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193809 [2015/12/16 01:25]
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193809 [2016/01/11 23:56] (current)
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 ===== From Here, There, and Everywhere ===== ===== From Here, There, and Everywhere =====
  
-From "ALPINESPORT" for July,​1938,​which is the Journal of the ,​apine ​Sports Club of Luckland, N.Z.:-+From "__Alpinesport__" for July, 1938, which is the Journal of the Alpine ​Sports Club of Auckland, N.Z.:-
  
-"Our Treasurer has a snappy autograph, secure your specimen now" Those members of the S.B.W. who have not yet secured their specimens of Tom Moppett'​s autograph are reminded that the Committee has a snappy way of dealing with unfinancial menbers in the spring,and that all unpaid subscriptions are now six months overdue.+"Our Treasurer has a snappy autograph, secure your specimen now!!" Those members of the S.B.W. who have not yet secured their specimens of Tom Moppett'​s autograph are reminded that the Committee has a snappy way of dealing with unfinancial menbers ​(( [sic] )) in the spring, and that all unpaid subscriptions are now six months overdue.
  
-AP 1.71+----
  
-Extrct ​from a Circular of the FEDERATION OF VICTORIAN WALKING CLUBS which came to the S.B.W.through the Melbourne Women'​s Walking Club:-+Extract ​from a Circular of the __Federation of Victorian Walking Clubs__ ​which came to the S.B.W. through the Melbourne Women'​s Walking Club:-
  
-"​Following the construction of a log cabin for private use on Mt.Freezeout,​ 2 miles from MtSt.Bernard,​and on Crown Land,the Federation circularised public bodies and associations with a view to approaching the Minister of Lands and Forests on the matter of a long-range policy to lUationalise ​Victoria'​s Open Spaces'​ by means of appropriate reservations. The Minister has agreed to receive a deputation,​the basis of which is the following resolution:+"​Following the construction of a log cabin for private use on Mt. Freezeout, 2 miles from Mt. St. Bernard, and on Crown Land, the Federation circularised public bodies and associations with a view to approaching the Minister of Lands and Forests on the matter of a long-range policy to '​Rationalise ​Victoria'​s Open Spaces'​ by means of appropriate reservations. The Minister has agreed to receive a deputation, the basis of which is the following resolution:
  
-'That the Federation of Victorian Walking Clubs in view of the increasing tourist development which is being fostered by 'the present Government suggests that in order to rationalise.Victorie's open spaces for present and future needs, it would like to bring before the Government the desirability of permanently reserving the largest possible areas of mountainous' ​and forest country to preserve all types+'That the Federation of Victorian Walking Clubs in view of the increasing tourist development which is being fostered by the present Government suggests that in order to rationalise ​Victoria's open spaces for present and future needs, it would like to bring before the Government the desirability of permanently reserving the largest possible areas of mountainous and forest country to preserve all types of natural flora and fauna, and to classify such areas into two types, viz. __Primative Areas__, with tracks and open shelter huts only, and __Tourist Open Areas__, surrounding the former as far as possible, where roads, guest houses and a limited number of club and private huts or buildings would be allowed. To this end the Federation recommends the Minister of Lands and Forests to consider a sub-divisional plan which it desires to submit to him in due course for adoption or modification by the Government departments entrusted with giving effect to these proposals.'"​
  
-of natural flora and fauna, and to classify such areas into two types, viz. PRIMITIVE AREAS, with tracks and open shelter huts only, and TOURIST OREN AREAS, urrounding ​the former as far as possible, whore roads, guest houses and a limited number of club and private huts or buildings would be allowedTo this end the Federation recommends ​the Minister ​of Lands and' Forests to consider a sub-divisional plan which it desires to submit to him in due course for adoption or modification by the Govern-+The Circular then lists twentyfour outside bodies that are supporting ​the FederationWe are sure the Victoriens also have the good wishes ​of all Now South Wales bush walkers.
  
-.+----
  
-ment departments entrusted ​with giving effect to these proposals.'​"+Compare ​with the above extract the spirit shown by this one taken from the "__Bulletin__"​ of the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club for July, 1938. Happy are our American comrades! Of course, their country is 300 years older than ours,but we hope we may reach the same good understanding with the authorities in a lot loss time than that!
  
-The Circular them lists twentyfour outside bodies that are supporting the Federation. We are sure the Victoriens also have the good wises of all Now South Wales bush walkers+"​__Southwest Virginia Presents Its Compliments To The Hiking Enthusiasts.__\\  
- +By John W.McNair, Forest Supervisor, Jefferson National Forest.
-.--... +
- +
-Compare with the above extract the spirit shown by this one taken from the "​BULLETIN"​ of the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club for July,1938. Happy are our American comrades! Of course, their country is 300 years older than ours,but we hope we may reach the same good understanding with the authorities in c lot loss time than that +
- +
-"​SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA PRESENTS ITS COMPLIMENTS TO THE HIKING ENTHUSIASTS. ​By John W.McNair,​Forest Supervisor,​Jefferson National Forest.+
  
 "​Relatively new to National Forest ranks, but embracing territory long familiar to a small group of hiking fans - we give you Jefferson National Forest located in southwest Virginia. "​Relatively new to National Forest ranks, but embracing territory long familiar to a small group of hiking fans - we give you Jefferson National Forest located in southwest Virginia.
  
-"​Hiking is now definitely out of the '​must'​ class - men and women hike for the pure love of the exercise, the scenery, and the companionship of other enthusiasts or of the birds and the trees and the denizens ​of the forest. Some few people still like to walk on city streets,but more and more they are turning to the forested areas, which in turn are becoming more and more scarce within any reasonable distance of+"​Hiking is now definitely out of the '​must'​ class - men and women hike for the pure love of the exercise, the scenery, and the companionship of other enthusiasts or of the birds and the trees and the denizons ​of the forest. Some few people still like to walk on city streets, but more and more they are turning to the forested areas, which in turn are becoming more and more scarce within any reasonable distance of large population centres.
  
-9 large population centres.+"Such an area is offered in the JeffersonThere are many beautiful spots in the Forest for the use and enjoyment of the public. The Forest asks only in return that the hiker be careful with the greatest enemy of the woods - __Fire__"​ 
 +. . . . . . . . . . . . "
  
-"Such an area is offered in the Jefferson. There are many beautiful spots in the Forest for the use and enjoyment of the public. The Forest asks only in return that the hiker be careful with the greatest enemy of the woods FIRE"+----
  
-Contour lines+[Sketch](( NB: Sketch on page 5 of PDF refered to in "Map and Compass"​ article. http://​sbw.ozultimate.com/​1938/​193809.pdf#​5 ))
  
-+----
- +
-MhP AND COMPASS+
  
 +===== Map and Compass =====
 by H. J. Chardon. by H. J. Chardon.
  
 Probably no two items of equipment are shrouded in eo much mystery as the map and the compass. This is a great pity because, intelligently handled, they cease to be just two articles which one carries to save one's face should the necessity arise to unpack under the eagle eyes of one or more of the "old hands"​. Probably no two items of equipment are shrouded in eo much mystery as the map and the compass. This is a great pity because, intelligently handled, they cease to be just two articles which one carries to save one's face should the necessity arise to unpack under the eagle eyes of one or more of the "old hands"​.
  
-COMPLETE ​knowledge of the use of map and compass is something acquired only by years of patient study and practice, and is only possessed by a very few of our members. ​A WORKING KNOWLEDGE ​of the underlying principles may, however, be obtained in a very few hours by anyone really ​inberested, and once these principles have been fully maStered ​they will never be forgotten.+__Complete__ ​knowledge of the use of map and compass is something acquired only by years of patient study and practice, and is only possessed by a very few of our members. ​__A Working Knowledge__ ​of the underlying principles may, however, be obtained in a very few hours by anyone really ​interested, and once these principles have been fully mastered ​they will never be forgotten.
  
-So much for the preamble. Now let us get down to business, and consider first of all THE MAP.+So much for the preamble. Now let us get down to business, and consider first of all __The Map__.
  
 Maps are aerial pictures of the country, drawn to scale, on which the various topographical features such as mountains, streams, lakes, and the like are represented by conventional signs. There are three main types of map which are in general use by bushwalkers. They are:- Maps are aerial pictures of the country, drawn to scale, on which the various topographical features such as mountains, streams, lakes, and the like are represented by conventional signs. There are three main types of map which are in general use by bushwalkers. They are:-
  
-(1) Military Maps +(1) Military Maps\\  
- +(2) Tourist Maps\\  
-(2) Tourist Maps +(3) Lands Department ​Maps.
- +
-(3) Lands Departmsnt ​Maps+
- +
-Military maps are printsd for use by the army and possess a wealth of accurate detail not possessed by either of the other two classes. They are, without doubt, the finest examples of map-making to be seen in Australia, and are eminently suited +
- +
-to the purposes of bushwalking. The chief difference between this type of map and the Others lies in the method adopted in showing hill features. This is done with great accuracy by means of contour lines. These are lines drawn on the surface of the map (usually in red) linking all points of the same height above sea-level, the height in feet being printed in at intervals along the lines. The accompanying sketch will serve to illustrate the use of contours far better than any written description. +
- +
-All tho rest of the conventional signs are clearly shown in the margin, and should be carefully studied so that they may be recognised when seen on the map. The +
- +
-squares into which the map is divided may be completely ignored as they are only used +
- +
-for reference purposes when it is necessary to describe a point on the map in a written report. +
- +
-Tourist maps are the next in order of usefulness, and are fairly easy to under- +
- +
-stand. Conventional signs are also listed in the margin, and should be carefully +
- +
-studied before using the map.+
  
-Unfortunatelyit is impossible ​to secure either Military Maps or Tourist Maps+Military maps are printed for use by the army and possess a wealth of accurate detail not possessed by either of the other two classes. They arewithout doubt, the finest examples of map-making to be seen in Australia, and are eminently suited to the purposes of bushwalking. The chief difference between this type of map and the others lies in the method adopted in showing hill features. This is done with great accuracy by means of contour lines. These are lines drawn on the surface of the map (usually in red) linking all points of the same height above sea-level, the height in feet being printed in at intervals along the lines. The accompanying sketch (( Sketch on page 5 of PDF. http://​sbw.ozultimate.com/​1938/​193809.pdf#​5 )) will serve to illustrate the use of contours far better than any written description.
  
-of r suitable scale for use in certain sections of New South WalesThis brings us to+All the rest of the conventional signs are clearly shown in the margin, and should be carefully studied so that they may be recognised when seen on the mapThe squares into which the map is divided may be completely ignored as they are only used for reference purposes when it is necessary ​to describe a point on the map in a written report.
  
-the third class of maps, thobe issued by the Lands Department, The State of New South Wales is divided into large tracts of country called Land Board Districts, maps of which may be obtained, but which are of too small a scale to bd of much i practical use. They form, however* a very useful index to the next smaller divisions, the counties. County maps are Very useful, although the sdale is still a bit on the small side. Their chief advantage lies in the fact that one map will probably be all that is required for a trip, and will provide information regarding landmarks in the surrounding country. County Maps are in turn divided into Parish Maps, which are usually drawn to a scale of 2 inches to one mile, and are of a fairly ​convenient size to handleIn addition to the County and Parish Mapsit is possible to obtain Shire Maps. Shire Maps are of a fairly convenient scale and size, and very often give portions of two or more counties.+Tourist ​maps are the next in order of usefulness, and are fairly ​easy to understandConventional signs are also listed in the margin, and should be carefully studied before using the map.
  
-It might be as well at this stage to give word of warning with regard ​to L:nds Department ​MapsThese maps are drawn solely ​to know the position ​of privately-owned+Unfortunately,​ it is impossible ​to secure either Military Maps or Tourist Maps of suitable scale for use in certain sections ​of New South Wales. This brings us to the third class of maps, those issued by the Lands Department. ​The State of New South Wales is divided into large tracts of country called Land Board Districts, ​maps of which may be obtained, but which are of too small a scale to be of much practical use. They form, however, a very useful index to the next smaller divisions, the counties. County maps are very useful, although the scale is still a bit on the small side. Their chief advantage lies in the fact that one map will probably be all that is required for a trip, and will provide information regarding landmarks in the surrounding country. County Maps are in turn divided into Parish Maps, which are usually ​drawn to a scale of 2 inches to one mile, and are of a fairly convenient size to handle. In addition to the County and Parish Maps, it is possible to obtain Shire Maps. Shire Maps are of a fairly convenient scale and size, and very often give portions of two or more counties.
  
-land, reserves, leases, etc., and topographical information is only of secondary importance; consequently,​ where a river, range or creek forma a boundary between land holdings, it is shown in great detail and with accuracy. If, however, a typographical feature does not form a boundary, it may not be shown at all, or, if shown, it may be just sketched in from very rough observations made by the surveyors. Due allowance must always be mado in these cases.+It might be as well at this stage to give a word of warning with regard to Lands Department Maps. These maps are drawn solely to know the position of privately-owned ​land, reserves, leases, etc., and topographical information is only of secondary importance; consequently,​ where a river, range or creek forma (( [sic] )) a boundary between land holdings, it is shown in great detail and with accuracy. If, however, a typographical feature does not form a boundary, it may not be shown at all, or, if shown, it may be just sketched in from very rough observations made by the surveyors. Due allowance must always be mado in these cases.
  
 So much for the various types of map in general use. Now for a few general considerations which apply to all maps. So much for the various types of map in general use. Now for a few general considerations which apply to all maps.
  
-On glancing at a map, one of the first things that strikes ​Pne is a number of little black triangles scattered here and there, with the word "​Trig."​ and the height in feet above sea level. The word "​Trig."​ is the recognised abbreviation+On glancing at a map, one of the first things that strikes ​one is a number of little black triangles scattered here and there, with the word "​Trig."​ and the height in feet above sea level. The word "​Trig."​ is the recognised abbreviation ​of Trigonometrical Station, and represents a point fixed with the most meticulous care by the surveyors both as regards position and height. Trigs. are usually situated on prominent hills and marked by means of a cairn of stones with, or without, a pole and disc. Tho whole of the subsequent survey of the country is based on these Trig. Stations, consequently,​ no matter how many inaccuracies may be found in the topographical information shown on the map, the Trig. Station is __never__ wrong.
  
-of Trigonometrical Station, and represents ​point fixed with the most meticulous care+The scale of a map is always shown somewhere on the face of the map, or in the margin. This should always be studied prior to using a map, and a mental picture made of the scale length of one mile. If any difficulty is experienced in estimating distance by eye, a small twig should be broken off to represent, say, five or six miles and used as, a rough measure.
  
-by the surveyors both as rogards position and height. Trigs. are usually situated ​on prominent hills and marked by means of a cairn of stones 'with, or withouta pole and discTho whole of the subsequent survey ​of the country ​is based on these TrigStationsconsequentlyno matter how many inaccuracies may bo found in the topographical information shown on the map, the TrigStation ​is never wrong.+The north point is also shown on all maps, and should be consulted at the same time as the scaleIt is usual to have the sides of the map running north and south, but this is not, an inflexible ruleAt this stage it will be noticed that there are two north points -- the true northwhichas the name implies, is the direction ​in which the north pole lies; and the Magnetic Northwhich id slightly to the east of True North in New South Wales, and is the direction in which a magnetic compass needle will always pointThe latter ​is the one which is always used when '​working"​ with a magnetic compass, true north being ignored.
  
-The scale of r map is always shown somewhere on the face of the map, or in the+__The Compass__ :- The dozens ​of types of compass may be conveniently divided into twomain classes, those which are to be used only to obtain direction, and those which are fitted with more or less complete systems of sighting vanes to enable bearings to be read directly from a card or metal disc attached to the needle. For the purpose of this course, we may disregard the latter class of instrument and concentrate on the essential requirements for the first.
  
-margin. This should ​always be studied prior to using a map, and a mental picture made+A simple compass ​should ​possess the following:-
  
-of the scale length ​of one mile. If any difficulty is experienced ​in estimating distance ​by eye, ,a small twig should be broken ​off to representsay, five or six miles and used as, a rough meaSuree+(1) Circular case with glass top, bottom divided into points ​of the mariner'​s compass,\\  
 +(2) Steel pivot with sharp point securely fastened into the centre ​of the bottom of the case,\\  
 +(3) Needle with jewelled bearing ​in the centre, supported ​by the pivoton which it should swing quite freely. North point of needle ​should be clearly marked.\\  
 +(4) Some type of mechanism for raising the needle ​off the pivot when not in useotherwise the surface of the jewel will become pitted ​and useless.
  
- The north poi4 is also-shown on all maps, and should be consulted at the same time as the scale. ​,,It is usual to-haveithe sideS of the map running north and southbut this is nO-6,an inflexible,​ru19Q*Attllis%stage it:will be noticed that there are two north points -- the true north, ,which, as the name implies, is the direction ​in which the north polo lies; ,and tho. Mhgnotic North, wh ch'id slig1tlyt6the east of True North in New South Wales,..and is the direction in which magnetic compass needle Will always point. The latter is the one Which isialways used when 'working"​ with a magnetic compass, true north being ignored:%1+In using the compass, several considerations must be kept in mind. The compass ​is a very sensitive instrument, and is easily affected by the presence of iron. Such things ​as steel rucksack framesiron belt-bucklesor even iron wire fences, will cause a considerable error in the results obtained with a compasswhile another compass ​in the vicinity will make sensitive instrument do all manner of things it shouldn't do.
  
-:2.+__Use Of Map And Compass__:- The foregoing will serve as a very general description of and introduction to the work which is to follow.
  
-THE COMPASS :- The dozens of typos of compass ​may be conveniently divided into twomain classes, those which are to be used only to obtain direction, and those which are fitted with more or less complete systems ​of sighting vanes to enable bearings to be read directly from a card or metal disc attached to the needle. ​For the purpose of this coursewe may disregard ​the latter class of instrument and concentrate on the essential requirements for the first.+In handling a map and a compass, ​the first thing to do is to open the map out on the ground, place the compass on the line indicating Magnetic North, and turn the map round until the Magnetic North of the map is pointing in the same direction as the compass ​needle. ​This procedure is termed "​orienting ​the map"; in other wordsplacing ​the map in such a position that all the surrounding country is in the same relative position as shown on the map.
  
-A simple compass should possess the folloming:​- +Next, provide a length of straight twig about one foot or eighteen inches in length and lay it on the map to act as a sighting-rod or pointed ​(( [sic] pointer? )).
- +
-(1) Circular case with glass toplbottom divided into points of the mariner'​s compass, +
- +
-(2) Steel pivot with sharp point securely fastened into the centre of the bottom of the case, +
- +
-(3) Noodle with jewelled bearing in the centre, supported by the pivot, on which it +
- +
-should swing quite freely. North point of noodle should be clearly marked. +
- +
-(4) Some type of mechanism for raising the noodle off the pivot when not in use, +
- +
-otherwise the surface of the jewel will become pitted and useless. +
- +
-In using the compass, several considerations must be kept in mind. The compass is a very sensitive instrument, and is easily affected by the presence of iron. Such things as steel rucksack frames, iron belt-buckles,​ or oven iron wire fences, will +
- +
-cause a considerable error in the results obtained with a compass, while another compass in the vicinity will make a sensitive instrument do all manner of things it shouldn'​t do. +
- +
-USE OF MAP AND COMPASS:- The foregoing will serve as a very general description of and introduction to the work which is to follow. +
- +
-In handling a map and a compass, the first thing to do is to open the map out on the ground, place the compass on the line indicating Magnetic North, and turn the map round until the Magnetic North of the map is pointing in the same direction as the compass needle. This procedure is termed "​orienting the map", in other words, placing the map in such a position that all the surrounding country is in the same relative position as shown on the map. +
- +
-Next, provide a length of straight twig about one foot or eighteen inches in length and lay it on the map to act as a sighting-rod or pointed.+
  
 If one's position is known, find the point on the map and mark it with a pencil cross. Then, pivoting the stick on this cross, swing it round until it is pointing towards some clearly defined landmark; then look on the map along the edge of the stick and try to pick out the place in question. This can often be made easier by estimating the distance to the landmark and scaling the distance off along the stick from the pencil cross. Another method is by counting the number of ridges between the two points and comparing this with the map. Repeat this with several other landmarks, and then the minor features will be easily recognisable without the use of the stick. It is always a good plan to stop on some elevated position when resting and so get a good idea of the surrounding country before going on. If one's position is known, find the point on the map and mark it with a pencil cross. Then, pivoting the stick on this cross, swing it round until it is pointing towards some clearly defined landmark; then look on the map along the edge of the stick and try to pick out the place in question. This can often be made easier by estimating the distance to the landmark and scaling the distance off along the stick from the pencil cross. Another method is by counting the number of ridges between the two points and comparing this with the map. Repeat this with several other landmarks, and then the minor features will be easily recognisable without the use of the stick. It is always a good plan to stop on some elevated position when resting and so get a good idea of the surrounding country before going on.
  
-If your position is uncertain, look around and see if any of the previously located landmarks can be seen; if so, mark thom with crosses. Again pivoting the stick on each cross in turn, point it at the landmark in question, and draw a light pencil line back from the cross towards whore you are standing. The point of intersection of two or more of such lines will be your position. Check this by sighting new landmarks as in the previous paragraph, and, if possible, locate points which will be of use in further observations.+If your position is uncertain, look around and see if any of the previously located landmarks can be seen; if so, mark them with crosses. Again pivoting the stick on each cross in turn, point it at the landmark in question, and draw a light pencil line back from the cross towards whore you are standing. The point of intersection of two or more of such lines will be your position. Check this by sighting new landmarks as in the previous paragraph, and, if possible, locate points which will be of use in further observations.
  
 In following rivers it is of the utmost importance to mark off on the map all bends and junctions passed. Endeavour to estimate accurately the rate of travel in miles per hour, and don't be surprised if it works out around one and one half to two. In ticking off the bends, do not be content with an estimate of the bearing, lay the map down and do the job properly. Never miss the opportunity to use the piece of stick on a landmark should one be seen. In following rivers it is of the utmost importance to mark off on the map all bends and junctions passed. Endeavour to estimate accurately the rate of travel in miles per hour, and don't be surprised if it works out around one and one half to two. In ticking off the bends, do not be content with an estimate of the bearing, lay the map down and do the job properly. Never miss the opportunity to use the piece of stick on a landmark should one be seen.
  
-Ranges and roads fall under the one heading as most of our roads follow the ranges. The same principles apply to ranges as to riverstexcept ​that more opportunities will present themselves to tie up to known landmarks in the way previously described. +Ranges and roads fall under the one heading as most of our roads follow the ranges. The same principles apply to ranges as to rivers, except ​that more opportunities will present themselves to tie up to known landmarks in the way previously described.
- +
-Walking on a compass course is a very simple matter if the sun is shining. Merely turn your face in the direction in which you wish t9 go according to the compass, note the angle of your shadowland keep your shadow in the same position. Check up every half hour at least as the sun shifts, and consequently your shadow will be in a different direction. If the sun is not shining, keep the compass in your hand and look at it occasionally,​noting some distinctive tree or rock in the distance which you can use as a guide. In very misty or rainy weather, or at night, remain in camp if possible,​but if you must push on, do so with the utmost care as the only guides you will have will be your compass for directiontand your estimate of speed for distance covered2the latter being very difficult to gauge. +
- +
-So much for the map and the compass. If the foregoing principles are mastered, these become guide,​philosopher and friend to any who may have become a trifle "​slowed"​ in th, wilds. +
- +
-A few last words will suffice to provide against the human element,​which is so often at fault. +
- +
-See that your compass needle is awinging freely. Avoid iron or other compasses in the vicinity of the compass in use. Believe the compass. Don't convince yourself+
  
-that the map is ALL wrong; surveyors are not foolsCheck your observations ​in every+Walking on a compass course is a very simple matter if the sun is shiningMerely turn your face in the direction in which you wish to go according to the compass, note the angle of your shadow, and keep your shadow in the same position. Check up every half hour at least as the sun shifts, and consequently your shadow will be in a different direction. If the sun is not shining, keep the compass in your hand and look at it occasionally,​ noting some distinctive tree or rock in the distance which you can use as a guide. In very misty or rainy weather, or at night, remain in camp if possible, but if you must push on, do so with the utmost care as the only guides you will have will be your compass for direction, and your estimate of speed for distance covered, the latter being very difficult to gauge.
  
-0+So much for the map and the compass. If the foregoing principles are mastered, these become guide, philosopher and friend to any who may have become a trifle "​slewed"​ in the wilds.
  
-possible way. Don't be afraid ​to admit a mistake. Always remember that "being lost" ​is purely a state of mind.+A few last words will suffice ​to provide against the human element, which is so often at fault.
  
-CLUB GOSSIP,+See that your compass needle is swinging freely. Avoid iron or other compasses in the vicinity of the compass in use. Believe the compass. Don't convince yourself that the map is __all__ wrong; surveyors are not fools. Check your observations in every possible way. Don't be afraid to admit a mistake. Always remember that "being lost" is purely a state of mind.
  
 +===== Club Gossip. =====
 by "​Sunlight"​ by "​Sunlight"​
  
-The Concert Committee has decided to hold this year's entertainment at the Castlecrag Openair Theatre in November, and is now very busy arranging+The Concert Committee has decided to hold this year's entertainment at the Castlecrag Openair Theatre in November, and is now very busy arranging ​the programme. Soon rehearsals will be in full swing. Already two "​choirs"​ are practising, with rumours of a third to be.
  
-the programmeSoon rehearsals will be in full swingAlready ​two "​choirs"​+Various Annual Meetings have been taking place recently. Tom Herbert was re-elected President of the Federation; Jock Kaske has taken - Wilbur Morris'​s place as President of the River Canoe Club of N.S.W.; and the C.M.W. also have a new President ​in the person of Jack BensonOf course, various other office-bearers have also been changed; in fact, one might almost start a new game by congratulating anyone one meets, and then trying to find out why the congratulations are accepted, what the position is, and in which club! But you might get mixed - there were two engagements announced at the Bushwalkers Ball, none of the parties belong to the S.B.W. though.
  
-are practisingwith rumours ​of a third to be.+The Thorsens - Vic.Fannie, and Baby Frances - have been holidaying in Brisbane recently. Through not wanting to "​impose"​ on them, they __nearly__ got into the bad books of The Rootses, As Phil writes: "We should have been terribly disappointed if they had failed ​to get in touch with us. Please, Bushwalkers,​ remember this, Bushwalkers never come to Brisbane without visiting the '​Rootses',​ it just isn't done."
  
-Various Annual Meetings have been taking place recently. Tom Herbert was re,'-elected President of the Federation; Jock Kaske has taken -kvilbur+----
  
-Morris'​s place as President of the River Canoe Club of H.S..; and the C.M.W.+===== 6-Hour Day =====
  
-also have a new President in the person of Jack BensonOf course, various other office-bearers have also been changed, in fact, one might almost start+The walkers calendar news from one long week-end to the next.
  
-a new game by congratulating anyone one meetsand then trying to find out why the congratulations are acceptedwhclt the positioL, is, and inwhiCh club!+Anniversary DayEasterBank Holiday (for the lucky who pass their time in banks) ​and now Six-Hour Day.
  
-But you might get mixed there were two engagements ahnounced at the 6ushwalkers Ball, none of the parties belong ​to the though.+Maps are being scanned, and food lists prepared ​and what about your gear. Is it ready for the trip? Have a look over it and fetch your repairs and renewals ​to "​Paddy"​ in good time. His workroom will be three feet deep in the last week before ​the holiday.
  
-The Thorsens - Vic., Fannie, and Baby Frances - have been holidaying in Brisbane recently. Through not wanting to "​impose"​ on them, they 1.2...early. got into the bad books of The Rootses, As Phil writes: "We should have been+__Pity Poor Paddy__
  
-terribly disappointed if they had failed to get in touch with usPlease,+and let him have orders and repairs ​in good time.
  
-Bushwalkers,​ remember this, Bushwalkers never come to Brisbane without visiting the IRootsest, it just isn't done."+| Phone B3101 | FA. Pallin\\ 327 George Street\\ __Sydney__ Opp. Palings.|
  
-6-HOUR DAY 
  
-The walkers calendar news from one long week-end to the next.+===== Re-Unions For The Young ===== 
 +By K.M.
  
-Anniversary Day, Easter, Bank Holiday (for the lucky who pass their time in banks) and now Six-Hour Day.+"Of course you're coming to the Re-union camp tomorrow"​ said George.
  
-Maps are being scanned, and food lists prepared -.. and what about your gear. Is it ready for the trip? Have a look over it and fetch your repairs and renewals ​to "​Paddy"​ in good time. His workroom will be three feet deep in the last week before ​the holiday.+Rabbit shifted uneasily from one foot to the other.
  
-PITY POOR PADDY and let him have orders ​and repairs in good time.+"As a m-matter of fact" he said "​I'​m afraid I c-cant. The wife's arranged to go away this week-end ​and I p-promised to look after the Nipper."
  
-'PHONE B3101 FAPALLIN+"Bless you, that doesn't make any difference!"​ said George enthusiastically"Bring him with you - lots of the members bring their youngsters along."
  
-327 GEORGE STREET SYDNEY OPP.PALINGS.+"​C-could I?" said Rabbit doubtfully.
  
-RE-UNIONS FOR THE YOUNG by K.M. +"Of course, said George. "​Nothing simpler. And nothing better. What healthier ​way could a child spend the week-end ​than sleeping in the pure air of the Bush, bathing in nature'​s streams, drinking in the - the -".
- +
-"Of course you re coming to the Re,-union camp tomorrow"​ said George. Rabbit shifted uneasily from one foot to the other. +
- +
-"As a m-matter of fact" he said "​I'​m afraid I c-cant. The wife's arranged to +
- +
-go away thiS week-end and I p-promised to look after the Nipper."​ +
- +
-"Bless you, that doesn'​t make any difference:"​ said George enthusiastically. "Bring him with you ... lots of the members bring their youngsters along."​ "​C-could I?" said Rabbit doubtfully. +
- +
-"Of course, said George. "​Nothing simpler. And nothing better. What healthier ​*ay could a child spend the Weekend ​than sleeping in the pure air of the Bush, bathing in nature'​s streams, drinking in the - the+
  
 "He drinks m -milk" said Rabbit helpfully. "He drinks m -milk" said Rabbit helpfully.
  
-"​Naturally"​ said George. "I was speaking metaphorically. To tell you the truth" - he waxed confidential - "we are very keen on fostering the Youth Movement. You +"​Naturally"​ said George. "I was speaking metaphorically. To tell you the truth" - he waxed confidential - "we are very keen on fostering the Youth Movement. You know - Bushwalking from Birth - Camping from the Cradle - we're going to have a discussion ​on the subject round the campfire to-morrow night. Our conviction is that you can't begin training them too young. By the wayhow old is the Nipper?"​
- +
-know - Bushwalking from Birth - Camping from the Cradle - we're going to have a diScussion ​on the subject round the campfire to-morrow night. Our conviction is that you can't begin training them too young. By the wayhow old is the Nipper?"​+
  
 "Two. And three months"​ added Rabbit honestly "Two. And three months"​ added Rabbit honestly
Line 302: Line 241:
 "​Splendid"​ said George. "​Couldn'​t be better. Just the age when the child-mind is most receptive. That's settled - bring him along."​ "​Splendid"​ said George. "​Couldn'​t be better. Just the age when the child-mind is most receptive. That's settled - bring him along."​
  
-Saturday afternoon then, saw Rabbit trundling down the track to Morella Karong, reflecting a little peevishly that children didn't seem to know what fatigue was.+----
  
-It wag a stifling day, but the Nipper gambolled ahead, quite undismayed by the heat.+Saturday afternoon then, saw Rabbit trundling down the track to Morella Karong, reflecting a little peevishly that children didn't seem to know what fatigue was. It wag a stifling day, but the Nipper gambolled ahead, quite undismayed by the heat.
  
 They came at last to the grassy slope where tents of many hues, shapes and sizes were already set up. They came at last to the grassy slope where tents of many hues, shapes and sizes were already set up.
Line 312: Line 251:
 The Nipper, sighting others of his own years, trotted off happily. Rabbit saw him safely occupied for the moment and retired to his tent to don his bathers. The Nipper, sighting others of his own years, trotted off happily. Rabbit saw him safely occupied for the moment and retired to his tent to don his bathers.
  
-It seemed but a second later that he heard a contented chuckle, and his offspring'​s voice murmuring. "Pitty pitty - 'ook Daddy!"​+It seemed but a second later that he heard a contented chuckle, and his offspring'​s voice murmuring. "​Pitty ​pitty - 'ook Daddy!"​
  
-Rabbit, crouching on one leg like a Russian dancer, was endeavouring to thrust his other foot into his bathing trunks. He cocked his eye to the aperture in the tent-flapolhat ​he saw there drew from him a blp9d-curdling yell.+Rabbit, crouching on one leg like a Russian dancer, was endeavouring to thrust his other foot into his bathing trunks. He cocked his eye to the aperture in the tent-flap. What he saw there drew from him a blood-curdling yell.
  
-A few feet away stood the Nipper, with a wriggling snake aped round his neck and its head and tail grasped in his chubby hands. To Rabbit'​s credit be it said that neither fear nor modesty stayed him one instant. Like a naked sword from its sheath he flashed forth to the rescue of his child. It was perhaps fortunate that he tripped on a tent-rope and gave some bystanders time to pin him down.+A few feet away stood the Nipper, with a wriggling snake draped ​round his neck and its head and tail grasped in his chubby hands. To Rabbit'​s credit be it said that neither fear nor modesty stayed him one instant. Like a naked sword from its sheath he flashed forth to the rescue of his child. It was perhaps fortunate that he tripped on a tent-rope and gave some bystanders time to pin him down.
  
-"Are you m-mad?"​ he gibbered at them. "The snake - take it off him - he'll be killed - his m-mother will never forgive ​met"+"Are you m-mad?"​ he gibbered at them. "The snake - take it off him - he'll be killed - his m-mother will never forgive ​me!"
  
 "Calm yourself, Rabbit old boy" said George. "​Don'​t you know that that's Dave's pet snake? It's perfectly harmless"​ and he rose from his perch on Rabbit'​s chest. "Calm yourself, Rabbit old boy" said George. "​Don'​t you know that that's Dave's pet snake? It's perfectly harmless"​ and he rose from his perch on Rabbit'​s chest.
  
-Rabbit picked a few hakea needles from the tenderer portions of his anatomy,and crept dispiritedly back into his tent. This week-end wasn't going to be quite what he had hoped.+Rabbit picked a few hakea needles from the tenderer portions of his anatomy, and crept dispiritedly back into his tent. This week-end wasn't going to be quite what he had hoped.
  
-The evening meal passed off successfully,​ and Rabbit felt a little better. Tasty food, gay companionship,​ the smoke of peaceful fires: this was the lirpthought+---- 
 +[NB Cartoon "You Can't Begin Training Them Too Young" on page 11 of the PDF. http://​sbw.ozultimate.com/​1938/​193809.pdf#​11 ] 
 +----
  
- +The evening meal passed off successfully,​ and Rabbit felt a little better. Tasty food, gay companionship,​ the smoke of peaceful fires: this was the life thought Rabbit. Towards eight o'​clock the company, armed with groundsheets,​ torches, and mugs for supper, moved off along the trail to the site of that great annual event, the Re-union Campfire.
  
-- 10-+"​Aren'​t you coming, Rabbit?"​ said George, seeing him seated impassive by his tent door.
  
-Rabbit. Towards eight o'​clock the company, armed with groundshects,​torches,​ and mugs for supper, moved off along the trail to the site of that great annual event, the Re-union Campfire. +"No - I'll stay here and m-mind the Nipper" said Rabbit a little wistfully.
- +
-'​.Aren'​t you coming, Rabbit?"​ said George, se:Ang him seated impassive by his tent door. +
- +
-"No - I'll stay here and m-mind the Hipper" said Rabbit a little wistfully.+
  
 "​Goodness,​ man, no need to do that - didn't the girls tell you they'​ve got a tent put up specially to house the babies, just a little way from the campfire? He'll be right as rain there. Hurry up - you'll be late. "​Goodness,​ man, no need to do that - didn't the girls tell you they'​ve got a tent put up specially to house the babies, just a little way from the campfire? He'll be right as rain there. Hurry up - you'll be late.
Line 342: Line 279:
 Torches fore and aft lighted the path, and it was not until some distance had been traversed that Rabbit found his own torch had been forgotten. Torches fore and aft lighted the path, and it was not until some distance had been traversed that Rabbit found his own torch had been forgotten.
  
-"No matter"​ he thought: "​we'​ll ​'​.11 ​be coming back together."​+"No matter"​ he thought: "​we'​ll ​a11 be coming back together."​
  
-A quarter of a mile from camp, they come to an open space where two enormous stacks of wood had been piled. Rabbit had barely time to settle the Hipper ​in the tent provided, before the bonfires were touched off.+A quarter of a mile from camp, they come to an open space where two enormous stacks of wood had been piled. Rabbit had barely time to settle the Nipper ​in the tent provided, before the bonfires were touched off.
  
-Flames leapt fifteen feet in the air, throwing a dazzling ​&​Lai-0 ​over the scene. High overhead towered the mottled trunks of angophoras. Stiff clumps of gymea leaves stood out vividly green; lacy boughs of christmas bush were etched against the blazeRow on row gleamed the happy faces of bushwalkers,​ seated round this natural anphitheatre,​ and beyond them loomed the dark stillness of the Bush. "fih" thought Rabbit again, "​this ​:8 the life!"+Flames leapt fifteen feet in the air, throwing a dazzling ​glare over the scene. High overhead towered the mottled trunks of angophoras. Stiff clumps of gymea leaves stood out vividly green; lacy boughs of christmas bush were etched against the blazeRow on row gleamed the happy faces of bushwalkers,​ seated round this natural anphitheatre,​ and beyond them loomed the dark stillness of the Bush. "Ah" thought Rabbit again, "​this ​is the life!"
  
 Songs and choruses began and Rabbit joined in lustily. Songs and choruses began and Rabbit joined in lustily.
  
-"Baby crying:" announced several voices in a momentary pause.+"Baby crying!" announced several voices in a momentary pause.
  
-Rabbit remembered his responsibilities and scrambled to his feet. His torchless condition made the track to the tent a thing of pitfalls, but he reached his goal in due course. The Nii,per's voice greeted him mournfully.+Rabbit remembered his responsibilities and scrambled to his feet. His torchless condition made the track to the tent a thing of pitfalls, but he reached his goal in due course. The Nipper's voice greeted him mournfully.
  
-Wawder, Daddy - want wawder."​+"Wawder, Daddy - want wawder."​
  
-"​Water?"​ said Rabbit blankly in the darkness*+"​Water?"​ said Rabbit blankly in the darkness.
  
-ifigawder" said the Nipper firmly.+"​Wawder" said the Nipper firmly.
  
-Rabbit sighed. If he had been an experi-ences ​bushwalker he would have known that water had been laid bY in bags near the asembly, but this didn't occur to+Rabbit sighed. If he had been an experiences (( [sic] )) bushwalker he would have known that water had been laid by in bags near the assembly, but this didn't occur to him. His only course was to take his mug to the nearest creek. He stumbled off and after an eternity of tripping and struggling reached the stream and filled his mug. The return journey was easier with the brilliant firelight to guide him. He pawed his way into the tent. All was quiet.
  
-him. His only course was to take his mug to the nearest creek. He stumbled off+"​Nipper!"​ he said softly,
  
-and after an eternity ​of tripping ​and struggling reached ​the stream ​and filled+Regular breathing answered him. His son and heir was asleep. Rabbit sighed again and backed outwards, inadvertently splashing water on another sleeping infant. The unexpected baptism brought forth a yell of annoyance; followed by further yells in steadily increasing volume. Rabbit shushed ineffectually, ​and was relieved to see a parent appear, torch in hand, to settle ​the matter. He stole away and rejoined the circle. The flames had died down somewhat and a more serious mood had fallen on the audience. They listened, rapt, to the strains of a lovely Russian melody. In the pianissimo passage the wail of a child arose once more. Rabbit sprang to his feet and felt a yielding substance beneath one of them. It was a face.
  
-his mug. The return journey was easier with the brilliant firelight to guide him. +"​Hell'​s bells!" shouted the owner thereof, rudely recalled from the borders of dreamland. "What the merry blazes do you think you're doing?"​
- +
-He pawed his way into the tent. All was quiet. +
- +
-"​Nipper:"​ he said softly, +
- +
-Regular breathing answered him. His son and heir was asleep. Rabbit sighed again and backed outwards, inadvertently splashing water on another sleeping infant. The unexpected baptism brought forth a yell of annoyance; followed by further yells in steadily increasing volume. Rabbit shushed ineffectually,​ and was relieved to see a parent appear, torch in hand, to settle the matter. He stole away and rejoined +
- +
-the circle. The flames had died down somewhat and a more serious mood had fallen on the audience. They listened, rapt, to the strains of a lovely Russian melody. In +
- +
-the pianissimo passage the wail of a child arose once more. Rabbit sprang to his feet and felt a yielding substance beneath one of them. It was a face. +
- +
-"​Hell'​s bells:" shouted the owner thereof, rudely recalled from the borders of dreamland. "What the merry blazes do you think you're doing?"​+
  
 "​I'​m awfully sorry" whispered Rabbit, watching his victim restoring his nose to its wanted position. "​I'​m awfully sorry" whispered Rabbit, watching his victim restoring his nose to its wanted position.
  
-"Sh: Shl Sit down there:" hissed a dozen heads turning ​an their direction. ​'​lbbit ​scuttled off into the underbrush, quieted his child and returned to the campfire. This was getting monotonous*+"Sh! Sh! Sit down there!" hissed a dozen heads turning ​in their direction. ​Rabbit ​scuttled off into the underbrush, quieted his child and returned to the campfire. This was getting monotonous.
  
 George'​s promised discussion of a club for Junior Bushwalkers was in progress and met with warm support. Plans were formed for teaching children trail-finding and bushcraft in general. George repeated his slogan: You can't begin training them too young... George'​s promised discussion of a club for Junior Bushwalkers was in progress and met with warm support. Plans were formed for teaching children trail-finding and bushcraft in general. George repeated his slogan: You can't begin training them too young...
  
-"Chill crying!"​+"Child crying!"​
  
-Rabbit groaned and set off again. Surely that was the Nipper'​s pipe. Investigation proved it to be another'​s. Its parent appeared, picked up tha bundle, and walked off, soothing it. Rabbit, just to assure himself that all was well, laid a hand in the Nipper'​s little nook. It was empty. Rabbit patted right and left. Not a sign of the Nipper. He must have toddled outside the tent. Rabbit searched in th..: surrounding undergrowth,​ calling softly. No response. Rabbit became alarmed and went back to seek help.+Rabbit groaned and set off again. Surely that was the Nipper'​s pipe. Investigation proved it to be another'​s. Its parent appeared, picked up tha bundle, and walked off, soothing it. Rabbit, just to assure himself that all was well, laid a hand in the Nipper'​s little nook. It was empty. Rabbit patted right and left. Not a sign of the Nipper. He must have toddled outside the tent. Rabbit searched in the surrounding undergrowth,​ calling softly. No response. Rabbit became alarmed and went back to seek help.
  
 "Oh, he can't have gone far" his neighbours reassured him, and a few sympathetic souls joined in the search. The evening was practically over now and cocoa supper was in progress, but such comforts were not to be thought of by the distracted Rabbit. More and more helpers came to the rescue, but the immediate neighbourhood yielded no clue. In wider and wider circles they combed the bush. Horrid visions came to Rabbit: the creek was not far away: the Nipper was very small.... "Oh, he can't have gone far" his neighbours reassured him, and a few sympathetic souls joined in the search. The evening was practically over now and cocoa supper was in progress, but such comforts were not to be thought of by the distracted Rabbit. More and more helpers came to the rescue, but the immediate neighbourhood yielded no clue. In wider and wider circles they combed the bush. Horrid visions came to Rabbit: the creek was not far away: the Nipper was very small....
  
-It was perhaps an hour later that Rabbit, his borrowed torch exhausted, bethought him of his own fresh one lying in his tent, and stumbled back to collect it. A ducking as he negotiated the creek lowored ​his spirits still further. Wearily he thrust his hand into the corner of the tent where his pack was stowed. Something soft and warm met his fingers. He felt it over in amazement and struck a match.+It was perhaps an hour later that Rabbit, his borrowed torch exhausted, bethought him of his own fresh one lying in his tent, and stumbled back to collect it. A ducking as he negotiated the creek lowered ​his spirits still further. Wearily he thrust his hand into the corner of the tent where his pack was stowed. Something soft and warm met his fingers. He felt it over in amazement and struck a match.
  
 There, sleeping peacefully, lay the Nipper, unscathed, unruffled, with the healthy glow of childhood on his cheek. There, sleeping peacefully, lay the Nipper, unscathed, unruffled, with the healthy glow of childhood on his cheek.
  
-Rabbit yodelled the nem to all and sundry. Those near at hand came running to look at the marvel.+Rabbit yodelled the news to all and sundry. Those near at hand came running to look at the marvel.
  
-"How the mischief"​ said George, rather querulously,​ "could a child of that size find its way right beck here in the dark and pass by a hundred odd bushwelkers without being seen?"+"How the mischief"​ said George, rather querulously,​ "could a child of that size find its way right back here in the dark and pass by a hundred odd bushwelkers without being seen?"
  
 Rabbit, his face a strange blend of malice and parental pride, murmured: "You can't begin training them too young."​ Rabbit, his face a strange blend of malice and parental pride, murmured: "You can't begin training them too young."​
 +
 +----
  
 The Publication staff wishes to reciprocate the congratulations extended to them by the Editor in the last issue, and takes this opportunity of assuring her of their continued happy associEtion and co-operation at all times. The Publication staff wishes to reciprocate the congratulations extended to them by the Editor in the last issue, and takes this opportunity of assuring her of their continued happy associEtion and co-operation at all times.
  
-CHOIR PRACTICE+---- 
 + 
 +===== Choir Practice =====
  
-Social Secretary Flo Allsworth would like to see all members of the Eastern Suburbs Choir roll up at Merle Hamilton'​s Flat, 57 Ocean Pvenue, Double Bay on Monday 19th September at 8 p.m. Bon't forget to bring your tin of "​throaties"​.+Social Secretary Flo Allsworth would like to see all members of the Eastern Suburbs Choir roll up at Merle Hamilton'​s Flat, 57 Ocean Avenue, Double Bay on Monday 19th September at 8 p.m. Bon't forget to bring your tin of "​throaties"​.
  
 The Club greatly appreciates Merle'​s kindness in making her home available on these occasions, and hopes that the furniture will not suffer unduly in the future. The Club greatly appreciates Merle'​s kindness in making her home available on these occasions, and hopes that the furniture will not suffer unduly in the future.
  
-12-+----
  
 The following interesting article comes from the "​Bulletin"​ of the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. As the hot weather is approaching,​ S.B.W. members may be able to do some useful research work if they keep records of their experiments with salt during the coming summer. We shall be glad to hear how these experiments turn out. The following interesting article comes from the "​Bulletin"​ of the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. As the hot weather is approaching,​ S.B.W. members may be able to do some useful research work if they keep records of their experiments with salt during the coming summer. We shall be glad to hear how these experiments turn out.
  
-SALT ON THE TRAIL+===== Salt On The Trail ===== 
 +by H.C. Dickinson.
  
-by H.C.Dickinson.+Some years ago in a medical research it was found that patients collapsed when caused to perspire freely for a long timeThis led to the discovery that salt may be lost from the system in such quantities as to have serious results even when the person is free to use all the salt he wishesFollowing this discovery it was soon realized that not only heat stroke and similar serious effects of high temperatures but probably less severe effects also are caused by lack of salt in the system.
  
-Some years ago in a medical ​research it was found that patients collapsed when caused ​to perspire freely ​for a long timeThis led to the discovery ​that srlt+Strangely enough there is scarcely any medical ​literature on this subject except what has to do with those who are ill for some other causeIt has been found, however, ​that different people in normal health use very different amounts of salt and remain perfectly well. Evidently, therefore, there is little danger of getting too much salt since the perspiration and other excretia ordinarily carry away whatever the system needs to dispose of.
  
-may be lost from the system ​in such quantities as to have serious results even when the person ​is free to use all the salt he wishesFollowing this discovery ​it was soon realized that not only heat stroke ​and similar serious effects ​of high temperatures but probably less severe effects also are caused by lack of solt in the system.+However, in hot weather when one is exercising, the need of keeping cool calls for more perspiration and this may remove more salt than the system ​can spare. When this happens, one begins ​to "​feel ​the effects of the heat". This is the time to try a little ​salt. it will do no harm, and if the need of salt is the real trouble, it will gve you the "​lift"​ that cigarettes are supposed to and don't.
  
-Strangely enough there is scarcely any medical literature on this subject except what has to do with those who are ill for some other cause. It has boon foundhoweverthat different people in normal health use very different amounts of salt and relpain perfectly well. Evidentlytherefore, there is little danger of getting too much salt since the perspiration and other excretia ordinarily carry away whatever the system needs to dispose ​of.+The salt may be taken dissolved in water or as tablets or as dry table salt. It makes no difference whichbut one should, and willdrink water with it. As much as a half teaspoonful ​of salt may be taken at a time, two or three times a day in very hot weather. How much more may be useful we do not know.
  
-However, in hot weather when one is exercising, ​the need of keeping cool calls for more perniration and this may remove ​more salt than the system can spareWhen this happensone begins to "feel the effects ​of the heat". This is the time to try little saltit will do no harm, and if the need of salt is the real troubleit will gve you the "​lift" ​that cigarei:tes are supposed ​to and don't.+The common belief that it makes one weak to drink much water on the trail seems to have grown out of experience with salt depletion. Truly if one drinks much water when he is in need of more salt he may suffer from itHoweverplenty ​of water is usually ​very good thing for the systemMost of the mineral springs where people have gone since the dawn of history to drink themselves back to health contain fairly large amounts of common ​salt, together with the more highly advertised minerals. It is more than likely ​that one may drink to the same effect from any of our springs on The Appalachian Trail as at Saratoga or French Lick, provided he takes along his own little bottle of salt and mixes his own mineral water.
  
-The salt may be taken dissolved in water or as tablets or as dry table salt. It makes no difference which, but one should, and will, drink water with it. As much+----
  
-as a half teaspoonful of salt may be taken at a time, two or three times a day in very hot weather. How much more may be useful ​we do not know.+Now we know why "​Fizzo"​ has become so popular amongst the S.B.W. members during recent summers. It is probably the salt in this Lemon Fruit Saline that is the thirst-quencher,​ but, as lightsweight campers tell us everything ​we carry should have at least two uses, let us now try salt for drinking as well as cooking.
  
-The common belief that it makes one weak to drink much water on the trail seems to have grown out of experience with salt depletion. Truly if one drinks much water when he is in need of more salt he may suffer from it. However, plenty of water is usually a very good thing for the system. Most of the mineral springs where people have gone since the dawn of history to driricthemselves back to health contain fairly large amounts of common salt, together with the more highly advertised minerals. It is more than likely that one may drink to the same effect from any of our springs on The Appalachian Trail as at Saratoga or French Lick, provided he takes along his own little bottle of salt and mixes his own mineral water.+----
  
-Now we know why "​Fizzo"​ has become so popular amongst the S.B.W. members during recent summers. It is probably the salt in this Lemon Fruit Saline that is the thirst-quencher,​ but, as lightsweight campers tell us everything we carry should have at least two uses, let us now try salt for drinking as well as cooking. +===== First Aid Classes ====
- +
-FIRST_ an Cigiss+
  
 Members intending taking the First Aid course are asked to keep in touch with Mr. Graham Harrison (Mouldy) who hopes to start the class this month. Members intending taking the First Aid course are asked to keep in touch with Mr. Graham Harrison (Mouldy) who hopes to start the class this month.
  
--13- +----
- +
-THE 1938 BUSHWALKERS'​ BALL +
- +
-+
  
-By Our Speci:​1 ​Reporter.+===== The 1938 Bushwalkers'​ Ball ===== 
 +By Our Specia1 ​Reporter.
  
-It can be said without any feFr of conti'​a,​d ctibn that this year's Federation Ball was quite the equal of anything in previous years.+It can be said without any fear of contradiction ​that this year's Federation Ball was quite the equal of anything in previous years.
  
-Mark Foys was the rendevibus ​on August 9th, and a good time was had by all.+Mark Foys was the rendevous ​on August 9th, and a good time was had by all.
  
-The general opinion ​web that the grouping of the tables was most effective, both from the point of view of convenience and accoustics, ex measis ​concerted noise -.- there has never been, never, never, ​Such a din as that Which preceded the supper; but this latter ​wA8 a good thing, for it quelled even the most stormy of the budding Deberts (how We missed him) that Vied wi-01 eadh Other in the matter ​Of sustained notes and drawn-out yells.+The general opinion ​was that the grouping of the tables was most effective, both from the point of view of convenience and accoustics, ex mensis ​concerted noise -- there has never been, never, never, ​such a din as that which preceded the supper; but this latter ​was a good thing, for it quelled even the most stormy of the budding Deberts (how we missed him) that vied with each other in the matter ​of sustained notes and drawn-out yells.
  
-But, perhopstti see all things in thelir ​6iab and iYrightes-L ​light we should go on a cotductsd VnA-', as dO all V.R.parties... Our guide, on leaving the elevator, turned to us easily and, with a wide, sweeping gesture, dismissed the whole scene before us. "This Empress Room", he said,"​has been likened to the setting of the last scene in "Side', with its great columns, brooding walls, and low-hung roof" - We don't now whether M.F. sells the floor on the strength of this, or whether or not it is a good thing, so we just dumbly ​paddlod ​on.+But, perhapsto see all things in thelir ​true and brightest ​light we should go on a conducted tour, as do all V.R. parties... Our guide, on leaving the elevator, turned to us easily and, with a wide, sweeping gesture, dismissed the whole scene before us. "This Empress Room", he said,"​has been likened to the setting of the last scene in "Aida', with its great columns, brooding walls, and low-hung roof" - We don't now whether M.F. sells the floor on the strength of this, or whether or not it is a good thing, so we just dumbly ​paddled ​on.
  
-Having passed something which did not look like an official table, but which was, although there wero no officious-looking people about, we were astounded at the vast open spaces on the right, and in the dim light perceived with an inward glow of satisfaction a camp fire around which many Rovers were communing with the great spirits - Pow and Wow.+Having passed something which did not look like an official table, but which was, although there were no officious-looking people about, we were astounded at the vast open spaces on the right, and in the dim light perceived with an inward glow of satisfaction a camp fire around which many Rovers were communing with the great spirits - Pow and Wow.
  
 On our left in a wooded glade was the Salmon Fishery, with canoes and all, not to mention the dirt and moss end earth that these barbarous fishermen insist on eating with their haddock - I mean Scotch. On our left in a wooded glade was the Salmon Fishery, with canoes and all, not to mention the dirt and moss end earth that these barbarous fishermen insist on eating with their haddock - I mean Scotch.
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 No tour would be complete without having made a visit to the Harbour Front. No tour would be complete without having made a visit to the Harbour Front.
  
-The most interesting sight here was a Tugboat reigning in pristine splendour. And so, as our guide told us, just as steam is the driving power in most tugboats, meat is the protein that drives men, those that count anyway. "We must visit the Abbatoirs",​ said he, "quite unique"​. So, a mere biscuit-toss from the Harbour Front, and we were there. Yes, raw, red meat, and unbIggra,swinging high in the air, around which piece of meat were grouped about one score starving Bushlanders.+The most interesting sight here was a Tugboat reigning in pristine splendour. And so, as our guide told us, just as steam is the driving power in most tugboats, meat is the protein that drives men, those that count anyway. "We must visit the Abbatoirs",​ said he, "quite unique"​. So, a mere biscuit-toss from the Harbour Front, and we were there. Yes, raw, red meat, and __unblown__, swinging high in the air, around which piece of meat were grouped about one score starving Bushlanders.
  
-Well, at this point we got tired of the tour, especially the conductor, just+Well, at this point we got tired of the tour, especially the conductor, just as you tire of this narrative, and especially the narrator, so we decided to try our art of tripping the light fantastic. And to those of you who were there, the dancing was good, the company was better, and the true bushwalker spirit pervaded all. To those of you who were not there, we really missed you, just as no doubt you are now thinking that you missed a "good hop".
  
-as you tire of this narrative, and especially the narrator, so we decided to try our art of tripping the light fantastic. And to those of you who were there, the dancing was good, the company was better, and the true bushwelker spirit pervaded all. To those of you who were not there, we really missed you, just as no doubt you are now thinking that you missed a "good hop".+----
  
- ​9  ​+And the girls said, "​We'​ll bet that was written by a man! He doesn'​t say a word about who was there, or what they wore, or anything interesting."​ The Social Editress quite agrees with the girls, so here is the same Ball from the other point of view.....
  
-And the girls said"'​We'​ll bet that was written by a man: He doesn't say a word about who was there, or what they wore, or anything interesting." The Social Editress quite agrees with the girlsso here is the same Ball from the other point of view +The Bushwalkers'​ Ball, social highlight of the year, was held at Mark Foys' ​Empress Ball Room on August 9thThis somewhat tomblike rendezvous was considerably brightened by the cheery faces of members of the walking fraternity,and the abundance ​of noise and hilarity that invariably characterizes this function.
  
-The Bushwalkers'​ Ball, social highlight of the year, was held at Mark Foys'+The Orchestra was in splendid form and the Canadian Three-step and Old Time Waltzes were very popularwhile the waltx-barn-dance (( [sic] )) was a sheer delight.
  
-Empress Ball Room on August 9thThis somewhat tomblike rendezvous ​was considerably+Our thanks and congratulations are herewith offered to Hilda- Blunt, who, is HonOrganizing Secretary, ​was mainly responsible for the Ball's outstanding success.
  
-brightened by the cheery faces of members of the walking fraternity,and th.: abundance of noise and hilarity that invariably characterizes this function.+This reporter always finds it hard to realise that the tousled-headed,​ mud-bespattered,​ bramble-scratched,​ khaki-clad beings seen so recently in the bush are one with the faultlessly-coiffeuredflower-decked,​ silken-gowned beauties ​and the immaculately groomed, white-shirted gallants who appear at the Ball.
  
-The Orchestra ​was in ,'.endid form and the Canadian Three-step and Old Time Waltzes were very popularwhile the waltx-bern-dance was a sheer delight.+Hilda Blunt, after assuring herself that all was running smoothlydanced in a gown of floral lacquered satinPresident Berry'​s lady wore a scarlet coat with her black velvet frock; Assistant Secretary Betty Pryde wore slate-blue taffetaEditor Dorothy Lawry floral chiffon, Bunyip Secretary Nora Ankerson white chiffon; Librarian Win. Duncombe pinned golden narcissi to her rust-brown lace; Federation Editor Betty Bell's gown was of blue floral satin, and Canoe Club Social Secretary Cherie Jessop relieved her black taffeta with crimson rose.
  
-Our thanks and congratulations are herewith offered to Hilda- Bluntwhois Hon.Organizing Secretary,wes mainly responsible for the Ball's outstanding success.+Among the radiant young matrons present were Artist Enid Rigbyblack taffeta brocaded with goldRoxy Barrett, pale blue pleated chiffon, ThelHellyerApricot georgette, Mavis Barnes gold brocaded satin, and Mrs. Norm. Colton, silver brocade.
  
-This reporter always finds it hard to realise that the tousled-headedmud- bespatteredbramble scratchedkhaki-clad beings seen so recently in the bush are+Jean Trimble danced in an original gown of multi-spotted net worn with a bolero jacketand sister Joyce pinned golden roses in her hair to tone with her blue and gold frock. Dot English'​s gold satin was worn with a chiffon scarf; Jean Vest covered her white Chiffon with a cherry velvet coat; Edna Garrad wore black floral taffetaand Gweneth Clarkeivory taffeta.
  
-one with the faultlessly-cotffeured,​ flower-decked,​ silken-gowned beauties and +Floral hair posies were popular, and Molly Astridge wore lily-of-the-valley ​with her black gown, Yvonne Douglas ​daphne ​and hyacinths with magnolia ​satin, ​and Joyce Dummer ​violets ​with her black and white ensemble.
- +
-the immaculately groomed, white-shirted gallants who appear at the Ball. +
- +
-Hilda Blunt, after assuring herself that all was running smoothly, danced in a +
- +
-gown of floral lacquered satin. President Berry'​s lady wore a scarlet ceat with her +
- +
-black velvet frock; Assistant Secretary Betty Pryde wore slate-blue taffeta, Editor Dorothy Lawry floral chiffon, Bunyip Secretary Nora Ankerson white chiffon; Librarian Win.Duncombe pinned golden narcissi to her rust-brown lace; Federation Editor Betty. Bell's gown was of blue fbral satin, and Canoe Club Social Secretary Cherie Jessop relieved her black taffeta with a crimson rose. +
- +
-Among the radiant young matrons present were Artist Enid Rigby, black taffeta brocaded with gold, Roxy Barrett, pale blue pleated chiffon, Thel.Hellyer,​ Apricot georgette, Mavis Barnes gold brocaded satin, and Mrs.Norm.Colton,​ silver brocade. +
- +
-Jean Trimble danced in an original govil of multi-spotted net worn with a bolero jacket, and sister Joyce pinned golden roses in her hair to tone with her blue and gold frock. Dot English'​s gold satin was worn with a chiffon scarf; Jean Vest covered her white Chiffon with a cherry velvet coat; Edna Garrad wore black floral taffeta, and Gweneth Clarke, ivory taffeta; +
- +
-Floral hair posies were pupular, and Molly Astridge wore lily-of-the-ivalley ​with her black,gowia, Yvonne Douglas ​daphae ​and hyacinths with magnolia ​satini ​and Joyce Dummer ​vicolets ​with her black and white ensemble.+
  
 Doreen Harris wore blue velvet, and Joan Fitzpatrick,​ Ada Frost, and Grace Edgecombe were devotees of floral chiffons. Doreen Harris wore blue velvet, and Joan Fitzpatrick,​ Ada Frost, and Grace Edgecombe were devotees of floral chiffons.
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 The night passed all too quickly, so here's hoping that the 1939 Bushwalkers'​ Ball continues until 2 a.m. The night passed all too quickly, so here's hoping that the 1939 Bushwalkers'​ Ball continues until 2 a.m.
  
-ANOTHER pizcz OF "​PERSONALITY PIE"+----
  
-It has been whispered that our+====== PlayGround ====== 
 +===== Another Slice Of "​Personality Pie" =====
  
-old friend, Laurie Drake, is coming+|It has been whispered that our\\ old friend, Laurie Drake, is coming\\ back to his "​hob-nails and sleeping-bag"​.\\ \\ Bill Johnston is another who is\\ breezing round again. At the Sports\\ Carnival he was competing on crutches\\ with one foot in plaster, but he\\ recently visited the Club Rooms looking\\ like himself again.\\ \\ Did you hear about the return from\\ Johnnie Wood's birthday party? It\\ sounds like an epic. One very new\\ member succeeded in extricating himself\\ from the Blue labyrinth by using his\\ compass as learned at the Club's first\\ Field Day held recently. Good man,\\ Ralph! Three old members also\\ slipped out and caught the train,\\ but the other twentyfive!|More news from the Sports Carnival!\\ In the Firewood Throw for Men Arnold\\ Barrett came second, being beaten by his\\ pupil, Harold Rolfe. The Firewood Throw\\ for Women was won by Mrs. Barrett ("​Roxy"​).\\ This sounds like married bliss, but\\ they are both still with us, and are joint\\ Room Stewards for August....\\ \\ From Brisbane comes news that Les.\\ Douglas has announced his engagement to\\ Miss Lorna Mackay, who lives next door to\\ The Rootses. Extra special congratulations\\ to Doug. for Phil reports that she is "a\\ particularly nice girl". Phil adds -\\ "​incidentally,​ please note all Bushwalker\\ eligible batchelors! We have two very\\ nice eligible ladies residing next door,\\ 'only on the other side'​."​ Now, now,\\ Phil! We really don't want to swell\\ the "​Legion of The Lost" unduly, and\\ we have some very nice little ladies\\ right in our own Club Rooms.| 
 +|  The good news has filtered through of\\ the happy marriage of Eve Eason to Noel\\ Turnbull on Saturday 27th August last.\\ The club takes this opportunity of wishing\\ them all the best for the future. ​ ||
  
-back to his "​hob-nails and sleeping-bag"​.+===== Federation News =====
  
-Bill Johnston is another who is breezing round again. At the Sports Carnival he was competing on crutches with one foot in plaster, but he recently visited the Club Rooms looking like himself again. +__Land ​at Tra.__ (??Or Era? First letter unclearsee http://sbw.ozultimate.com/​1938/​193809.pdf#17 )) Promises of support for the proposed resumption were received at the Annual Meeting held on 22nd July from three outside bodies, also a letter from the Parks & Playgrounds Movement giving the results to date of their efforts in the matter. These were not too hopeful.
- +
-Did you hear about the return from Johnnie Wood's birthday party? It sounds like an epic. One very new member succeeded in extricating himself from the Blue labyrinth by using his compass as learned ​at the Club's first Field Day held recentlyGood man, +
- +
-More news from the Sports Carnival: In the Firewood Throw for Man Arnold Barrett came second, being boatvn by his pupil, Harold Rolfe. The Firewood Throw for Women was won by Mrsaarrett("​Roxy"​). This sounds like married blissIbut they are both still with us, and are joint Room Stewards for August +
- +
-From Brisbane comes news that Les. Douglas has announced his engagezent to Miss Lorna Mackay, who lives next door to The Rootses. Extra special congratulations to Doug. for Phil reports that she is "a particularly nice girl"Phil adds "​incidentally,​ please note all Bushwalker eligible batchelors17e have two very nice eligible ladies residing next door, +
- +
-- 15 - +
- +
-Ralph! Three old members also slipped out and caught the train, but the other twentyfive! +
- +
-'only on the other side',"​ Sow, now, Phil: We really don't want to swell the "​Legion of The Lost" unduly, and we have some very nice little ladies right in our own Club Rooms. +
- +
-The good news has filtered through of the happy marriage of Eve Eason to Noel Turnbull on Saturday 27th Sugust last. +
- +
-The club takes this opportunity of wishing them all the best for the fu-,ure. +
- +
-FEDERATION _ _ 3q1WS +
- +
-La4.0atJ;​r_a!, ​Promises of support for the proposed resumption were received at the Annual Meeting held on 22nd July from three outside bodies, also a letter from the Parks & Playgrounds Movement giving the results to date of their efforts in the matter. These were not too hopeful.+
  
 In reply to a letter, the Commissioner of Police reported that the Waterfall area is being patrolled on Sundays and that during the preceding three months three people were proceeded against for carrying guns, and 42 for having protected flowers in their possession. Good work! In reply to a letter, the Commissioner of Police reported that the Waterfall area is being patrolled on Sundays and that during the preceding three months three people were proceeded against for carrying guns, and 42 for having protected flowers in their possession. Good work!
  
-Mr. D.G.Steadts ​resignation from the Conservation Bureau was accepted with regret, and Mr. :.C.Phillips was elected to fill the vacancy.+Mr. D.G. Stead'​s ​resignation from the Conservation Bureau was accepted with regret, and Mr. E.C. Phillips was elected to fill the vacancy.
  
 From an interim report received from the Publication Committee it was learned that the Bushwalker Annual will be appearing at the end of September, and should be a financial success as an increased amount of advertising has been obtained. From an interim report received from the Publication Committee it was learned that the Bushwalker Annual will be appearing at the end of September, and should be a financial success as an increased amount of advertising has been obtained.
  
-Theo Atkinson of the Rucksack Club has retired from the Hon.Secretaryship of the Federation, and his place has been taken by Charlie Roberts of the Coast and Mountain Walkers. +Theo Atkinson of the Rucksack Club has retired from the Hon. Secretaryship of the Federation, and his place has been taken by Charlie Roberts of the Coast and Mountain Walkers. . . . . . . . . . . . 
- +
-On August 13th and 14th the Federation held 2 Search & Rescue Practice in +
- +
-which nearly a dozen search parties were engagedWe hope to have a full account +
- +
-of this in the next issue, but here are the first few comments that have drifted in.+
  
-From one of Stan Lumsden'​s party, after exploring ​the Pheasant'​s Creek Woolwash areag- "We have come to the conclusion that the Military Maps as supplied+On August 13th and 14th the Federation held a Search & Rescue Practice in which nearly a dozen search parties were engaged. ​We hope to have a full account of this in the next issue, but here are the first few comments that have drifted in.
  
-have been drawn so as to encourage the enemy into apparently easy country, and will do more to confuse them than can ever be achieved by any other known method of warfare should the maps fall into their hands. Thank Heaven for Lyles Dunphy and the Mountain Trail lads! Yours with legs dripping gore,"+From one of Stan Lumsden'​s party, after exploring the Pheasant'​s Creek Woolwash area:- "We have come to the conclusion that the Military Maps as supplied ​have been drawn so as to encourage the enemy into apparently easy country, and will do more to confuse them than can ever be achieved by any other known method of warfare should the maps fall into their hands. Thank Heaven for Myles Dunphy and the Mountain Trail lads! Yours with legs dripping gore,"
  
-Dorothy Lawry'​s party, after covering about half their area - Woronora Dam/ Eckersley Trig. - arrived home torn to ribbons, but, all being ladies (?) merely say "Heart Heart to the above.+Dorothy Lawry'​s party, after covering about half their area - Woronora Dam/ Eckersley Trig. - arrived home torn to ribbons, but, all being ladies (?) merely say "Hear! Hear! to the above.
  
-Yet another opinion expressed is th=t "the Lost Party seems to have been the only one that really enjoyed the week-end!"​+Yet another opinion expressed is that "the Lost Party seems to have been the only one that really enjoyed the week-end!"​ 
 +----
  
  
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