User Tools

Site Tools


193901

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
193901 [2016/01/06 06:23]
tyreless
193901 [2016/01/13 22:05] (current)
tyreless
Line 1: Line 1:
 =====The Sydney Bushwalker===== =====The Sydney Bushwalker=====
  
-A Monthly ​BulIetin ​devoted to matters of interest to The Sydney Bush Walkers, 5 Hamilton Street, Sydney+A Monthly ​Bulletin ​devoted to matters of interest to The Sydney Bush Walkers, 5 Hamilton Street, Sydney
  
 ====No.49 Price 3d. January 1939==== ====No.49 Price 3d. January 1939====
Line 48: Line 48:
 Now consider the Cox-Wollendilly-Warragamba System; certainly the headwaters of most of the tributaries rise in rugged enough country; but then the Cox-Wollondilly proceeds to flow through the comparatively open Burragorang Valley, with its level valley floor; after which, instead of settling down to a placid old age, it becomes the Warragamba and roars Debertishly through the steep, narrow gorge until it emerges from the mountains on to the plain again. Now consider the Cox-Wollendilly-Warragamba System; certainly the headwaters of most of the tributaries rise in rugged enough country; but then the Cox-Wollondilly proceeds to flow through the comparatively open Burragorang Valley, with its level valley floor; after which, instead of settling down to a placid old age, it becomes the Warragamba and roars Debertishly through the steep, narrow gorge until it emerges from the mountains on to the plain again.
  
-The explanation of this odd behaviour is that the rivers were there before the mountains; they were wandering across a plain very near sea-level when earth- movements caused the eastern portion to sink (some of it below the sea), but +The explanation of this odd behaviour is that the rivers were there before the mountains; they were wandering across a plain very near sea-level when earth- movements caused the eastern portion to sink (some of it below the sea), but raised the western section to about 3,500 ft. The chief bending of the rocks took place along a line through Glenbrook-Kurrajong,​ called the "Blue Mountain Monocline"​. As the land rose, the rivers became more rapid and cut nearly vertical gorges through it, keeping pace with the uplift. As the land was raised to a greater height in the west than in the east, the rivers, in the western part of their courses, were able to chop rapidly through the top layer of sandstone, and reach the softer shales underneath. The latter form much more gentle slopes, and are readily eroded, so that the more open valleys such as the Burragorang wore formed.
-raised the western section to about 3,500 ft. The chief bending of the rocks took place along a line through Glenbrook-Kurrajong,​ called the "Blue Mountain Monocline"​. As the land rose, the rivers became more rapid and cut nearly vertical gorges through it, keeping pace with the uplift. As the land was raised to a greater height in the west than in the east, the rivers, in the western part of their courses, were able to chop rapidly through the top layer of sandstone, and reach the softer shales underneath. The latter form much more gentle slopes, and are readily eroded, so that the more open valleys such as the Burragorang wore formed.+
  
-In the eastern part, along the Blue Mountain Monocline, the sandstone +In the eastern part, along the Blue Mountain Monocline, the sandstone layer was much thicker and extended well below sea-level. It is therefore in this area that the rivers have cut, and are still cutting, those deep trenches into the massive, rectangular-jointed sandstone, which we term "​Bottle-Neck Gorges"​.
-layer was much thicker and extended well below sea-level. It is therefore in this area that the rivers have cut, and are still cutting, those deep trenches into the massive, rectangular-jointed sandstone, which we term "​Bottle-Neck Gorges"​.+
  
 ---- ----
Line 86: Line 84:
 By Dorothy Lawry. By Dorothy Lawry.
  
-Different climatic conditions make big differences in "​bush"​ and bushcraft, and in the characters of clubs and their members. Often we growl and fail to realise that the conditions of our enjoyment are so easy that some folk might +Different climatic conditions make big differences in "​bush"​ and bushcraft, and in the characters of clubs and their members. Often we growl and fail to realise that the conditions of our enjoyment are so easy that some folk might say, "You don't know you are alive."​ This article is offered to show the reaction to their environment of some of our overseas "​cobbers"​.
-say, "You don't know you are alive."​ This article is offered to show the reaction to their environment of some of our overseas "​cobbers"​.+
  
 The climate of N.S.W. has led to the growth of fairly open bush, through which one can walk quite easily, and the comparative warmth of even winter nights makes camping an all the year habit of bushwalkers. The effect of these easy conditions on our characters was again demonstrated recently. Chas. Rolfe called for volunteers for a working-bee to divert a short section of track down part of Heathcote Creek. On the day arranged, one helper turned up!! It has been claimed that the S.B.W. is a walking club; it is certainly not a working club! The climate of N.S.W. has led to the growth of fairly open bush, through which one can walk quite easily, and the comparative warmth of even winter nights makes camping an all the year habit of bushwalkers. The effect of these easy conditions on our characters was again demonstrated recently. Chas. Rolfe called for volunteers for a working-bee to divert a short section of track down part of Heathcote Creek. On the day arranged, one helper turned up!! It has been claimed that the S.B.W. is a walking club; it is certainly not a working club!
Line 117: Line 114:
 The article continues: The article continues:
  
-"Here, beyond sound of machines, beyond sight and scent of civilization where only the groaning of glaciers, the song of the wind in the trees and the minor melodies of brooks can be heard, here Nature lovers can find perpetual sanctuary. +"Here, beyond sound of machines, beyond sight and scent of civilization where only the groaning of glaciers, the song of the wind in the trees and the minor melodies of brooks can be heard, here Nature lovers can find perpetual sanctuary. For the trail, almost throughout its length, is forever preserved from the contaminations of civilization. Only 260 miles lie outside the protecting embrace of national forests or national parks, and of these 150 are guarded by the forbidding sands of the Mojave desert.
-For the trail, almost throughout its length, is forever preserved from the contaminations of civilization. Only 260 miles lie outside the protecting embrace of national forests or national parks, and of these 150 are guarded by the forbidding sands of the Mojave desert.+
  
 "While the trail system, now officially designated as the Pacific Crest Trail System, included more than 4,000 miles of high mountain and remote wilderness trails, the shortest possible route from Canada to Mexico by the trunk trail itself is about 2,300 miles. Mileages in both cases cannot be exactly computed, because alternate trails are available along the route, especially in Washington, where the trail is not yet finally located through some of the wilder areas. "While the trail system, now officially designated as the Pacific Crest Trail System, included more than 4,000 miles of high mountain and remote wilderness trails, the shortest possible route from Canada to Mexico by the trunk trail itself is about 2,300 miles. Mileages in both cases cannot be exactly computed, because alternate trails are available along the route, especially in Washington, where the trail is not yet finally located through some of the wilder areas.
Line 176: Line 172:
 An interim report regarding "THE BUSH WALKER, NO.2" showed Revenue £54.18.7, Expenses £46,7.7, and surplus £8.11.0, with sales still going on. An interim report regarding "THE BUSH WALKER, NO.2" showed Revenue £54.18.7, Expenses £46,7.7, and surplus £8.11.0, with sales still going on.
  
-A report ​waS received from thE SEARCH & RESCUE SECTION, and Messrs, Rory Lofts, Wilbur Morris, And George Batty were co-opted to the Section.+A report ​was received from the SEARCH & RESCUE SECTION, and Messrs, Rory Lofts, Wilbur Morris, And George Batty were co-opted to the Section.
  
-The CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT moved by the S.B.W, was considEred ​and - after amendment to exclude Honorary Members from the computation of club membership - was adopted. As a result, the basis of representation on the Federation Council is now ---+The CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT moved by the S.B.W, was considered ​and - after amendment to exclude Honorary Members from the computation of club membership - was adopted. As a result, the basis of representation on the Federation Council is now ---
  
 |for Clubs of up to 75 members|2 delegates| |for Clubs of up to 75 members|2 delegates|
Line 208: Line 204:
 Our many photographers get a reward out of all proportion to their efforts. It seems a pity, however, that so many of the other possibilities of walking are neglected. For a fraction of the effort and at no cost at all (compared with the admittedly heavy cost of photography) walkers could acquire a good knowledge of one of the many branches of bush knowledge. How many of us know birds, beyond crows and kookaburras and half a dozen others? Yet we all must see and hear dozens of varieties on every walk - or we would if we only sat down and kept quiet occasionally. Our many photographers get a reward out of all proportion to their efforts. It seems a pity, however, that so many of the other possibilities of walking are neglected. For a fraction of the effort and at no cost at all (compared with the admittedly heavy cost of photography) walkers could acquire a good knowledge of one of the many branches of bush knowledge. How many of us know birds, beyond crows and kookaburras and half a dozen others? Yet we all must see and hear dozens of varieties on every walk - or we would if we only sat down and kept quiet occasionally.
  
-Most of Us lump trees into gums and wattles and leave it at that, yet it is claimed that the ehrubs ​and trees around Sydney are unique and of great interest to botanists throughout the world.+Most of Us lump trees into gums and wattles and leave it at that, yet it is claimed that the shrubs ​and trees around Sydney are unique and of great interest to botanists throughout the world.
  
 Which of us has seen a duck-billed platypus in his native haunts? He is one of the wonders of the world, and probably we have filled our billies within a few feet of his burrow. Which of us has seen a duck-billed platypus in his native haunts? He is one of the wonders of the world, and probably we have filled our billies within a few feet of his burrow.
Line 278: Line 274:
 The life cycle of the insect is full of interest. The eggs are deposited in cracks in branches and, on hatching, the baby cicada, which resembles a large flea, descends to the ground and immediately commences to tunnel into the earth with amazing vigor. On contacting a root, it forms a clay cell and, by thrusting its long probosis into the sap, obtains all its nourishment therefrom. The nymph, as it is termed, remains here (so far as is known) for a period of four to six years in Australia, whilst in America one species is known to occupy its underground home for seventeen years! The growth is slow, and the nymph sheds its shell several times to allow for increase in size. The life cycle of the insect is full of interest. The eggs are deposited in cracks in branches and, on hatching, the baby cicada, which resembles a large flea, descends to the ground and immediately commences to tunnel into the earth with amazing vigor. On contacting a root, it forms a clay cell and, by thrusting its long probosis into the sap, obtains all its nourishment therefrom. The nymph, as it is termed, remains here (so far as is known) for a period of four to six years in Australia, whilst in America one species is known to occupy its underground home for seventeen years! The growth is slow, and the nymph sheds its shell several times to allow for increase in size.
  
-At long last a restlessness pervades the insect, and it commences to ascend +At long last a restlessness pervades the insect, and it commences to ascend to the surface, where it awaits favourable climatic conditions, just beneath the top layer of earth, before emerging into the sunlight. These conditions fulfilled, we find a bleary-eyes,​ hunch-backed and muddy little fellow, like a gnome from the underworld. Making for the nearest tree, the cicada climbs a few feet and, digging its well-developed foreclaws into the bark, rests motionless for a while. Suddenly the tightly-stretched skin splits, and through the rent there emerges a green fleshy mass, which resolves itself into the perfect insect as it withdraws. Leaving the empty shell attached to the bark, it rests a few inches away and allows its wings to unfold. By next morning the wings are hardened, and away the cicada goes to join its brethren in the top branches.
-to the surface, where it awaits favourable climatic conditions, just beneath the top layer of earth, before emerging into the sunlight. These conditions fulfilled, we find a bleary-eyes,​ hunch-backed and muddy little fellow, like a gnome from the underworld. Making for the nearest tree, the cicada climbs a few feet and, digging its well-developed foreclaws into the bark, rests motionless for a while. Suddenly the tightly-stretched skin splits, and through the rent there emerges a green fleshy mass, which resolves itself into the perfect insect as it withdraws. Leaving the empty shell attached to the bark, it rests a few inches away and allows its wings to unfold. By next morning the wings are hardened, and away the cicada goes to join its brethren in the top branches.+
  
 Undoubtedly the most interesting fact is this - should the cicada be a male it will join in the chorus, whilst if a female (unlike bushwalkers of the same sex) it is dumb! Oh! What a boon! The song of the cicada is a love serenade. Shall we men live to see the day when it will become necessary for us to join in chorus around the camp-fire to attract our lady loves? I fear that, unless the present talent is improved, the bushwalkers then will be a vanishing race. Undoubtedly the most interesting fact is this - should the cicada be a male it will join in the chorus, whilst if a female (unlike bushwalkers of the same sex) it is dumb! Oh! What a boon! The song of the cicada is a love serenade. Shall we men live to see the day when it will become necessary for us to join in chorus around the camp-fire to attract our lady loves? I fear that, unless the present talent is improved, the bushwalkers then will be a vanishing race.
Line 287: Line 282:
 (County of Camden) (County of Camden)
  
-A large reserve for public recreation and preservation of native flora and fauna was gazetted on 2nd September,​1938. A total area of 45,000 acres includes +A large reserve for public recreation and preservation of native flora and fauna was gazetted on 2nd September,​1938. A total area of 45,000 acres includes the original Tallowa Primitive Reserve of 7,700 acres and the Yarrunga Valley - Fitzroy Falls existing reserve of about 3,500 acres. The net gain, therefore, is about 34,000 acres - an area somewhat larger than THE NATIONAL PARK. The fine new reserve is a substantial and welcome addition to the wildlife and bushaland conservation areas of the State.
-the original Tallowa Primitive Reserve of 7,700 acres and the Yarrunga Valley - Fitzroy Falls existing reserve of about 3,500 acres. The net gain, therefore, is about 34,000 acres - an area somewhat larger than THE NATIONAL PARK. The fine new reserve is a substantial and welcome addition to the wildlife and bushaland conservation areas of the State.+
  
 Other than the Tallowa and Yarrunga reserves, the additional areas include the greater part of Parish of Moollatoo (between Kangaroo River and Bugong Creek, and fronting onto Shoalhaven River), the southern half of Parish of Moryla, and a wide strip of Parish of Burrawang lying on the left-hand (eastern) side of lower Yarrunga Creek and continuous with the Yarrunga Valley reserve. Other than the Tallowa and Yarrunga reserves, the additional areas include the greater part of Parish of Moollatoo (between Kangaroo River and Bugong Creek, and fronting onto Shoalhaven River), the southern half of Parish of Moryla, and a wide strip of Parish of Burrawang lying on the left-hand (eastern) side of lower Yarrunga Creek and continuous with the Yarrunga Valley reserve.
Line 334: Line 328:
 Nancy Morgan of the Melbourne Women'​s Walking Club has been visiting Sydney, and was the guest of the S.B.W. at its December Meeting, and at its Christmas Party. We hope this slightly compensated her for missing her own club's Christmas party; and we hope the Melbourne Women had as much fun as the S.B.W. did. Nancy Morgan of the Melbourne Women'​s Walking Club has been visiting Sydney, and was the guest of the S.B.W. at its December Meeting, and at its Christmas Party. We hope this slightly compensated her for missing her own club's Christmas party; and we hope the Melbourne Women had as much fun as the S.B.W. did.
  
-Did someone tell Jack Thwaites of the Hobart Walking Club that "a change of work is as good as a holiday"?​ He has been Hon. Seeretary ​of the club for many years, but has now been elevated to the position of President. Congratulations,​ Jack, and lots of Good Camping!+Did someone tell Jack Thwaites of the Hobart Walking Club that "a change of work is as good as a holiday"?​ He has been Hon. Secretary ​of the club for many years, but has now been elevated to the position of President. Congratulations,​ Jack, and lots of Good Camping!
  
-We have just been brousing ​in the December issue of "Into The Blue", the C.M.W'​s quarterly. Twenty-five pages of entertainment and interest - and all produced by voluntary effort! Good work. Not that we do so badly ourselves, with fourteen pages per month, but we do enjoy reading the other fellow'​s magazine and learning what he and she have been doing, and thinking.+We have just been browsing ​in the December issue of "Into The Blue", the C.M.W'​s quarterly. Twenty-five pages of entertainment and interest - and all produced by voluntary effort! Good work. Not that we do so badly ourselves, with fourteen pages per month, but we do enjoy reading the other fellow'​s magazine and learning what he and she have been doing, and thinking.
  
 =====Our Social Diary For December===== =====Our Social Diary For December=====
Line 371: Line 365:
  
 ---- ----
- 
- 
193901.txt · Last modified: 2016/01/13 22:05 by tyreless