in the shelter shed at Coolana and will form an attachment to the Coolana Management Plan.+__They do not license private pig shooters.__
  
 +Please report any sightings of shooters, including their vehicle registration numbers, to the NP&WS at Jindabyne on: (02) 6450 5500
  
-DONATIONS TO THE COOLANA FUND+=====Coolana News===== 
 + 
 +====Coolana Plant Survey Received==== 
 + 
 +A copy of a report entitled "​Survey And Description of Vascular Plant Species and Assemblages Brush Rock-Wallaby Sites, Kangaroo Valley KVI West of Hampden Bridge",​ has been received. 
 + 
 +This report prepared for the NPWS by Gary Leonard is as suggested by its title, specific to the Kangaroo Valley area. Appendix F covers "Crown Land and Sydney Bush Walkers Land" (Coolana). It lists over three hundred plants located on our property by their botanic and common names. 
 + 
 +These details may be of interest to those of botanical bent in the Club and a copy of the report will be kept in the Club Archives. Appendix F will be displayed in the shelter shed at Coolana and will form an attachment to the Coolana Management Plan. 
 + 
 +====Donations to the Coolana Fund====
  
 The response to the recent published report of the special Coolana committee has been most favorable and it is obvious that the majority of club members wish to retain Coolana. The Coolana maintenance group would like to point out that the maintenance fund is still open and any member can contribute money to that fund in any amount at any time. Donations can be sent to the club secretary. The response to the recent published report of the special Coolana committee has been most favorable and it is obvious that the majority of club members wish to retain Coolana. The Coolana maintenance group would like to point out that the maintenance fund is still open and any member can contribute money to that fund in any amount at any time. Donations can be sent to the club secretary.
  
-PERSONAL ADVERTISEMENTS WELCOME+====Personal Advertisements Welcome====
  
 Personal Advertisements from members for the sale or donation of items of gear associated with bushwalking activities will be published free of charge if possible. Personal Advertisements from members for the sale or donation of items of gear associated with bushwalking activities will be published free of charge if possible.
 +
 Notices regarding private walks will also be published free. Notices regarding private walks will also be published free.
 +
 Details should be should be sent to the editor via mail or Email. ​ Details should be should be sent to the editor via mail or Email. ​
  
 +=====The Global Positioning System (GPS) Information=====
  
-THE GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS) INFORMATION ​Compiled by Ray Hookway+Compiled by Ray Hookway
  
 Several club members have acquired GPS receivers to assist in navigation in remote areas and others are wondering whether they should do so also. Several club members have acquired GPS receivers to assist in navigation in remote areas and others are wondering whether they should do so also.
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 What is GPS? Would a GPS receiver help me to navigate in the bush? How hard is it to use a GPS receiver? How accurate is it? How reliable are its readings? Which GPS receiver should I buy? These questions are possibly running through the minds of those people. This article is an attempt to remove some of the mystery and to possibly help people to make a more informed choice. What is GPS? Would a GPS receiver help me to navigate in the bush? How hard is it to use a GPS receiver? How accurate is it? How reliable are its readings? Which GPS receiver should I buy? These questions are possibly running through the minds of those people. This article is an attempt to remove some of the mystery and to possibly help people to make a more informed choice.
  
-The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite navigation system designed and installed by the US Department of Defence (DOD) commencing in 1978. The system which cost the US taxpayer over $10 billion (and costs nothing to use), was fully commissioned in 1995. It is comprised of 24 Navstar satellites in 6 circular orbits at an altitude of about 20,200km and inclined at an angle of 55 degrees to the Equator as per the drawing. Each orbit contains 4 equally spaced satellites that circle the globe in 12 hours and pass over the same spot on the earth every 24 hours. At any one time at least six satellites should be '​visible'​ from any point on earth.+The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite navigation system designed and installed by the US Department of Defence (DOD) commencing in 1978 (1). The system which cost the US taxpayer over $10 billion (and costs nothing to use), was fully commissioned in 1995. It is comprised of 24 Navstar satellites in 6 circular orbits at an altitude of about 20,200km and inclined at an angle of 55 degrees to the Equator as per the drawing ​(2). Each orbit contains 4 equally spaced satellites that circle the globe in 12 hours and pass over the same spot on the earth every 24 hours. 
 + 
 +At any one time at least six satellites should be '​visible'​ from any point on earth.
  
 The satellites are controlled from a US DOD master control station in Colorado Springs USA, which is linked to several monitoring stations around the world. The satellites transmit signals on two L band radio frequencies containing information on satellite identity, its precise position, it's velocity and the time as determined by 4 atomic clocks in each satellite. The satellites are controlled from a US DOD master control station in Colorado Springs USA, which is linked to several monitoring stations around the world. The satellites transmit signals on two L band radio frequencies containing information on satellite identity, its precise position, it's velocity and the time as determined by 4 atomic clocks in each satellite.
  
-The GPS receiver measures the time taken for the signal from at least four satellites to reach it to determine its latitudelongtitudeheight above mean sea levelGPS receiver clock error compensationvelocity over the ground (for boat, car, plane or other vehicle)The receiver can be used to locate one's present location or by feeding in the bearings of other locations, it can be used to determine the direction to take to get to that other location.+The GPS receiver measures the time taken for the signal from at least four satellites to reach it to determine its
 + 
 +  * latitude 
 +  * longtitude 
 +  * height above mean sea level 
 +  * GPS receiver clock error compensation ​(5) 
 +  * velocity over the ground (for boat, car, plane or other vehicle) 
 + 
 +The receiver can be used to locate one's present location or by feeding in the bearings of other locations, it can be used to determine the direction to take to get to that other location. 
 + 
 +This information can be stored in the receiver'​s memory as a `waypoint'​ and recalled at any time for future use. By storing a series of `waypoints'​ a route can be plotted from point A to point B. (Very useful in a white-out on the Rolling Ground.) 
 + 
 +====How accurate is a GPS receiver?​====
  
-This information can be stored in the receiver'​s memory as a `waypoint'​ and recalled at any time for future use. By storing a series of `waypoints'​ a route can be plotted from point A to point B. (Very useful in a white-out on the Rolling Ground.) But accurate is a GPS receiver? 
 Each satellite transmits two sets of signals, an encoded Precise Positioning Service (PPS) for the military and official users and a standard Positioning Service (SPS) for general use. The basic accuracy of the system is approximately 22 M horizontally and 27M Vertically, but for security reasons, the DOD uses a system called Selective Availability (SA) for non military users. This inserts a variable error into the information transmitted by each satellite to reduce this accuracy to 100M horizontally and 160M vertically. By standing in the one spot and averaging several position readings this error can be reduced and most good GPS receivers have an automatic averaging position although because the SA on each satellite is different and the SA changes slowly the average as indicated may still not achieve the military PPS accuracy. Each satellite transmits two sets of signals, an encoded Precise Positioning Service (PPS) for the military and official users and a standard Positioning Service (SPS) for general use. The basic accuracy of the system is approximately 22 M horizontally and 27M Vertically, but for security reasons, the DOD uses a system called Selective Availability (SA) for non military users. This inserts a variable error into the information transmitted by each satellite to reduce this accuracy to 100M horizontally and 160M vertically. By standing in the one spot and averaging several position readings this error can be reduced and most good GPS receivers have an automatic averaging position although because the SA on each satellite is different and the SA changes slowly the average as indicated may still not achieve the military PPS accuracy.
  
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 The DOD intend to phase out SA over the next decade thus improving the accuracy of bearings for all users. Other factors can affect the accuracy of the final reading such as reflections from hills cliffs or buildings, ionospheric and/or tropospheric absorption (but then even the simple compass can be affected by ore bodies or the presence of metal in the area).The best GPS accuracy is achieved in open country in dry weather. The DOD intend to phase out SA over the next decade thus improving the accuracy of bearings for all users. Other factors can affect the accuracy of the final reading such as reflections from hills cliffs or buildings, ionospheric and/or tropospheric absorption (but then even the simple compass can be affected by ore bodies or the presence of metal in the area).The best GPS accuracy is achieved in open country in dry weather.
  
-Where does one obtain information on GPS? The Internet is a good source of information. Typing in `GPS' on Yahoo, AltaVista or other directory or search engine will provide access to many sources of information from receiver manufacturers and suppliers, the Coast Guard and from the US DOD.+====Where does one obtain information on GPS?====
  
-The accuracy ​of the cheapest and the higher priced hand held units is basically identical and the extra cost sometimes covers unnecessary- extras eg many GPS receivers contain features aimed at boat owners such as charts of harbours showing the positions of buoysetc. One important feature not fitted ​to the cheapest units is a long life battery (lO years) to ensure stored ​information ​is not lost when the operating batteries go flat and have to be changed. Operating batteries, usually AA cells, can sometimes last only about 24 hours.+The Internet is a good source ​of information. Typing in `GPS' on YahooAltaVista or other directory or search engine will provide access ​to many sources of information ​from receiver manufacturers and suppliers, ​the Coast Guard and from the US DOD.
  
-The GPS receiver should have at least 8 channels permitting processing ​of up to 8 satellites at once (8 is the maximum number ​of satellites that can be seen at any one time)As it takes 30 seconds ​to download ​the information from one satellite it could take 2 minutes ​to obtain the information ​from the four satellites required for accuracy, if the GPS receiver only had one channel ​and had to process each satellite sequentially.+The accuracy of the cheapest and the higher priced hand held units is basically identical and the extra cost sometimes covers unnecessary- extras eg many GPS receivers contain features aimed at boat owners such as charts ​of harbours showing ​the positions ​of buoys, etc__One important feature not fitted ​to the cheapest units is a long life battery (lO years) ​to ensure stored ​information ​is not lost when the operating batteries go flat and have to be changed.__ Operating batteries, usually AA cells, can sometimes last only about 24 hours.
  
-Before making a purchase or even approaching a salesman I strongly recommend that intending GPS receiver purchasers first read a basic book an the subject. Unfortunately,​ most books on GPS appear to be written for overseas use and/or for boating users and contain much information that is not relevant to Australian bushwalking use. One basic book that I found very useful and readable is: '​Exploring GPS. A GPS Users' Guide'​. Published by the '​Australian Global Positioning System Consortium (GPSCO). This small book ($15.00, 106 pages), started life as a one day course for field workers and professional map users coming to grips with GPS. It gets down to the basics of how to choose and how to get the most out of hand-held GPS receivers. It is in some libraries and is available from Dick Smith, bushwalking stores, the Boat Shop and the map shop in Crows Nest, etc.+The GPS receiver should have at least 8 channels permitting processing of up to 8 satellites at once (8 is the maximum number of satellites that can be seen at any one time). 
 + 
 +As it takes 30 seconds to download the information from one satellite it could take 2 minutes to obtain the information from the four satellites required for accuracy, if the GPS receiver only had one channel and had to process each satellite sequentially. 
 + 
 +Before making a purchase or even approaching a salesman I strongly recommend that intending GPS receiver purchasers first read a basic book an the subject. Unfortunately,​ most books on GPS appear to be written for overseas use and/or for boating users and contain much information that is not relevant to Australian bushwalking use. One __basic__ ​book that I found very useful and readable is: **'​Exploring GPS. A GPS Users' Guide'**. Published by the '​Australian Global Positioning System Consortium (GPSCO). This small book ($15.00, 106 pages), started life as a one day course for field workers and professional map users coming to grips with GPS. It gets down to the basics of how to choose and how to get the most out of hand-held GPS receivers. It is in some libraries and is available from Dick Smith, bushwalking stores, the Boat Shop and the map shop in Crows Nest, etc.
  
 It stresses and explains 'The four Golden Rules of GPS': ​ It stresses and explains 'The four Golden Rules of GPS': ​
-1. Always use four or more satellites + 
-2. Always only use your receiver when the PDOP.<5. +  - Always use four or more satellites 
-3. Always use the correct map datum +  ​- ​Always only use your receiver when the PDOP<​5. ​(3) 
-4. Use an average position when possible+  ​- ​Always use the correct map datum 
 +  ​- ​Use an average position when possible ​(4)
  
 A list of the chapter headings illustrates the practical nature of the publication. A list of the chapter headings illustrates the practical nature of the publication.
-1. GPS: The Nuts and Bolts. + 
-2. UPS: How does it work? +  - GPS: The Nuts and Bolts. 
-3. Choosing a GPS receiver. +  - GPS: How does it work? 
-4. Getting Started (Exercises 1 to 6) +  ​- ​Choosing a GPS receiver. 
-5. On the Move (Exercises 7 to 11) +  ​- ​Getting Started (Exercises 1 to 6) 
-6. Improving your accuracy (Exercise 12) +  ​- ​On the Move (Exercises 7 to 11) 
-7. Real Time DGPS+  ​- ​Improving your accuracy (Exercise 12) 
 +  ​- ​Real Time DGPS
  
 With experience and if used correctly with intelligence and common sense, a GPS receiver could be most useful particularly in featureless country and in conditions of poor visibility, but it does not remove the requirement for the user to be able to read a map and to use a magnetic compass. With experience and if used correctly with intelligence and common sense, a GPS receiver could be most useful particularly in featureless country and in conditions of poor visibility, but it does not remove the requirement for the user to be able to read a map and to use a magnetic compass.
  
 +====Notes.====
  
-Something new at the top of the Blue Mountains.+(1) The Soviets have a similar GPS system called GLONASS giving similar accuracy.
  
-Notes. CD The Soviets have a similar GPS system called GLONASS giving similar accuracy. +(2) Drawing reproduced from Exploring GPS by permission of the publishers GPSCO. ​
-(Z)Drawing reproduced from Exploring GPS by permission of the publishers GPSCO. OPDOP Position Dilution Of Precision The accuracy of the positioning accuracy depends upon the location of the satellites used which must be as far apart as possible. Most GPS receivers indicate the PDOP by a number on the screen, the lower the number the greater the possible accuracy.+
  
-By standing still for a short time, several different positions will be shown due to various factors including ​the SA. By averaging these readings a more accurate position should ​be arrived atBetter quality ​GPS receivers ​include automatic averaging.This permits ​simple clock to be used in the GPS receiver.+(3) PDOP Position Dilution Of Precision The accuracy of the positioning accuracy depends upon the location of the satellites used which must be as far apart as possibleMost GPS receivers ​indicate the PDOP by number on the screen, the lower the number the greater the possible accuracy.
  
-Articles or letters ​for the magazine from club members outlining their experiences using GPS receivers ​in actual walking or skiing situations would be welcomeEd+(4) By standing still for a short time, several different positions will be shown due to various factors including ​the SA. By averaging these readings a more accurate position //should// be arrived at. Better quality ​GPS receivers ​include automatic averaging.
  
 +(5) This permits a simple clock to be used in the GPS receiver.
  
 +Articles or letters for the magazine from club members outlining their experiences using GPS receivers in actual walking or skiing situations would be welcome. Ed
  
-Expeditions,​ trekking, Kokoda Trail, trekking Mont Blanc 
-trekking Nepal. Plus cheap flights, permits,​visas - complete expedition management service. 
-Join us on the verandah.Relax with a free coffee while you wait for your bushwalking mates. 
-Sell some old gear on the noticeboard. 
-Wait out a rain storm with old copies of YAW Geo, Rock and Outdoor. 
-Were open 7 days, 22 Station St Mt Victoria (opp the Pub)(02 4787 /777) 
-Courses : intro to climbing,​intro to abseiling,​remote area first responder,​vertical rescue 
-roping,​canyon leader,​navigation & survival,​clothing,​rainwear,​hardware,​ rope,​wetsuits - sale/hire, maps, compasses,​books,​ guides,​chalk,​ tape,packs 
  
 +=====FINAL NOTICE=====
  
-*** FINAL NOTICE *** +====SBW Photograph and Slide Competition====
- +
-SBW PHOTOGRAPH AND SLIDE COMPETITION+
  
 Wednesday 24th November 1999. $300 total prize value. Wednesday 24th November 1999. $300 total prize value.
 +
 For full details see page 6 of the May 1999 magazine or the rear page of the Winter or Spring Walks programs. There will be a $50 gift voucher for the winner of each category, kindly donated by the following bushwalking shops: For full details see page 6 of the May 1999 magazine or the rear page of the Winter or Spring Walks programs. There will be a $50 gift voucher for the winner of each category, kindly donated by the following bushwalking shops:
  
-ALPSPORT ​TRELAWNEY STREET WEST RYDENSW ​2114 +Alpsport, ​Trelawney Street, West Ryde NSW 2114 
-EASTWOOD CAMPING ​1045 VICTORIA ROAD EASTWOOD ​NSW 2112  +Eastwood Camping, ​1045 Victoria Road, Eastwood ​NSW 2112  
-KATHMANDU ​Cnr KENT BATHURST ​St  ​SYDNEY. ​NSW 2000 +Kathmandu, ​Cnr Kent Bathurst ​St, Sydney ​NSW 2000 
-MOUNTAIN DESIGNS ​499 KENT STREET SYDNEY ​NSW 2000 +Mountain Designs ​499 Kent Street, Sydney ​NSW 2000 
-MOUNTAIN EQUIPMENT ​491 KENT STREET SYDNEY ​NSW 2000 +Mountain Designs, ​491 Kent Street, Sydney ​NSW 2000 
-PADDY PALLIN ​507 KENT STREET SYDNEY ​NSW 2000+Paddy Palling, ​507 Kent Street, Sydney ​NSW 2000
  
 +=====Wet In Wollangambe=====
  
-WET IN WOLLANGAMBE 
 by Frank Davis by Frank Davis
 +
 '​Easy-Medium Canyon'​ read the Walks Schedule. The Rambler'​s programme said `Introduction to Canyoning'​. '​Easy-Medium Canyon'​ read the Walks Schedule. The Rambler'​s programme said `Introduction to Canyoning'​.
  
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 Our group of twenty divided into the thirteen to walk with Don and the five who were to follow Dick into Du Faurs Canyon. Of those. with Dick, I think the '​virgin to canyoning'​ slightly outnumbered those with 'some experience'​ by 3 to 2. Our group of twenty divided into the thirteen to walk with Don and the five who were to follow Dick into Du Faurs Canyon. Of those. with Dick, I think the '​virgin to canyoning'​ slightly outnumbered those with 'some experience'​ by 3 to 2.
  
-The river is reached via a track that starts near the Fire, Station on Mt. Wilson Road. A somewhat eroded track down to a rock outcrop at Flat Saddle. This marks the side track leading to Joe's Canyon and provides a great morning tea site. Joe's Canyon proved to be narrow and scenically impressive. The water shallow and patchy and impossible to skirt. I wondered why I had bothered to avoid puddles at the beginning of the track. We reached Du Faurs Canyon, changed into our '​wet'​ gear, waterproofed our backpacks and launched ourselves into the unknown.+The river is reached via a track that starts near the Fire, Station on Mt. Wilson Road. A somewhat eroded track down to a rock outcrop at Flat Saddle. This marks the side track leading to Joe's Canyon and provides a great morning tea site. 
 + 
 +Joe's Canyon proved to be narrow and scenically impressive. The water shallow and patchy and impossible to skirt. I wondered why I had bothered to avoid puddles at the beginning of the track. 
 + 
 +We reached Du Faurs Canyon, changed into our '​wet'​ gear, waterproofed our backpacks and launched ourselves into the unknown.
  
 They say experience is a wonderful thing. Well lack of experience, I'm here to tell you, can be a real problem. I wore a full-length Lycra suit over thermals and I had a lilo narrower than normal (to allow easier arm movement). Lycra had been just fine for diving in Queensland; even over thermals it was no match for the chill of the water here. The smaller lilo was O.K. until, because it was not rubberised, it allowed air to escape through the fabric when it became wet. They say experience is a wonderful thing. Well lack of experience, I'm here to tell you, can be a real problem. I wore a full-length Lycra suit over thermals and I had a lilo narrower than normal (to allow easier arm movement). Lycra had been just fine for diving in Queensland; even over thermals it was no match for the chill of the water here. The smaller lilo was O.K. until, because it was not rubberised, it allowed air to escape through the fabric when it became wet.
  
-Aside from the distractions of marvelling at breath-taking views, trying to photograph them with an inadequate disposable camera and repeatedly inflating my lilo, the canyon was traversed. Imagine rock-hopping,​ or negotiating a badly eroded track obstructed by fallen timber. Imagine doing this blindfolded. Apart from obscuring any hazards the muddied water was flowing. This may assist paddling - it doesn'​t do a lot for walking.+Aside from the distractions of marvelling at breath-taking views, trying to photograph them with an inadequate disposable camera and repeatedly inflating my lilo, the canyon was traversed. 
 + 
 +Imagine rock-hopping,​ or negotiating a badly eroded track obstructed by fallen timber. Imagine doing this blindfolded. Apart from obscuring any hazards the muddied water was flowing. This may assist paddling - it doesn'​t do a lot for walking.
  
 We reached the junction of Bell Creek Canyon which Dick intended to enter. While the others explored I chased a small, warming patch of sunlight which moved all too rapidly as the sun moved across the opening of the canyon. The thermals had proved inadequate and to go into an even colder canyon had not seemed wise. The intrepid five returned and we took lunch. We reached the junction of Bell Creek Canyon which Dick intended to enter. While the others explored I chased a small, warming patch of sunlight which moved all too rapidly as the sun moved across the opening of the canyon. The thermals had proved inadequate and to go into an even colder canyon had not seemed wise. The intrepid five returned and we took lunch.
Line 411: Line 442:
 Dick had planned to return, upstream, to our starting point. A stronger than normal water flow and comments from members of another group suggested the easier way would be to continue. This would take us into the Wollangambe River and to an exit point. "There was only a bit of a rock `block-up'​ and a tree '​block-up'​ it was only half an hour', they said. Dick had planned to return, upstream, to our starting point. A stronger than normal water flow and comments from members of another group suggested the easier way would be to continue. This would take us into the Wollangambe River and to an exit point. "There was only a bit of a rock `block-up'​ and a tree '​block-up'​ it was only half an hour', they said.
  
-Distant thunder claps were heard and a spattering of rain began to fall. This tends to concentrate the mind when you are enclosed within high rock walls and standing in flowing water. And so, off we went downstream. Back onto a deflating Lilo, back into the cold water.The rock block-up turned out to be a jumble of large boulders that, if dry, would have presented few problems. Now, fast flowing, tumbling water made their negotiation uncertain and in places, I achieved body contortions I had not thought possible.The tree block-up had apparently been scattered by recent rains and now trunks and branches lay in wait, submerged and hidden. We reached the exit point. It had taken longer than the half- hour predicted+Distant thunder claps were heard and a spattering of rain began to fall. This tends to concentrate the mind when you are enclosed within high rock walls and standing in flowing water.
  
-While it would be difficult to describe as pleasantthe '​trip'​ was exhilaratingThe grandeur of canyon scenery is beyond description. Towering stone walls advance and recede: they could be daunting - if you could tear your mind from the beauty of the place long enough to worry.+And sooff we went downstreamBack onto a deflating Lilo, back into the cold water.
  
-My first experience of canyoning, and I had learned at least two things. Wear a real wetsuit and take flotation that floats. On the way back up the ridge the rain became a torrent and the track became a wild cascade. Lightning and thunderclaps 'came simultaneously. The rain turned to hail. We left the track and sought the shelter ​of large rockfaceThe soaking rain had caught up with the walking party as well and they had become as wet as we canyoners. Fine weather returned in time to give us perfect conditions at Wynnes Rock for the ritual of afternoon tea.+The rock block-up turned ​out to be a jumble ​of large boulders that, if dry, would have presented few problemsNow, fast flowing, tumbling water made their negotiation uncertain ​and in places, I achieved body contortions I had not thought possible.
  
-Next Month+The tree block-up had apparently been scattered by recent rains and now trunks and branches lay in wait, submerged and hidden. We reached the exit point. It had taken longer than the half- hour predicted.  
 + 
 +While it would be difficult to describe as pleasant, the '​trip'​ was exhilarating. The grandeur of canyon scenery is beyond description. 
 + 
 +Towering stone walls advance and recede: they could be daunting - if you could tear your mind from the beauty of the place long enough to worry. 
 + 
 +My first experience of canyoning, and I had learned at least two things. Wear a real wetsuit and take flotation that floats. 
 + 
 +On the way back up the ridge the rain became a torrent and the track became a wild cascade. Lightning and thunderclaps 'came simultaneously. The rain turned to hail. 
 + 
 +We left the track and sought the shelter of a large rockface. The soaking rain had caught up with the walking party as well and they had become as wet as we canyoners. 
 + 
 +Fine weather returned in time to give us perfect conditions at Wynnes Rock for the ritual of afternoon tea. 
 + 
 +**Next Month**
  
 Myalls and Miles Myalls and Miles
Line 423: Line 468:
 Another damp walk, this time in the Barrington area is described by Frank Davis. Another damp walk, this time in the Barrington area is described by Frank Davis.
  
-Articles are wanted for your magazine. Magazine editors abhor blank pages as nature abhors a vacuum. +=====Articles are wanted for your magazine=====
-Some editors must resort to writing their own articles, or use wide gaps between paragraphs, or resurrect old articles. The editor'​s job would be made much easier, and the magazine would be made more interesting,​ if you sent in that article that you have been meaning to write now. Articles may be submitted as typed copy, on floppy disk or via email. It is preferred that they be in Microsoft Word but any current word processing program would be acceptable. +
-My email address is: rraymond@ozemail com au+
  
 +Magazine editors abhor blank pages as nature abhors a vacuum.
  
 +Some editors must resort to writing their own articles, or use wide gaps between paragraphs, or resurrect old articles.
 +
 +The editor'​s job would be made much easier, and the magazine would be made more interesting,​ if you sent in that article that you have been meaning to write now.
 +
 +Articles may be submitted as typed copy, on floppy disk or via email.
 +
 +It is preferred that they be in Microsoft Word but any current word processing program would be acceptable.
 +
 +My email address is: rraymond@ozemail com au
199911.1449212031.txt.gz · Last modified: 2015/12/04 06:53 by kennettj