User Tools

Site Tools


196206

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
196206 [2019/06/19 03:34]
tyreless
196206 [2019/06/21 03:18] (current)
tyreless
Line 46: Line 46:
 To my mind, and I don't think that I am alone here, this feat ranks ahead of any subsequent (albeit successful) attempt on that mountain or any other. To my mind, and I don't think that I am alone here, this feat ranks ahead of any subsequent (albeit successful) attempt on that mountain or any other.
  
-This is all incidental, and I am sure Frank Smythe would be the first to agree. He was a man who loved Nature for her own sake, and revelled in the great untamed spaces. To quote his owh words (referring to a walking holiday in the Alps) -+This is all incidental, and I am sure Frank Smythe would be the first to agree. He was a man who loved Nature for her own sake, and revelled in the great untamed spaces. To quote his own words (referring to a walking holiday in the Alps) -
  
 "The best way of seeing any country is to journey through it on foot. In the case of the Alps this means passing from one valley to another over the intervening peaks and ranges and spending nights at inns or huts. To perform the journey successfully and enjoyably it is essential to travel lightly laden and carry everything needful in a rucksack, but Sybarites, among whom I number myself, may artfully contrive to send a clean shirt on ahead by post to await them at some village en route. "The best way of seeing any country is to journey through it on foot. In the case of the Alps this means passing from one valley to another over the intervening peaks and ranges and spending nights at inns or huts. To perform the journey successfully and enjoyably it is essential to travel lightly laden and carry everything needful in a rucksack, but Sybarites, among whom I number myself, may artfully contrive to send a clean shirt on ahead by post to await them at some village en route.
Line 136: Line 136:
 President Bill Rodgers told us that the Committee had given a lot of consideration to the filling of the walks programme. There were always quite a few vacancies on the programme when it came before committee, and this was unfair not only to those members who did regularly put walks on the programme but to Walks Secretary, Wilf Hilder who put a lot of effort into making it up. With very little extra thought and trouble many private walks could be made into programme walks. Committee had decided, in view of the difficulty of finding leaders, that in future any vacancies on the programme when it came up for consideration would remain. No further effort would be made to fill them. (California here we come!) President Bill Rodgers told us that the Committee had given a lot of consideration to the filling of the walks programme. There were always quite a few vacancies on the programme when it came before committee, and this was unfair not only to those members who did regularly put walks on the programme but to Walks Secretary, Wilf Hilder who put a lot of effort into making it up. With very little extra thought and trouble many private walks could be made into programme walks. Committee had decided, in view of the difficulty of finding leaders, that in future any vacancies on the programme when it came up for consideration would remain. No further effort would be made to fill them. (California here we come!)
  
-Walks Secretc4ry Wilf Hilder reported that the first walk in April, Geoff Wagg's Davies Canyon walk though well attended (7 members and 1 visitor) had struck bad weather, and difficulties were increased by the disvpearance ​of the well known ledge beneath the second waterfall. Irene Pridham'​s walk to Megalong and Galong Creek had also struck bad weather - but 4 members and 1 prospective had turned out. No less than 12 members, 6 prospectives and 2 visitors went with Jess Martin to Uloola Falls. Jess reported that the track was very overgrown. Jim Brown'​s walk in the Wondabyne area was also very popular (23 starters). Here too the scrub was thick, and care was needed to keep on course. Jean's Pools had made a very pleasant lunch spot with a good outlook. Stuart Brook'​s Easter trip from Tolwong through the block up was not so popular (3 starters), but swimming in the Shoalhaven at the end of April doesn'​t appeal to some. Less Hardy types went with Eric Adcock to the Castle (17 members, 3 prospectives and 1 visitor). It had been an excellent trip despite very thick scrub along the sides of the Seven Gods mountain. Wilf's own Easter trip down the Capertee and up the Wolgan attracted 7 starters, including some C.M.W. members. A side trip to Uraterer was abandoned a few miles short of the mountain because of the difficulty of picking the ridge in the time available, but Wilf made sure there was enough time left to erect a 6 ft. cairn on Grassy Hill to the memory of Gordon Smith, who, with Max Gentle, was probably the first bushwalker to use this route. Wilf was surprised, after reports from old hands, to find the Capertee easy going and the old track fairly close to the River. Flooding and siltation might have removed or covered many of the obstacles along the river. There was now about 5 times as much sand as water in the river bed. The easy going enabled a side trip to Mount Cameron from the true Annie Rowan'​s Creek. Snow Brown had led a party into interesting new country, covered in dense rain forest, on the Eastern slopes of the Apsley Ranges. Bob Godfrey led another party over the fire trails of the Barrington ad Gloucester Tops. There were 6 starters on John White'​s pleasant Blue Gum Forest trip and on the 29th Dave Ingram led a large party over the fire trails around the Woolwash. They enjoyed good views of the Georges and Nepean Rivers. Wilf also told us that there was to be a new fire road from Eckersley Trig to Lake Eckersley and that the army proposed to take over the country north of the Colo. There would be a road to Mount Uraterer and another from Glen Davis, down the Colo and up Wollemi Creek.+Walks Secretc4ry Wilf Hilder reported that the first walk in April, Geoff Wagg's Davies Canyon walk though well attended (7 members and 1 visitor) had struck bad weather, and difficulties were increased by the disappearance ​of the well known ledge beneath the second waterfall. Irene Pridham'​s walk to Megalong and Galong Creek had also struck bad weather - but 4 members and 1 prospective had turned out. No less than 12 members, 6 prospectives and 2 visitors went with Jess Martin to Uloola Falls. Jess reported that the track was very overgrown. Jim Brown'​s walk in the Wondabyne area was also very popular (23 starters). Here too the scrub was thick, and care was needed to keep on course. Jean's Pools had made a very pleasant lunch spot with a good outlook. Stuart Brook'​s Easter trip from Tolwong through the block up was not so popular (3 starters), but swimming in the Shoalhaven at the end of April doesn'​t appeal to some. Less Hardy types went with Eric Adcock to the Castle (17 members, 3 prospectives and 1 visitor). It had been an excellent trip despite very thick scrub along the sides of the Seven Gods mountain. Wilf's own Easter trip down the Capertee and up the Wolgan attracted 7 starters, including some C.M.W. members. A side trip to Uraterer was abandoned a few miles short of the mountain because of the difficulty of picking the ridge in the time available, but Wilf made sure there was enough time left to erect a 6 ft. cairn on Grassy Hill to the memory of Gordon Smith, who, with Max Gentle, was probably the first bushwalker to use this route. Wilf was surprised, after reports from old hands, to find the Capertee easy going and the old track fairly close to the River. Flooding and siltation might have removed or covered many of the obstacles along the river. There was now about 5 times as much sand as water in the river bed. The easy going enabled a side trip to Mount Cameron from the true Annie Rowan'​s Creek. Snow Brown had led a party into interesting new country, covered in dense rain forest, on the Eastern slopes of the Apsley Ranges. Bob Godfrey led another party over the fire trails of the Barrington ad Gloucester Tops. There were 6 starters on John White'​s pleasant Blue Gum Forest trip and on the 29th Dave Ingram led a large party over the fire trails around the Woolwash. They enjoyed good views of the Georges and Nepean Rivers. Wilf also told us that there was to be a new fire road from Eckersley Trig to Lake Eckersley and that the army proposed to take over the country north of the Colo. There would be a road to Mount Uraterer and another from Glen Davis, down the Colo and up Wollemi Creek.
  
 Further cheering news was that the Blue Mountains Council was going to spend its £20,000 unemployment relief grant on building a road along Narrow Neck. (How we fought to preserve that lovely escarpment!) Further cheering news was that the Blue Mountains Council was going to spend its £20,000 unemployment relief grant on building a road along Narrow Neck. (How we fought to preserve that lovely escarpment!)
Line 160: Line 160:
 Now, after a combined reconnaissance of the route, our thoughts were still mainly for good weather. Geoff and Rob had viewed the climb roughly in profile from the most eastern ridge of the peak, whilst Jack and myself had traced a route from the valley floor directly below the climb. Our findings agreed on one point - the overhand about two-thirds the way up the main face would be difficult to negotiate. Now, after a combined reconnaissance of the route, our thoughts were still mainly for good weather. Geoff and Rob had viewed the climb roughly in profile from the most eastern ridge of the peak, whilst Jack and myself had traced a route from the valley floor directly below the climb. Our findings agreed on one point - the overhand about two-thirds the way up the main face would be difficult to negotiate.
  
-We woke the next morning to fine weather with the early morning cloud dispersin&​g. Although our intentions of an early start were good, time was wasted as we decided what type of equipment and food would be most suitable to take. We were only setting out for a "​look"​ at the climb, so only meagre rations were taken. It was 10 a.m. when we finally left camp.+We woke the next morning to fine weather with the early morning cloud dispersing. Although our intentions of an early start were good, time was wasted as we decided what type of equipment and food would be most suitable to take. We were only setting out for a "​look"​ at the climb, so only meagre rations were taken. It was 10 a.m. when we finally left camp.
  
 We climbed to the Terrace and then traversed north between the Federation Massif and a large pinnacle which was visible from camp. We then descended a couloir facing north west and at 12 p.m. we began climbing on its western side; our aim being to meet the "Blade Ridge" which ascends directly from the Valley floor. I climbed with Jack, whilst Rob and Geoff climbed together. We climbed to the Terrace and then traversed north between the Federation Massif and a large pinnacle which was visible from camp. We then descended a couloir facing north west and at 12 p.m. we began climbing on its western side; our aim being to meet the "Blade Ridge" which ascends directly from the Valley floor. I climbed with Jack, whilst Rob and Geoff climbed together.
  
-I led up the first pitch for 120 feet over greasy, scrub-covered rock. The route led straight up from the gully, across a smooth, shallow water course and up on to a buttress. Jack followed and led 70 feet further up the buttress. I joined him and we paused to view our surroundings. Opposite to us on the other side of the main couloir on the most western ridge of the mountain was a huge gendarme. It rises straight from the valley floor and when viewed from the Devil'​s Ears it appears as a separate entity to the left of the Peak proper. From our vantage point we could see a magnificant ​climb which began from the coloir itself on good slabs, and leading into a magnificent chimney. The climb ended in a crack. It was from the top of this feature that Rob and Geoff had done their reconnaissance on 30th December.+I led up the first pitch for 120 feet over greasy, scrub-covered rock. The route led straight up from the gully, across a smooth, shallow water course and up on to a buttress. Jack followed and led 70 feet further up the buttress. I joined him and we paused to view our surroundings. Opposite to us on the other side of the main couloir on the most western ridge of the mountain was a huge gendarme. It rises straight from the valley floor and when viewed from the Devil'​s Ears it appears as a separate entity to the left of the Peak proper. From our vantage point we could see a magnificent ​climb which began from the coloir itself on good slabs, and leading into a magnificent chimney. The climb ended in a crack. It was from the top of this feature that Rob and Geoff had done their reconnaissance on 30th December.
  
 By this time the others were drawing near, so I led down and across toward the "​Blade"​. An easy pitch of 70 feet up a corner brought Jack and myself to that point where the "​Blade"​ ridge joins the north west face proper. Here we rested and waited for the other two to join us. So far we had done 350 feet of climbing. When all four of us were together we took stock of our situation. We were perched on a blade of rock which plunged away into awesome depths on either side. Immediately above loomed the gigantic north west face of Federation Peak. The scale was tremendous, and we marvelled at the view. As we munched chocolate we talked over our immediate plans. The time was 2.30 pm, which gave us at least six hours of daylight-time to reach the top. Also, the weather looked like being fine for the remainder of the day. By this time the others were drawing near, so I led down and across toward the "​Blade"​. An easy pitch of 70 feet up a corner brought Jack and myself to that point where the "​Blade"​ ridge joins the north west face proper. Here we rested and waited for the other two to join us. So far we had done 350 feet of climbing. When all four of us were together we took stock of our situation. We were perched on a blade of rock which plunged away into awesome depths on either side. Immediately above loomed the gigantic north west face of Federation Peak. The scale was tremendous, and we marvelled at the view. As we munched chocolate we talked over our immediate plans. The time was 2.30 pm, which gave us at least six hours of daylight-time to reach the top. Also, the weather looked like being fine for the remainder of the day.
Line 309: Line 309:
 Not much time for sitting around on this trip. Traverses an interesting part of the Blue Labyrinth. Could be scratchy in parts. Not much time for sitting around on this trip. Traverses an interesting part of the Blue Labyrinth. Could be scratchy in parts.
  
-8.54 am. Mt. Victoria train from Central Steam Station to Glenbrook. Note specially altered departure time of train. Tickets: ​Glonbrook ​return @ 13/9.+8.54 am. Mt. Victoria train from Central Steam Station to Glenbrook. Note specially altered departure time of train. Tickets: ​Glenbrook ​return @ 13/9.
  
 Map: Liverpool Military. Map: Liverpool Military.
Line 343: Line 343:
 __Re-Union Report__. 195 attended in spite of poor weather conditions. The camp fire was voted excellent. __Re-Union Report__. 195 attended in spite of poor weather conditions. The camp fire was voted excellent.
  
-__Heathcote Primitive Area__. Application has been made by the Boy Scouts' ​Aisociation ​for a lease of portion of the area. A move will be made to protest to the Lands Department against the proposal. A fresh set of aerial photos of the area is now available. The Electricity Commission has agreed to discontinue using poison on plants growing under the transmission lines crossing the Reserve. Access to the area by motor vehicles via the Water Board road is causing the Trustees concern.+__Heathcote Primitive Area__. Application has been made by the Boy Scouts' ​Association ​for a lease of portion of the area. A move will be made to protest to the Lands Department against the proposal. A fresh set of aerial photos of the area is now available. The Electricity Commission has agreed to discontinue using poison on plants growing under the transmission lines crossing the Reserve. Access to the area by motor vehicles via the Water Board road is causing the Trustees concern.
  
 __Tracks and Access__. A large cairn has been erected and some warning signs painted near the Hornsby Rifle Range in an effort to prevent walkers from wandering onto the Range. __Tracks and Access__. A large cairn has been erected and some warning signs painted near the Hornsby Rifle Range in an effort to prevent walkers from wandering onto the Range.
Line 369: Line 369:
 ---- ----
  
-REPORT OF THE 1961 EXPEDITION TO THE CARSTENSZ MOUNTAINS OF NETHERLNDS NEW GUINEA ​- Part II. Leader Colin Putt. +===== Report Of The 1961 Expedition To The Carstensz Mountains Of Netherlands New Guinea ​- Part II. ===== 
-Initial difficulties with the plans.+ 
 +Leader Colin Putt. 
 + 
 +=== Initial difficulties with the plans. ​=== 
 Less than a month before the party was due to leave for New Guinea, we were advised that the Christian and Missionary Alliance had refused permission for us to use their Ilaga airstrip. Less than a month before the party was due to leave for New Guinea, we were advised that the Christian and Missionary Alliance had refused permission for us to use their Ilaga airstrip.
-As there was a good chance that this,refuaal Eight be reconsidered,​ and as it would have been very difficult for our members to change their plans at this late stage, we decided that we would press on regardless, and if we were nable1 ​to use Ilaga, we would walk from the nearest available airstrip. + 
-Temple arrived in Hollandia on May 23 and with the help of +As there was a good chance that this refusal might be reconsidered,​ and as it would have been very difficult for our members to change their plans at this late stage, we decided that we would press on regardless, and if we were unable ​to use Ilaga, we would walk from the nearest available airstrip. 
-Mr. Schorool of the Government Staff made the necessary contacts and arrangements. He worked hard on the problem of aecess ​to Ilaga, but did not at the time know of the background to the difficulties and the airfield at Ilaga was finally closed to ourselves and to another climbing party which had hoped to use it. However, permission was granted by Mr. Craig of the Australian Baptist Field Mission, to land at their Tiome station, seven dayswalk through uncontrolled country from Ilaga, + 
-Postponement ​ro +Temple arrived in Hollandia on May 23 and with the help of Mr. Schorool of the Government Staff made the necessary contacts and arrangements. He worked hard on the problem of access ​to Ilaga, but did not at the time know of the background to the difficulties and the airfield at Ilaga was finally closed to ourselves and to another climbing party which had hoped to use it. However, permission was granted by Mr. Craig of the Australian Baptist Field Mission, to land at their Tiome station, seven days' ​walk through uncontrolled country from Ilaga. 
-The other fundamental difficultyin the execution of our plans appeared at the same time as the remaining five members of the expedition arrived in Hollandia. This arose from the shortage - completely unsuspected - of aircraft in Netherlands New Guinea at the time. N.N.G.L.M. De Kroonduif, who were to move stores and personnel to the starting point at Wamena, were unable to land DC3 aircraft there, from 6th to 9th June, because of flooding of part of the airfield, and their Twin Pioneers, which might have landed on the reduced strip, were grounded at the time with mechanical trouble. No other suitable aircraft were available in Netherlands New Guinea. At the same time, one of the Mission Aviation Fellowship'​s four light planes had been grounded while awaiting parts and instructions for essential repairs, and the remaining three were hardly able to keep up the really vital work of getting food and medical supplies to the outlying mission stations. No other light aircraft were available to us. In spite of the very real difficulties under which he was working, Mr. Steiger, the manager of the M.A.F. at Sentani, did manage to make flying time availagle ​to move the party and 350 pounds of food and equipment from Wamena to Tiome as soon as De Kroonduif were able to land us at Wamena on June 9but it was not possible to pre-airdrop the main supplies as had been planned. + 
-June 1962 The Sydney Bushwalker 17. Tiomt_o nage., the West Baliem.+=== Postponement ​of the airdrop. === 
 + 
 +The other fundamental difficulty in the execution of our plans appeared at the same time as the remaining five members of the expedition arrived in Hollandia. This arose from the shortage - completely unsuspected - of aircraft in Netherlands New Guinea at the time. N.N.G.L.M. De Kroonduif, who were to move stores and personnel to the starting point at Wamena, were unable to land DC3 aircraft there, from 6th to 9th June, because of flooding of part of the airfield, and their Twin Pioneers, which might have landed on the reduced strip, were grounded at the time with mechanical trouble. No other suitable aircraft were available in Netherlands New Guinea. At the same time, one of the Mission Aviation Fellowship'​s four light planes had been grounded while awaiting parts and instructions for essential repairs, and the remaining three were hardly able to keep up the really vital work of getting food and medical supplies to the outlying mission stations. No other light aircraft were available to us. In spite of the very real difficulties under which he was working, Mr. Steiger, the manager of the M.A.F. at Sentani, did manage to make flying time available ​to move the party and 350 pounds of food and equipment from Wamena to Tiome as soon as De Kroonduif were able to land us at Wamena on June 9but it was not possible to pre-airdrop the main supplies as had been planned. 
 + 
 +=== Tiome to Ilaga, the West Baliem. ​=== 
 When we found theft we would have to walk from Tiome to Ilaga, through the North and West Baliem valleys, we consulted Mr. R. Den Haan, the Controller of the Central Highlands, and were given the following information,​ which we found very useful. When we found theft we would have to walk from Tiome to Ilaga, through the North and West Baliem valleys, we consulted Mr. R. Den Haan, the Controller of the Central Highlands, and were given the following information,​ which we found very useful.
-The Baliem valleys were inhabited by members of the Dani + 
-group of tribes. These are vigorous, intelligent,​ warlike and independent people, who do not consider themselves to be in any way inferior to Europeans, and who may or may not tolerate the presence of white men in their territory. The West Baleim had been nearly depopulated in a series of tribal wars in 1950 and 1960, and the survivors have a reputation of hostility toward strangers. Although many Test Baleim natives have never seen white men, they are well aware of the capabilities of firearms, and of the great value of the goods which white men usually carry with them. +The Baliem valleys were inhabited by members of the Dani group of tribes. These are vigorous, intelligent,​ warlike and independent people, who do not consider themselves to be in any way inferior to Europeans, and who may or may not tolerate the presence of white men in their territory. The West Baleim had been nearly depopulated in a series of tribal wars in 1950 and 1960, and the survivors have a reputation of hostility toward strangers. Although many West Baleim natives have never seen white men, they are well aware of the capabilities of firearms, and of the great value of the goods which white men usually carry with them. 
-An arrangement was made with Mr. Den Haan, whereby we would try to make radio contact with Enarotali, on the Wissel Lakes, every evening after 11th June; if no contact was made for five days it would be assumed that we were in trouble. + 
-On the morning of June 9 we flew by the regular DC3 service, with all our supplies, to Wamena and flew from there to Tiome in thr2.e.Cessna loads, with 40 pounds each of personal and party eqpipment, and a total of 80 pounds of food. We were very kindly received by the staff of the Tiome mission and school, and with their help we recruited, before noon, six Christian Dani to carry with us to Ilaga for a payment of one large bush knife each and eight others to  help for the first two days for three large cowrie shells each. Ijombe, a recognised native leader of very strong and good character, was appointed head carrier, and proved to be capable and conscientious. We set off up the 1,​rileri ​tributary of the North Baliem at 12.30 and bought some food for the carriers on the way. In camp that evening the carriers warned us that we might meet hostile natives the next day, and the guns were unpacked and assembled. On the morning of June 10, the route lay through friendly villages, here we bought enough food for the carriers for a week, and were joined by a man and his wife wanting safe conduct to Ilaga. +An arrangement was made with Mr. Den Haan, whereby we would try to make radio contact with Enarotali, on the Wissel Lakes, every evening after 11th June; if no contact was made for five days it would be assumed that we were in trouble. 
-At 1 p mas we were about to start the climb from the Mbleri ​river to an 11,000 foot pass into the North Baleim2 ​an unexpected arrow attack was made on the party from a village by the track. The bowmen fired indiscriminately on carriers and "​tuans",​ and were only driven out of arrow range by firing in their general ​direCtion. The village headman then came out, unarmed, and showed us a track which bypassed the village! We climbed on up a well marked track through jungle and then moss forest to reach the pass at 5 pm. + 
-18 The Sydney Bushwalker June 1962 +On the morning of June 9 we flew by the regular DC3 service, with all our supplies, to Wamena and flew from there to Tiome in three Cessna loads, with 40 pounds each of personal and party equipment, and a total of 80 pounds of food. We were very kindly received by the staff of the Tiome mission and school, and with their help we recruited, before noon, six Christian Dani to carry with us to Ilaga for a payment of one large bush knife each and eight others to  help for the first two days for three large cowrie shells each. Ijombe, a recognised native leader of very strong and good character, was appointed head carrier, and proved to be capable and conscientious. We set off up the Meleri ​tributary of the North Baliem at 12.30 and bought some food for the carriers on the way. In camp that evening the carriers warned us that we might meet hostile natives the next day, and the guns were unpacked and assembled. On the morning of June 10, the route lay through friendly villages, here we bought enough food for the carriers for a week, and were joined by a man and his wife wanting safe conduct to Ilaga. 
-On the 11th we descended through dense forest to the North Baliem valley and paid off our two-day carriers where we joined the main track up the river. Carriers and tuans were now carrying loads of 40 to 45 pounds. ​/-L rough native track leads through the remains of deserted villages and gardens to a large native suspension bridge across the West Baliem, which we reached at 10 am, on June 12. + 
-The North end of the bridge is defended by a strong stockade, and a native guard came out to talk to us. When it was seen that we were well armed, we were told that we could go up the North bank of the West Baliem which is nowadays uninhabited. The route from +At 1 p.mas we were about to start the climb from the Meleri ​river to an 11,000 foot pass into the North Baleim, ​an unexpected arrow attack was made on the party from a village by the track. The bowmen fired indiscriminately on carriers and "​tuans",​ and were only driven out of arrow range by firing in their general ​direction. The village headman then came out, unarmed, and showed us a track which bypassed the village! We climbed on up a well marked track through jungle and then moss forest to reach the pass at 5 pm. 
-the bridge to the head of the river lies entirely through a great swamp which is in fact probably a fossil tundra, laid down during the last ice age. At first the swamp supports a forest, but further up the river the trees are relatively sparse and the bog is clothed with tall rushesferns and grasses. The valley floor lies between 8000 and 9000 feet above sea level, and in the whole of the swamp, which took us 2i days to cross, there is no good going underfoot; the mud is often knee deep for long stretches. Towards the head of the + 
- valley the weather becomes ​-progressively worse, with regular, cold afternoon and night rains.+On the 11th we descended through dense forest to the North Baliem valley and paid off our two-day carriers where we joined the main track up the river. Carriers and tuans were now carrying loads of 40 to 45 pounds. ​rough native track leads through the remains of deserted villages and gardens to a large native suspension bridge across the West Baliem, which we reached at 10 am, on June 12. 
 + 
 +The North end of the bridge is defended by a strong stockade, and a native guard came out to talk to us. When it was seen that we were well armed, we were told that we could go up the North bank of the West Baliem which is nowadays uninhabited. The route from the bridge to the head of the river lies entirely through a great swamp which is in fact probably a fossil tundra, laid down during the last ice age. At first the swamp supports a forest, but further up the river the trees are relatively sparse and the bog is clothed with tall rushesferns and grasses. The valley floor lies between 8000 and 9000 feet above sea level, and in the whole of the swamp, which took us 2½ days to cross, there is no good going underfoot; the mud is often knee deep for long stretches. Towards the head of the valley the weather becomes progressively worse, with regular, cold afternoon and night rains. 
 On June 12 we tried to transmit a radio message, and found that the transmitter had been badly damaged, probably when the loads were thrown down in the skirmish in the Meleri valley, and could not be repaired in the field. On June 12 we tried to transmit a radio message, and found that the transmitter had been badly damaged, probably when the loads were thrown down in the skirmish in the Meleri valley, and could not be repaired in the field.
-On June 15 we left the Baliem valley at the upper end of the great swamp, and climbed on to the 11,000 ft. high plateau which separates the headwaters of the Baleim, Ilaga and Zengilorong and Kemaboe rivers. This plateau is above the treeline, very wet and swampy, and to our surprise the country rock, the first we had seen since entering the swamps of the West Baliem, was igneous, with clear evidence of mineralisation ​The afternoon weather on this plateau can be particularly unpleasant; at 4 pm on the 15th we were struck by a sudden hailstorm which so seriously affected our naked and by now rather underfed carriers that they were unable to help themselves, part of our precious half-gallon of kerosine had to be used to start a fire to prevent ​th= from freezing to death on the spot. On the morning of June 16 the Ilaga valley mission buildings and airstrip were seen from the edge of the plateau, and the first village was reached at 2 pm. The rest of the afternoon was spent in an unavoidable triumphal procession up the valley; at 6 pm we reached the Ilaga Mission and were received with great kindness and hospitality by Mr and Mrs Larson, who gave us the use of a large building to camp in.+ 
 +On June 15 we left the Baliem valley at the upper end of the great swamp, and climbed on to the 11,000 ft. high plateau which separates the headwaters of the Baleim, Ilaga and Zengilorong and Kemaboe rivers. This plateau is above the treeline, very wet and swampy, and to our surprise the country rock, the first we had seen since entering the swamps of the West Baliem, was igneous, with clear evidence of mineralisationThe afternoon weather on this plateau can be particularly unpleasant; at 4 pm on the 15th we were struck by a sudden hailstorm which so seriously affected our naked and by now rather underfed carriers that they were unable to help themselves, part of our precious half-gallon of kerosine had to be used to start a fire to prevent ​them from freezing to death on the spot. On the morning of June 16 the Ilaga valley mission buildings and airstrip were seen from the edge of the plateau, and the first village was reached at 2 pm. The rest of the afternoon was spent in an unavoidable triumphal procession up the valley; at 6 pm we reached the Ilaga Mission and were received with great kindness and hospitality by Mr and Mrs Larson, who gave us the use of a large building to camp in. 
 To be continued. To be continued.
-III UAD SitEJA11.1 101JfiSI1A on 9E32 + 
-iii i'​SACJJAIAY 911\11_1D 10 IJOIJDAY +---- 
-011 _on Cii-\J\JJ CiiiTh + 
-rrl +===== Greyhound "​Safari"​ Tours For 1962===== 
-CENTRAL AUSTRALIAALICE SPRINGSAYERS ROCK TOUR (DURATION ​WEEKS). + 
-TOUR "​N"​ Departs Sydney Sat. 5th May. TOUR "​I"​ Departs Sydney Sat. 14th July. Travelling via Dubbo, Bourke, Cunnamulla (Q), Charleville,​ Blackall, +Especially planned to holiday requirements of bushwalkers & camping club members. 
-Mary Kathleen, Mt. Isa, Flynn Memorial, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs (2 days), Ayers Rock (2 days), Mt. Olga, Coober Pedy, Pt. Augusta and Broken Hill. FARE E 55, 0. O+ 
-CENT. AUST. AND NTH. TERRITORY ​(INCLUDING ​ DARWINTOUR (DURATION ​WEEKS). +=== Central AustraliaAlice SpringsAyers Rock Tour (Duration ​weeks). === 
-TOUR "​J"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 11th August. + 
-Itinerary as Tours "​N"​ and "​I"​ and including Daly Waters, Mataranka, Darwin, and Rum Jungle. ​FARE E 66OO+__Tour ​"​N"​__ Departs Sydney Sat. 5th May. __Tour ​"​I"​__ Departs Sydney Sat. 14th July. Travelling via Dubbo, Bourke, Cunnamulla (Q), Charleville,​ Blackall, Mary Kathleen, Mt. Isa, Flynn Memorial, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs (2 days), Ayers Rock (2 days), Mt. Olga, Coober Pedy, Pt. Augusta and Broken Hill. Fare £55, 0. 0
-NORTHERN QUEENSLANDATHERTON TABLELANDS AND COOKTOWN TOUR (DURATION ​ WEEKS). + 
-TOUR "​K"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. +=== Central Australia and Northern Territory ​(including DarwinTour (Duration ​weeks). === 
-Travelling via Newcastle, ​Kampsey, Gold Coast, Brisbane, Rockhampton,​ Mackay, ​Townaville ​(1 day), (Magnetic Is.), Paronella Park, Atherton Tablelands Area (3 days), Lake Eacham, Lake Barrine, Mareeba, Cooktown + 
-(1 day), Daintree, Cairns, (Green Is.), Charters Towers, Clermont, Toowoomba, Tenterfield and Tamworth. ​FARE E 54. 0, O+__Tour ​"​J"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 11th August. Itinerary as Tours "​N"​ and "​I"​ and including Daly Waters, Mataranka, Darwin, and Rum Jungle. ​Fare £6600
-WESTERN AUSTRALIA CAVES AND WILD FLOWERS TOUR (DURATION ​WEEKS). + 
-TOUR "​E"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. +=== Northern QueenslandAtherton Tablelands and Cooktown Tour (Duration ​weeks). === 
-Travelling via Albury, Bendigo, ​Bordertown, "​Barossa Valley",​ Pt. Augusta, Ceduna, Nullabor Plains, Norseman, Esperance, "​Stirling Range National Park", "​Porongorups National Park", Albany (1 day), Frenchman'​s Bay, Denmark, "​Valley of Giants",​ Pemberton, "​Kingdom of the Karri",​ Cape Leeuwin, Augusta and Margaret River Caves Area (2 days), Perth (3 days), Kalgoorlie, Nullabor Plains, Renmark, Mildura and Katoomba ​FARE E 69.10. O+ 
-GRAND AROUND AUSTRALIA ALL STATES TOUR (DURATION ​76 DAYS). +__Tour ​"​K"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. Travelling via Newcastle, ​Kempsey, Gold Coast, Brisbane, Rockhampton,​ Mackay, ​Townsville ​(1 day), (Magnetic Is.), Paronella Park, Atherton Tablelands Area (3 days), Lake Eacham, Lake Barrine, Mareeba, Cooktown (1 day), Daintree, Cairns, (Green Is.), Charters Towers, Clermont, Toowoomba, Tenterfield and Tamworth. ​Fare £54. 0. 0. 
-TOUR "​M"​ Departs Sydney Monday 6th August. + 
-Travelling via Taree, Brisbane (1 day), Rockhampton,​ Townsville (2 days), (Magnetic Is.), Cairns (2 days), (Green Is.), Cooktown (1 day), Atherton Tablelands (4 days), Kurumba (Gulf of Carpentaria),​ (1 day), Mt. Isa, +=== Western Australia Caves and Wild Flowers Tour (Duration ​weeks). === 
-Mataranka (1 day), Darwin (2 days), Rum Jungle, Wyndham, Derby, Broome (1 day), Marble Bar (1 day), liammersley ​Ranges (3 days), Carnarvon (1 day), Geraldton + 
-(2 days), Perth (3 days), Margaret River Caves (2 days), Albany (1 day), Esperance, Nullabor Plains, Adelaide (1 day), Melbourne, Gundagai. ​FARE E 125.10. O+__Tour ​"​E"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. Travelling via Albury, Bendigo, ​Bordertawn, "​Barossa Valley",​ Pt. Augusta, Ceduna, Nullabor Plains, Norseman, Esperance, "​Stirling Range National Park", "​Porongorups National Park", Albany (1 day), Frenchman'​s Bay, Denmark, "​Valley of Giants",​ Pemberton, "​Kingdom of the Karri",​ Cape Leeuwin, Augusta and Margaret River Caves Area (2 days), Perth (3 days), Kalgoorlie, Nullabor Plains, Renmark, Mildura and Katoomba. Fare £69.10. 0
-N.B. OTHER TOURS TO FLINDERS RANGES ​(TOUR "​L"​) ​DURATION ​19 DAYS, DEPARTS SYDNEY 15TH OCTOBER, 1962, FARE E 40.10.0. + 
-TOUR "0" ​GOLD COASTLAMINGTON AND CARNARVON RANGES NATIONAL PARKS DURATION ​WEEKSDEPARTS SYDNEY 2ND JUNE, 1962. FARE E 39.10, O+=== Grand Around Australia All States Tour (Duration ​76 days). === 
-BOOKINGS AND INFORMATION ​: V. C. PENFOLDGREYHOUND PACIFIC LTD., P.O. BOX 50, COOLANGATTA. QLD, + 
-June 1962 The Sydney Bushwalker 19 +__Tour ​"​M"​__ Departs Sydney Monday 6th August. Travelling via Taree, Brisbane (1 day), Rockhampton,​ Townsville (2 days), (Magnetic Is.), Cairns (2 days), (Green Is.), Cooktown (1 day), Atherton Tablelands (4 days), Kurumba (Gulf of Carpentaria),​ (1 day), Mt. Isa, Mataranka (1 day), Darwin (2 days), Rum Jungle, Wyndham, Derby, Broome (1 day), Marble Bar (1 day), Hammersley ​Ranges (3 days), Carnarvon (1 day), Geraldton (2 days), Perth (3 days), Margaret River Caves (2 days), Albany (1 day), Esperance, Nullabor Plains, Adelaide (1 day), Melbourne, Gundagai. ​Fare £125.10. 0
-THE SAWS ARE SILENT KW.+ 
 +=== N.B. === 
 + 
 +Other tours to Flinders Ranges ​(Tour "​L"​) ​duration ​19 daysdeparts Sydney 15th October. ​1962. Fare £40.10.0. 
 + 
 +Tour "O" ​Gold CoastLamington and Carnarvon Ranges National Parks. Duration ​weeksDeparts Sydney 2nd June, 1962. Fare £39.10. 0
 + 
 +=== Bookings and Information=== 
 + 
 +V. C. PenfoldGreyhound Pacific Ltd., P.O. Box 50, Coolangatta. QLD. 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +===== The Saws Are Silent Now===== 
 Jim Brown. Jim Brown.
-In the magazine of September 1953Alex Colley in a story of the pre-fire trail walk from Putty to Monundilla and beyond, wrote "As we neared Coricudgy the angry whirr of buzz-saws tearing into the remainder of the rare Eucalyptus Globulus trees that were once the glory of the mountain, became louder."​ + 
-Lately I made a kind of sentimental journey back to Coricudgy - +In the magazine of September 1953Alex Colley in a story of the pre-fire trail walk from Putty to Monundilla and beyond, wrote "As we neared Coricudgy the angry whirr of buzz-saws tearing into the remainder of the rare Eucalyptus Globulus trees that were once the glory of the mountain, became louder."​ 
-this time the easy way from the Rylstone side - and at last the saws are silent, and the big mountain, rather like an old tired and mangy lion, crouches on his angle of the Dividing Range towering above the headwaters of three river systems - the westward flowing Cudgegong, + 
-tributary of the Macquarie; the southern feeders of the Hunter, (Blackwater Creek, Widden Brook); the north western heads of the Colo - the tops of Wollemi Creek. +Lately I made a kind of sentimental journey back to Coricudgy - this time the easy way from the Rylstone side - and at last the saws are silent, and the big mountain, rather like an old tired and mangy lion, crouches on his angle of the Dividing Range towering above the headwaters of three river systems - the westward flowing Cudgegong, tributary of the Macquarie; the southern feeders of the Hunter, (Blackwater Creek, Widden Brook); the north western heads of the Colo - the tops of Wollemi Creek. 
-If you travel the way I did, the foot of the mountain is about + 
-170 miles from Sydney via Lithgow, the Mudgee Road as far as Ifordi +If you travel the way I did, the foot of the mountain is about 170 miles from Sydney via Lithgow, the Mudgee Road as far as Iford, ​then Kandos and Rylstone, where a side road to the east is signposted "Glen Alice, Glen Davis, Narrango"​. A mile east of Rylstone the road forks, and the northern branch marked "​Narrango"​ leads to Olinda, Tawinbang and Corricudgy. They aren't indicated. 
-then Kandos and Rylstone, where a side road to the eqst is signposted "Glen Alice, Glen Davis, Narrango"​. A mile east of Rylstone the + 
-road forks, and the northern branch marked "​Narrango"​ leads to Olinda, +The road is good to Olinda, where a left hand branch goes off to Nullo Mountain, then deteriorates rapidlyIt is still some 12 miles or so to the base of Coricudgy, along a road marked "​Western Sawmills",​ and quite negotiable for any orthodox vehicle in fair weather, although there are a few patches of slithery loose sand. Indeed, under decent weather you could take any car up the mountain as far as the fire watchers hut, only 500 ft or so below the summit. 
-Tawinbang and Corricudgy. They aren't indicated. + 
-The road is good to Olinda, where a left hand branch goes off to Nullo Mountain, then deteriorates rapidlyIt is still some 12 miles or so to the base of Coricudgy, along a road marked "​Western Sawmills",​ and quite negotiable for any orthodox vehicle in fair weather, although there are a few patches of slithery loose sand. Indeed, under decent weather you could take any car up the mountain as far as the fire watchers hut, only 500 ft or so below the summit. +Beyond the hut the main "road" goes on up for maybe ¼ mile, where it flattens out and begins to skirt around on a shelf along the south and eastern sides of Coricudgy
-Beyond the hut the main 'road" goes on up for maybe mile, where it flattens out and begins to skirt around on a shelf along the south and eastern sides of Coricudgy, + 
-There is a good layer of rich brown basalt soil on the top800' or so of Coricudgy; and as the mountain is probably 2 miles north-south,​ and something between ​mile to mile wide, the -saw- millers had-a generous area to play around in. Everywhere great stumps are being overgrown with lawyer vine and a collection of weedy growths; everywhere partially overgrown trails disappear up and down the sides of the mountain. The best views are gained from the level of the road because vegetation along the mountain top often restricts the outlook. Yet in spite of its devasted ​and scabby look, Coricudgy still possesses dignity of a kind. +There is a good layer of rich brown basalt soil on the top 800' or so of Coricudgy; and as the mountain is probably 2 miles north-south,​ and something between ​¼ mile to ½ mile wide, the saw-millers had a generous area to play around in. Everywhere great stumps are being overgrown with lawyer vine and a collection of weedy growths; everywhere partially overgrown trails disappear up and down the sides of the mountain. The best views are gained from the level of the road because vegetation along the mountain top often restricts the outlook. Yet in spite of its devastated ​and scabby look, Coricudgy still possesses dignity of a kind. 
-20 The Sydney Bushwalker June 1962 + 
-I left the vehicle at the foot of the main climb and walked up past the Fire Watcher'​s Hut and along the shelf to the southeastern ​corner, where the Hunter Range rears up from the east, and the fire trail parts' ​company from the original timber ​aatters ​road. The sign on the junctibn ​reads '​Tire ​Trail No. .. (is it 34?) To Three Ways n: A nice non-committal sign, obviously designed to dissuade daring motorists from trying to go on through to Putty or Howes Valley or Denman. +I left the vehicle at the foot of the main climb and walked up past the Fire Watcher'​s Hut and along the shelf to the south-eastern ​corner, where the Hunter Range rears up from the east, and the fire trail parts company from the original timber ​cutters ​road. The sign on the junction ​reads "​Fire ​Trail No... (is it 34?) To Three Ways"​. ​A nice non-committal sign, obviously designed to dissuade daring motorists from trying to go on through to Putty or Howes Valley or Denman. 
-Up to this corner, the main points to catchthe eye are Mount Boonbourwal ​south across the tops of the Cudgegong, and Mounts Darcy and Durambang in the same range. ​'Detaching the eye from closer points, the spire,of Tyan Pic dominates the outh-west horizon, and further west are some of the peaky hills over toward Kandos and Capertee. To south and south-east you can see the pale splash of Uraterer'​s clearing, and the double-headed Wirraba. The big stuff further south probably includes the tops country from Kurrajong to Mount King George with Cameron and Tambo and the high ridge north of Lithgow. Below all this the sun glows on the orange cliffs surrounding the valley near Glen Davis. + 
-Once you round the corner, a whole new vista takes the eye. East lies Yengo and north a little way the other big flat-top near Howes Valley, Mt. Wareng. Straight ahead the three pinnacles of +Up to this corner, the main points to catch the eye are Mount Boonbourwa, ​south across the tops of the Cudgegong, and Mounts Darcy and Durambang in the same range. Detaching the eye from closer points, the spire of Tyan Pic dominates the south-west horizon, and further west are some of the peaky hills over toward Kandos and Capertee. To south and south-east you can see the pale splash of Uraterer'​s clearing, and the double-headed Wirraba. The big stuff further south probably includes the tops country from Kurrajong to Mount King George with Cameron and Tambo and the high ridge north of Lithgow. Below all this the sun glows on the orange cliffs surrounding the valley near Glen Davis. 
-the Kekeelbon Mountains; ​north-east ​Mbnundilla, presenting a narrow aspect like the stern 'of 'a ship (Munundilla'​slength, like Coricudgy is mainly north-south). Coriaday only a little lower than Coricudgy, is slightly east of north, connected to the Divide by a singularly diabolical-looking ridge. Coridudgy, more than 4000 ft, has a slight edge on the highest of all those, and stands more than 2000 ft above the most easterly of the volcanid ​tops in sight. + 
-It had been something of a disappointment on the previous trip over Coricudgy that there was no time to spend on a lazy look-around,​ although the racket of the saw mills also discouraged one from examining the mountain. Now I had the mountain to myself and spent most of Saturday afternoon following the road around the eastern face, where the ruins of the nulls still 'occupy the shelf. +Once you round the corner, a whole new vista takes the eye. East lies Yengo and north a little way the other big flat-top near Howes Valley, Mt. Wareng. Straight ahead the three pinnacles of the Kekeelbon Mountains; north-east ​Monundilla, presenting a narrow aspect like the stern of a ship (Munundilla'​s length, like Coricudgy is mainly north-south). Coriaday only a little lower than Coricudgy, is slightly east of north, connected to the Divide by a singularly diabolical-looking ridge. Coridudgy, more than 4000 ft, has a slight edge on the highest of all those, and stands more than 2000 ft above the most easterly of the volcanic ​tops in sight. 
-I traced the road to the northern end-of the summit, and there it broke down into a series of logging tracks, one of which took me to the tops. Because of the vegetation the ViZIATS ​were harder ​ta get one must push through tothe rim:' ​since the sun was going over toward the north-west, there;mas-a great deal of glare, and in that direction, towards Nullo.MountainI can't claim to have Seen the landscape to best advantage. + 
-21. The Sydney Bushwalker June 1962. +It had been something of a disappointment on the previous trip over Coricudgy that there was no time to spend on a lazy look-around,​ although the racket of the saw mills also discouraged one from examining the mountain. Now I had the mountain to myself and spent most of Saturday afternoon following the road around the eastern face, where the ruins of the mills still occupy the shelf. 
-About 4 pm. having made a full circuit of the mountain I was back to the "Fire Trail to Three Ways"For old time's sake I decided to camp over at the Kekeelbon Peaks. Nine years ago it took us from 3 pm one day until 10 next morning - probably four hours walking - but with the aid of the jeep road I felt quite confident of making it in the opposite direction, with a generally falling grade in 1* hours. + 
-What I did forget was that this is very "​saddliterous"​ country: and even going downhill you have to climb up Cat of each saddle. There were two en route to the Kekeelbons, and the fire trail does quite an amazing dive into a gully to dodge one: on the other the natural saddle is so narrow the trailmakers have built up an embankment of logs and earth to carry the track across. However, I didn't remember any significant saddles between the Kekeelbons and Coricudgy, so one day I must see how they got around the really big ones - the double dive betweenlqunandella ​and Kekeelbons and the big hole about five miles east of Monundilla. When we walked there in '53 it took hours of looking and debate, plus some walking time to discover those saddles. +I traced the road to the northern end-of the summit, and there it broke down into a series of logging tracks, one of which took me to the tops. Because of the vegetation the views were harder ​to get one must push through to the rim: since the sun was going over toward the north-west, there was a great deal of glare, and in that direction, towards Nullo MountainI can't claim to have seen the landscape to best advantage. 
-Somewhere on the way I recognised the little patch of stunted + 
-sally gum where Ray Kirkby, Ira Butler and I stood shivering in the bitter west wind at nightfall on a June day whilst Alex checked that there was water in a steep little gully before we made camp. And at the Kekeelbons I was forcibly reminded of the draaghty ​nature of this country when the only water I could find in the darkening ​after- +About 4 pm. having made a full circuit of the mountain I was back to the "Fire Trail to Three Ways"For old time's sake I decided to camp over at the Kekeelbon Peaks. Nine years ago it took us from 3 pm one day until 10 next morning - probably four hours walking - but with the aid of the jeep road I felt quite confident of making it in the opposite direction, with a generally falling grade in 1½ hours. 
-noon was a pool in a wheel rut - it was tha colour of very strong tea with a dash of milk. It had to suffice. + 
-Even with their quota of fire trails the Northern Blue Mountains still possess an indefinable quality of wildness. Even campers by a +What I did forget was that this is very "​saddliterous"​ country: and even going downhill you have to climb up out of each saddle. There were two en route to the Kekeelbons, and the fire trail does quite an amazing dive into a gully to dodge one: on the other the natural saddle is so narrow the trailmakers have built up an embankment of logs and earth to carry the track across. However, I didn't remember any significant saddles between the Kekeelbons and Coricudgy, so one day I must see how they got around the really big ones - the double dive between Munandella ​and Kekeelbons and the big hole about five miles east of Monundilla. When we walked there in '53 it took hours of looking and debate, plus some walking time to discover those saddles. 
-fire trail carrying recent jeep tracks, and walking back to Coricudgy next morning I felt really alone and out in the bush. It may be just a reaction to memories of other days and other trips, when it really was a lost and lonely ​areal but to me it still feels some of the roughest country in the State"​. + 
-"Yukkayl ​Bubberah evahl bubberahr+Somewhere on the way I recognised the little patch of stunted sally gum where Ray Kirkby, Ira Butler and I stood shivering in the bitter west wind at nightfall on a June day whilst Alex checked that there was water in a steep little gully before we made camp. And at the Kekeelbons I was forcibly reminded of the draughty ​nature of this country when the only water I could find in the darkening ​afternoon ​was a pool in a wheel rut - it was the colour of very strong tea with a dash of milk. It had to suffice. 
 + 
 +Even with their quota of fire trails the Northern Blue Mountains still possess an indefinable quality of wildness. Even campers by a fire trail carrying recent jeep tracks, and walking back to Coricudgy next morning I felt really alone and out in the bush. It may be just a reaction to memories of other days and other trips, when it really was a lost and lonely ​area, but to me it still __feels__ "some of the roughest country in the State"​. 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +"Yukkay! ​Bubberah evahl bubberah!"​ 
 An old aboriginal saying, which freely translated means "​Starve the lizards! my boomerang won't come back!" An old aboriginal saying, which freely translated means "​Starve the lizards! my boomerang won't come back!"
-22. The Sydney Bushlvmlker + 
-SCIENCE ​NATURALLY+---- 
-Lightweight "Food Pack" for Arm  + 
-"The Australian soldier will eoon be able to carry in hie pack enough meat and Vegetables ​to-laet him six days in an emergency and its total weight will be only-about 12 lb.  +===== Science - Naturally===== 
-The ration ​-has been evolved at the Army Food Science Research Station at Scottsdale, Tasmania, and is-now being tested under service conditions by troops of the Citizen Military Forces in that State. + 
-At the research station, ​bedf, mutton and vegetables are dehydrated and compressed into blocks about two inches square and half an inch thick, each weighing about 2i'ounces. The blocks are vacuum-packed into laminated foilinstead of the heavy tin-dans of old, and each block is only about one-third of the weight of the food in its original form. The blocks are soaked before being cooked, and the aim of the research station is to make the food look and taste as much like fresh food as possible. +=== Lightweight "Food Pack" for Arm y. === 
-At present the station is producing prototype ration packs for the Pacific Islands Regiment in New Guinea, where soldiers are + 
-often on jungle patrol for days at a time.''​+"The Australian soldier will soon be able to carry in hie pack enough meat and vegetables ​to last him six days in an emergency and its total weight will be only about 12 lb.  
 + 
 +The ration has been evolved at the Army Food Science Research Station at Scottsdale, Tasmania, and is now being tested under service conditions by troops of the Citizen Military Forces in that State. 
 + 
 +At the research station, ​beef, mutton and vegetables are dehydrated and compressed into blocks about two inches square and half an inch thick, each weighing about 2½ ounces. The blocks are vacuum-packed into laminated foilinstead of the heavy tin-cans of old, and each block is only about one-third of the weight of the food in its original form. The blocks are soaked before being cooked, and the aim of the research station is to make the food look and taste as much like fresh food as possible. 
 + 
 +At present the station is producing prototype ration packs for the Pacific Islands Regiment in New Guinea, where soldiers are often on jungle patrol for days at a time.
 (A recent newspaper item). (A recent newspaper item).
-This is good stuff, but will probably leave bushwalkers a + 
-little cold. Read what Eric Shipton said 27 years ago, writing about expeditions to the Himalayas. +This is good stuff, but will probably leave bushwalkers a little cold. Read what Eric Shipton said 27 years ago, writing about expeditions to the Himalayas. 
-The simplest method of working out the amount of food required for a given period is to allow two pounds per man per day, and to + 
-divide the total suitably between the various commodities available, (flour, rice, cheeses ​sugar etc.) I have nearly always found this infallible - for months at a stretch one is rarely out more than +"The simplest method of working out the amount of food required for a given period is to allow two pounds per man per day, and to divide the total suitably between the various commodities available, (flour, rice, cheese, ​sugar etc.) I have nearly always found this infallible - for months at a stretch one is rarely out more than a day or two either ​way. The normal Artic sledging ration is 27 oz. per day, but this contains a high proportion of fat not available locally in the Himalayas."​ 
-a day or two eith3r ​way. The normal Artic sledging ration is 27 oz. +
-per day, but this contains a high proportion of fat not available locally in the Himalayas."​+
 We know Pam Baker and Irene Pridham went through Tasmania on 28 oz per day, and look at them! We know Pam Baker and Irene Pridham went through Tasmania on 28 oz per day, and look at them!
-We also know a few walkers who get by on even less! Is our Army hep? 
-Australia'​s boldest. and -swiftest bird 'of prey, the black-ch eked falcon (Falco peregrinus) or duck-hawk, is at home in coastal districts as well as far inland, though it prefers heavily timbered mountainous 
  
 +We also know a few walkers who get by on even less!
 +
 +Is our Army hep?
 +
 +----
 +
 +Australia'​s boldest and swiftest bird of prey, the black-cheeked falcon (Falco peregrinus) or duck-hawk, is at home in coastal districts as well as far inland, though it prefers heavily timbered mountainous [illegible].
 +
 +----
196206.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/21 03:18 by tyreless