User Tools

Site Tools


194703

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Next revision
Previous revision
194703 [2012/09/29 01:33]
127.0.0.1 external edit
194703 [2017/12/15 01:23] (current)
tyreless
Line 1: Line 1:
-THE SYDNEY BUSHWALKER+======The Sydney Bushwalker.====== 
-A monthly Bulletin of matters of interest to the Sydney ​Bush Walkers, C/- Ingersoll Hall, 256 Crown St., Sydney. + 
-No. 147 MARCH, 1947. Price 6d, +A monthly Bulletin of The Sydney ​Bushwalkers, C/- Ingersoll Hall, 256 Crown Street, Sydney. 
-EditorRon Knightley. Bus. ManagerMaurie Berry. + 
-Assists: Elsa McGregor. ​ProductionBrian Harvey. +---- 
-Norma Barden. Assist: Pater Price. + 
-IllustrationsDennis Gittoes ​Sales & SubsJean Harvey. +===No. 147. March, 1947. Price 6d.=== 
-CONTENTS. + 
-PageB. Grimshaw ​Ia +|**Editor**|Ron Knightley
-"​Dingo"​ 2. +|**Assistant Editors**|Elsa McGregor and Norma Barden| 
-Jingle 3. +|**Business ​Manager**|Maurie Berry| 
-"​Trouper"​ 4. +|**Production**|Brian Harvey| 
-Topical 9. +|**Production Assistant**|Peter ​Price
-Brian Harvey 12. +|**Sales and Subs.**|Jean Harvey| 
-Stop Press 14. +|**Illustrations**|Dennis Gittoes
-The Lure + 
-"So Help Met:" "​yncarpia by Night" "Story in Stone" "​Federation Reunion?"​ +=====In This Issue:===== 
-February Meeting Gossip Scou + 
-THE LURE+| | |Page
-These were tasks that called for a good deal of energy, trifling though they might appear to those real explorers whose +|The Lure|B. Grimshaw| 1| 
-feats I was faintly copying, as Early Victorian ladies used to copy +|"So Help Met!"|"​Dingo"​2| 
-fine steel engravings in pale niggling pencil-work. Yet I enjoyed the trouble, enjoyed even the inconveniences,​ after a fashion, since they were richly paid for, in the pure gold coin that Nature mints for sailors, campers, and gipsy wanderers alone. ​Sortie ​need, so exceedingly deep down in the roots of humanity that one cannot even define or name it, seems to be satisfied by wanderings such as +|"​Syncarpia by Night"​|Jingle3| 
-these. It is a need not felt by all (though lying latent in very many who never suspect its existence, until sudden changes of circumstances call it out), and those who do not experience it fiald +|"​Story in Stone"​|"​Trouper"​4| 
-it hard to understand. Yet it is one of the strongest forces in the world -- hunger, love, the lust of battle, alone can rank with it in power over humanity. The "Song of the Road" ​-- the "Call of +|"​Federation Reunion?"​|Topical9| 
-the Wild" ​-- and other names coined by an analytical generation for this unknown force, leave the kernel of the matter untouched. But those Who know what it is to come home to Earth,understand the meaning of the call, althouglia=g-Very ​coming, she lays a cold finger on their lips for welcome, and says, "You shall know, you shall enjoy, but you shall never tell ........" +|February Meeting|Brian Harvey|12| 
-Tial c,a-n from -chart k1,​70-17- ​- "From Fiji to the Cannibal Islands",​ +|Gossip Scout|Stop Press|14| 
-by Beatrice ​Grimzhaw.) + 
-uSO EiLP II by ''​Dino+---- 
-So help roe say it, and it wasn't as' ​if therehad been a pub han-ay._._You_see, I was at North Era and the nearest ale;was-tobe -tapped at Burning Palms, or so '2617ap_said. + 
-BeinL, ​a little curious I ambled over on the afternoon of Boxing Day, but anyhow, what talking about happened unexpectedly +=====The Lure.===== 
-on the ::​(prning ​of that day. So while you may raise,the doubting eyebrow, please ​reel:​.ber ​that the body was in a state of complete sobriety. + 
-The rest of the crew had departed for their first swifi of the day and only Christa and ITself ​were left. Christa was dutifully ​ovinL; ​the black from the breakfast dishes and your raconteur was bashing the spine. Even so I would not have been in a -oosition ​to descrfbe ​the event onlz; Chris 1.:​urioured +These were tasks that called for a good deal of energy, trifling though they might appear to those real explorers whose feats I was faintly copying, as Early Victorian ladies used to copy fine steel engravings in pale niggling pencil-work. Yet I enjoyed the trouble, enjoyed even the inconveniences,​ after a fashion, since they were richly paid for, in the pure gold coin that Nature mints for sailors, campers, and gipsy wanderers alone. ​Some need, so exceedingly deep down in the roots of humanity that one cannot even define or name it, seems to be satisfied by wanderings such as these. It is a need not felt by all (though lying latent in very many who never suspect its existence, until sudden changes of circumstances call it out), and those who do not experience it find it hard to understand. Yet it is one of the strongest forces in the world - hunger, love, the lust of battle, alone can rank with it in power over humanity. The "Song of the Road" - the "Call of the Wild" - and other names coined by an analytical generation for this unknown force, leave the kernel of the matter untouched. But those who know what it is to __come home__ ​to Earth, understand the meaning of the call, although at the very coming, she lays a cold finger on their lips for welcome, and says, "You shall know, you shall enjoy, but you shall never tell..."​ 
-"​water" ​:hat 1;air lured, I =ttered, but I clii,:​bed ​to the + 
-feet and -gropinc, ​for -1 water bucket, away I went. I ::no w %/hat +(Taken ​from Chapter V - "From Fiji to the Cannibal Islands",​ by Beatrice ​Grimshaw.) 
-is in your hinds. The -en sypathise: poor bloke must + 
-have been half asleep."​ The girls Half dopey fro_ the en- +---- 
-chanting Chl'​ista'​s ​reuest ​and wouldnt ​be capable of seeing ​an-Lithing ​anyhow..' + 
-But so help 1:_e, I saw it. You couldn'​t ​blaae the poor liLhtThe visibility ​Was one hunared -per cent perfect and couldn'​t be bettered. ​Ify woriaates ​suggested I may have left my glasses behind at ca p, but I chec-Led ​on this at the time. ho Sip, it was the genuine article. It couldn'​t have lpeea-o-tlIcrwise ​because I saw it with :y ovn eyes. +=====So Help Me.===== 
-NOW, some blokes ​ITIal:​e ​up these stories and build on + 
-the:​._ ​at each suCcessive ​telling but mine has remained ​uncb anged. I told the.1 the story seventeen ​ties at and never changed a ,-ord. To be truthful ​the: acco panied 2 word or word at one stage but later kept a respectful silence. Some unkind person ​su,​sested ​it may have been a stunned silence. That is hardly ​vea8o1able ​because it was so darned rare and interesting. +by "Dingo"​ 
-Anything is likely to halen at Era but you must adyqit ​that this was something out of the ordinary. At Burning ​,Palms you may often-see Queer shapes and on occasions ​alell beer - pal-don ​- queer smells. Butto walk =ay from the c2:​-:​p ​at Fira and bump right into it, well I can see the point in your disbelieving stares. I also have another obstacle to overcome,. They 'point the scornful finger: "i'​he ​bloke'​s only just lest his prospective status, ​onl;​s7 ​been lost twice, and has never tasted dried cat's meat. " In liT'defence I submit ​thL_'t, firstly, I am a friend of Roley Cotter, secondly, I had the good judgement to get lost with a glamorous girl on eact oc,oasion, and lastly, I am told ",:ly igx1Gpanoe ​of dp&​oo-d. oatis meat will be adXated witdiP. ​the xt thirty daysCan I sa4- 1'1Dre+ 
-All this points to the fact that I not rulliny our +So help me saw it, and it wasn't as if there had been a pub handyYou see, I was at North Era and the nearest ale was to be tapped at Burning Palms, or so 'twas saidBeing a little curious I ambled over on the afternoon of Boxing Day, but anyhow, what I'​m ​talking about happened unexpectedly on the morning ​of that day. So while you may raise the doubting eyebrow, please ​remember ​that the body was in a state of complete sobriety. 
-legs, so to continue with story. So help mc I.saw it----- What's that? Ladies and gentlemen, I believe I have boon handed a metaphorical specimen of a fruit of the berry fadla + 
-So, be darned to you, I wish I hadn't story, anyway. +The rest of the crew had departed for their first swim of the day and only Christa and myself ​were left. Christa was dutifully ​removing ​the black from the breakfast dishes and your raconteur was bashing the spine. Even so I would not have been in a position ​to describe ​the event only Chris murmured ​"​water"​. What murmured, I muttered, but I climbed ​to the feet and groping ​for water bucket, away I went. I know what is in your minds. The men sympathise"​The ​poor bloke must have been half asleep."​ The girls "Half dopey from the enchanting Christa'​s ​request ​and wouldn'​t ​be capable of seeing ​anything ​anyhow.
-+ 
-SYNCARPIA BY NIGHT.... +Butso help me, I saw it. You couldn'​t ​blame the poor lightthe visibility ​was one hundred ​per cent perfect and couldn'​t be bettered. ​My workmates ​suggested I may have left my glasses behind at camp, but I checked ​on this at the time. No sir, it was the genuine article. It couldn'​t have been otherwise ​because I saw it with my own eyes. 
-She'll snatch + 
-and scratch ​- +Now, some blokes ​make up these stories and build on them at each successive ​telling but mine has remained ​unchanged. I told them the story seventeen ​times at and never changed a word. To be truthful ​they accompanied me word for word at one stage but later kept a respectful silence. Some unkind person ​suggested ​it may have been a stunned silence. That is hardly ​reasonable ​because it was so darned rare and interesting. 
-at itching bite; + 
-she'll swear +Anything is likely to happen ​at Era but you must admit that this was something out of the ordinary. At Burning Palms you may often see queer shapes and on occasions ​smell beer - pardon ​- queer smells. But to walk away from the camp at Era and bump right into it, well I can see the point in your disbelieving stares. I also have another obstacle to overcome. They point the scornful finger: "The bloke'​s only just lost his prospective status, ​only been lost twice, and has never tasted dried cat's meat." In my defence I submit ​that, firstly, I am a friend of Roley Cotter, secondly, I had the good judgement to get lost with a glamorous girl on each occasion, and lastly, I am told my ignorance ​of dried cat'​s ​meat will be adjusted within ​the next thirty daysCan I say more? 
-and tear + 
-throughout the night; +All this points to the fact that I not am not pulling your legs, so to continue with my story. So help me I saw it... What's that? Ladies and gentlemen, I believe I have been handed a metaphorical specimen of a fruit of the berry family. 
-she'll mourn + 
-'til dawn +So, be darned to you, I wish I hadn'​t ​told you the story, anyway. 
-and bless the light; + 
-for where her writhing body lay+---
 + 
 +=====Syncarpira By Night....===== 
 + 
 +She'll snatch\\ 
 +and scratch\\ 
 +at itching bite;\\ 
 +she'll swear\\ 
 +and tear\\ 
 +throughout the night;\\ 
 +she'll mourn\\ 
 +'til dawn\\ 
 +and bless the light;\\ 
 +for where her writhing body lay\\
 the insect world made hellish play. the insect world made hellish play.
- ...Ap DAY  
-with patches red on face and head, 
-a mirror tells her all; 
-with swollen eye from stinging fly 
-from beauty she must fall. 
-uAh,met. my beauty,"​ saith the cutie 
-is that me or gall? 
-If I must wear these bites all day, time I rose and stole away. 
-told yol,. :1-;1 
-ANNUAL KIDDIES'​ TREAT. On Sunday, March 30, Bob Younger wants you 7671-777.--7==naldren from the Devonshire Street Pl'ee Library go to Lane Cove, the more helpers there are, the merrier we'll be, and so will the kids. Women are wanted to handle eating arrangements;​ men are wanted for the fun and gamgs; miey is wanted to cover costs. Dip into your pockets now for a donation, and then turn up in person. Remember -- Bob Younger needs your assistance. 
-BUSI-11-.'​AL=R. ANNUAL -- 17. HAVE YOU FOIZARDED YOUR CONTRIBUTION?​ 
-Walking ta es...poems...cartoons...sketchea...phdtographs..-.'​plus SUGGESTIONS POR COVER. Remeuber the closing date: March 31, 
-forward contributions,​ per editor of this journal, 
-TO = IN S'​J2077,​ PAN Lj II. by Trouper. 
-Part I (January edition) of the ancient history of the Shoalhaven 1-Z. area outlined the way in which the various rocl,:s are fora shale and sandstone are food as sedionts 
-on the floor of a lake or sea, and changed into flint or slate 
-when the countryside is crisJ olded by r;reat forces in the earth'​s crust; whilst li..estone is an acculation of the alciicontaining reains of living organisins, e g. corals. 
-Now that we understand the nature of the rocks -- the brown and grey flint and slate in the lower part, and the sandstones overl:​s7ini- the:_, 70 can =a lno the history of the area from a map -- a geologic map (Plato I). In the eastern portions of this -zap, we sec that t:.ice are Ordovician slates, overlain b:; a cap of Permian sandstone, as is seen in the section, A-A. The na_es need cause no alarm -- they are simply a convenient wa-3, of classifying a rock accordi,L to its ag;e. Thus, fro-_, the list on the :map, ''​Ordovician''​ roc::s Fore first laid down as sedi-,ents during the period, 400 :Mien to 380 million years ago;"​Silurianrocl:​s originated during the Period 380 :1Mo:a to 320 million years ago, and so on. 
-ow what evidence do we base these state_ents of age? ike chief evidence is that of fossils. In the sea which overlay the area of the ordovicia:o slates were small fish called graptolites,​ organisms which lived in colonies, and grow in sall, stringy clusters so that the a.?greRate was somewhat as illustrated in Plato II. wow, these graDtolites underwent a fairly rapid evolutionarz- -process -- the number of branches and the direction of growth of those branches changed, as is ill'​ustl'​at:;​d by reading the figure from left to right. Hence, if a particular t:oo of ,?;​raptolito is found in a particular strati of slate, then its evolutionary stage at once gives a 1,:e:y to the age of that slate. 
-Now, ),hen we loo:: to either side of the gorge in this area, we note three ihings 1,'​irstl,​ the lower roch strata is disto,​-2tcd,​ and atabout 1,000 feet above the river gives way 
-sudd enly to hexdzolitally heddel rocks that is, the upper 
-rocks were not in e:dstence at the ti- then the area was subjected to the great earth forces which distorted the lower shales, and hardened tlIaa to slates. Secondly, the lower are brown or gr(* slates, laid de= far :ro the shore of a sea; the upper arc yellow sandstones which are claposited near a sea or lake shore. Thirdly, referring to the ages lizted on the map, the Ordovician ago ended 380 million years ago, but the Pc.,,r_dan did not begin until 155 million years latur. Layer by lair the shalQs wore built up, year by year -- and 
-tha-0- a ZAP- Aiat o 155 1J toz. fo;p, the 
-c5eCi 
-tlAr ; 2orwri- 
-$34141-6,​1,​1 e. 
-Poi ai,e0f 
-NO, 00)000 ru 260,000,000 , le4rS 
-Devoy-N( -- 
-2, 0,​--3200c001000 yeA,-,5 ago 
-S --- 
-,tO,o0ooO0, 
-Oreicylc; air\  
-0 -- ao,co 0 
-Sec-fl or\ B-B 
-t-tv1,​41PoINI!"​ 
-c.) havQ" et 
-"40= 
-\ 
-=Iry 
-IF 
-N ./e./ 
-z 
-i3u BoirNia 1,3airbees ck 
-Devonian and Carboniferous ages are :Lissed out. Doposon 
-CCCCar:a tc; ':73ro cruso folcloCi 
--1.araenea into slates; aTa then, so illior :Tears later, Then the crushin foces haC_ died away, sedimentation occurred again. 
-What is the explanation of this missing chapter? It lies in the fact thats throughout the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages, all this land had been uplifted above the water level; the sea had drained away, and where previously, deposition had been occurring, denudation (erosion) was now taking place. And finally, the area had been submerged once more, but this time the sea had not extended very far beyond the regions we are examining, and sandstones were laid down where for ages only erosion and earth-crumpling had taken place. 
-Now look to Bungonia -- here, Silurian shales and litones. The rocks of the missing chapter: This area had been subil3e rged whilst the eastern sector had been uplifted. 
-' That is, a shore-line had existed between the area now called Bungonia, and the opposite side of the present Shoalhaven. A noteworthy feature of this limestone belt is the fact that the remains of the ancient corals flank a gorge 1,000 feet deep. And yet, coral is a shallow-water organism and does not build at depths greater than about 10 feet. How, then, can there be 1,000 feet of fossil remains where the water had not been more than some 10 feet deep? The fact is that the land had 
-not tilted and lain stills but it had gone on gradually tilting for millions of years, and as the region sank, fraction by fractions the corals went on building, always growing upwards to maintain their normal depth below the rising water. 
-However, despite the existence of Silurian sedizents on the Bungonia sides there is evidence even here that the progression was not a smooth one. For the upper slates were somewhat eroded away before being covered by the later shales. That is a general uplift had raised the whole land above the sea, and then re-submerged the western side. It did not now subside beneath the original sea, however, being cove-red instead - by a vast inland lake. 
-This land being now submerged, and gradually tilting to allow of the building of the corals, erosion started on the 
-- still-uplifted eastern section. Year by year, rivers were break- 
-ing down the Ordovician slates, and carrying the particles westward -- to the lake, this time, and not to the sea -- where they were re-posited as muds around the corals, later to be 
-_dried to form the Bilur:​Lansales e aclJw ,%az around the lime- 
-stone roof. 
--,SiAGES OFZIEVFLOPMENT ​ 
-=.27- Oa-hi/in/co fro-, 
-Whole arei; ur)cVer ep-confineria 
-Cirapieldes Jv /r1 se.) 
-r / , 
-S,Its Cein9 deposited later -to ic;rol 5 b-,,​Ce ​ 
-1 I r 
-Mud', e5n Cited 01 Q 
-Si-a elf- Silurtat7 
-Whole area hifeci 6t9tie. 5e,4 ievei 
-M UD5 Rivedrired zwav 
-dried io form SHA1E5 ton-woo-ice EROSION 
- Seo -  
-fAreatoo 
-liW5iern reo 
-asc-iit) subi7)&​y--9.6,​c/​ 
-s 
-Limncc, 
-busit 
-1.1?,​17(.%)1-ei)chirci-In 
-forc9 
-Er()%iuri corefinues1 doh. 
-"!. ( 
-7" 
  
--1,3reat Fones Crush hrea +====And Day....==== 
-Deposi-tion occurs agz;.:(1,- +  
-tm-t+With patches red\\ 
- /jevo I-7/0 7 n Cc-'2rior7 0(eroc,  +on face and head,\\ 
-//11170/6por/i or? / f/ o< +a mirror tells her all;\\ 
-Gree-t +with swollen eye\\ 
-v4.11% up wail?, cruc +from stinging fly\\ 
-3 itc",t +from beauty she must fall.\\ 
-Wkoler er a subject foerosiori &ibIded slates worn dowe%Fo pi1-1 +"Ahme! my beauty,"​\\ 
--\4 +saith the cutie,\\ 
-Ste e7Permian eas7L6,,,-r/ Secr'or +"is that me or gall?\\ 
-5 uhrorgeof oncle-,r grest)t /oke +If must wear these bites all day,\\ 
-4.1.1111141.#.1141,..0.11140.4.4110.4.1.110,4.0.414111,04errm +'tos time I rose and stole away."​ 
- T YPI CA-271--GRA P TOL I TE 5 + 
-_Deposition ​of +---- 
-SrDst ones + 
-Ly +====Annual Kiddies' ​Treat.==== 
-(APProx Life cize+ 
-I +On Sunday, March 30, Bob Younger wants you to help. When the children from the Devonshire Street Free Library go to Lane Cove, the more helpers there are, the merrier we'll be, and so will the kids. Women are wanted to handle eating arrangements;​ men are wanted for the fun and games; money is wanted to cover costs. Dip into your pockets now for a donation, and then turn up in person. Remember - Bob Younger needs your assistance
-N + 
-41 +---
--.Te now have the history before us, and :Jay recapitulate the tale, in some six stages: see Plate 2. + 
-.11221:​2_1, ​Ordovician ​tiz-esMole area the floor of a sea, far frou shore; muds being deposited year by year in horizontal layers on the sea-floor ​-- later dried to form shales. Graptolites in sea and on muds. +====Bushwalker Annual - 1947.==== 
-stiaE2_2Biblrian ​times :​ihole ​area uplifted and partly eroded (tima-gap between Ordovician and Silurian at Buzzonia) Intense earth forces crush and fold area into slates. + 
-Stag p5. Silurian. ​Test side subsides under inland lake, with shoreline east of BunE,​onia ​Gorge: limestone belts established and Ordovician rocks of east carried west by rivers; re-deposited in lake. +Have you forgotten your contributionWalking tales... poems... cartoons... sketches... photographs... plus suggestions for cover. Remember the closing date: March 31. Please forward contributions per editor of this journal. 
-11,-.2Eal. Devonian - Carboniferous times. Region uplifted entirely. Erosion of Ordovician slates and of More recent Silurians of west. + 
-stEp__L. Permian times. Eastern sector submerged below sea, but not so far from shore as in stage (shoreline close to present Barber'​s ​Creel.). Sandstones deposited in horizontal layers. +---- 
-Post-Pori:​lian ​timesBodily uplift of whole area, and erosion to present contours. + 
-The story is there complete in the main, and only one minor aspect ​reycains. During the Zilurian ​activity, molten rock froz]L ​deep down in the earth'​s crust welled up into the areas near the present ​1:arl.11an. This, on coolias &​alre ​rise to granite and poIrpbyry ​in these regions. +=====Story In Stone Part 2.===== 
-Thus we may see in the story of the ancient Shoalhaven area, not a tale of hills eternal and timeless lands, but of a varied inter-change of land and sea. On future walks, you may see yourself the story revealed; the folded slates of the lower gorge, the sandstones of the upper, and the limestones ​L.12 Bungo-nia -- pieces of a history before ​tla6afxma-of + 
-"REUNION?" ​DID YOU SAY "FEDERATION REUNION?" +by Trouper. 
-Vr. -wsmi. A + 
-Review ​of February 8-9 1947.  +Part 1 (January edition) of the ancient history of the Shoalhaven R. area outlined the way in which the various rocks are formed ​shale and sandstone are formed as sediments on the floor of a lake or seaand changed into flint or slate when the countryside is crushed and folded by great forces in the earth'​s crust; whilst limestone is an accumulation of the calcium-containing remains of living organismse.gcorals. 
-Oh, boywhat a weekend! Rain? Did you say, "​Rain?" ​that rain? No, of course I didn't get wet. Okay,​okay ​-- you all know by now who the gossip writer is; or if you don't, you go damned near the truth in the scathing remarks you hurl atme each time a new issue goes on the mart. So I spent the weekend in a shack, did I? So what -- was I the only one? And if I did, can I be blamed? Did I or did I not spend part of the weekend dishing out tea to wearisome walkers staggering down + 
-or up the hill? Oh, yes,I know -- "But to spend the whole time. Because I forsook the dampness and inconvenience of being cooped up under japara on a weekend of water -- well, is he not best qualified to comment who views happenings from the heights of unbiased detachment?​ +Now that we understand the nature of the rocks - the brown and grey flint and slate in the lower part, and the sandstones overlying them, we can examine the history of the area from a map - a geologic map (Plate ​1)In the eastern portions of this map, we see that there are Ordovician slates, overlain by a cap of Permian sandstone, as is seen in the section, A-AThe names need cause no alarm - they are simply a convenient way of classifying a rock according to its ageThusfrom the list on the map, "​Ordovician"​ rocks were first laid down as sediments during the period, 400 million to 380 million years ago; "​Silurian"​ rocks originated during the Period 380 million to 320 million years ago, and so on. 
-So there was I, and there were you. And maylpe ​you thought I didn't get round much? If not, did you-enquire whose face was poked in front of the camera every time the "Fix" chappie clicked the shutter? Sure thing; there I was, being photographed right and left at the slighest ​provocation.. + 
-Did we have fun on Central! A special carriage on the 9,12 to Kiama, and MB delegated to load it. Imagine my reaction; just imagine the shock to my brain -- when I found that there was no 9.12 to Waterfall. Or, rather, there was, but it was first stop Austinmer. Panic! Organised, of course. An interview in the Station ​ILaster's office culminated in the consultation of a formsome 31 x 2' and the verbal conclusion, "Nope, there'​s no special carriages reserved for any bushwalkinl ​mob on any trains to-day."​ This, mind you, when I was carrying an official letter of introto the S.M. (written on paper headed in letters ​*" high, with a list of at least 20 clubs appended) assuring him of my willing help in filling the carriage he had so kindly set aside.......: And now there was no 9.12 toWaterfall. +Upon what evidence do we base these statements of age? The chief evidence is that of fossilsIn the sea which overlay the area of the Ordovician slates were small fish called graptolites,​ organisms which lived in colonies, and grew in small, stringy clusters so that the aggregate was somewhat as illustrated in Plate 2Now, these graptolites underwent a fairly rapid evolutionary process - the number of branches and the direction of growth of those branches changed, as is illustrated by reading the figure from left to rightHence, if a particular type of graptolite is found in a particular stratum of slate, then its evolutionary stage at once gives a key to the age of that slate. 
-Ahl but you can't keep a Bushwalker down. There'​s a way wherever there'​s a will; and there'​s a 9,20 down the line. Some folks resorf ​to greasing the palm. But not me. A winsome look, a wry smile, and a pathetic tone of voice; just that, and the job's done. I went to the chappie on the gate, who passed ​MB to the Head Porter, who in his turn pitched a pathetic tale to the Guard. And lot when the 9.20 pulled in, there was a carriage marked "Not In Use", and the Head Porter whispering in my ear, "​That'​s for your mob, mate."​ + 
-At this juncture'​s; ​;night-digress, Railway ​employe,​ez +Now, when we look to either side of the gorge in this area, we note three thingsFirstly, the lower rock strata is distorted, and at about 1,000 feet above the river gives way suddenly to horizontally bedded rocks - that is, the upper rocks were not in existence at the time when the area was subjected to the great earth forces which distorted the lower shales, and hardened them to slatesSecondlythe lower rocks are brown or grey slates, laid down far from the shore of a sea; the upper are yellow sandstones which are deposited near a sea or lake shoreThirdly, referring to the ages listed on the map, the Ordovician age ended 380 million years ago, but the Permian did not begin until 155 million years laterLayer by layerthe shales were built upyear by year and then a gap. A hiatus ​of 155 million yearsfor the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages are missed out. Deposition ceased, and in the interim the shales were crushed and folded and hardened into slates; and then, so many million years later, when the crushing forces had died away, sedimentation occurred again. 
-came in for a lot of abLscs... In thiz ca-se-0-0430-cu ​had + 
-1.0 +What is the explanation of this missing chapter? It lies in the fact that, throughout the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages, all this land had been uplifted above the water level; the sea had drained away, and where previously, deposition had been occurring, denudation ​(erosionwas now taking place. And finally, the area had been submerged once more, but this time the sea had not extended very far beyond the regions we are examining, and sandstones were laid down where for ages only erosion and earth-crumpling had taken place. 
-bluncl104 tIVI4ZVQ. tit-T-Wr ​have In any case, I should pay tribute to the four who showed ​ma so mlAch courtesy in the task of loading some 60 Bushwalkers on some train or other.+ 
-But I forget. l Here am I telling you all about what I did, when the scandal scout'​s real job is to tell you what you did. +Now look to Bungonia - here, Silurian shales and limestones. The rocks of the missing chapter! This area had been submerged whilst the eastern sector had been uplifted. That is, a shore-line had existed between the area now called Bungonia, and the opposite side of the present Shoalhaven. A noteworthy feature of this limestone belt is the fact that the remains of the ancient corals flank a gorge 1,000 feet deep. And yet, coral is a shallow-water organism and does not build at depths greater than about 10 feet. How, then, can there be 1,000 feet of fossil remains where the water had not been more than some 10 feet deep? The fact is that the land had not tilted and lain still, but it had gone on gradually tilting for millions of years, and as the region sank, fraction by fractions the corals went on building, always growing upwards to maintain their normal depth below the rising water. 
-Anyhow, next came the bus to Govenor ​Game. Those who stayed on the train, bound for Lilyvale, mouthed some cutting comment about, "​Bushwalkers,​ or bus-walkers?"​. We ignored them -- they'd learn their lesson when they found all the beat camp sites taken. + 
-Arrived at "The Palms",​ I found that S.B.W. was, according to the map, scattered hither and yon. Principal group was up behind the Ranger'​s hut, which stood there in mute, unfinished tribute to the willing workers of our clan -- to whose chosen spot I forthwith repaired. Tent stood on tent (almost, at any rate), but the only topic of conversation seemed to be, "Have you seen Billie Yet?" No, I had not -- little knowing that she was even then reclining in a shack, sipping tea from a glass cup! +However, despite the existence of Silurian sediments on the Bungonia sides there is evidence even here that the progression was not a smooth one. For the upper slates were somewhat eroded away before being covered by the later shales. That is a general uplift had raised the whole land above the sea, and then re-submerged the western sideIt did not now subside beneath the original sea, however, being covered instead by a vast inland lake. 
-Dorothy Lawry now armed herself with a shovel, to dig out a waterhole. Rainy days have their compensations:​ on Sunday, the S.B.W. Construction Co. went to town, dug a tank, and lined it with rockst + 
-Camp-fire, Saturday night. S.B.W. arrived and settled in Then more S.B.W. arrived. Then more S.B.W. ​-- what? aren't they all here yet'? No, Maurie and Tuggie are -just leaving Lilyvale, and Peter Gracie and Betty Penfold won't arrive 'til 3.30 a m.: +This land being now submerged, and gradually tilting to allow of the building of the corals, erosion started on the still-uplifted eastern section. Year by year, rivers were breaking down the Ordovician slates, and carrying the particles westward - to the lake, this time, and not to the sea - where they were deposited as muds around the corals, later to be dried to form the Silurian shales we now see around the limestone roof. 
-A procession of flaming torches came down the hill, plunged their brands into the fire -- and things were away. Sib:ging, sketches fun and games; the rain held off, and the flames roared high. Flashes of brilliant light here and there told those in the know" that "Pie was all about. My, how their faces beamed ​whene ver thoae Xlashbulbs ​went off (little knowing that the photo was already taken'​. ​+ 
-The greatest revelation of thevhole ​weekend was the bus which brought us homeFair dinkurafais, a bus with elastic sides! Walkers just kept going in and going in......you'​ve no ideal An, but you should have seen the smooth system worked by Jean Harvey: she swept up the Eastoe toddler in her arms and whilst men fell back on either side, stepped regally into the elastic sided monster and -- ohs yes, she got a seat, alright! But to get back to the bus: a large sign over the door read, "To seat 26;" When finally the driver had finished wrestling with his gears, the mob had piled outs and the sides had aettled ​back to thairzorwal -contours, a nuaoe7 +We now have the history before us, and may recapitulate the tale, in some six stages: see Plate 2. 
--1:ow the soak behind the Ranger'​s Huts which will be handy for Harry Gaixabell ​and campers on the nearby flat. Pending erection of the main 2ence, steps are being taken to erect,a cattle fence round this soak. + 
-Alex Colley'​s resignation as a Federation Delegate was accepted with regret and Ron Knightly elected as Delegate until 1st August next. Ron is now Federation Publicity Officer, in lieu of Horrie Salmon, who is resigning ​'owing to pressure of business. +__Stage 1__. Ordovician ​timesWhole area the floor of a sea, far from shore; muds being deposited year by year in horizontal layers on the sea-floor - later dried to form shales. Graptolites in sea and on muds. 
-On 22nd. March, ​'the Forestry Advisory Council is conducting a tree study walk at "The Island",​ National Park (near Scientists' ​Fit) All welcome, + 
-The President stressed the importance of the rule that under no circumstances could a Sunday Walk be cancelled. If a leador ​finds it impossible2 ​to lead a Programme Sunday ​Walks a substitute leader MUST be found and the Walks Secretary advised. In other words "The Walk Must Be Ont+__Stage 2__Silurian ​times. Whole area uplifted and partly eroded (time-gap between Ordovician and Silurian at Bungonia)Intense earth forces crush and fold area into slates. 
-On a fairly close vote it was decided to hold the Annual Reunion an our lease at Stockyard Creek, North tra. It was pointed out that we are paying good money to lease the landso, shy not camp on + 
-Bill Henley informed the meeting that the Annual Swimming Carnival was being swum at Cattai Creek, via Windsor, and a good time would be had by all. (It's now over -- see results of Championships +__Stage 3__. Silurian. ​West side subsides under inland lake, with shoreline east of Bungonia ​Gorge: limestone belts established and Ordovician rocks of east carried west by rivers; re-deposited in lake. 
-R.nlahere ​in this issue). + 
-After Gwen Roots' trip to Frazer Park, many questions are being asked: Was it an Official Walk or an Official Bus-ride? ​Wi21 the Leader-repot ​on Prospectivess ​or Prospectives report on tha Leader? Did the TTogramme ​say 4 miles or 40? Was the Official train earlys ​or was half the official Party late? +__Stage 4__. Devonian - Carboniferous times. Region uplifted entirely. Erosion of Ordovician slates and of more recent Silurians of west. 
-Perhapsthe year's prize quip was heard on Marj Clarke'​s recent walk. A Prospective remarked, "​I'​so glad that S.B.T. take walking so sensibly, and don't go racing away at an awful pace like Yell.A.Ii" Need I add that it was -not a test walk? + 
-j.JOSTI BUSHWALKERS!::​ Sure thing,​ellers. Where? Who? Well of +__Stage 5__. Permian times. Eastern sector submerged below sea, but not so far from shore as in stage (shoreline close to present Barber'​s ​Creek). Sandstones deposited in horizontal layers. 
-:'71-1717777117nYrE-Enow where -- they aolitt even know themselves. Who? Bob Younger and Key.. Ardills With Norma and Ghrista nos no dale-te. 'Key Ardill; he was on the right track. Imagine it: Bushwalkers bushed!. Ands of all places:, in Lake St. Clair Reserve, Tasmania. A: + 
---countryside riddled with tracks, and these veterans of the Wild Dog s.f pathless jumble wr up on. the wrong moUntain! +__Stage 6__. Post-Permian ​timesBodily uplift of whole area, and erosion to present contours. 
-12. + 
-was written in mymental notebook: "52 plus 4 kids plus packsill"​ The, fellowing weekend, I noticed he had a new buss +The story is there complete in the main, and only one minor aspect ​remains. During the Silurian ​activity, molten rock from deep down in the earth'​s crust welled up into the areas near the present ​Maru1an. This, on cooling gave rise to granite and porphyry ​in these regions. 
-And so. we came back to Sydney town. The weekend was wet (raining, I mean),. but we enjoyed it, However, there was one question which worried me when themob had drifted away from the camp-fire can you burn, bash and bury a bottle? + 
-AT OUR FEBRUARY MEETINGS +Thus we may see in the story of the ancient Shoalhaven area, not a tale of hills eternal and timeless lands, but of a varied inter-change of land and sea. On future walks, you may see yourself the story revealed; the folded slates of the lower gorge, the sandstones of the upper, and the limestones ​of Bungonia ​- pieces of a history before ​the dawn of man. 
-Reported by+ 
 +---- 
 + 
 +====="Reunion?" ​Did You Say, "Federation Reunion?"===== 
 + 
 +__Review ​of February 8-9 1947.__ 
 + 
 +Oh, boywhat a weekend! Rain? Did you say, "​Rain?" ​What rain? No, of course I didn't get wet. Okay,okay - you all know by now who the gossip writer is; or if you don't, you go damned near the truth in the scathing remarks you hurl at me each time a new issue goes on the mart. So I spent the weekend in a shack, did I? So what - was I the only one? And if I did, can I be blamed? Did I or did I not spend part of the weekend dishing out tea to wearisome walkers staggering down or up the hill? Oh, yes, I know - "But to spend the whole time... Because I forsook the dampness and inconvenience of being cooped up under japara on a weekend of water - well, is he not best qualified to comment who views happenings from the heights of unbiased detachment? 
 + 
 +So there was I, and there were you. And maybe you thought I didn't get round much? If not, did you enquire whose face was poked in front of the camera every time the "Pix" chappie clicked the shutter? Sure thing; there I was, being photographed right and left at the slightest ​provocation. 
 + 
 +Did we have fun on Central! A special carriage on the 9.12 to Kiama, and me delegated to load it. Imagine my reaction; just imagine the shock to my brain - when I found that there was no 9.12 to Waterfall. Or, rather, there was, but it was first stop Austinmer. Panic! Organised, of course. An interview in the Station ​Master's office culminated in the consultation of a form some 3' ​x 2' and the verbal conclusion, "Nope, there'​s no special carriages reserved for any bushwalking ​mob on any trains to-day."​ This, mind you, when I was carrying an official letter of introto the S.M. (written on paper headed in letters ​3/4" high, with a list of at least 20 clubs appended) assuring him of my willing help in filling the carriage he had so kindly set aside...And now there was no 9.12 to Waterfall. 
 + 
 +Ah, but you can't keep a Bushwalker down. There'​s a way wherever there'​s a will; and there'​s a 9.20 down the line. Some folks resort ​to greasing the palm. But not me. A winsome look, a wry smile, and a pathetic tone of voice; just that, and the job's done. I went to the chappie on the gate, who passed ​me to the Head Porter, who in his turn pitched a pathetic tale to the Guard. And lo! when the 9.20 pulled in, there was a carriage marked "Not In Use", and the Head Porter whispering in my ear, "​That'​s for your mob, mate." 
 + 
 +At this juncturemight digress, Railway ​employees ​came in for a lot of abuse. In this casesomeone ​had blundered; it may have been me, or it may have been they. In any case, I should pay tribute to the four who showed ​me so much courtesy in the task of loading some 60 Bushwalkers on some train or other. 
 + 
 +But I forgetHere am I telling you all about what I did, when the scandal scout'​s real job is to tell you what you did. 
 + 
 +Anyhow, next came the bus to Governor ​Game. Those who stayed on the train, bound for Lilyvale, mouthed some cutting comment about, "​Bushwalkers,​ or bus-walkers?"​. We ignored them - they'd learn their lesson when they found all the beat camp sites taken. 
 + 
 +Arrived at "The Palms",​ I found that S.B.W. was, according to the map, scattered hither and yon. Principal group was up behind the Ranger'​s hut, which stood there in mute, unfinished tribute to the willing workers of our clan - to whose chosen spot I forthwith repaired. Tent stood on tent (almost, at any rate), but the only topic of conversation seemed to be, "Have you seen Billie Yet?" No, I had not - little knowing that she was even then reclining in a shack, sipping tea from a glass cup! 
 + 
 +Dorothy Lawry now armed herself with a shovel, to dig out a waterhole. Rainy days have their compensations:​ on Sunday, the S.B.W. Construction Co. went to town, dug a tank, and lined it with rocks! 
 + 
 +Camp-fire, Saturday night. S.B.W. arrived and settled inThen more S.B.W. arrived. Then more S.B.W. - what? aren't they all here yet? No, Maurie and Tuggie are just leaving Lilyvale, and Peter Gracie and Betty Penfold won't arrive 'til 3.30 a.m.
 + 
 +A procession of flaming torches came down the hill, plunged their brands into the fire - and things were away. Singing, sketches fun and games; the rain held off, and the flames roared high. Flashes of brilliant light here and there told those "in the know" that "Pix" ​was all about. My, how their faces beamed ​whenever those flashbulbs ​went off (little knowing that the photo was already taken!) 
 + 
 +The greatest revelation of the whole weekend was the bus which brought us homeFair dinkumfolks, a bus with elastic sides! Walkers just kept going in and going in... you've no idea! Ah, but you should have seen the smooth system worked by Jean Harvey: she swept up the Eastoe toddler in her arms andwhilst men fell back on either side, stepped regally into the elastic sided monster and - oh, yes, she got a seat, alright! But to get back to the bus: a large sign over the door read, "To seat 26." When finally the driver had finished wrestling with his gears, the mob had piled out, and the sides had settled ​back to their normal ​contours, a number was written in my mental notebook: "52 plus 4 kids plus packs!!!"​ The following weekend, I noticed he had a new bus! 
 + 
 +And so we came back to Sydney town. The weekend was wet (raining, I mean), but we enjoyed it. However, there was one question which worried me when the mob had drifted away from the camp-firecan you burn, bash and bury a bottle? 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +=====At Our February Meeting.===== 
 + 
 +Reported by Brian Harvey. 
 + 
 +The February General Meeting opened with about 50 members present, with President Jack Rose in the chair. 
 + 
 +Four new members were welcomed to the ranks, and after the customary cautions and handshaking were handed their Flannel Flower and Book of Golden Rules. By name: Minnetta Bowles, Alice Thomas, John Lenton, and Norman Thornton. Resignations were received from Lance Bryant, Russell Roxburgh and Don and Betty Gordon, while our old friends Charles Pryde and Bill Kilner were transferred to the Non-active list. 
 + 
 +Wilbur Morris is reported now to be stationed in Tasmania. 
 + 
 +It was announced that an agreement had been reached whereby we are permitted to pay our rent for the Era Camping Lease on a quarterly basis. Apropos of this, we were very grateful to receive a donation of £2/2/- from the Coast and Mountain Walkers towards defraying our expense in this matter. The right spirit! 
 + 
 +On the motion of Edna Garrad, it was decided to request the Federation to communicate with major airlines pointing out that many walkers now travel interstate by air and asking that special attention be paid to the safe packing of rucksacks in luggage compartments. A complaint was received that a steel frame was found bent on arrival in Tasmania. A serious position could arise from this cause. 
 + 
 +Following an agitation over the presence of roving cattle in Garrawarra Park, Dorothy Lawry announced that the Government had granted £50 towards purchase of material for construction of a cattleproof fence on the Northern boundary. (Over Christmas two tents were destroyed by the cattle and Ranger Campbell reports more stealing and fouling of campers'​ tucker from the same source). During the very successful Federation Reunion a well was constructed be1ow the soak behind the Ranger'​s Huts which will be handy for Harry Campbell ​and campers on the nearby flat. Pending erection of the main fence, steps are being taken to erect a cattle fence round this soak. 
 + 
 +Alex Colley'​s resignation as a Federation Delegate was accepted with regret and Ron Knightly elected as Delegate until 1st August next. Ron is now Federation Publicity Officer, in lieu of Horrie Salmon, who is resigning owing to pressure of business. 
 + 
 +On 22nd. March, the Forestry Advisory Council is conducting a tree study walk at "The Island",​ National Park (near Scientists' ​Hut)All welcome
 + 
 +The President stressed the importance of the rule that under no circumstances could a Sunday Walk be cancelled. If a leader ​finds it impossible ​to lead a Programme Sunday ​Walk, a substitute leader MUST be found and the Walks Secretary advised. In other words "The Walk Must Be On!" 
 + 
 +On a fairly close vote it was decided to hold the Annual Reunion an our lease at Stockyard Creek, North Era. It was pointed out that we are paying good money to lease the land so, why not camp on it! 
 + 
 +Bill Henley informed the meeting that the Annual Swimming Carnival was being swum at Cattai Creek, via Windsor, and a good time would be had by all. (It's now over - see results of Championships ​elsewhere ​in this issue). 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +After Gwen Roots' trip to Frazer Park, many questions are being asked: Was it an Official Walk or an Official Bus-ride? ​Will the Leader ​report ​on Prospectives ​or Prospectives report on the Leader? Did the Programme ​say 4 miles or 40? Was the Official train early, ​or was half the official Party late? 
 + 
 +---- 
 + 
 +Perhaps the year's prize quip was heard on Marj Clarke'​s recent walk. A Prospective remarked, "​I'​so glad that S.B.W. take walking so sensibly, and don't go racing away at an awful pace like Y.H.A.!!" Need I add that it was not a test walk? 
 + 
 +----
  
-The February General Meeting opened with about 50 Nembers presentwith President Jack Rose in the chair. +__Lost! Bushwalkers!!!__ Sure thingfellersWhere? Who? Well of coursewe don't know where they don't even know themselvesWho? Bob Younger and Kev Ardillwith Norma and Christa ​nonodelete Kev Ardill; he was on the right trackImagine it: Bushwalkers bushed! And, of all places, in Lake StClair Reserve, ​Tasmaniacountryside riddled with tracksand these veterans ​of the Wild Dogs pathless jumble were up on the wrong mountain!
-Four new members were welcomed to the ranks, and after the customary cautions and handshaking were handed their Flannel Flower and Book of Golden Rules. By name: MINNETTA BOWLES*" ALICE THOMAS, JOHN LENTON, and NORMAN THORNTON, Resignations were received from LANCE BRYANT, RUSSELL ROXBURGH and DON and BETTY GORDON, While our old friends CHARLES PRYDE and BILL KILNER were transferred to the Non-active list. +
-Wilbur ​'Morris is reported now to be stationed in Tasmanian +
-It was announcecl..that an agreement had been reached whereby we are permitted to pay our rentfor the Era Camping +
-Lease on a-quarterly basis. of thisWe were very grato-,- +
-ful to receive a donation of 2/2/- Coast and- Mountain Walkers towardsdefraying our expense in this mattor,. The right spirit! +
-On the motion of Edna Garrad, it was decfdjd to request ​the Federation to communicate with major airlines Deintiy. +
-out that many walkers now travel interstate by air and asking that,​special attention be paid to the safe packing ​of rucksaolf,' - in luggage compartmentsA complaint was received that a stool frame was found bent on arrival in TasmaniaseriousTosition could arise from this cause, +
-ollowing an agitation over the presence ​of roving cattle, in Gar-rawarra Park, Dorothy Lawry announced that the Government had granted 50 towards purchase of material for construction of a cattleproof fence on the Northern boundary. (Over Christmas two tents were destroyed by the cattle and Ranger Campbell reports more stealing and fouling of campers tucker from the same sourco)t During the -v-ery altoo_ns:​eul Fodoration, _Reunion-a. wal,​k_Waa-00=4,​11.10te4+
  
 +----
194703.1348882385.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/12/11 04:18 (external edit)