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 In support of his proposal Mr. Carr said - "I don't think it is unreasonable,​ as we approach the 200th year of European settlement, to seek to preserve a small part of the State essentially as it was when Europeans first stepped onto our shores. This is a responsibility that falls on this generation. In the next century the European forests will have been destroyed by acid rain; the rainforests of South-East Asia will have been logged and great areas of Africa turned into desert. Even Antarctica will be touched by pollution. Wilderness areas will be precious to a degree we cannot now conceive. Australia has a chance to conserve more than perhaps any other nation."​ In support of his proposal Mr. Carr said - "I don't think it is unreasonable,​ as we approach the 200th year of European settlement, to seek to preserve a small part of the State essentially as it was when Europeans first stepped onto our shores. This is a responsibility that falls on this generation. In the next century the European forests will have been destroyed by acid rain; the rainforests of South-East Asia will have been logged and great areas of Africa turned into desert. Even Antarctica will be touched by pollution. Wilderness areas will be precious to a degree we cannot now conceive. Australia has a chance to conserve more than perhaps any other nation."​
  
-The inclusion of wilderness areas in the national parks system is essential for their preservation. About half the areas are now within parks. The next step is to zone them as wilderness in park management plans. All park areas having wilderness ​managethent ​are now being reviewed, and the programme is to declare not less than three areas per year. Another means of protecting wilderness would be to add a provision to the State Constitution requiring a referendum before any wilderness zoning could be revoked. Probably the most practical means of preservation is a State Wilderness Act, because the annulment of such an act would provoke public outcry, but, as Mr. Carr made plain, the only real means of preserving wilderness is a majority of conservationists in the legislature. Mr. Carr did not extol the virtues of his Government in the conservation field. He simply read ten quotations of statements by National and Liberal leaders and parliamentarians declaring the intention of the Coalition to "​review"​ the boundaries of national parks and permit logging within them. It was also the intention of the Opposition to transfer national parks from the Conservation portfolio to that of Resources. This would mean that they would be under the control of Mr. Matt Singleton M.P., an opponent of rainforest and other park system extensions.+The inclusion of wilderness areas in the national parks system is essential for their preservation. About half the areas are now within parks. The next step is to zone them as wilderness in park management plans. All park areas having wilderness ​management ​are now being reviewed, and the programme is to declare not less than three areas per year. Another means of protecting wilderness would be to add a provision to the State Constitution requiring a referendum before any wilderness zoning could be revoked. Probably the most practical means of preservation is a State Wilderness Act, because the annulment of such an act would provoke public outcry, but, as Mr. Carr made plain, the only real means of preserving wilderness is a majority of conservationists in the legislature. Mr. Carr did not extol the virtues of his Government in the conservation field. He simply read ten quotations of statements by National and Liberal leaders and parliamentarians declaring the intention of the Coalition to "​review"​ the boundaries of national parks and permit logging within them. It was also the intention of the Opposition to transfer national parks from the Conservation portfolio to that of Resources. This would mean that they would be under the control of Mr. Matt Singleton M.P., an opponent of rainforest and other park system extensions.
  
 Mr. Carr referred to the cancellation by President Reagan of the gains in wilderness conservation introduced by President Carter as an example of the results of the accession to power of anti-conservationist legislators. Mr. Carr referred to the cancellation by President Reagan of the gains in wilderness conservation introduced by President Carter as an example of the results of the accession to power of anti-conservationist legislators.
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 === Yerranderie. === === Yerranderie. ===
  
-The Yerranderie is not only the principal mine on the field, but one of the most profitable little mining properties in the State. The story of the event that led up to its idevelopment ​is an extraordinary one, and is thus told:- Mr. T.J. Hilder was keeping an hotel in Picton in 1899, and hearing of Mr. Bartlett'​s luck, arranged with his brother-in-law,​ Mr. C.S. Dobson, a dairy farmer, to go to the field and prospect it. Mr. Hilder started off in a cart, and after an adventurous trip reached Yerranderie in three days. The community was then a small one. The new-comer - he has told the story often himself - approached one of the few, and told him he had taken up a piece of ground while in Picton, and wanted to know how to go about prospecting it. "You have to find an outcrop first,"​ the older hand replied. "Can you show me one?" said Mr.Hilder. "No, but theres Chiddy over there; if you give him ten bob I think he'll be able to do it." A bargain was struck with Chiddy on those terms, and the green prospector was taken to a gully some distance North-East of Bartlett'​s shaft, and there shown a reef projecting just above the surface. From that load six hundred thousand pounds worth of ore has been taken in six years, and Mr. Hilder is the manager of the mine in which it occurs. In 1901 the Yerranderie Silver Mining No Liability was formed with a nominal capital of ten thousand pounds in one pound shares, five thousand of which were issued as paid up to the vendors. The remainder paid up to ten shillings were taken up principally by the vendors themselves and a call of two and sixpence was made on them. That six hundred and twenty five pounds was all the capital put into the company; and up to date 21 dividends for an aggregate sum of six thousand seven hundred and fifty pounds have been paid, additions to the plant to the extent of fully three thousand pounds have been made, and a reserve of two thousand pounds at fixed deposit has been accumulated.+The Yerranderie is not only the principal mine on the field, but one of the most profitable little mining properties in the State. The story of the event that led up to its development ​is an extraordinary one, and is thus told:- Mr. T.J. Hilder was keeping an hotel in Picton in 1899, and hearing of Mr. Bartlett'​s luck, arranged with his brother-in-law,​ Mr. C.S. Dobson, a dairy farmer, to go to the field and prospect it. Mr. Hilder started off in a cart, and after an adventurous trip reached Yerranderie in three days. The community was then a small one. The new-comer - he has told the story often himself - approached one of the few, and told him he had taken up a piece of ground while in Picton, and wanted to know how to go about prospecting it. "You have to find an outcrop first,"​ the older hand replied. "Can you show me one?" said Mr.Hilder. "No, but theres Chiddy over there; if you give him ten bob I think he'll be able to do it." A bargain was struck with Chiddy on those terms, and the green prospector was taken to a gully some distance North-East of Bartlett'​s shaft, and there shown a reef projecting just above the surface. From that load six hundred thousand pounds worth of ore has been taken in six years, and Mr. Hilder is the manager of the mine in which it occurs. In 1901 the Yerranderie Silver Mining No Liability was formed with a nominal capital of ten thousand pounds in one pound shares, five thousand of which were issued as paid up to the vendors. The remainder paid up to ten shillings were taken up principally by the vendors themselves and a call of two and sixpence was made on them. That six hundred and twenty five pounds was all the capital put into the company; and up to date 21 dividends for an aggregate sum of six thousand seven hundred and fifty pounds have been paid, additions to the plant to the extent of fully three thousand pounds have been made, and a reserve of two thousand pounds at fixed deposit has been accumulated.
  
 All this has been done out of a lode not more than three feet through in its thickest part, and varying to a few inches. The average width may be about a foot. Today the shaft is down 630 feet, following the course of the underlay at an angle of about 29 degrees. From the 100 feet level to the bottom there are levels at every 50 feet, and the longest drive along the course of the lode is 1050 feet. Where there is a change in the ore at the extremeties of the shaft or the levels it is generally for the better. Last year the ore despatched to Cockle Creek for treatment - it was picked first grade stuff - yielded a nett return of ten pounds one shilling and six pence per ton, and the average metal contents for the mine have been 100 ozs silver, 17 % lead, and from 4 dwt to 5 dwt gold. In 1904 about 1700 tons of second grade ore from the mine were sent to Cockle Creek, and averaged 40 or 50 ounces of silver per ton, returning a profit of over one pound per ton. A new contract has been made with the Sulphide Corporation. All this has been done out of a lode not more than three feet through in its thickest part, and varying to a few inches. The average width may be about a foot. Today the shaft is down 630 feet, following the course of the underlay at an angle of about 29 degrees. From the 100 feet level to the bottom there are levels at every 50 feet, and the longest drive along the course of the lode is 1050 feet. Where there is a change in the ore at the extremeties of the shaft or the levels it is generally for the better. Last year the ore despatched to Cockle Creek for treatment - it was picked first grade stuff - yielded a nett return of ten pounds one shilling and six pence per ton, and the average metal contents for the mine have been 100 ozs silver, 17 % lead, and from 4 dwt to 5 dwt gold. In 1904 about 1700 tons of second grade ore from the mine were sent to Cockle Creek, and averaged 40 or 50 ounces of silver per ton, returning a profit of over one pound per ton. A new contract has been made with the Sulphide Corporation.
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 ---- ----
  
-WHAT'S BITING YOU?!! - LEECHES+===== What's Biting You?!! - Leeches=====
  
 by Geoff McIntosh. by Geoff McIntosh.
  
-We all know how attractive we bushwalkers are to the Jawed Scrub Leech (Limnobdella australia) which frequents the Sydney area, however+We all know how attractive we bushwalkers are to the Jawed Scrub Leech (Limnobdella australia) which frequents the Sydney area, however few of us know a great deal about it. Here is some more information based, by a layman, mainly on what appears to be the latest book on the subject - "​Leeches (Hirudinea)"​ by K. H. Mann (1962). 
-few of us know a great deal about it. Here is some more information based, +
-by a layman, mainly on what appears to be the latest book on the subject - "​Leeches (Hirudinea)"​ by K. H. Mann (1962).+
 The Jawed Scrub Leech ranges in colour from the most common general dark colour with pale yellow ochre longitudinal (G.T.) stripes to yellow ochre with dark stripes. The Jawed Scrub Leech ranges in colour from the most common general dark colour with pale yellow ochre longitudinal (G.T.) stripes to yellow ochre with dark stripes.
 +
 Leeches are invertebrates which are related to segmented worms. They like a damp environment,​ such as rainforest gullies, which enables their anterior and posterior suckers to operate effectively in feeding and locomotion. Leeches are invertebrates which are related to segmented worms. They like a damp environment,​ such as rainforest gullies, which enables their anterior and posterior suckers to operate effectively in feeding and locomotion.
 +
 The leech detects your presence: ​ The leech detects your presence: ​
-1. By the use of its 5 pairs of eyes (which point in various directions and are thought to give a crude impression of form and movement). Refer to sketch ​I.+ 
 +1. By the use of its 5 pairs of eyes (which point in various directions and are thought to give a crude impression of form and movement). Refer to sketch ​1. 
 2. By the use of its many segmental receptors (thought to be light sensitive and capable of detecting shadows). Refer to sketch 2. 2. By the use of its many segmental receptors (thought to be light sensitive and capable of detecting shadows). Refer to sketch 2.
 +
 3. By the use of fine sensory hairs distributed all over its body (which feel your presence by touch and by temperature sensing. Leeches will attach themselves to an object warmed to 33-35C). 3. By the use of fine sensory hairs distributed all over its body (which feel your presence by touch and by temperature sensing. Leeches will attach themselves to an object warmed to 33-35C).
 +
 4. By the use of chemoreceptors on its head (which smell and taste you). 4. By the use of chemoreceptors on its head (which smell and taste you).
 +
 The leeches on Jim Brown'​s walk of 10th November last used these sensors very efficiently before dropping on to stationary walkers apparently from stunted trees on the Cliff Track in Royal National Park. The leeches on Jim Brown'​s walk of 10th November last used these sensors very efficiently before dropping on to stationary walkers apparently from stunted trees on the Cliff Track in Royal National Park.
-Its habit of standing erect on its posterior sucker and swaying around helps it to locate you more efficiently. It is said to be an un-nerving + 
-sight to be in a hut where leeches are crowing the doorway and swaying around but unwilling to traverse the dry dusty floor to get your blood. +Its habit of standing erect on its posterior sucker and swaying around helps it to locate you more efficiently. It is said to be an un-nerving sight to be in a hut where leeches are crowing the doorway and swaying around but unwilling to traverse the dry dusty floor to get your blood. 
-Once the leech attaches to you with both suckers, it pours saliva on to your skin through the anterior sucker. (This saliva contains a local + 
-anaesthetic and an anti-coagulin.) The leech then pushes its 3 jaws (see sketch 5) forward into the cavity of the anterior sucker and on to your +Once the leech attaches to you with both suckers, it pours saliva on to your skin through the anterior sucker. (This saliva contains a local anaesthetic and an anti-coagulin.) The leech then pushes its 3 jaws (see sketch 5) forward into the cavity of the anterior sucker and on to your skin. Each jaw is like half a circular saw with very fine teeth and is rocked back and forth. The 3 jaws make a Y-shaped incision (see sketch 6). The leech uses its pharynx to pump the blood into the crop and the expandable pouches where it is digested by resident bacteria. The anti-coagulin mixes with the blood and prevents the forming of clots in the gut which would immobilise the leech. The leech may have only one or two meals each year and can consume between 2 and 5 times its own weight of blood. 
-skin. Each jaw is like half a circular saw with very fine teeth and is + 
-rocked back and forth. The 3 jaws make a Y-shaped incision (see sketch 6). +The Jawed Scrub Leech is an hermaphrodite having both a muscular eversible penis served by 10 pairs of testes (there may be one pair more or less - how virile can you get?), and a muscular vagina (refer ​sketches ​2 and 4). It is possible for two leeches to fertilize each other during one head-to-tail copulation. Self fertilization is made impossible by the position of the sexual organs. Between one and 9 months after fertilization, the eggs are deposited in a cocoon which is formed on the clitellar region of the body of the leech as follows:- 
-The leech uses its pharynx to pump the blood into the crop and the expandable +
-pouches where it is digested by resident bacteria. The anti-coagulin mixes +
-with the blood and prevents the forming of clots in the gut which would immobilise the leech. The leech may have only one or two meals each year and can consume between 2 and 5 times its own weight of blood. +
-The Jawed Scrub Leech is an hermaphrodite having both a muscular eversible penis served by 10 pairs of testes (there may be one pair more or less - how virile can you get?), and a muscular vagina (refer ​sketshes ​2 and 4). It is possible for two leeches to fertilize each other during one +
-head-to-tail copulation. Self fertilization is made impossible by the +
-position of the sexual organs. Between one and 9 months after fertil- +
-ization, the eggs are deposited in a cocoon which is formed on the clitellar region of the body of the leech as follows:-+
 1. Glands in the clitellar region secrete the cocoon wall material in the form of a tube (Refer sketch 7). 1. Glands in the clitellar region secrete the cocoon wall material in the form of a tube (Refer sketch 7).
 +
 2. The leech rotates its body about its longitudinal axis to smooth the inner surface of the tube and to expand it into a lemon shape (Refer sketch 8). 2. The leech rotates its body about its longitudinal axis to smooth the inner surface of the tube and to expand it into a lemon shape (Refer sketch 8).
  
-3. Glands in the clitellar region pass an albuminous the cocoon and at the same time a number of fertilized the vagina into the albuminous fluid. +3. Glands in the clitellar region pass an albuminous ​nutritive fluid into the cocoon and at the same time a number of fertilized ​eggs are passed from the vagina into the albuminous fluid. 
-4. The leech then slowly withdraws its head end from to sketch 9), sealing off the ends of the cocoon as it produced by glands in the anterior sucker. + 
-5. At this stage, the cocoon is a soft, translucent and colourless bag which is abandoned by its "​mother(?​). Refer to sketch 10.+4. The leech then slowly withdraws its head end from the cocoon (Refer ​to sketch 9), sealing off the ends of the cocoon as it does so, with plugs produced by glands in the anterior sucker. 
 + 
 +5. At this stage, the cocoon is a soft, translucent and colourless bag which is abandoned by its "​mother"(?). Refer to sketch 10. 
 6. In a few days, the cocoon becomes dark brown, hard and almost opaque. The young emerge as mini-clones of their parents. 6. In a few days, the cocoon becomes dark brown, hard and almost opaque. The young emerge as mini-clones of their parents.
  
-LEECH REPELLANTS+=== Leech Repellants===
  
 Some favourite repellants are:- Some favourite repellants are:-
 +
 (1) Detergent (sox soaked in same). (1) Detergent (sox soaked in same).
 +
 (2) Aerosol sprays (but washed off by rain and creeks). (2) Aerosol sprays (but washed off by rain and creeks).
-(3) "​Rid"​ Repellant cream. ​LEECH REMOVERS+ 
 +(3) "​Rid"​ Repellant cream. 
 + 
 +=== Leech Removers=== 
 + 
 Salt or heat. Salt or heat.
  
-LEECH BITE TREATMENT.+=== Leech Bite Treatment===
    
 Apply an antiseptic. Apply an antiseptic.
  
-===== Report ​on the Committee Meeting ​of 5/2/86 =====+---- 
 + 
 +===== Report ​On The Committee Meeting ​Of 5/2/86=====
  
-BILL HALL will be offered Honorary Active Membership, as he has been a member since 1936 and is still leading test walks and is on walks regularly.+Bill Hall will be offered Honorary Active Membership, as he has been a member since 1936 and is still leading test walks and is on walks regularly.
  
 The Committee is writing to the N.S.W. Premier in support of the Wilderness Legislation,​ conservation of wetlands, and regional environment conservation planning proposals. Members may also wish to write. The Committee is writing to the N.S.W. Premier in support of the Wilderness Legislation,​ conservation of wetlands, and regional environment conservation planning proposals. Members may also wish to write.
 +
 The Treasurer will need to consider means of payment of the Personal Accident Insurance. The Treasurer will need to consider means of payment of the Personal Accident Insurance.
 +
 Four new members were welcomed with tea/coffee and biscuits and met the Committee members as well as each other. Four new members were welcomed with tea/coffee and biscuits and met the Committee members as well as each other.
 +
 Many other matters were also discussed, and a further committee meeting is to be held on 10/2/86 to consider proposed alterations to the Constitution. Many other matters were also discussed, and a further committee meeting is to be held on 10/2/86 to consider proposed alterations to the Constitution.
  
 +----
 +
 +===== Public Meeting - Friday, 7 March '86 at 7.15 pm. =====
 +
 +The Hon. J.C. Kerin, Minister for Primary Industry, discusses the issues "​Forestry & Woodchipping;​ Soil & Water Conservation;​ etc".
  
-PUBLIC MEETING - Friday, 7 March '86 at 7.15 pm. 
-The Hon. J.C. KERIN, Minister for Primary Industry, discusses the issues "​FORESTRY & WOODCHIPPING;​ SOIL & WATER CONSERVATION;​ etc". 
 He will answer questions from - He will answer questions from -
 +
 Mr. Jeff Angel Assistant Director, Total Environment Centre Mr. Jeff Angel Assistant Director, Total Environment Centre
 +
 Dr. Dick Mason State President, National Parks Association Dr. Dick Mason State President, National Parks Association
 +
 Dr. Fred Bell Senior Lecturer, Physical Geography, U.N.S.W. and from the audience. Dr. Fred Bell Senior Lecturer, Physical Geography, U.N.S.W. and from the audience.
-PLACE: Merewether Building (Sydney University) Cnr. CityRoad & Butlin Ave. COST: Admission $3.00, concession $2.00. + 
-INQUIRIES: Australian Conservation Foundation, Phone 665 2869 or 27 4285. +Place: Merewether Building (Sydney University) Cnr. CityRoad & Butlin Ave. 
-nutritive fluid into eggs are passed from + 
-the cocoon (Refer does so, with plugs +Cost: Admission $3.00, concession $2.00. 
-THE SYDNEY BUSE-, + 
-265 VICTORIA ROAD GLADESVILLE, 2111 PHONE (02) 817 5590 HOURS - MON.-FRI. 9-6 +Inquiries: Australian Conservation Foundation, Phone 665 2869 or 27 4285. 
-THURS. 9-8 + 
-SAT. 9-4 +---- 
-(PARKING AT REAR OFF PITTWATER ROAD+ 
-LARGE RANGE OF LIGHPNEIGHTQUALITYBUSHWALKING Et CAMPING GEAR +=== Canoe & Camping. === 
- LIGHTWEIGHT FOOD FOR BACKPACKERS AND CANOEISTS + 
- COLD WEATHER PROTECTION CLOTHING AND RAINGEAR +265 Victoria Road, Gladesville, 2111. Phone (02) 817 5590. Hours: Mon.-Fri. 9-6, Thurs. 9-8, Sat. 9-4(Parking at rear off Pittwater Road)
- MAPSBOOKS AND LEAFLETS + 
- INFORMATION SERVICE FOR CANOEISTS AND WALKERS +large range of lightweightqualitybushwalking & camping gear: 
- KNIVES ​ COMPASSES ​ SURVIVAL GEAR + 
-WE STOCK THE LARGEST RANGE OF CANOEING GEAR IN N.S.W. +  * Lightweight food for backpackers and canoeists 
-QUALITY TOURING CRAFT OF ALL TYPES HIGH QUALITYPERFORMANCE COMPETITION CRAFT +  * Cold weather protection clothing and raingear 
- ​A ​HUGE RANGE OF PADDLES FOR ALL TYPES OF CANOEING ​ WETSUITS ​ SURF SKIS +  * Mapsbooks and leaflets 
- ALL TYPES OF SPRAY COVERS ​ WIDE RANGE OF JACKETS ​CAGS  FACE MASKS +  * Information service for canoeists and walkers 
- FOOTWEAR ​ MANY TYPES OF BUOYANCY ​LIFE VESTS  HELMETS +  ​* Knives 
-Febeuary, 1986. THE SYDNEY BUSHWALKER Page 15 +  * Compasses 
-WHAT NOW?  +  * Survival gear 
-FIRST AID ANSWERS. by Ainslie Morris. ​SITUATION ​6.  + 
-(1) IMMEDIATE ACTION+We stock the largest range of canoeing gear in N.S.W. 
-Ask the casualty to lie down (on a foamy or thermorest) and keep as still as possible. Rest head on low pillow. + 
-Reassure the casualty - a strong emotional reaction is normal. +Quality touring craft of all types. High qualityperformance competition craft. 
-Immediately apply a pressure immobilisation bandage over the bitten area and around limb.+ 
 +  * huge range of paddles for all types of canoeing 
 +  * Wetsuits 
 +  * Surf skis 
 +  ​* All types of spray covers 
 +  * Wide range of jackets ​cags 
 +  * Face masks 
 +  ​* Footwear 
 +  * Many types of buoyancy ​life vests 
 +  * Helmets 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +===== What Now? First Aid Answers===== 
 + 
 +by Ainslie Morris. 
 + 
 +=== Situation ​6. === 
 + 
 +(1) Immediate Action
 + 
 +  * Ask the casualty to lie down (on a foamy or thermorest) and keep as still as possible. Rest head on low pillow. 
 +  ​* ​Reassure the casualty - a strong emotional reaction is normal. 
 +  ​* ​Immediately apply a pressure immobilisation bandage over the bitten area and around limb. 
 See details below. ​ See details below. ​
-(2) ASSESSMENT:+ 
 +(2) Assessment: 
 Snake bite - more definitely if you can see 2 puncture marks about 1 cm apart. Possibly spider bite - funnel webs have given fatal bites in the bush outside the Sydney area; symptoms include intense pain at the site of the bite. Snake bite - more definitely if you can see 2 puncture marks about 1 cm apart. Possibly spider bite - funnel webs have given fatal bites in the bush outside the Sydney area; symptoms include intense pain at the site of the bite.
 +
 See St. John "​Australian First Aid" p.302-4. See St. John "​Australian First Aid" p.302-4.
-Also check for SHOCK and treat (St. John, chapter 6). + 
-(3) TREATMENTDR ABC +Also check for Shock and treat (St. John, chapter 6). 
-D - Danger to self and bystanders (beware of snakes!). + 
-R - Response to voice and touch - conscious? ​NO - then;- +(3) Treatment: 
-A - Airway clear and open (tilt head back). + 
-B - Breathing - look, listen, feel +DRABC 
-YES - place in coma position if unconscious. ​NO - Start E A R - 5 quick breaths, then: + 
-C - Circulation - check neck pulse - YES- continue E A R +D - Danger to self and bystanders (beware of snakes!).\\ 
-NO - do C P R +R - Response to voice and touch - conscious? ​No - then;-\\ 
-E A R? C P R? You don't know these life-saving techniques? Then +A - Airway clear and open (tilt head back).\\ 
-you need to attend a First Aid Course to learn, practise, or revise the skills. Study the St. JOhn book, pages 17-19, then Chapter 2, part 3. +B - Breathing - look, listen, feel. Yes - place in coma position if unconscious. ​No - Start E A R - 5 quick breaths, then: 
-NEXT, the PRESSURE IMMOBILISATION BANDAGE+ 
-You will need your elasticised roll-on bandage, plus those of other members of the party. So - ALWAYS ​carry one. Ask someone to find a smooth stick for a splint. +C - Circulation - check neck pulse - Yes- continue E A R. No - do C P R
-As you apply the bandage, ask someone else to carefully ​watch the casualty'​s breathing and pulse. Also ask someone, preferably two people, ​to go for medical ​assistance ​by calling the Club's S. & R. or any other emergency help. + 
-SO - How many people should be in your party? At least   +E A R? C P R? You don't know these life-saving techniques? Then you need to attend a First Aid Course to learn, practise, or revise the skills. Study the St. John book, pages 17-19, then Chapter 2, part 3. 
-Apply bandage firmly but do NOT restrict the flow of blood. (Do NOT "​tourniquet"​).+ 
 +__Next, the pressure immodiblisation bandage__. 
 + 
 +You will need your elasticised roll-on bandage, plus those of other members of the party. So - always ​carry one. Ask someone to find a smooth stick for a splint. 
 + 
 +As you apply the bandage, ask someone else to carefully ​__watch__ ​the casualty'​s breathing and pulse. Also ask someone, preferably two people, ​__to go for medical ​assistance__ ​by calling the Club's S. & R. or any other emergency help. 
 + 
 +So - How many people should be in your party? At least... 
 + 
 +Apply bandage firmly but do __not__ ​restrict the flow of blood. (Do not "​tourniquet"​). 
 Bandage from the bite to the toes, then up to the groin. Bandage from the bite to the toes, then up to the groin.
 +
 Place a splint along the bandaged limb, then tie splint to limb, you can use tights or shirts. Leave bandage and splint in place. Place a splint along the bandaged limb, then tie splint to limb, you can use tights or shirts. Leave bandage and splint in place.
-NEVER wash the venom off - it will be used later to identify the snake. + 
-Do not try and kill the snake. Anti-venom is availalple ​for all Australian snakes. ​NEVER cut the bite. +__Never__ ​wash the venom off - it will be used later to identify the snake. Do not try and kill the snake. Anti-venom is available ​for all Australian snakes. 
-NEVER suck the bite. + 
-NEVER use a constrictive bandage - it can cause death to the limb and unnecessary amputation. +__Never__ ​cut the bite. 
-Page, 16 THE SYDNEY BUSHWALKERFebruary, 1986. + 
-COOLANA RE-UNION SWIMMING CARNIVAL ​ +__Never__ ​suck the bite. 
-I5--16.:March 1986 + 
 +__Never__ ​use a constrictive bandage - it can cause death to the limb and unnecessary amputation. 
 + 
 +---
 + 
 +===== Coolana Re-Union Swimming Carnival. ===== 
 + 
 +=== 15-16 March 1986. ===== 
 Experience beautiful river scenery as you camp on the club's property '​Coolana'​ on the Kangaroo River. Experience beautiful river scenery as you camp on the club's property '​Coolana'​ on the Kangaroo River.
 +
 Savour the delights of Spiro'​s world-famous culinary delights and Greek coffee! Savour the delights of Spiro'​s world-famous culinary delights and Greek coffee!
 +
 Witness all manner of strange rituals as the new S.B.W. president is inaugurated! Witness all manner of strange rituals as the new S.B.W. president is inaugurated!
 +
 Enjoy the rehearsed and impromptu campfire skits on Saturday night. Enjoy the rehearsed and impromptu campfire skits on Saturday night.
 +
 Compete in the hilarious damper-making contest (clean fingernails please!) or the swimming carnival races and fun events. Compete in the hilarious damper-making contest (clean fingernails please!) or the swimming carnival races and fun events.
-Meet scores of members, past members, prospectives,​ visitors, guests, + 
-and even a few people. +Meet scores of members, past members, prospectives,​ visitors, guests, and even a few people. 
-Come down any time during Saturday.. Plan to stay in tents, although there'​s a hut if the weather gets really foul. It's five minutes walk down from the cars to the -terraced campsites. + 
-The Saturday night bonfire heralds eating, singing, drinking, skits, eating, +Come down any time during Saturday. Plan to stay in tents, although there'​s a hut if the weather gets really foul. It's five minutes walk down from the cars to the terraced campsites. 
-initiation rites, drinking and fun.+ 
 +The Saturday night bonfire heralds eating, singing, drinking, skits, eating, initiation rites, drinking and fun. 
 The Sunday swimming carnival includes both novelty and serious events, and you get a chance to have your name engraved on the historic Mandelburg Cup, a silver billy covered with names from swimming carnivals since 1930! The Sunday swimming carnival includes both novelty and serious events, and you get a chance to have your name engraved on the historic Mandelburg Cup, a silver billy covered with names from swimming carnivals since 1930!
 +
 If you need assistance with transport arrangements,​ ring George Gray on If you need assistance with transport arrangements,​ ring George Gray on
 86-6263. 86-6263.
-HOW TO GET THERE: The quickest way is to drive through Mittagong to Kangaroo Valley. After crossing ths Kangaroo River, turn right into Tellowa 
-Dam Road. Coolana is down a signposted dirt track which leade. off to the 
-right from the Tallowa Dam Road, about 100 metres after the Mount Scanzi Road branches off to the left.. 
-****4444******** Wan NOTES ***************44 
-With the Committee meeting on the Wednesday 5th and the Annual General Meeting on Wednesday 12th there are only two evenings Left in ,March for social activity. 
-On Wednesday 19th. March, Bill Pearson from The Nature Care School of Remedial Therapies will present an evening on "​Remedial Massage"​. Many of you will remember Bill's excellent presentation Last year. This will follow-on from that evening. You are welcome to participate;​ bring along a towel and a foam or something soft 
-to lie on. Otherwise, come along, Listen to Sill and watch as we 
-apply his techniques. 
-The following Wednesday, 26th March is just before Easter. Many of you will be finalising your. Easter walks. So come along, and finalise',​ drink a cup of coffee and have a chat. 
-Programme: ​ 
- Mar 5 Committee Meeting 
- Mar 12 Annual General Meeting 
- -Mar 19 Remedial Massage (Bill Pearson - Nature Care) 
- Mar 26 Easter walks preparation* Dinner before the meeting at "Curry Bazaar"​ 6-30pm. 334 Pacific Highway. Crows Nest' 
  
 +__How to get there__: The quickest way is to drive through Mittagong to Kangaroo Valley. After crossing the Kangaroo River, turn right into Tallowa Dam Road. Coolana is down a signposted dirt track which leads off to the right from the Tallowa Dam Road, about 100 metres after the Mount Scanzi Road branches off to the left.
 +
 +----
 +
 +===== Social Notes. =====
 +
 +With the Committee meeting on the Wednesday 5th and the Annual General Meeting on Wednesday 12th there are only two evenings left in March for social activity.
 +
 +On Wednesday 19th. March, Bill Pearson from The Nature Care School of Remedial Therapies will present an evening on "​Remedial Massage"​. Many of you will remember Bill's excellent presentation last year. This will follow-on from that evening. You are welcome to participate;​ bring along a towel and a foam or something soft to lie on. Otherwise, come along, listen to Bill and watch as we apply his techniques.
 +
 +The following Wednesday, 26th March is just before Easter. Many of you will be finalising your Easter walks. So come along, and finalise, drink a cup of coffee and have a chat.
 +
 +__Programme__: ​
 +
 +  * Mar 5 Committee Meeting
 +  * Mar 12 Annual General Meeting
 +  * Mar 19* Remedial Massage (Bill Pearson - Nature Care)
 +  * Mar 26 Easter walks preparation
 +
 +* Dinner before the meeting at "Curry Bazaar"​ 6-30pm. 334 Pacific Highway. Crows Nest.
 +
 +----
198602.txt · Last modified: 2019/02/28 23:10 by tyreless