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196205 [2019/06/13 07:06]
tyreless
196205 [2019/06/13 23:41]
tyreless
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 +===== Report Of The 1961 Expedition To The Carstensz Mountains Of Netherlands New Guinea - Part 1. =====
 +
 +Leader Colin Putt.
 +
 +The expedition visited the Carstensz Mountains of Netherlands New Guinea in June and July 1961, with the object of climbing the major peaks of this range and carrying out scientific work. Because of an acute shortage of suitable aircraft in the country at the time the planned airdrops of food and equipment were not made, but the expedition, using native food and minimum equipment, covered a walking distance of approximately two hundred miles through little-known country, established a feasible route to and up the North wall of the range, climbed two minor peaks, carried out botanical, meteorological and topographic work, and made geological discoveries of theoretical and practical importance.
 +
 +The Carstensz Mountains, which are the highest mountains of Australasia,​ lie at approximately Latitude 4.04' and Longitude 137.10'​ about fifty miles inland from the South Coast of West New Guinea; the peaks reach a height of nearly 17,000 feet. The range, which is a mass of limestone thrust above the level of the surrounding high plateau, is in the shape of a horse shoe, with the opening facing West, and is capped by a large icefield drained by several glaciers. Another small ice cap exists on Idenberg Top, some six miles to the West on the main dividing range. The highest peaks are Ngga Poloe, at the East end, 4 and the Carstensz Pyramind, on the South Side of the horse shoe; there is some doubt as to which of these is the higher. To the North East of the mountains is an extensive high plateau at ten to twelve thousand feet above sea level, the way on to this pleateau lies through swamp, jungle and moss forest. To the South and West the country is deeply incised with large river valleys; access has been gained to the mountains from the South coast by two of these valleys, the Tsinga and the Otomana. The Carstensz range and its surroundings are notable for the very high rate of precipitation at all times of the year, and for the regular unremitting nature of the rain and snow fall.
 +
 +The Carstensz Mountains were first seen from the coast by the Dutch navigator Jan Carstensz, in the seventeenth century, but the first expedition to reach the mountains was that of Wollaston, who in 1913 reached the foot of the icefalls feeding the Tsinga river, but because of the length and difficulty of the access route, was unable to climb further. In 1936, the Dutch expedition of Colijn, Wissel and Dozy, using an amphibian aircraft for aerial reconnaissance and to airdrop supplies, reached the centre of the "horse shoe" by way of the Otomana river, and in the space of three weeks climbed the ice peak Ngga Poloe, performed extensive geological and botanical investigations,​ and made several attempts on the Carstensz Pyramid, which is a rock peak of considerable difficulty.
 +
 +In 1950, Veurman and Mickelson travelled by native tracks up the Kemaboe river from Eneratali on the Wissel Lakes, and crossed the high pass just to the East of Ngga Poloe, went down the Tsinga to inhabited country, and travelled west across the grain of the country to another pass on the west of Idenberg Top, which brought them back to their inward route on the Kemaboe. In 1951, the missionaries Rose, Troutman and Titahelieu followed the same route up the Kemaboe, but, staying on native tracks on the North, of the main range, discovered the densely populated Ilaga valley, and continued through the west and east Baliem rivers to reach known territory at Lake Babbema.
 +
 +In 1960, geologists of the Obst Borneo Maatschappij followed the 1936 expedition'​s route from the South coast and made detailed studies of the copper ore body in the entrance of the "horse shoe" which was discovered in 1936.
 +
 +The three expeditions which reached the snow all approached the Mountains from the South coast, this is, under good conditions, a fairly arduous journey of about 14 days, requiring the use of porters brought in by air from outside. However, during the 1950's mission organisations have established stations, with landing strips suitable for light aircraft, in some of the river valleys to the North of the main range, and the C.A.M.A. strip at Ilaga, in particular, is 7,600 ft above sea level and only six days' march from the plateau below the North wall of the Carstensz range. However, up to 1961, it was not known whether there was any way up on to the range on this side, as no explorer had closely approached the wall from the north, while distant views had shown that much of the wall was high, nearly vertical and unbroken.
 +
 +By the end of March, 1961, the information which had been gathered indicated that June and July should offer as good weather in the Carstensz Mountains as any other time of year, that it was quite likely that a way would be found on to the crest of the range from the North by way of the Dajak pass which was reached but not crossed from the South by the 1936 expedition, and that the North wall might be reached from the Ilaga airstrip in five days. Because of the rough nature of the country and the small loads taken by the native carriers, it was decided to airdrop the expedition'​s food and equipment near the Carstensz range. The party would be flown by light aircraft from the airline terminus at Wamena to Ilaga and would walk in from there carrying minimum equipment, helped by a few carriers. It was found that our 1800 pounds of airdrop could be dropped on parachutes from a heavy aircraft, or free dropped in a series of low level runs by light aircraft, for the same cost; it was decided that the drops would be made from the Mission Aviation Fellowship'​s Cessna 180's, as in this way members of the party could do the dropping before the march in, without any need to get a ground party in position before the airdrop, and the operation could be combined with a thorough preliminary aerial reconnaissance. At this stage our information was that light aircraft should be available at almost any time, and that there should be no difficulty in getting permission to use the Ilaga airstrip, this permission had already been asked for.
 +
 +It was decided that the whole project would be completed in six weeks, this being the extent of the leave available to most of the members, and that one member would fly to Hollandia, the capital of Netherlands New Guinea, two weeks ahead to make final arrangements,​ while the main party would arrive on June 6th and fly straight on to Wamena and Ilaga allowing a week each way between Wamena and the Carstensz Mountains, four weeks would be available for climbing and scientific work.
 +
 +An 8-watt short wave transmitter was built, to enable us to call up carriers from Ilaga for the walk out, and for use in emergencies.
 +
 +The cost of the expedition, including fares to and from New Guinea was estimated to be £2,400 stg.
  
-REPORT OF THE 1961 EXPEDITION TO THE CARSTENSZ MOUNTAINS OF Nethrlands New Guinea - Part 1, Leader Colin Putt. 
-The expedition visited the Carstensz Mountains of Netherlands New Guinea in June and July 1961, with the object of climbing the major peaks of this range and carrying out scientific work. Because of an acute shortage of suitable aircraft in the country at the time the planned airdrops of food and equipment were not made, but the expedition, using native food and minimum equipment, covered a walking distance of approximately two hundred miles through little- known country, established a feasible route to and up the North wall of the range, climbed two minor peaks, carried out botanical, meteorological and topographic work, and made geological discoverbs of theoretical and practical importance. 
-The Carstensz Mountains, which are the highest mountains of Australasia,​ lie at approximately Latitude 4.04' and Longitude 137.10'​ about fifty miles inland from the South Coast of West New Guinea ; the peaks reach a hight of nearly 17,000 feet. The range, which is a mass of limestone thrust above the level of the surrounding high plateau, is in the shape of a horse shoe, with the opening facing West, and is capped by a large icefield drained by several glaciers. Another small ice cap exists on Idenberg Top, some six miles to the West on the main dividing range. The highest peaks are Ngga Poloe, at the East end, 4 and the Carstensz Pyramind, on the South Side of the horse shoe; there is some doubt as to which of these is the higher. To the North East of the mountains is an extensive high plateau at. ten'to twelve thousand feet above sea level, the way on to this pleateau lies through swamp, jungle and moss forest. To the South and West the country is deeply incised with large river valleys; access has been gained to the mountains from the South coast by two of these valleys, the Tsinga and the Otomana. The Carstensz range and its surroundings are notable for the very high rate of precipitation at all times of the year, and for the regular unremitting nature of the rain and snow fall. 
-The Carstensz Mountains were first seen from the coast by the 
-Dutch navigator Jan Carstensz, in the seventeenth century, but the first expedition to reach the mountains was that of-Wollaston,​ who in 1913 reached the foot of the icefalls feeding the Tsinga river, but because of the length and difficulty of the access route, was unable to climb further. In 1936, the Dutch expedition of Colijn, Wissel and Dozy, using an amphibian aircraft for aerial reconnaissance and to airdrop supplies, reached the centre of the "horse shoe by way of the Otomana. river, and in the space of three weeks climbed the ice peak Ngga Poloe, performed extensive geological and botanical investigations,​ and made several attempts on the Carstensz Pyramid, which is a rock peak of considerable difficulty. 
-In 1950, Veurman and Mickelson travelled by native tracks up the Kemaboe river from Eneratali on the Wissel Lakes, and crossed the high pass just to the East of Ngga Poloe, went down the Tsinga to inhabited 
-G 
-11r' 1-] OH ND I 0 _reJ 0,2 c,-)E31() 
-I_ISPCJ.;​-\117 211\i`JAlls) -TO 1101J_04Y 
-0:rij JJ S1J C_Abi Pi c dllU2J\Ji iTh 
-CENTRAL AUSTRALIA, ALICE SPRINGS, ​ AYERS ROCK TOUR (DURATION 3 WEEKS). 
-TOUR "​N"​ Departs Sydney Sat. 5th May. TOUR "​I"​ Departs Sydney Sat. 14th July. Travelling via Dubbo, Bourke, Gunnamulla (Q), Charleville,​ Blackall, 
-Mary Kathleen, Mt. Isa, Flynn Memorial, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs (2 days), Ayers Rock (2 days), Mt. Olga, Coober Pedy, Pt. Augusta and Broken Hill. FARE 55. O. O. 
-CENT. AUST. AND NTH. TERRITORY ​ (INCLUDING DARWIN) TOUR (DURATION 4 WEEKS). 
---- 
-TOUR "​J"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 11th August. 
-Itinerary as Tours "​N"​ and "​I"​ and including Daly Waters, Mataranka, Darwin, and Rum Jungle. FARE E 66. O. O. 
-NORTHERN QUEENSLND, ATHERTON TABLELANDS AND COOKTOWN TOUR (DURATION 3 WEEKS). TOUR "​K"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. 
-Travelling via Newcastle, Kempsey, Gold Coast, Brisbane, Rockhampton,​ Mackay, Townsville (1 day), (Magnetic Is.), Paronella Park, Atherton Tablelands Araa (3 days), Lake Eacham, Lake Barrine, Mareeba, Cooktown 
-(1 day), Daintree, Cairns, (Green Is.), Charters Towers, Clermont, Toowoomba, Tenterfield and Tamworth. FARE 54. 0. O. 
-WESTERN AUSTRALIA CAVES AND WILD FLOWERS TOUR (DURATION 4 WEEKS). 
-TOUR "​E"​ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. 
-Travelling via Albury, Bendigo, Dordertown, "​Barossa Valley",​ Pt. Augusta, Ceduna, Nullabor Plains, Norseman, Esperance, "​Stirling Range National Park", "​Porongorups National Park", Albany (1 day), Frenchman'​s Bay, Denmark, "​Valley of Giants",​ Pemberton, "​Kingdom of the Karri",​ Cape Leeuwin, Augusta and Margaret River Caves Area (2 days)? Perth (3 days), Kalgoorlie, Nullabor Plains, Renmark, Mildura and Katoomba FARE E 69.10. O. 
-GRAND AROUND AUSTRALIA ALL STATES TOUR (DURATION 76 DAYS). 
-TOUR "PT Departs Sydney Monday 6th August. 
-Travelling via Taree, Brisbane (1 day), Rockhampton,​ Townsville (2 days), (Magnetic Is.), Cairns (2 days), (Green Is.), Cooktown (1 day), Atherton Tablelands (4 days), Kurumba (Gulf of Carpentaria),​ (1 day), Mt. Isa, Mataranka (1 day), Darwin (2 days), Rum Jungle, Wyndham, Derby, Broome (1 day), Marble Bar (1 day), Hammersley Ranges (3 days), Carnarvon day), Geraldton 
-(2 days), Perth (3 days), Margaret River Caves (2 days), Albany (1 day), Esperance, Nullabor Plains, Adelaide (1 day), Melbourne, Gundagai. FARE E 125.10. O. 
-N.B. OTHER TOURS TO FLINDERS RANGES (TOUR "​L"​) DURATION 19 DAYS, DEPARTS SYDNEY 15TH OCTOBER, 1962. FARE E 40.10.0. 
-TOUR "​0"​ GOLD COAST, LAMINGTON AND CARNARVON RANGES NATIONAL PARKS DURATION 3 WEEKS. DEPARTS SYDNEY 2ND JUNE, 1962. FARE cf.,' 39.10. O. 
-BOOKINGS AND INFORMATION : V. C. PENFOLD, GREYHOUND PACIFIC LTD., P.O. BOX 50, COOLANGATTA. QLD, 
-0 
-May 1962 The Sydney Bushwalker 15 
-country, and travelled west across the grain of-the country to another pass on the west of Idenberg Top, which brought them back to their inward route on the Kemaboe. In 1951, the missionaries Rose, Troutman and Titahelieu followed the same route up the Kemaboe, but, staying on native tracks on the North, of the main range, discovered the densely populated Ilaga valley, and continued through the west and' eastBaliem rivers to reach known territory at Lake Babbema. 
-In 1960, geologists of the'​Obst Borneo Maatschappij followed the 1936 expedition'​s route from the South coast and made detailed 
-studies of the copper ore body in the entrance of the "horse shoe" which was discovered in 1936. 
-The three expeditions which reached the snow all approached the 
-Mountains from the South coast, this is, under good conditions, a fairly arduous journey of about 14 days, requiring the use of porters brought in by air from outside. However, during the 1950s mission 
-organisations have established stations, with landing strips suitable for light aircraft, in some of the river valleys to the North of the main range, and the C.A,M.A. strip at Ilaga2 in particular, is 7,600 ft above sea level and only six days' march from the plateau below the 
-North wall of the Carstensz range. However, up to 1961, it was not 
-known whether there was any way up on to the range on this sides as no 
-explorer had closely approached the wall from the north, while distant 
-views had shown that much of the wall was high, nearly vertical and unbroken. 
-By the end of March, 1961, the information which had been gathered indicated that June and July should offer as good weather in the 
-Carstensz Mountains as any other time of years that it was quite likely that a way would be found on to the crest of the range from the North 
-by way of the Dajak pass which was reached but not crossedfrom the South by the 1936 expedition, and that the North wall might be reached from  
-the Ilaga airstrip in five days. Because of the rough nature of the country and the small loads taken by the nativecarriers,​ it was decided to airdrop the expedition'​s food and equipment near the Carstensz range. The party would be flown by light aircraft from the airline terminus at Wamna to Ilaga and would walk in from there carrying minimum equipment, helped by a few carriers. It was found that our 1800 pounds of airdrop could be dropped an parachutes from a heavy aircraft, or free dropped in a series of low level runs by light aircraft, for the same cost; it was decided that the dropw would be made from the Mission Aviation Fellowship'​s Cessna 180/5, as in this way members of the 
-party could do the dropping before the march in, without any need to get a ground party in position before the airdrop, and the operation could be combined with a thorough. preliminary aerial reconnaissance. 
-At this stage our information wasthat light aircraft should be available 
-at almost any time: and that there should be no difficulty in getting 
-permission to use the Ilaga airstrip, this permission had already been asked for. 
-16 The Sydney Bushwalker May 1962 
-It was decided that the whole project would be completed in 
-- six-weeks: this being the extent of the leave available to most of the members, and that one member would fly to Hollandia, the capital of Netherlands New Guin6a, two weeks ahead to make final arrangements,​ while the main party would arrive on June 6th and fly straight on to Wamena and Ilaga allowing a week each way between gamena and the Carstensz Mountains, four weeks would be available for climbing and saientific work. 
-An 8-watt short wave transmitter was built, to enable us to call up carriers from Ilaga for the walk out, and for use in 
- ​emergencies. 
-The cost of the expedition, including fares to and from New Guinea was estimated to be 2,400 stg. 
 The members were as follows;- The members were as follows;-
-C.K. Putt - Leader and surveyor. + 
-R.P. Temple ​'Deputy leader and public relations officer. +  * C.K. Putt - Leader and surveyor. 
-D.B. Dow Transport officer and geologist +  ​* ​R.P. Temple ​Deputy leader and public relations officer. 
-D.E. Cooper ​ Botanist +  ​* ​D.B. Dow Transport officer and geologist 
-T. Barfoot +  ​* ​D.E. Cooper ​Botanist 
-L.S. Crawford. +  ​* ​T. Barfoot 
-To be Continued'​.+  ​* ​L.S. Crawford 
 + 
 +To be Continued
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +===== Greyhound "​Safari"​ Tours For 1962. ===== 
 + 
 +Especially planned to holiday requirements of bushwalkers & camping club members. 
 + 
 +=== Central Australia, Alice Springs, Ayers Rock Tour (Duration 3 weeks). === 
 + 
 +__Tour "​N"​__ Departs Sydney Sat. 5th May. __Tour "​I"​__ Departs Sydney Sat. 14th July. Travelling via Dubbo, Bourke, Cunnamulla (Q), Charleville,​ Blackall, Mary Kathleen, Mt. Isa, Flynn Memorial, Tennant Creek, Alice Springs (2 days), Ayers Rock (2 days), Mt. Olga, Coober Pedy, Pt. Augusta and Broken Hill. Fare £55, 0. 0. 
 + 
 +=== Central Australia and Northern Territory (including Darwin) Tour (Duration 4 weeks). === 
 + 
 +__Tour "​J"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 11th August. Itinerary as Tours "​N"​ and "​I"​ and including Daly Waters, Mataranka, Darwin, and Rum Jungle. Fare £66. 0. 0. 
 + 
 +=== Northern Queensland, Atherton Tablelands and Cooktown Tour (Duration 3 weeks). === 
 + 
 +__Tour "​K"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. Travelling via Newcastle, Kempsey, Gold Coast, Brisbane, Rockhampton,​ Mackay, Townsville (1 day), (Magnetic Is.), Paronella Park, Atherton Tablelands Area (3 days), Lake Eacham, Lake Barrine, Mareeba, Cooktown (1 day), Daintree, Cairns, (Green Is.), Charters Towers, Clermont, Toowoomba, Tenterfield and Tamworth. Fare £54. 0. 0. 
 + 
 +=== Western Australia Caves and Wild Flowers Tour (Duration 4 weeks). === 
 + 
 +__Tour "​E"​__ Departs Sydney Saturday 15th September. Travelling via Albury, Bendigo, Bordertawn, "​Barossa Valley",​ Pt. Augusta, Ceduna, Nullabor Plains, Norseman, Esperance, "​Stirling Range National Park", "​Porongorups National Park", Albany (1 day), Frenchman's Bay, Denmark, "​Valley of Giants",​ Pemberton, "​Kingdom of the Karri",​ Cape Leeuwin, Augusta and Margaret River Caves Area (2 days), Perth (3 days), Kalgoorlie, Nullabor Plains, Renmark, Mildura and KatoombaFare £69.10. 0. 
 + 
 +=== Grand Around Australia All States Tour (Duration 76 days). === 
 + 
 +__Tour "​M"​__ Departs Sydney Monday 6th August. Travelling via Taree, Brisbane (1 day), Rockhampton,​ Townsville (2 days), (Magnetic Is.), Cairns (2 days), (Green Is.), Cooktown (1 day), Atherton Tablelands (4 days), Kurumba (Gulf of Carpentaria),​ (1 day), Mt. Isa, Mataranka (1 day), Darwin (2 days), Rum Jungle, Wyndham, Derby, Broome (1 day), Marble Bar (1 day), Hammersley Ranges (3 days), Carnarvon (1 day), Geraldton (2 days), Perth (3 days), Margaret River Caves (2 days), Albany (1 day), Esperance, Nullabor Plains, Adelaide (1 day), Melbourne, Gundagai. Fare £125.10. 0. 
 + 
 +=== N.B. === 
 + 
 +Other tours to Flinders Ranges (Tour "​L"​) duration 19 days, departs Sydney 15th October. 1962. Fare £40.10.0. 
 + 
 +Tour "​O"​ gold Coast, Lamington and Carnarvon Ranges National Parks. Duration 3 weeks. Departs Sydney 2nd June, 1962. Fare £39.10. 0. 
 + 
 +=== Bookings and Information:​ === 
 + 
 +V. C. Penfold, Greyhound Pacific Ltd., P.O. Box 50, Coolangatta. QLD. 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 + 
 OVERSEAS TRAVELLERS. OVERSEAS TRAVELLERS.
 On 10th April, Edna Stretton sailed in the "​Oriane for On 10th April, Edna Stretton sailed in the "​Oriane for
196205.txt · Last modified: 2019/06/14 03:39 by tyreless