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196610 [2016/08/16 06:14]
tyreless
196610 [2016/08/18 00:51] (current)
tyreless
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 The President next sought a succession as Vice President to the late Alan Rigby, Treasurer Gordon Redmond being elected and to retain his present portfolio, Barry Knight succeeded to the vacancy of Federation Delegate. The President next sought a succession as Vice President to the late Alan Rigby, Treasurer Gordon Redmond being elected and to retain his present portfolio, Barry Knight succeeded to the vacancy of Federation Delegate.
  
-It was announced that one Federation delegate, one subsitute, plus a Membership Secretary would be elected in October, the latter because Barbara Evans is leaving to spend a time in Western Australia. John pointed out from the chair that there are many prospectives at present and the job would be a big one.+It was announced that one Federation delegate, one substitute, plus a Membership Secretary would be elected in October, the latter because Barbara Evans is leaving to spend a time in Western Australia. John pointed out from the chair that there are many prospectives at present and the job would be a big one.
  
 Alex Colley referred to the letter from the Parks Services Bureau and the question of volunteer fire fighting teams. After publication in the magazine the whole subject will be given another airing. Alex Colley referred to the letter from the Parks Services Bureau and the question of volunteer fire fighting teams. After publication in the magazine the whole subject will be given another airing.
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 ... Especially from all those who have yet to put pen to paper. ... Especially from all those who have yet to put pen to paper.
  
-... Especially from teh you active group.+... Especially from the young active group.
  
-Make "The Sydney Bushwalker" ​__your __ magazine.+Make "The Sydney Bushwalker" ​__your__ ​magazine.
  
 ---- ----
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 I picked up a copy of "The Sydney Morning Herald"​ dated Saturday, May 21, 1938, and as I turned over the age-browned pages, something caught my eye. It was an editorial headed "​Preserving Our Parks",​ accompanied by an article by Mr. C.D.A. Roberts, bearing the headlines: I picked up a copy of "The Sydney Morning Herald"​ dated Saturday, May 21, 1938, and as I turned over the age-browned pages, something caught my eye. It was an editorial headed "​Preserving Our Parks",​ accompanied by an article by Mr. C.D.A. Roberts, bearing the headlines:
  
-===National Park. Moral of this story. Need for reporm.===+===National Park. Moral of this story. Need for reform.===
  
 The issue under discussion was the proposal by the then Trustees of Royal National Park to develop the public amenities and thereby popularize the Park. The issue under discussion was the proposal by the then Trustees of Royal National Park to develop the public amenities and thereby popularize the Park.
Line 169: Line 169:
 ===Search and Rescue:=== ===Search and Rescue:===
  
-The S & R Demonstration weekend shall occur on Obtober ​15 - 16.+The S & R Demonstration weekend shall occur on October ​15 - 16.
  
 ===Orienteering Contest:=== ===Orienteering Contest:===
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 ---- ----
  
 +=====Fire Fighting And Fire Control.=====
 +
 +(Last month we published "​Conservation Commentary"​ by Alex Colley and his article included a section on fire fighting and fire control in our National Parks and other bushlands. Now we have two more articles dealing with particular -aspects of these subjects.
  
-FIRE FIGHTING AND, FIRE CONTROL 
-(Last month we published "​Conservation Commentary"​ by Alex Colley and his 
-article included a section on fire fighting and fire control in our 
-National Parks and other bushlands. Now we have two Moro articles dealing 
-with particular -aspects of these sUbjects. 
 It is hoped that these articles will stimulate further discussion which was started by "​Conservation Commentary"​. Editor.) It is hoped that these articles will stimulate further discussion which was started by "​Conservation Commentary"​. Editor.)
-- BURNING OFF BECOMES FUEL REDUCTION. John White. + 
-For generations ​bughwalkers ​have watched in horror as farmers and +====Burning Off Becomes Fuel Reduction.==== 
-foresters have set fire indiscriminately to the bush. We wore told that this "​burning off" was necessary to prevent large-scale summer fires - and yet in practice this has never been achieved. Now it seems we have a logical + 
-approach to the problem .... FUEL REDUCTION ​achieved by CONTROL BURNING. There always have been fires and always will be - to control them or reduce their intensity is our problem. +John White. 
-On a recent week-end, the writer was one of a group of N.S.7. and + 
-A.C.T. National Park Association members who were invited to see the field +For generations ​bushwalkers ​have watched in horror as farmers and foresters have set fire indiscriminately to the bush. We were told that this "​burning off" was necessary to prevent large-scale summer fires - and yet in practice this has never been achieved. Now it seems we have a logical approach to the problem .... __Fuel Reduction__ ​achieved by __Control Burning__. There always have been fires and always will be - to control them or reduce their intensity is our problem. 
-work and discuss the theory of FUEL REDUCTION ​with Mr. Alan McArthur of the Canberra Forest ​ReseL,,​Tch ​Institute. The concept of fuel reduction by control burning is, to most of us, revolutionary and the writer for one + 
-had grave doubts about the wisdom of burning ​section S of the areas ,we are trying to protect from fire. I shall try to outline some of the background +On a recent week-end, the writer was one of a group of N.S.W. and A.C.T. National Park Association members who were invited to see the field work and discuss the theory of __Fuel Reduction__ ​with Mr. Alan McArthur of the Canberra Forest ​Research ​Institute. The concept of fuel reduction by control burning is, to most of us, revolutionary and the writer for one had grave doubts about the wisdom of burning ​sections ​of the areas we are trying to protect from fire. I shall try to outline some of the background of Mr. McArthur'​s work. 
-of Mr. McArthur 's work. + 
-It is known that the Aborigines used fire in hunting and their fires must +It is known that the Aborigines used fire in hunting and their fires must have regularly burnt considerable areasIn all but the west coastal strip lightning strikes cause an enormous ​number of fires. As a result of these continual burnings the fuel accumulations were kept at quite a low level. In fuel accumulation calculations leaves, ​twigs and small shrubs are taken into account, logs and heavy branches are omitted. The plants and trees which developed in this __Fire Environment__ ​have a tremendous resistance to and recovery from fire, in comparison with plant life of other continents
-have regularly burnt considerable areasIn all but the west coastal strip lightning strikes cause an enornous ​number of fires. As a result of these + 
-continual burnings the fuel accumulations were kept at quite a low 7.eveli. +With the establishment of white settlement and the departure ​of the hunting Aborigines, large areas were either deliberately protected from or simply ​did not get burnt. This allowed a vast accumulation of fuels and set the stage for __Wildfires__ ​or __Crownfires__, such as the disaster of 1939. Wildfires ​are fires which burn litter, trees, humus and even the soil itself. These fires can only occur when ground litter is sufficient to support a fire of great intensity. 
-In fuel accumulation calculations leaves, ​iwigs and small sirs taken into account, logs and heavy branches are omitted. The plants and trees + 
-which developed in this' FIRE ENVIRONMENT ​have a tremendous resistance to and recovery from fire, in comparison with plant life of other continents +We come to the conclusion that if we are to try to avoid the __total__ ​disaster of wildfire, we must reduce the combustible materials in sections of the areas to be protected. Control burning as a means of achieving this result in perimeter areaswhere fires are most likely to start, has been carried out in Canberra since 1960 with considerable success. 
-With the establishment of white settlement and the departure ​Of the + 
-hunting Aborigines, large areas were either deliberately protected from or +Now for the burning ​itselfit is well to note that only a small percentage of any area to be protected ​is control burnt about 5to 10%. It is considered that the fire intensities must be very low, the humus profile must be left intact and the leaf canopy must not be scorched. This is a real problem, just how do you burn the littler without seriously affecting things under it and over it. If control burning exposes the soil it is a failure
-simply ​aid not get burnt. This allowed a vast accumulation of fuels arid. set the stage for WILDFIRES ​or CROWNFIRES, such as the disaster of 1939. 7ilafires ​are fires which burn litter, trees, humus and even the soil itself. These fires canonly ​occur when ground litter is sufficient to support a fire of great intensity. + 
-We come to the conclusion that if we are to try to avoid the total +Mr. McArthur has evolved a method to achieve this, a number of closely related factors are considered: 
-disaster of wildfire, we must reduce the combustible materials in sections of the areas to be protected. Control burning as a means of achieving + 
-October, 1966 The Sydney Bushwalker 9. +  - Number of days since last rain. 
-this result inperimeter areaswhere fires are most likely to start, has been carried out in Canberra since 1960 with considerable success. +  ​- ​Amount of last rain. 
-Now for the burning ​i7.o elfc1.7,​1,​s ​well i)o note that only a small percentage of any area to be pro.6ected ​is control burnt  about 5 to 10%. It is considered that the fire intensities must be very low, the humus profile must be loft intact and the leaf canopy must not be scorched. This is a real problem, just how do you burn the littler without seriously affecting things under it and over it. If control burning exposes the soil it is a failure, +  ​- ​Fuel accumulation (tons per acre). 
-Mr. McArthur has evolved a method to achieve this, a number of closely related factors are considered +  Temperature. 
-1. Number of days since last rain. +  ​- ​Relative humidity. 
-2. Amount of last rain. +  ​- ​Wind velocity. 
-3. Fuel accumulation (tons per acre).  ​4. Temperature. +  ​- ​Slope of land, etc. 
-Relative humidity. +  ​ 
-6. Wind velocity. ​- +Greater details are in the Commonwealth Forestry Pamphlet No80 of 1962. This pamphlet is a must for everybody interested in Park and Wilderness Areas protection. 
-7. Slope of land, etc. + 
-Greater details are in the Commonwealth Forestry Pamphlet No80 of 1962. This pamphlet is a must for everybody interested in Park and Wilderness Areas protection. +After calculating the above factors and when it is considered safe to control burn an areait is fired on a lighting pattern. The fires burn with the wind not against it (achieving a cooler burn), flame height must be kept around two feet. 
-After calculating the above factors and when it is considered safe to control burn an area it is fired on a lighting pattern. The fires burn with the wind not against it (achieving a cooler burn), flame height must be kept around two feet. + 
-The wTiter ​was most impressed with the field results in dry and' ​wet sclerophyl eucalypt forest and pinus radiata plantations. I hope members +The writer ​was most impressed with the field results in dry and wet sclerophyl eucalypt forest and pinus radiata plantations. I hope members of this club will make themselves familiar with the principles and techniques involved in __Control Burning__. Considering its possible future importance, the whole subject should ideally be fully discussed and understood by Club members. 
-of this club will make themselves familiar with the principles and techniques + 
-involved in CONTROL BURNING. Considering its possible future importance, +====Manpower For Bushfire Fighting In National Parks.==== 
-the whole subject should ideally be fully discussed and understood by Club members. + 
-MANPOWER FOR BUSHFIRE FIGHTING IN NATIONAL PARKS+(From the Parks Service Bureau). 
-(Prom the Parks Service Bureau). + 
-Fire fighting in National Parks is, at the present time a haphazard +Fire fighting in National Parks is, at the present time a haphazard arrangement,​ whereby bushfires are fought by both the staff employed by the Park Trusts and the bushfire brigades adjoining or adjacent to the Parks. 
-arrangement,​ whereby bushfires are fought by both the staff employed by + 
-the Park Trusts and the bushfire brigades adjoining or adjacent to the Parks. +On days of high fire danger these bushfire ​brigades ​who have a responsibility to protect life and property in their own area, often have to leave fire suppression to the inadequate park staff. 
-On days of high fire danger these bushfire ​bdrgades ​who have a responsibility to protect life and property in their own area, often have to + 
-leave fire suppression to the inadequate park staff. +In some areas the surface vegetation, which includes valuable flora and constitutes the habitat of our fauna is considered by bushfire brigade people and adjoining residents, to be bushfire fuel that should be removed. The opportunity is often taken to backfire large areas while fire fighting. This action makes their district safe for a few years. 
-10. The Sydney Bushwalker October, 1966 + 
-In some areas thesurface vegetation, which includes valuable flora and constitutes the habitat of our fauna is considered ​'by bushfire brigade +During 1965 over 60% of the park areas located on the Hawkesbury Sandstone ​were burnt over. Many of these fires were of such severity that irreparable damage has been caused to both plant and animal life and to soil values. 
-people and adjoining residents, to be bushfire fuel that should be removed. The opportunity is often taken to backfire large areas while fire fighting. This action makes their district safe for a few years. + 
-During 1965 over 60% of the park areas located on the Hawkesbury Sandstone +Damage to this extent cannot be acceptable to any person interested in nature conservation. The possibility of forming bushfire ​brigades ​or at least having some people on call, during periods of high danger, is being explored. 
-werel burnt over. Many of these fires were of such severity that irreparable damage has been caused to both plant and animal life and to soil values. + 
-Damage to this extent cannot be acceptable to any person interested in nature conservation. The possibility of forming bushfire ​b:​dgades ​or at least ,having some people on call, during periods of high danger, is being explored. +If the assistance of such people as flora and fauna rangers, naturalists,​ conservationists and other interested people can be arranged, training in fire fighting and fire suppression activities and the formation of National Park Volunteer Bush Fire Brigades will be undertaken
-If the assistance of such people as flora and fauna rangers, naturalists,​ conservationists and other interested people can be arranged, training in fire fighting and fire suppression activities and the formation of National Park Volunteer Bush Fire Brigades will be undertaken, + 
-The Parks Service Bureau will be conducting a number of schools of two +The Parks Service Bureau will be conducting a number of schools of two to five days duration for National Park employees during the coming year. Fire protection and suppression ​will be included in each course and courses dealing solely with this subject will be conducted. 
-to five days duration for National Park employees during the coming year. Fire protection and suppTession ​will be included in each course and courses dealing solely with this subject will be conducted. + 
-In addition to courses for Park Staff, Schools will also be conducted +In addition to courses for Park Staff, Schools will also be conducted for Fauna and Flora Rangers and other people if there are sufficient numbers interested to warrant the conduct of same. 
-for-Fauna,​an&​Tloa ​Rangers and other people if there are sufficient numbers + 
-interested to warrant the conduct of same. +There are 38,000 Fauna Rangers and probably as many Flora Rangers registered with Fauna Protection Panel and the Department of Local GovernmentUndoubtedly,​ many people fill both categories but it would be a safe estimate that a pool of manpower of 40,000 is available in N.S.W. interested in the protection of fauna and floraUndoubtedly many of these people would give their service in protection against fire if their efforts were co-ordinated,​ the burden did not fall on a willing few and a roster system was organised to ensure a co-ordinated distribution of any work load. 
-There are 38,000 Fauna Rangers and probably as many Flora Rangers registered with Fauna Protection Panel and the Department of Local GovernmentUndoubtedly,​ many people fill both categories but it would be a safe estimate that a pool of manpower of 40,000 is available in N.S.7, interested in the protection of fauna and floraUndoubtedly many of these people would give their service in protection against fire if their efforts were co-ordinated,​ the burden did not fall on a willing few and a roster system was organised to ensure a co-ordinated distribution of any work load. + 
-Fire suppression activities would include actual fire fighting for the more youthful or active people, with fire lookout duty, surveillance,​ and patrol duties by vehicler ​boat, or on foot for the less active.+Fire suppression activities would include actual fire fighting for the more youthful or active people, with fire lookout duty, surveillance,​ and patrol duties by vehicle, ​boat, or on foot for the less active. 
 In many cases during weekend and holiday periods these rangers etc. could, with their families, enjoy the facilities of the park in which they are interested, at the same time, being on call for fire protection duty should the occasion arise, remembering that it is during such holiday periods that the greater number of fires occur and a greater effort in surveillance is required. If sufficient numbers were available for each park, it would only be necessary to roster each person for duty once or twice per year other than during periods of high danger. In many cases during weekend and holiday periods these rangers etc. could, with their families, enjoy the facilities of the park in which they are interested, at the same time, being on call for fire protection duty should the occasion arise, remembering that it is during such holiday periods that the greater number of fires occur and a greater effort in surveillance is required. If sufficient numbers were available for each park, it would only be necessary to roster each person for duty once or twice per year other than during periods of high danger.
-F + 
-1 +It is not intended that the activities of National Park Bushfire Brigades should cut across those of the Bushfire Brigades organised by Shire Councils. 
- Ammt,a: t + 
-mmounir *Irtrwag* +These latter brigades would still form the main defence in general fire fighting. National Park Brigades would be utilised as a reserve to back up these Brigades on most occasions. However, they would be used as the main suppression force when the responsibilities of the Shire Bushfire Brigades required their activities elsewhere
-4' 4 + 
-raw:waft ' ''''​` ' +It is known that there are many rangers etc. resident in both the inner and outer suburbs and in country towns, who are not called upon to assist with Shire Bushfire Brigades. To ascertain what assistance might be obtained in the formation of National Park Volunteer Bushfire Brigades, it is requested that interested persons write to the Operations Officer, Parks Service Bureau, Department of Lands, giving the following particulars. Name, postal address, resident, park or parks in which you are interested, number of times available per year for duty and training ​i.e. twice per year, once per quarter, once a month, on call
-i + 
-4 1 +---
-+ 
-'m +=====Paddy Made.===== 
-d'''​ N + 
-4 c+Bushwalking and ski touring have a great deal in common. Because of this it is quite usual to find that most ski tourers are bushwalkers alsoBushwalkers who have not discovered the pleasures, perils, interest and adventures of-ski touring should take positive steps to do something about it. 
-1 ..!1'​ +
-ii 3 vx +
-+
-5,-; +
-Bushwalking and ski touring have a great deal p; V V +
-in common. Because of this it is quite usual 1 I ; C- +
-i'''​ ' 1 1 - 1 +
-to find that most ski tourers are bushwalkers +
-6r1 :d 4 +
-also Bushwalkers who have not discovered +
-the pleasures, perils, interest and adventures of-ski touring should take positive steps to +
-do something about it.+
 September and October are the good months, why not get yourselves organised and try it? September and October are the good months, why not get yourselves organised and try it?
-Call in and have a yarn with Paddy, John or + 
-Robert ​ just three of the -walkers at Paddy'​s who caught the ski touring bug long ago. We'd love to talk you into it too. +Call in and have a yarn with Paddy, John or Robert ​just three of the walkers at Paddy'​s who caught the ski touring bug long ago. We'd love to talk you into it too. 
-4 + 
-'​14?​0 +Paddy Pallin PtyLimited. 
-11+ 
-PADDY PALLIN PTY. LIMITED. ​109a Bathurst Street, +109a Bathurst Street, 1st Floor, Cnr. George St., Sydney. 26-2685. 
-1st Floor, Cnr. George St., Sydney. 26-2685 + 
-PADDY PAWN rtcYl: +---- 
-lightweight Camp Gear + 
-12The Sydney Bushwalker +=====One More Month.===== 
-. , October, 1966 +
-It is' not Intended_that the activities 6f1NatbnalPark BUshfire Brigades. should cut across those of the Bushfire Brigades organised by Shire Councils.. +
-These latter brigades would still form the main defence in general fire fighting. National Park Brigades would be utilised as a reserve to back up these Brigades on most occasions However, they would be used as the main suppression force when the responsibilities of the Shire Bushfire Brigades required their actiVities elsewhere. +
-It is known that there are many rangers etcresident in both the  inner and outer suburbs and in country towns, who are not called upon to assist with Shire Bushfire Brigades: To ascertain what assistance might be obtained in the formation of National Park ITolunteei. Bushfire Brigades, it is requested that interested persons write to the Operations Officer, Parks Service Bureau, Departm3nt of Lands, giving the following particulars. Name, postal address, resident, park or parks in which you +
-are interested, number of times available per year for 'duty and training i e. twice per year, once per quarter, once a month, on call. +
-ONE MORE  MONTH.+
 By "​Observer"​ By "​Observer"​
-A Late Confession: Ron Knightley says that the organisers of the + 
-recent Orienteering Contest became "​lost"​ en masse when exploring the route  apparently the St. Albans map was the culprit. Ron says that if the map makers had deliberately set out to cause chaos, they couldn'​t have done a +A Late Confession: Ron Knightley says that the organisers of the recent Orienteering Contest became "​lost"​ en masse when exploring the route apparently the St. Albans map was the culprit. Ron says that if the map makers had deliberately set out to cause chaos, they couldn'​t have done a better job. Perhaps if the contestants had been let loose on this section, the results might have been more than interesting! 
-better job. Perhaps if the contestants had been let loose on this section, the results might have been more than interestingl + 
-There seems to be a lucrative market in funnelweb ​spiders in the Club. Three pickled specimens which fetched ​surprising bid at the Auction in August were seen to change hands again last month  at a profit, of course. What gives? +There seems to be a lucrative market in funnel-web ​spiders in the Club. Three pickled specimens which fetched ​surprising bid at the Auction in August were seen to change hands again last month at a profit, of course. What gives? 
-The Parliamentary Procedure ​certain ​became complicated at the HalfYearly General Meeting. When it was all over, one quotable quote was overheard: "​Sooner or later this Club is going to procedurise itself out of existence."​ Maybe he's got a point there tool + 
-A youth who tiIrooted ​a signpost in National Park to use as firewood +The Parliamentary Procedure ​certainly ​became complicated at the HalfYearly General Meeting. When it was all over, one quotable quote was overheard: "​Sooner or later this Club is going to procedurise itself out of existence."​ Maybe he's got a point there too! 
-"​deserved to go to jail", commented the Magistrate. Pity he didn'​t. However + 
-that youth is now poorer by $79 for having destroyed an irreplaceable gift (made in Canadian Redwood) from a Canadian Park Trust. We wonder if similar fines could be leviedon that huge section of the public who wantonly destroy and litter our irreplaceable ​*landscape? ​ . ' +A youth who uprooted ​a signpost in National Park to use as firewood "​deserved to go to jail", commented the Magistrate. Pity he didn'​t. However that youth is now poorer by $79 for having destroyed an irreplaceable gift (made in Canadian Redwood) from a Canadian Park Trust. We wonder if similar fines could be levied on that huge section of the public who wantonly destroy and litter our irreplaceable landscape?​ 
-October, 1966 + 
-The Sydri:Dy Bushwalker 13+---- 
-FITTING YOURSELF OUT FOR CHRISTMAS TRIPS+ 
-. , +=====Mountain Equipment.===== 
-We dan't supply you with everything ​ yet!! + 
-But one item we wouldlike to draw to your +===Fitting Yourself Out For Christmas Trips?=== 
-+ 
-attentionis ​the:hew Fairy 'Down Artie Special. +We don't supply you with everything ​yet!! But one item we would like to draw to your attention is the new Fairy Down Arctic ​Special. This is a Chevron stitched ​Box quilted bag which fits in just between the explorer ​and the 20 below in the fairy down range. Priced from as low as $29.90 it represents ​good-value ​- especially ​when considering ​this is genuine fairy down equipment. 
-This is a Chevron stitched Box quilted bag which fits in just between the exIlorer ​and the 20.below in the fairy ddwn range. Priced from aS.lOw ​as $29.90 it represent S good-value ​ ​espepially ​when consider. ​this is genuine fairy down equipment. + 
-CLIMBERS  ​we have a limited stock of.ASMU.and Allain carabiners,.also nylon webb waist bands, endless nylon slings (5 sizes) and nylon rope +Climbers - we have a limited stock of ASMU and Allain carabiners, also nylon webb waist bands, endless nylon slings (5 sizes) and nylon rope. 
-RELAX  ​Black oiled Japara Parkas at $15.00, tough, lightweight and durable. + 
-CARRY BAGS FOR SLEEPING BAGS  ​tough ​oilee. ​cotton with nylon draw cord (supplied standard with all fairy down bags) $1.75 ea. +Relax - Black oiled Japara Parkas at $15.00, tough, lightweight and durable. 
-MOUNTAIN MULE HFRAME PACKS $29.75 + 
-.1il ft +Carry bags for sleeping bags -  ​tough ​oiled cotton with nylon draw cord (supplied standard with all fairy down bags) $1.75 ea. 
-REMEMBER THOSE HEAVY WOOL SHIRTS YOU CLEANED US OUT On MORE ARE ON THE TAY  KAIAPOI AND HARRISZIPP FRONTS. ORDERONE NOW + 
-MOUNTAIN EQUIPMENTCOMPANY +Mountain Mule H-Frame paces $29.75 
-OPEN 7.30 p m.  10.00 p m. Tuesday and Thursday (Other times by arrangement) 49-3329/ + 
-16 Werona Ave., Gordon (Opposite Gordon Railway Station) Southside Agent: Bob Snedden, 16 Jane Place, Heathcote. +Remember those heavy wool shirts you cleaned us out of! More are on the way Kaiapoi and Harris-Zipp fronts. Order one now! 
-14. The Sydney Bushwalker. ​ .October, 1966 + 
-S. B. W. CROSSWORD ​+Mountain Equipment Company
 + 
 +Open 7.30 p.m. 10.00 p.m. Tuesday and Thursday (Other times by arrangement)49-3329
 + 
 +16 Werona Ave., Gordon (Opposite Gordon Railway Station)Southside Agent: Bob Snedden, 16 Jane Place, Heathcote. 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +=====S.B.W. ​Crossword.===== 
 by Phil Butt. by Phil Butt.
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-  , : ,        \AAA 1 +| |X| |X| |X| |X| |X| |X| | 
-r7;   ​RR ​    ​1111MMIN ​   +| |X|<​sup>​27<​/sup>| | | | | | | | | | | 
-     ​l.1*\:​\.\N: ​      + 
-     ​\ ​       +===Across.=== 
-  \ ' ' ''&, ​       + 
-  ..'​7%\...\\ ​ . ., ,.   ​1111111111MIL1/4,     A +1. Money or ring is climbing equipment (11)\\ 
-          ​-.4 ​ +8. Japanese photograph? (3 2)\\ 
-   MIL     ​111r-'​111111 ​  1111  +10. The eleventh in a heartless poser is a game (5)\\ 
-4         IIII.\  \\NItS: +12. Receptacle (3)\\ 
- i.,.    ' ​ .      al:;....,.. "​...,​ +13. ".....  of time" (5)\\ 
- , ​          +14. Therefore in lesser goings (4)\\ 
-ACROSS. +15. Strives a former erts (6)\\ 
-1. Money or ring is climbing equipment (11) 8. Japanese photograph? (3  2) +16. Southern volcano is before the vehicle (6)\\ 
-10. The eleventh in a heartless poser is a game (5) +19. A N.S.W. 6,000 footer south of Kosciusko (5)\\ 
-12. Receptacle (3) +20. Concur with an endless ​avarice (5)\\ 
-13. " ​ of time" (5) +21. Recede (3)\\ 
-14. Therefore in lesser goings (4) - +22. A hundred make Mr. D eer (5)\\ 
-15. Strives a former erts (6) +25. A hobo's vocation (5)\\ 
-16. Southern volcano is before the vehicle (6) +27. A place of silver and lead is now dead (11) 
-19. A N.S.T. 6,000 footer south of Kosciusko (5) + 
-20. Concur with an end1esE-avarice (5) +===Down.=== 
-21. Recede (3) + 
-22. A hundred make Mr. D eer (5) 25. A hobo's vocation (5) +1. A dead end is a devil'​s donkey with a cardinal point (7)\\ 
-27. A plce of silver and lead is now dead (11) +2Possess (3)\\ 
-Ootober, 1966 The Sydney BUshwalker 15. +3. 0.S. sheet (3)\\ 
-DOM+4. A beginner is of fine character (6)\\ 
-1. A dead end is a devil'​s donkey with a cardinal point (7) 2Possess (3) +5. Initially sixth sense (3)\\ 
-3. 0.3. sheet (3) +6. A Tibetan tourist? (3)\\ 
-4. Abeginner is of fine character (6) +7. Sailor or back ladders (5)\\ 
- 5. Initially sixth sense (3) +9. There the track is (9)\\ 
-6. A Tibetan tourist? (3) +11. Too enthusiastic (9)\\ 
-7. Sailor or back ladders (5) +17. A chase has this tower (7)\\ 
-9. There the track is (9) +18. Ban Ali resurrected for a lodge and lake (6)\\ 
-11. Too enthusiastic (9) +19. Walkers'​ need half a gun in an after thought (5)\\ 
-17. A chase has this tower (7) +23. Negative voice vote (3)\\ 
-18. Ban Al! resurrected for a lodge and lake (6) +24. Mr. Esquire (3)\\ 
-19. Walkers'​ need half a gun in an after thought (5) +25. Tedious with no debts to dry hay (3)\\ 
-23. Negative voice vote(3) +26. Atmospheric tune (3)\\ 
-24. Mr. Esquire (3) + 
-25. Tedious with no debts to dry hay (3) +Answers on page 20. 
-26. Atmospherictune (3) + 
-ANS7ERS ON PAGE 20 +---- 
-DOWN THE GROSE.+ 
 +=====Down the Grose.===== 
 By Barry Pacey. By Barry Pacey.
-After meeting our leader Alan Pike and Don Finch at Strathfield we + 
-caught the 6.08 silver train to the mountains. The only other member we +After meeting our leader Alan Pike and Don Finch at Strathfield we caught the 6.08 silver train to the mountains. The only other member we found on the train was Alan Round. However, at Parramatta, we met Alan Headstrom ​and fellow prospective Katie Stoddart. Thus we arrived at Mt. Vic. numbering six only. Because we expected more femmes we decided to wait in the local ale house until the next train arrived. A couple of beers and one train later, however, no more walkers had appeared. Possibly, we thought due to the threatening black clouds above. So we moved off; several hundred yards down the road a car with four sailors in it pulled up. They were on their way back to their ship, which, they said, was berthed at Bathurst. 
-found on the train was Alan Round. However, at Parramatta, we met Alan Headstrom ​ana fellow prospective Katie Stoddart. Thus we arrived at Mt. Vic. numbering six only. Because we expected more femmes we + 
-decided to wait in the local ale house until the next train rrivea. A couple of beers and one train later, however, no more walkers had appeared. Possibly, we thought due to the threatening black clouds above. So we moved off; several hundred yards down the road a car with four sailors in it pulled up. They were on their way back to their ship, which, they said, was berthed at Bathurst. +We graciously declined their offer of a lift and after many hours wading out of a water-logged ​fire trail we found ourselves at the Shelter shed near the Mt. Vic. lookout. As we bedded down on the comfortable concrete floor, Judy Simpson arrived in a taxi and explained that she had missed the previous trains. 
-We graciously declined their offer of a lift ana after many hours + 
-wading out of a waterlogged ​fire trail we found ourselves at the Shelter shed near the Mt. Vic. lookout. As we bedded down on the comfortable +While preparing breakfast the following morning, Alan Round to his dismay, discovered he'd lost his weekends supply of food somewhere on the walk out the previous night and was quite adamant about returning to find it. However, he was assured ​that there would be plenty and was persuaded from going back. After finishing breakfast and after everyone had taken photos of a blank wall of fog from the lookout we moved off dawn the mountain. 
-concrete floor, Judy Simpson arrived in a taxi and explained that she had missed the previous trains, + 
-Mille preparing breakfast the following morning, Alan Round to his dismay, discovered he'd lost his weekends supply of food somewhere on the walk out the previous night and was quite adamant about returning to find it. However, he was assured ​tuat there would be plenty and was persuaded +Due to the rain the previous night the track down was somewhat fast. It was on one particularly narrow and slippery part of the descent that our leader told us a jolly little tale of how, on a previous trip down, his party had been forced to the edge of a sheer drop by a wild goat, who seemed to claim ownership of the track. Needless to say this did not worry us one bit as we were quite sure no sane goat would be caught on such a track this day without his flippers. We all survived to the bottom, light of heart and stout of limb. 
-from going back. After finishing breakfast and after everyone had taken photos of a blank wall of fog from the lookout we moved off dawn the mountain. + 
-16  The Sydney Bushwalker October, 1966 +After a leisurely stroll down the Grose River for a few minutes we stopped for a spot of tea and biscuits after which we wandered further down stream to where a little dirt track comes down from the left hand side. Here we stopped for lunch during which Don seemed to find much pleasure in stealing peoples racks and getting into hysterics watching them look for them. 
-Due to the rain the previous night the track down was somewhat fast. It was on one particularly narrow and slippery part of the descent that our leader told us a jolly little tale of how, on a previous trip down, his party had been forced to the edge of a sheer drop by a wild goat, Who seemed to claim ownership of the tradk. Needless to say this did not worry us one bit as we wore quite sure no sane goat would be caught on such a track this day without his flippers. We all survived to the bottom, light of heart and stout of limb. + 
-After a leisurely stroll down the Grose River for a few minutes we stopped for a spot of tea an. biscuits after which we wandered further down stream to where a little dirt track comes down from the left hand side. Here we stopped for lunch during which Don seemed to find much pleasure in stealing peoples racks and getting into hysterics watching them look for them. +We stopped to camp as planned at Blue Gum Forest and some bods were still so full of pep they actually did push ups and other such strenuous exercises. While it was still light we made up a large bark mattress to ensure a comfortable dry night and pitched the tents over it. Then out of the darkness ​loomed two figures in the guise of Mike Short and a young visitor named Sue from the Kameruka ​Club. They had caught a train to Blackheath and came in via Perry'​s. Somebody produced a bottle and some gourmet-inspired meals were created including Stewed Apples a la brandy and Brandy, rice and apricots, sweet and sour. 
-We stopped to camp as plannedat Blue Gum Forest and some beds were still so full of pep they actually did push ups and other such strenuous exercises. While it was still light we made up a large bark mattress to ensure a comfortable dry night and pitched the tents over it. Then out of the darleness ​loomed two figures in the guise of Mike Short and a young visitor named Sue from the Kmoruka ​Club. They had caught a train to Blackheath and came in via Perry'​s. Somebody produced a bottle and some + 
-gourmet-inspired meals were created including Stewed Apples a la brandy and Brandy, rice and apricots, sweet and sour. +A restful night was had by all except Alan Round who didn't find sleeping on a sharp rock agreeable. The climb up Lockley'​s the following morning was a peasant prelude to morning tea which we had at the top. After lunch when we came in sight of Leura and Katoomba we stopped to give medical attention to our little visitor who had developed a first grade blister on her heel, Drs. Pike, Finch and Round performed the blisterectomy which was heralded as a rousing success. It was at this point that we headed off down a ridge on Alan Pike's "short cut" to Katoomba. 
-A restful night was had by all except Alan Round who didn't find sleeping on a sharp rock agreeable. The climb up Lockley'​s the following morning + 
-was a peasant prelude to morning tea which we had at the top. After +We descended to a very cold little creek at the bottom and whilst looking back up all agreed that there was no other way down the ridiculously steep slope. We clambered up a bit of a cliff and found a nice easy going fire trail which was to take us right into KatoombaIt was along this trail that some nasty minded little ​fellow ​(Finch again) decided to do the dirty on our leader and place great boulders on the top of his pack. His glee was somewhat dampened, however, when our staunch hero didn't even notice the extra weight. 
-lunch when we came in sight of Leura and Katoomba we stopped to give medical attention to our little visitor who had developed a first grade blister on + 
-her heel, Drs. Pike, Finch and Round performed the blisterectomy which was heralded as a rousing success. It was at this point that we headed off down a ridge on Alan Pike's "short cut" to K atoomba+The first thing we saw at Katoomba ​was a child'​s playground where everyone showed his prowess by doing daring clever things on the monkey bars which, to see their antics, ​seemed most appropriate. It was miles to the station and it seemed every bitch and mongrel in the mountains wanted to pick on us. However we arrived at the A.B. without a single case of rabies. After a 70c three course meal we boarded the 8 p.m. train and had a restful non-eventful trip back to the big smoke. 
-We descended to a very cold little creek at the bottom and whilst looking + 
-back UP all agreed that there was no other way down the ridiculously steep +---- 
-slope. We clambered up a hit of a cliff and found a nice easy going fire trail which was to take us right into Katoomba It was along this trail + 
-that some nasty minded little ​felow (Finch again) decided to do the dirty on our leader and place great boulders on the top of his pack. His glee was somewhat dampened, however, when our staunch hero didn't even notice the extra weight. +=====The Last Round Ups In The Kosciusko State Park.===== 
-The first thing we saw at KtAeomba ​was a child'​s playground where everyone showed his prowess by doing daring clever things on the monkey bars +
-which, to see their antics, ​seamed MOST appropriate. It was miles to the +
-station and it seemed every bitch and mongrel in the mountains wanted to pick on us. However we arrived at the A.B. without a single case of rabies. After a 70c three course meal we boarded the 8 p m. train and had a restful +
-non-eventful trip back tote big smoke. +
-October, 1966 The Sydney Bushwalker 17+
-THE LAST ROUND UPS IN THE KOSCIUSKO, STATE PARK.+
 by Sandra and Phil Butt. by Sandra and Phil Butt.
-The. Snowy Mountains Hydro Electric ​Authordy ​is prominent in the newsat the moment and its achievements are highly praised. Its very beginnings + 
-however had a profound effect on the people who formerly lived among the +The. Snowy Mountains Hydro Electric ​Authority ​is prominent in the news at the moment and its achievements are highly praised. Its very beginnings however had a profound effect on the people who formerly lived among the hills and one that could hardly receive favourable mention. 
-hills and one that could hardly receive favourable mention. + 
-The following extract, for the most part unedited, from the Log Book at O'​Keefe'​s Hut in the Kosciusko State Park under the shadow of that inspiring mountain Jagungal, illustrates the hardships of those people +The following extract, for the most part unedited, from the Log Book at O'​Keefe'​s Hut in the Kosciusko State Park under the shadow of that inspiring mountain Jagungal, illustrates the hardships of those people and how bitter they were about the march of progress ​across ​their territory. 
-and how bitter they were about the march of progress ​accross ​their territory. + 
-"​14.4.56-23.4.56. Berridale Bull Dogs. B.J.Boller, R.H. and C.M. Flanagan. Saturday 14.4.56. Came here to muster sheep but weather turned cold, wet +"​14.4.56-23.4.56. Berridale Bull Dogs. B.J.Boller, R.H. and C.M. Flanagan. Saturday 14.4.56. Came here to muster sheep but weather turned cold, wet and foggy. Wind almost too strong to stand up in. Result sitting in the old hut smoking a cigarette. Arrived from Berridale, leaving for Berridale the Lord only knows when. 
-and foggy. Wind almost too strong to stand up in. Result sitting in the old hut smoking a cigarette. Arrived from Berridale, leaving for Berridale the Lord only knows when.+
 Sunday 15th, Monday 16th, Tuesday 17th. Still here. Weather still very windy cold and wet. Still smoking. Sunday 15th, Monday 16th, Tuesday 17th. Still here. Weather still very windy cold and wet. Still smoking.
-Wednesday 18th. Still here. Cold wind, snowQ 7bather ​generally very bad. Extremely heavy rain but no evidence of soil erosion. + 
-Thursday 19th. Conditions deteriorating. Blizzard followed by heavy snow. +Wednesday 18th. Still here. Cold wind, snow. Weather ​generally very bad. Extremely heavy rain but no evidence of soil erosion. 
-Sheep showing signs of weakness and lameness due to extreme wet. Horse feed finished. Rations becoming short. Still unable to complete muster and move owing to flooding of Doubtful River and Boogang Crook. Tobacco supplies swindling. + 
-Friday 20th. Approximately 15 inches of snow this morning. Light snow fell all day, wind abating. This concluded seven days without any sunlight. Boller left early for supplies, arriving back at dark. Rest of party erectedbridge over Boogang Creek. Sheep position becoming critical. Have 1,000 in hut paddock. Still no soil erosion. ​Mather ​still shows no signs of improving at 8 p m. +Thursday 19th. Conditions deteriorating. Blizzard followed by heavy snow. Sheep showing signs of weakness and lameness due to extreme wet. Horse feed finished. Rations becoming short. Still unable to complete muster and move owing to flooding of Doubtful River and Boogang Crook. Tobacco supplies swindling. 
-Saturday 21st. Two feet of snow on the ground_ ​this morning. Started sheep towards Basin Greek. Took us all day to move them about 1 mile. Today is the first time the sun has shown for eight days. Party very tired tonight + 
-from ploughing through deep snow. Still no signs of soil erosion. Tobacco +Friday 20th. Approximately 15 inches of snow this morning. Light snow fell all day, wind abating. This concluded seven days without any sunlight. Boller left early for supplies, arriving back at dark. Rest of party erected bridge over Boogang Creek. Sheep position becoming critical. Have 1,000 in hut paddock. Still no soil erosion. ​Weather ​still shows no signs of improving at 8 p.m. 
-supplies becoming critical. C.M. Flanagan startedbludging tonight. On + 
-the air again tomorrow night. P.S. C.M. Flanagan had quite a nice landing in the snow off his horse this morning. He blames the horse, but we think he got up a little before he was properly awake. +Saturday 21st. Two feet of snow on the ground ​this morning. Started sheep towards Basin Creek. Took us all day to move them about 1 mile. Today is the first time the sun has shown for eight days. Party very tired tonight from ploughing through deep snow. Still no signs of soil erosion. Tobacco supplies becoming critical. C.M. Flanagan started bludging tonight. On the air again tomorrow night. P.S. C.M. Flanagan had quite a nice landing in the snow off his horse this morning. He blames the horse, but we think he got up a little before he was properly awake. 
-Sunday 22nd. Cloudy but fairly warm. Cloud dispersed at 5.30 p m. Clear frosty night. Small thaw took place. Move sheep on to Finns Ridge. + 
-Monday 23rd. 7.30 a m. Clear cloudless sky, leaving today. See you again some time  Hope this account has not been too boring."​ +Sunday 22nd. Cloudy but fairly warm. Cloud dispersed at 5.30 p.m. Clear frosty night. Small thaw took place. Move sheep on to Finns Ridge. 
-18. The Sydney Bushwalker October, 1966+ 
 +Monday 23rd. 7.30 a.m. Clear cloudless sky, leaving today. See you again some timeHope this account has not been too boring."​ 
 An unsigned (edited) note followed: An unsigned (edited) note followed:
-"The only soil erosion that has been caused has been from heavy snow drifts and due to some of the roads that the S.M.A. put in2 the silt + 
-is 2  3 feet deep some yards down the creeks below the roads. I have had 52 years experience in these mountains and never saw any signs of soil erosion until the S.M.A. came and took over, except from the heavy snow drifts."​+"The only soil erosion that has been caused has been from heavy snow drifts and due to some of the roads that the S.M.A. put in, the silt is 2 3 feet deep some yards down the creeks below the roads. I have had 52 years experience in these mountains and never saw any signs of soil erosion until the S.M.A. came and took over, except from the heavy snow drifts."​ 
 D.J. Boller and C.M. Flanagan returned on 15th April, 1958. D.J. Boller and C.M. Flanagan returned on 15th April, 1958.
-"Fine and cold and windy. C.M.F. and self beat R.M. Flanagan and Ken + 
-Bradford at 500 tonight, two games to one. Two misdeals. Still no sign +"Fine and cold and windy. C.M.F. and self beat R.M. Flanagan and Ken Bradford at 500 tonight, two games to one. Two misdeals. Still no sign of soil erosion. The Snowy boys can't find it either. An awful shame isn'​t ​it? It must be very frustrating for them to spend so much time looking for something that isn't there. 
-of soil erosion. The Snowy boys can't find it either. An awful shame isnIt it? It must be very frustrating for them to spend so much time looking for something that isn't there. + 
-C.M.F. 15th. Came for mustering. Fine clear, ideal for job. Stock in good condition. Excellent feed everywhere. This may be the last stock muster as strong pressure has been asserted by S.M.A., Department of Lands and State Park Trust to terminate grazing because some scientists suggest that grazing is causing soil erosion. Yet for 90 years of grazing which +C.M.F. 15th. Came for mustering. Fine clear, ideal for job. Stock in good condition. Excellent feed everywhere. This may be the last stock muster as strong pressure has been asserted by S.M.A., Department of Lands and State Park Trust to terminate grazing because some scientists suggest that grazing is causing soil erosion. Yet for 90 years of grazing which has created millions of pounds and greatly assisted our national development,​ looking from this hut, the only piece of broken earth is a small patch on the old bullock dray track passing by. However, without stock the existing vegetation will build up into an uncontrollable fire hazard ​which will completely denude this mountain and result in widespread erosion. 
-has created millions of pounds and greatly assisted our national development,​ looking from this hut, the only piece of broken earth is a small patch on the old bullock dray track passing by. However, without stock the existing vegetation will build up into an uncontrollable fire hazara ​which will + 
-completely denude this mountain and result in widespread erosion. +Agriculturalists who have done so much for our nation are now to be pushed aside by scientific theory without any effort by experimenting to see what the grazing ​potential could be. Graziers are willing to cooperate. However the S.M.A. having been given some power now wants to usurp its authority. The men who pioneered this country and who inculcated a sense of national endeavour into their descendants would never have believed that the future generations of Australians would quickly ​bow to such a policy. The future will justify the submissions of men with knowledge of this area."​ 
-Agriculturalists who have done so much for our nation are now to be pushed aside by scientific theory without any effort by experimenting to see what the g/​szing ​potential could be. Graziers are willing to cooperate. However the SOL.A. having been given some power now wants to unurp its authority. The men who pioneered this country and who inculcated a sense of national + 
-endeavour into their descendants would never have believed that the future +---- 
-generations of Australians would quidkly ​bow to such a policy. The future will justify the submissions of men with knowledge of this area."​ + 
-BUSH TALKING TO BONDI  ​When the World was Young.+=====Bush Walking To Bondi.===== 
 + 
 +===When the World was Young.=== 
 The following directions for a walk to Bondi are taken from the N.S.W. Calendar of 1833. Mileage is calculated from Macquarie Place. The following directions for a walk to Bondi are taken from the N.S.W. Calendar of 1833. Mileage is calculated from Macquarie Place.
-1 mile. The Southhead ​road extends from the Southeast ​corner of Hyde + 
-Park. +|1 mile.|The South-head ​road extends from the South-east ​corner of Hyde Park.| 
-*miles. On the left is a walled quadrangle of great extent, intended to enclose a new goal. On the right, New Botany road, which may +|1 1/2 miles.|On the left is a walled quadrangle of great extent, intended to enclose a new goal. On the right, New Botany road, which may become a pleasant drive, being nearly on a level the whole way.| 
-become a pleasant drive, being nearly on a level the whole way. +|miles.|On the left, Juniper Hill, now designated Ormond ​House the residence of the Attorney-General,​ Dr. Finchela. It commands a most extensive view of the Blue Mountains and the intermediate country, and of the most prominent features of the mountains. The round height on the left is Mount Hay, partially cleared for the survey, with one tree left on the summit. The double hill next is King George'​s Mount, and on the right, the long gently declining mass is Mount Tomah... On the right, bush track leading to Gordon'​s Mill, round the head of the large swamp to Coodgee.| 
-October, 1966 The Sydney Bushwaiker lg. +|3 1/2 miles.|On the right, adjoining Levey'​s garden, is the bush road leading to a hill on which stands Levey'​s tower... this track also leads to Great and Little Coodgee. It is a track much used by wood-cutters. The distance to Great Coodgee is about 1 3/4 miles.| 
-=111111=1.1Ms..0170.  +|3 3/4 miles.|On the right, Waverley House, built by Mr. Barnet Levey.| 
-mile. +|4 miles.|On the left, gate leading to Bellevue, a high hill from which there is an extensive view; and a large extent of the Pacific, close under the spectator, is suddenly brought ​into view, with the lighthouse, etc. on the left.| 
-On the left, Juniper Hill, now designated Ormond ​HouSei ​the residence of the Attorney-General,​ Dr. Finchela. It commands + 
-a most extensive view of the Blue Mountains and the intermediate country, and of the most prominent features of the mountains. The round height on the left is Mount Hay, partially cleared for the survey, with one tree left on the summit. The double +"O, That can sanctify the joys of home\\
-hill next is King George'​s Mount, and on the right, the long gently declining mass is Mount Tomah .. On the right, bush +
-track leading to Gordon'​s Mill, round the head of the large swamp to Coodgee. +
-On the right, adjoining Levey'​s garden, is the bush road leading to a hill on which stands Levey'​s tower ... this +
-track also leads to Great and Little Coodgee. It is a track much used by wood-cutters. The distance to Great Coodgee is about 1-g- miles. +
-On the right, Waverley House, built by Mr. Barnet Levey. +
-On the left, gate leading to Bellevue, a high hill from -which there is an extensive view; and a large extent of the Pacific, close under the spectator, is sud denly br,​mght ​into view, lah +
-the lighthouse,etc. on the left +
-"0, That can sanctify the joys of home+
 Like Hope's gay glance o'er ocean'​s troubled foam," Like Hope's gay glance o'er ocean'​s troubled foam,"
 +
 Byron. Byron.
-4i- miles. On the right, the fir track to Bondi Bay. Half a mile further on is a bridge across a small stream. Some good specimens of weeping birch are seen here, which when in bloom, are singularly beautiful. There are also some fine + 
-specimens of zunica palm, called by the natives "​burwan",​ +|4 1/2 miles.|On the right, the first track to Bondi Bay. Half a mile further on is a bridge across a small stream. Some good specimens of weeping birch are seen here, which when in bloom, are singularly beautiful. There are also some fine specimens of zunica palm, called by the natives "​burwan",​ also the fern tree; and further on the right, in the bush, the fan palm, commonly called the cabbage tree, may found; a little further on is a grassy slot indicated by the ruins of a house. The bays on this part of the coast, closed in by rocky headlands, and backed by barren rising ground, have something of a peculiar loneliness about them. The solemn roar of the breakers - the shining sandy beach, unmarked by human foot - and the low but beautiful ​shrubs, make up a scene to be peopled by the imagination... The botanical productions found round these bays are scarce, and botanists resort hither to view, in flower, many shrubs rarely to be met with elsewhere."​| 
-also the fern tree; and further on the right, in the bush, + 
-the fan palm, commonly called the cabbage tree, may found; a little further on is a grassy slot indicated by the ruins of a house. The bays on this part of the coast, closed in by rocky headlands, andbacked by barren rising ground, have something of a peculiar loneliness about them. The solemn roar of the 'breakers - the shining sandy beach, unmarked by human foot ,- and the low but beaiful ​shrubs, make up a scene to be peopled by the imagination ... The +---- 
-botanical productions found round these bays are scarce, + 
-and botanists resort ​'hither to view, in flower, many shrubs rarely to be met with elsewhere."​ +====Answers to Crossword Puzzle ​on Page 14.==== 
-20. The Sydney Bushwalker 06tober, 1966 + 
-ANS17ERS TO CROSSTORD PUZZLE ​on Page 14 +===Across:=== 
-ACROSS: 1. Ironmongery,​ 8. pin up, 10. poker, 12. tin, 13. sands, ​14i ergo, 15. exerts, 16. Erebus, 19. Pilot, 20. agrees 21. ebb, + 
-22. cents, 25. tramp, 27; Yerranderie. +1. Ironmongery,​ 8. pin up, 10. poker, 12. tin, 13. sands, ​14. ergo, 15. exerts, 16. Erebus, 19. Pilot, 20. agrees 21. ebb, 22. cents, 25. tramp, 27; Yerranderie. 
-DOT: 1. Impasse, 2. own, 3, map, 4. novice, 5. E.S.P., 6. yak, 7. Tarro, 9. underfoot, 11. overeager, 17. steeple, 18. Albina, 19. packs, 23. nay, 24. sir, 25. tea, 26. air. + 
-MORE OF ONE MORE MONTH+===Down:=== 
 + 
 +1. Impasse, 2. own, 3, map, 4. novice, 5. E.S.P., 6. yak, 7. Tarro, 9. underfoot, 11. overeager, 17. steeple, 18. Albina, 19. packs, 23. nay, 24. sir, 25. ted, 26. air. 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +=====More Of One More Month.===== 
 By "​Observer"​ By "​Observer"​
-48 starters on Dot Butler'​s Snow Instructional to Watson'​s Crags: If only the Government would built another 3,000 feet or so on to the 
-Blue Mountains instead of playing trains with the Eastern Suburbs Railway? 
-Many members will remember Magdalene Drown (or "​Brownie",​ her nickname). 
-Brownie had been living on the Queensland coast for some years, but recently died as the result of a road accident. 
-Congratulations to Eric Adcock and Jan Kaleski on their marriage 
-on October 1. 
-:1011 
-SEARCH AND RESCUE DEMONSTRATION ?EEK-END 
-OCTOBER 15 - 16 
-SKY - DIVING, RAY TYSON DEMONSTRATING RESUSCITATION,​ 
-HOW NOT TO ROCK CLIMB. 
-PLEASE RING BARRY WALLACE FOR FURTHER DETAILS 6028222 (13) 
----_-__ 
  
 +48 starters on Dot Butler'​s Snow Instructional to Watson'​s Crags! If only the Government would build another 3,000 feet or so on to the Blue Mountains instead of playing trains with the Eastern Suburbs Railway?
 +
 +Many members will remember Magdalene Brown (or "​Brownie",​ her nickname). Brownie had been living on the Queensland coast for some years, but recently died as the result of a road accident.
 +
 +Congratulations to Eric Adcock and Jan Kaleski on their marriage on October 1.
 +
 +----
 +
 +====Search and Rescue Demonstration Week-end.====
 +
 +October 15 - 16.
 +
 +Sky-diving. Ray Tyson demonstrating resuscitation. How not to rock climb.
 +
 +Please ring Barry Wallace for further details 6028222 (B).
196610.1471328098.txt.gz · Last modified: 2016/08/16 06:14 by tyreless