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194703 [2017/12/13 02:13]
tyreless
194703 [2017/12/15 01:22]
tyreless
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 |"​Federation Reunion?"​|Topical| 9| |"​Federation Reunion?"​|Topical| 9|
 |February Meeting|Brian Harvey|12| |February Meeting|Brian Harvey|12|
-|Gossip ​Scou|Stop Press|14|+|Gossip ​Scout|Stop Press|14|
  
 ---- ----
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 by Trouper. by Trouper.
  
-Part 1 (January edition) of the ancient history of the Shoalhaven R. area outlined the way in which the various rocks are formed - shale and sandstone are formed as sediments on the floor of a lake or sea, and changed into flint or slate when the countryside is crushed and folded by great forces in the earth'​s crust; whilst limestone is an accumulation of the calcium-containing remains of living ​organisins, e.g. corals.+Part 1 (January edition) of the ancient history of the Shoalhaven R. area outlined the way in which the various rocks are formed - shale and sandstone are formed as sediments on the floor of a lake or sea, and changed into flint or slate when the countryside is crushed and folded by great forces in the earth'​s crust; whilst limestone is an accumulation of the calcium-containing remains of living ​organisms, e.g. corals.
  
 Now that we understand the nature of the rocks - the brown and grey flint and slate in the lower part, and the sandstones overlying them, we can examine the history of the area from a map - a geologic map (Plate 1). In the eastern portions of this map, we see that there are Ordovician slates, overlain by a cap of Permian sandstone, as is seen in the section, A-A. The names need cause no alarm - they are simply a convenient way of classifying a rock according to its age. Thus, from the list on the map, "​Ordovician"​ rocks were first laid down as sediments during the period, 400 million to 380 million years ago; "​Silurian"​ rocks originated during the Period 380 million to 320 million years ago, and so on. Now that we understand the nature of the rocks - the brown and grey flint and slate in the lower part, and the sandstones overlying them, we can examine the history of the area from a map - a geologic map (Plate 1). In the eastern portions of this map, we see that there are Ordovician slates, overlain by a cap of Permian sandstone, as is seen in the section, A-A. The names need cause no alarm - they are simply a convenient way of classifying a rock according to its age. Thus, from the list on the map, "​Ordovician"​ rocks were first laid down as sediments during the period, 400 million to 380 million years ago; "​Silurian"​ rocks originated during the Period 380 million to 320 million years ago, and so on.
  
-Upon what evidence do we base these statements of age? The chief evidence is that of fossils. In the sea which overlay the area of the ordovician ​slates were small fish called graptolites,​ organisms which lived in colonies, and grew in small, stringy clusters so that the aggregate was somewhat as illustrated in Plate 2. Now, these graptolites underwent a fairly rapid evolutionary process - the number of branches and the direction of growth of those branches changed, as is illustrated by reading the figure from left to right. Hence, if a particular type of graptolite is found in a particular stratum of slate, then its evolutionary stage at once gives a key to the age of that slate.+Upon what evidence do we base these statements of age? The chief evidence is that of fossils. In the sea which overlay the area of the Ordovician ​slates were small fish called graptolites,​ organisms which lived in colonies, and grew in small, stringy clusters so that the aggregate was somewhat as illustrated in Plate 2. Now, these graptolites underwent a fairly rapid evolutionary process - the number of branches and the direction of growth of those branches changed, as is illustrated by reading the figure from left to right. Hence, if a particular type of graptolite is found in a particular stratum of slate, then its evolutionary stage at once gives a key to the age of that slate.
  
-Now, when we look to either side of the gorge in this area, we note three things. ​Firsty, the lower rock strata is distorted, and at about 1,000 feet above the river gives way suddenly to horizontally ​beddee ​rocks - that is, the upper rocks were not in existence at the time when the area was subjected to the great earth forces which distorted the lower shales, and hardened them to slates. Secondly, the lower rocks are brown or grey slates, laid down far from the shore of a sea; the upper are yellow sandstones which are deposited near a sea or lake shore. Thirdly, referring to the ages listed on the map, the Ordovician age ended 380 million years ago, but the Permian did not begin until 155 million years later. Layer by layer, the shales were built up, year by year - and then a gap. A hiatus of 155 million years, for the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages are missed out. Deposition ceased, and in the interim the shales were crushed and folded and hardened into slates; and then, so many million years later, when the crushing ​foces had died away, sedimentation occurred again.+Now, when we look to either side of the gorge in this area, we note three things. ​Firstly, the lower rock strata is distorted, and at about 1,000 feet above the river gives way suddenly to horizontally ​bedded ​rocks - that is, the upper rocks were not in existence at the time when the area was subjected to the great earth forces which distorted the lower shales, and hardened them to slates. Secondly, the lower rocks are brown or grey slates, laid down far from the shore of a sea; the upper are yellow sandstones which are deposited near a sea or lake shore. Thirdly, referring to the ages listed on the map, the Ordovician age ended 380 million years ago, but the Permian did not begin until 155 million years later. Layer by layer, the shales were built up, year by year - and then a gap. A hiatus of 155 million years, for the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages are missed out. Deposition ceased, and in the interim the shales were crushed and folded and hardened into slates; and then, so many million years later, when the crushing ​forces ​had died away, sedimentation occurred again.
  
 What is the explanation of this missing chapter? It lies in the fact that, throughout the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages, all this land had been uplifted above the water level; the sea had drained away, and where previously, deposition had been occurring, denudation (erosion) was now taking place. And finally, the area had been submerged once more, but this time the sea had not extended very far beyond the regions we are examining, and sandstones were laid down where for ages only erosion and earth-crumpling had taken place. What is the explanation of this missing chapter? It lies in the fact that, throughout the Silurian, Devonian and Carboniferous ages, all this land had been uplifted above the water level; the sea had drained away, and where previously, deposition had been occurring, denudation (erosion) was now taking place. And finally, the area had been submerged once more, but this time the sea had not extended very far beyond the regions we are examining, and sandstones were laid down where for ages only erosion and earth-crumpling had taken place.
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 ---- ----
  
-"REUNION?" ​DID YOU SAY "​FEDERATION REUNION?"​ +====="Reunion?" Did You Say, "​Federation Reunion?"​
-Vr. -wsmi. A +
-Review of February 8-9 1947.  +
-Oh, boy: what a weekend! Rain? Did you say, "Rain?" that rain? No, of course I didn't get wet. Okay,okay -- you all know by now who the gossip writer is; or if you don't, you go damned near the truth in the scathing remarks you hurl atme each time a new issue goes on the mart. So I spent the weekend in a shack, did I? So what -- was I the only one? And if I did, can I be blamed? Did I or did I not spend part of the weekend dishing out tea to wearisome walkers staggering down +
-or up the hill? Oh, yes,I know -- "But to spend the whole time. Because I forsook the dampness and inconvenience of being cooped up under japara on a weekend of water -- well, is he not best qualified to comment who views happenings from the heights of unbiased detachment?​ +
-So there was I, and there were you. And maylpe you thought I didn't get round much? If not, did you-enquire whose face was poked in front of the camera every time the "​Fix"​ chappie clicked the shutter? Sure thing; there I was, being photographed right and left at the slighest provocation.. +
-Did we have fun on Central! A special carriage on the 9,12 to Kiama, and MB delegated to load it. Imagine my reaction; just imagine the shock to my brain -- when I found that there was no 9.12 to Waterfall. Or, rather, there was, but it was first stop Austinmer. Panic! Organised, of course. An interview in the Station ILaster'​s office culminated in the consultation of a form. some 31 x 2' and the verbal conclusion, "Nope, there'​s no special carriages reserved for any bushwalkinl mob on any trains to-day."​ This, mind you, when I was carrying an official letter of intro, to the S.M. (written on paper headed in letters *" high, with a list of at least 20 clubs appended) assuring him of my willing help in filling the carriage he had so kindly set aside.......:​ And now there was no 9.12 to. Waterfall. +
-Ahl but you can't keep a Bushwalker down. There'​s a way wherever there'​s a will; and there'​s a 9,20 down the line. Some folks resorf to greasing the palm. But not me. A winsome look, a wry smile, and a pathetic tone of voice; just that, and the job's done. I went to the chappie on the gate, who passed MB to the Head Porter, who in his turn pitched a pathetic tale to the Guard. And lot when the 9.20 pulled in, there was a carriage marked "Not In Use", and the Head Porter whispering in my ear, "​That'​s for your mob, mate."​ +
-At this juncture'​s;​ I ;​night-digress,​ Railway employe,​ez +
-came in for a lot of abLscs... In thiz ca-se, -0-0430-cu had +
-1.0 +
-bluncl104 tIVI4ZVQ. tit-T-Wr have In any case, I should pay tribute to the four who showed ma so mlAch courtesy in the task of loading some 60 Bushwalkers on some train or other.. +
-But I forget. l Here am I telling you all about what I did, when the scandal scout'​s real job is to tell you what you did. +
-Anyhow, next came the bus to Govenor Game. Those who stayed on the train, bound for Lilyvale, mouthed some cutting comment about, "​Bushwalkers,​ or bus-walkers?"​. We ignored them -- they'd learn their lesson when they found all the beat camp sites taken. +
-Arrived at "The Palms",​ I found that S.B.W. was, according to the map, scattered hither and yon. Principal group was up behind the Ranger'​s hut, which stood there in mute, unfinished tribute to the willing workers of our clan -- to whose chosen spot I forthwith repaired. Tent stood on tent (almost, at any rate), but the only topic of conversation seemed to be, "Have you seen Billie Yet?" No, I had not -- little knowing that she was even then reclining in a shack, sipping tea from a glass cup! +
-Dorothy Lawry now armed herself with a shovel, to dig out a waterhole. Rainy days have their compensations:​ on Sunday, the S.B.W. Construction Co. went to town, dug a tank, and lined it with rockst +
-Camp-fire, Saturday night. S.B.W. arrived and settled in Then more S.B.W. arrived. Then more S.B.W. -- what? aren't they all here yet'? No, Maurie and Tuggie are -just leaving Lilyvale, and Peter Gracie and Betty Penfold won't arrive 'til 3.30 a m.: +
-A procession of flaming torches came down the hill, plunged their brands into the fire -- and things were away. Sib:ging, sketches fun and games; the rain held off, and the flames roared high. Flashes of brilliant light here and there told those in the know" that "Pie was all about. My, how their faces beamed whene ver thoae Xlashbulbs went off (little knowing that the photo was already taken'​. ) +
-The greatest revelation of thevhole weekend was the bus which brought us home, Fair dinkura, fais, a bus with elastic sides! Walkers just kept going in and going in......you'​ve no ideal An, but you should have seen the smooth system worked by Jean Harvey: she swept up the Eastoe toddler in her arms and whilst men fell back on either side, stepped regally into the elastic sided monster and -- ohs yes, she got a seat, alright! But to get back to the bus: a large sign over the door read, "To seat 26;" When finally the driver had finished wrestling with his gears, the mob had piled outs and the sides had aettled back to thairzorwal -contours, a nuaoe7 +
--1:ow the soak behind the Ranger'​s Huts which will be handy for Harry Gaixabell and campers on the nearby flat. Pending erection of the main 2ence, steps are being taken to erect,a cattle fence round this soak. +
-Alex Colley'​s resignation as a Federation ​Delegate was accepted with regret and Ron Knightly elected as Delegate until 1st August next. Ron is now Federation Publicity Officer, in lieu of Horrie Salmon, who is resigning 'owing to pressure of business. +
-On 22nd. March, 'the Forestry Advisory Council is conducting a tree study walk at "The Island",​ National Park (near Scientists'​ Fit) All welcome, +
-The President stressed the importance of the rule that under no circumstances could a Sunday Walk be cancelled. If a leador finds it impossible2 to lead a Programme Sunday Walks a substitute leader MUST be found and the Walks Secretary advised. In other words "The Walk Must Be Ont" +
-On a fairly close vote it was decided to hold the Annual ​Reunion ​an our lease at Stockyard Creek, North tra. It was pointed out that we are paying good money to lease the land, so, shy not camp on +
-Bill Henley informed the meeting that the Annual Swimming Carnival was being swum at Cattai Creek, via Windsor, and a good time would be had by all. (It's now over -- see results of Championships +
-R.nlahere in this issue). +
-After Gwen Roots' trip to Frazer Park, many questions are being asked: Was it an Official Walk or an Official Bus-rideWi21 the Leader-repot on Prospectivess or Prospectives report on tha Leader? Did the TTogramme say 4 miles or 40? Was the Official train earlys or was half the official Party late? +
-Perhaps. the year's prize quip was heard on Marj Clarke'​s recent walk. A Prospective remarked, ​"I'M so glad that S.B.T. take walking so sensibly, and don't go racing away at an awful pace like Yell.A.Ii"​ Need I add that it was -not a test walk? +
-j.JOSTI BUSHWALKERS!::​ Sure thing,​ellers. Where? Who? Well of +
-:'​71-1717777117nYrE-Enow where -- they aolitt even know themselves. Who? Bob Younger and Key.. Ardills With Norma and Ghrista nos no dale-te. 'Key Ardill; he was on the right track. Imagine it: Bushwalkers bushed!. Ands of all places:, in Lake St. Clair Reserve, Tasmania. A: +
---countryside riddled with tracks, and these veterans of the Wild Dog s.f pathless jumble wr up on. the wrong moUntain! +
-12. +
-was written in mymental notebook: "52 plus 4 kids plus packsill"​ The, fellowing weekend, I noticed he had a new buss +
-And so. we came back to Sydney town. The weekend was wet (raining, I mean),. but we enjoyed it, However, there was one question which worried me when themob had drifted away from the camp-fire can you burn, bash and bury a bottle? +
-AT OUR FEBRUARY MEETINGS +
-Reported by+
  
-The February ​General Meeting opened with about 50 Nembers present, with President Jack Rose in the chair. +__Review of February ​8-9 1947.__
-Four new members were welcomed to the ranks, and after the customary cautions and handshaking were handed their Flannel Flower and Book of Golden Rules. By name: MINNETTA BOWLES, *" ALICE THOMAS, JOHN LENTON, and NORMAN THORNTON, Resignations were received from LANCE BRYANT, RUSSELL ROXBURGH and DON and BETTY GORDON, While our old friends CHARLES PRYDE and BILL KILNER were transferred to the Non-active list. +
-Wilbur '​Morris is reported now to be stationed in Tasmanian +
-It was announcecl..that an agreement had been reached whereby we are permitted to pay our rentfor the Era Camping +
-Lease on a-quarterly basis. of this, We were very grato-,- +
-ful to receive a donation of 2/2/- Coast and- Mountain Walkers towardsdefraying our expense in this mattor,. The right spirit! +
-On the motion of Edna Garrad, it was decfdjd to request the Federation to communicate with major airlines Deintiy. +
-, out that many walkers now travel interstate by air and asking that,​special attention be paid to the safe packing of rucksaolf,'​ - in luggage compartments. A complaint was received that a stool frame was found bent on arrival in Tasmania, A seriousTosition could arise from this cause, +
-ollowing an agitation over the presence of roving cattle, in Gar-rawarra Park, Dorothy Lawry announced that the Government had granted 50 towards purchase of material for construction of a cattleproof fence on the Northern boundary. (Over Christmas two tents were destroyed by the cattle and Ranger Campbell reports more stealing and fouling of campers tucker from the same sourco)t During the -v-ery altoo_ns:​eul Fodoration, _Reunion-a. wal,k_Waa-00=4,11.10te4+
  
 +Oh, boy! what a weekend! Rain? Did you say, "​Rain?"​ What rain? No, of course I didn't get wet. Okay,okay - you all know by now who the gossip writer is; or if you don't, you go damned near the truth in the scathing remarks you hurl at me each time a new issue goes on the mart. So I spent the weekend in a shack, did I? So what - was I the only one? And if I did, can I be blamed? Did I or did I not spend part of the weekend dishing out tea to wearisome walkers staggering down or up the hill? Oh, yes, I know - "But to spend the whole time... Because I forsook the dampness and inconvenience of being cooped up under japara on a weekend of water - well, is he not best qualified to comment who views happenings from the heights of unbiased detachment?
 +
 +So there was I, and there were you. And maybe you thought I didn't get round much? If not, did you enquire whose face was poked in front of the camera every time the "​Pix"​ chappie clicked the shutter? Sure thing; there I was, being photographed right and left at the slightest provocation.
 +
 +Did we have fun on Central! A special carriage on the 9.12 to Kiama, and me delegated to load it. Imagine my reaction; just imagine the shock to my brain - when I found that there was no 9.12 to Waterfall. Or, rather, there was, but it was first stop Austinmer. Panic! Organised, of course. An interview in the Station Master'​s office culminated in the consultation of a form some 3' x 2' and the verbal conclusion, "Nope, there'​s no special carriages reserved for any bushwalking mob on any trains to-day."​ This, mind you, when I was carrying an official letter of intro. to the S.M. (written on paper headed in letters 3/4" high, with a list of at least 20 clubs appended) assuring him of my willing help in filling the carriage he had so kindly set aside...! And now there was no 9.12 to Waterfall.
 +
 +Ah, but you can't keep a Bushwalker down. There'​s a way wherever there'​s a will; and there'​s a 9.20 down the line. Some folks resort to greasing the palm. But not me. A winsome look, a wry smile, and a pathetic tone of voice; just that, and the job's done. I went to the chappie on the gate, who passed me to the Head Porter, who in his turn pitched a pathetic tale to the Guard. And lo! when the 9.20 pulled in, there was a carriage marked "Not In Use", and the Head Porter whispering in my ear, "​That'​s for your mob, mate."
 +
 +At this juncture, I might digress, Railway employees came in for a lot of abuse. In this case, someone had blundered; it may have been me, or it may have been they. In any case, I should pay tribute to the four who showed me so much courtesy in the task of loading some 60 Bushwalkers on some train or other.
 +
 +But I forget! Here am I telling you all about what I did, when the scandal scout'​s real job is to tell you what you did.
 +
 +Anyhow, next came the bus to Governor Game. Those who stayed on the train, bound for Lilyvale, mouthed some cutting comment about, "​Bushwalkers,​ or bus-walkers?"​. We ignored them - they'd learn their lesson when they found all the beat camp sites taken.
 +
 +Arrived at "The Palms",​ I found that S.B.W. was, according to the map, scattered hither and yon. Principal group was up behind the Ranger'​s hut, which stood there in mute, unfinished tribute to the willing workers of our clan - to whose chosen spot I forthwith repaired. Tent stood on tent (almost, at any rate), but the only topic of conversation seemed to be, "Have you seen Billie Yet?" No, I had not - little knowing that she was even then reclining in a shack, sipping tea from a glass cup!
 +
 +Dorothy Lawry now armed herself with a shovel, to dig out a waterhole. Rainy days have their compensations:​ on Sunday, the S.B.W. Construction Co. went to town, dug a tank, and lined it with rocks!
 +
 +Camp-fire, Saturday night. S.B.W. arrived and settled in. Then more S.B.W. arrived. Then more S.B.W. - what? aren't they all here yet? No, Maurie and Tuggie are just leaving Lilyvale, and Peter Gracie and Betty Penfold won't arrive 'til 3.30 a.m.!
 +
 +A procession of flaming torches came down the hill, plunged their brands into the fire - and things were away. Singing, sketches fun and games; the rain held off, and the flames roared high. Flashes of brilliant light here and there told those "in the know" that "​Pix"​ was all about. My, how their faces beamed whenever those flashbulbs went off (little knowing that the photo was already taken!)
 +
 +The greatest revelation of the whole weekend was the bus which brought us home. Fair dinkum, folks, a bus with elastic sides! Walkers just kept going in and going in... you've no idea! Ah, but you should have seen the smooth system worked by Jean Harvey: she swept up the Eastoe toddler in her arms and, whilst men fell back on either side, stepped regally into the elastic sided monster and - oh, yes, she got a seat, alright! But to get back to the bus: a large sign over the door read, "To seat 26." When finally the driver had finished wrestling with his gears, the mob had piled out, and the sides had settled back to their normal contours, a number was written in my mental notebook: "52 plus 4 kids plus packs!!!"​ The following weekend, I noticed he had a new bus!
 +
 +And so we came back to Sydney town. The weekend was wet (raining, I mean), but we enjoyed it. However, there was one question which worried me when the mob had drifted away from the camp-fire: can you burn, bash and bury a bottle?
 +
 +----
 +
 +=====At Our February Meeting.=====
 +
 +Reported by Brian Harvey.
 +
 +The February General Meeting opened with about 50 members present, with President Jack Rose in the chair.
 +
 +Four new members were welcomed to the ranks, and after the customary cautions and handshaking were handed their Flannel Flower and Book of Golden Rules. By name: Minnetta Bowles, Alice Thomas, John Lenton, and Norman Thornton. Resignations were received from Lance Bryant, Russell Roxburgh and Don and Betty Gordon, while our old friends Charles Pryde and Bill Kilner were transferred to the Non-active list.
 +
 +Wilbur Morris is reported now to be stationed in Tasmania.
 +
 +It was announced that an agreement had been reached whereby we are permitted to pay our rent for the Era Camping Lease on a quarterly basis. Apropos of this, we were very grateful to receive a donation of £2/2/- from the Coast and Mountain Walkers towards defraying our expense in this matter. The right spirit!
 +
 +On the motion of Edna Garrad, it was decided to request the Federation to communicate with major airlines pointing out that many walkers now travel interstate by air and asking that special attention be paid to the safe packing of rucksacks in luggage compartments. A complaint was received that a steel frame was found bent on arrival in Tasmania. A serious position could arise from this cause.
 +
 +Following an agitation over the presence of roving cattle in Garrawarra Park, Dorothy Lawry announced that the Government had granted £50 towards purchase of material for construction of a cattleproof fence on the Northern boundary. (Over Christmas two tents were destroyed by the cattle and Ranger Campbell reports more stealing and fouling of campers'​ tucker from the same source). During the very successful Federation Reunion a well was constructed be1ow the soak behind the Ranger'​s Huts which will be handy for Harry Campbell and campers on the nearby flat. Pending erection of the main fence, steps are being taken to erect a cattle fence round this soak.
 +
 +Alex Colley'​s resignation as a Federation Delegate was accepted with regret and Ron Knightly elected as Delegate until 1st August next. Ron is now Federation Publicity Officer, in lieu of Horrie Salmon, who is resigning owing to pressure of business.
 +
 +On 22nd. March, the Forestry Advisory Council is conducting a tree study walk at "The Island",​ National Park (near Scientists'​ Hut). All welcome.
 +
 +The President stressed the importance of the rule that under no circumstances could a Sunday Walk be cancelled. If a leader finds it impossible to lead a Programme Sunday Walk, a substitute leader MUST be found and the Walks Secretary advised. In other words "The Walk Must Be On!"
 +
 +On a fairly close vote it was decided to hold the Annual Reunion an our lease at Stockyard Creek, North Era. It was pointed out that we are paying good money to lease the land - so, why not camp on it!
 +
 +Bill Henley informed the meeting that the Annual Swimming Carnival was being swum at Cattai Creek, via Windsor, and a good time would be had by all. (It's now over - see results of Championships elsewhere in this issue).
 +
 +----
 +
 +After Gwen Roots' trip to Frazer Park, many questions are being asked: Was it an Official Walk or an Official Bus-ride? Will the Leader report on Prospectives or Prospectives report on the Leader? Did the Programme say 4 miles or 40? Was the Official train early, or was half the official Party late?
 +
 +----
 +
 +Perhaps the year's prize quip was heard on Marj Clarke'​s recent walk. A Prospective remarked, "​I'​m so glad that S.B.W. take walking so sensibly, and don't go racing away at an awful pace like Y.H.A.!!"​ Need I add that it was not a test walk?
 +
 +----
 +
 +__Lost! Bushwalkers!!!__ Sure thing, fellers. Where? Who? Well of course, we don't know where - they don't even know themselves. Who? Bob Younger and Kev Ardill, with Norma and Christa - no, no! delete Kev Ardill; he was on the right track. Imagine it: Bushwalkers bushed! And, of all places, in Lake St. Clair Reserve, Tasmania. A countryside riddled with tracks, and these veterans of the Wild Dogs pathless jumble were up on the wrong mountain!
 +
 +----
194703.txt · Last modified: 2017/12/15 01:23 by tyreless